International Journal of

Foot and AnkleISSN: 2643-3885

Current Issue

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710046

Case Report: An Unexpected Outcome of In Situ Fusion of the Calcaneo-Cuboid Joint

Van Kerckhoven J, Van Beek N and Verfaillie S

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 04, 2020

We present a case report where a necessary lengthening of the lateral column was performed after an in-situ fusion of the calcaneo-cuboid joint following an inversion injury to the ankle. A low energy inversion injury of the ankle (ankle sprain) is one of the most common injuries presented at the emergency department and often results in ligamental injury of the anterior talo-fibular and calcaneo- fibular ligament. However, dislocating forces can proceed even more distally and also affect the fo...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710045

Preserving Foot Length: Pan-Digital Amputation an Alternative Amputation to Transmetatarsal Amputation: A Case Study

Jered M Stowers, DPM, Paul Carroll, DPM and Jonathon J Sharpe, DPM

Article Type: Case Study | First Published: May 25, 2020

Maintaining foot length during limb salvage procedures is of paramount importance to maintaining foot function. Currently, the most clinically accepted amputation for an unsalvageable forefoot is the transmetatarsal amputation. While this procedure has predictable results, there are pitfalls to the procedure. Under certain circumstances, a pan-digital amputation may be a more functional amputation. There is limited literature on outcomes of this procedure. The case presented highlights a patient...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710044

Metatarsophalangeal Joint Fusion using Plate a Lag Screw-Single Surgeon Experience in a District General Hospital

Muhammad Murtaza Khan and Dakshinamurthy Sunderamoorthy

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 06, 2020

We retrospectively evaluated the patients who were operated for MTPJ fusion of big toe from January 2015 to December 2018. Rate of non-union and functional outcome (pre and post op MOXFQ score) were considered as a primary outcome. Overall patient satisfaction was considered as the secondary outcome. A total of 28 patients were operated and they were followed using clinical notes. Our mean follow up was for a period of 16 months (1.34 years). The average age of our patients was 68.35 years, 2 ma...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710042

Case Report: Concurrent Sustentaculum Tali and Lateral Talar Body Fracture in a 19 Year Old Patient

Ioannis M Stavrakakis, George E Magarakis, Zacharias Christoforakis and Ioannis Daskalakis

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 28, 2020

Fractures of the sustentaculum tali and body of the talus are rare high energy injuries. Thorough clinical examination as well as proper imaging studies are necessary in order not to miss this kind of fractures. Severity of the injury, amount of displacement, soft tissue compromise, accuracy of reduction as well as stability of fixation are the main factors affecting the outcome. This study presents a case of a 19-year-old patient, who sustained a sustentaculum tali fracture with a concomitant l...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710041

Proposing Transmalleolar Axis Bisector (TMAB) as a Geometrically Accurate Alternative to the Heel Bisector Line for the Clinical Assessment of Metatarsus Adductus

Victor Omosemoje Alonge, PhD

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: March 14, 2020

The classification of metatarsus adductus by Bleck relied on the heel bisector line (HBL). The original procedure for bisecting the heel involves the initial making of a mould of the weight bearing foot to create an ellipse image of the heel. The procedure was later simplified by using photocopies of the foot instead of moulds of the foot. In either case, the heel is then bisected to determine its longitudinal axis which is designated as the HBL. The procedure for determining the longitudinal ax...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710040

An Atypical Soft Tissue Mass on the Dorsum of the Foot: A Case Report

Kirmanj Atrushi PGY-3, DPM

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 17, 2020

Evaluating and treating soft tissue masses is a component of podiatric practice that few will be able to avoid. Indeed, of all soft tissue masses, ganglion cysts appear to be the most common. Many of these can be adequately treated with fine-needle aspiration. However, in other cases, surgical excision may be indicated, particularly when the cyst is pressing against a nerve or similarly sensitive structure. In this case report we seek to analyze one case of a painful soft tissue mass that was or...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710039

Case Report: Lymphatic Drainage Resolves Toe Walking Gait in a Boy with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Susan Vaughan Kratz, OTR, CST-D

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 14, 2020

Describe how lymphatic drainage (LD) resolved obligatory toe walking gait and stance in a boy with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). The treatment plan was generalized from an identical treatment given to a collegiate athlete with chronic spasms of gastronemii. A single treatment of LD. No literature suggests a fluid anatomy model for manual therapies as treatment options for toe walking. This case highlights an effective method discovered to quickly reverse functional deformities despite several ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710038

Foot Care Education, Health-Seeking Behaviour and Disease Outcome in Patients with Diabetic Foot Ulcer: Results from the Multi-Centre Evaluation of Diabetic Foot Ulcer in Nigeria Study

Innocent Okpe, Ejiofor Ugwu, Olufunmilayo Adeleye, Ibrahim Gezawa, Marcelina Enamino and Ignatius Ezeani

Article Type: Research article | First Published: December 16, 2019

Considerable advances have been made in the field of diabetic foot care over the past 25 years in developed countries. On the contrary, diabetes foot ulceration (DFU) still remains a common diabetes related complication of substantial public health importance in sub-Saharan Africa. Diabetic foot outcome in Nigeria is reportedly poor, with high amputation and mortality rates. Proper foot care education is known to impact positively on both DFU prevention and outcome in the developed societies. Ho...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710037

Orthotic Intervention on Flexible Flat Feet and Lower Extremity Exertional Pain during Normal Overland Walking

Bruce N Elliott, PT, EdD, DPT, MS, COMT and Juan C Garbalosa, PhD, PT

Article Type: Rese arc h art icle | First Published: December 04, 2019

A biomechanical foot orthosis is commonly used for the management of lower extremity injuries that are related to flexible flat feet. The purpose of this study was to document the effect of a maximal arch supination stabilization (MASS) orthosis on foot motion in individuals with flexible flat feet who experience lower extremity exertional pain. 30 subjects with flexible flat feet and lower extremity exertional pain received a pair of custom orthoses. Intersegmental foot kinematics were recorded...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3885/1710036

Surgical Management of Foot Macrodystrophia Lipomatosa in Adults: Case Report of Surgical Technique

Reema Alhussein and Mohammed Alshouli

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 02, 2019

Macrodystrophia lipomatosa is a rare congenital anomaly causing localized or generalized gigantism. Characterized by an abnormal excessive growth of mesenchymal elements in particularly fibro-adipose tissue, bone, tendon, nerves and vessels. We report our experience in surgical management of a case with Macrodystrophia lipomatosa involving the second toe of the left foot. A through clinical and radiological assessment followed by surgical second ray amputation and soft tissue debulking of the le...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710021

Midfoot Charcot Neuroarthropathy

Mohamad Alqubaisi and Carlo Ross

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 29, 2018

Charcot neuroarthropathy (CN) is a syndrome that was first described over 300 years ago. Sir William Musgrave was the first person to define neuropathic osteo-arthropathy in 1703 as an arthralgia whereby he described that syphilis was the supreme cause. 178 years later, Jean-Martin Charcot, (1825-1893) gave a thorough description on the condition in the year 1886. Consequently, the condition was named after him. Charcot defined the condition as a continuous, denervation-induced decadence of the ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710020

Herpes Zoster: An Atypical Cause of Foot Drop - Case Report and Review of the Literature

Coogan MK, Mobley T, Hagemeijer NC, Abbott B, Guss D, Johnson AH and DiGiovanni CW

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 14, 2018

We report on an 81-year-old female who presented with acute, atraumatic right foot drop four weeks after developing herpes zoster in the ipsilateral L4 and L5 dermatomes treated with valacyclovir. Lumbar MRI revealed no explanatory abnormality, and the etiology of her right foot drop was presumed to be due to an outbreak of herpes zoster. After three months of physical therapy and bracing, her right lower extremity weakness greatly improved. We present a comprehensive literature review of atraum...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710019

Total Ankle Replacement: Indications, Rehabilitation and Results

Marco Massobrio, Giovanni Pellicano, Valter Santilli and Lucrezia Tognolo

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 22, 2018

Even though fusion is the main form of treatment for end-stage osteoarthritis (OA) of the ankle, total ankle replacement (TAR) is increasingly being recognized as an effective alternative procedure, with favorable clinical results and improved quality of life. However, the results have been disappointing compared to those of hip and knee arthroplasty. In fact, the ankle is a more complex joint and its biomechanics and kinematics are strongly influenced by neighboring joints. The ankle joint comp...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710018

Does the Screw Grip Affect the Outcome of Screw Fixation of Malleolar Fractures?

Stamatios A Papadakis, Athanasios Koutroufinis, Dimitrios Pallis, Athanasios Badekas, Konstantinos Kateros, Olga Savidou and George A Macheras

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 21, 2018

The study -which is the first clinical according to the literature- included 136 patients with surgical fractures of the ankle. Patients presenting any evident factors influencing porosis as well as open fractures were excluded. Fibula reduced anatomically and fixed by a 1/3 tubular plate placed laterally. Proximal screws had bicortical fixation grip strength while distal screws had only unicortical. Screws with a reduced fixation grip strength during insertion were left in place. Numbers were a...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710017

Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture Associated with Medial Malleolar Fracture: Is it Still a Rare Injury? Case Report and Review of the Literature

Nicolas Fontecilla Cornejo, Hube Laurent Maximiliano, Bastias Bedoya Gonzalo, Fuentes Carvajal Patricio and Arancibia Mettais Mauricio

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 05, 2018

A 57-year-old male with unremarkable previous medical history, presented to the emergency department after a motorcycle accident. He described having suffered a violent ankle dorsiflexion with external rotation as the mechanism of injury resulting with pain and functional impairment localized in the left calf and ankle. He was unable to bear weight after injury. Clinically, he had a palpable defect at the midpoint of the Achilles tendon and a positive Thompson test. In addition, the patient comp...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/IJFA-2017/1710016

Suture Anchor Construct for an Exogenous Ligament Repair for Subtalar Joint Instability-A Novel Technique

Paul J Carroll and Jonathan J Sharpe

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 10, 2018

Subtalar joint ligament sprains are often missed in the setting of chronic inversion ankle injuries. This can lead to pain and instability of the subtalar joint. In many cases, without proper identification, the patient may eventually undergo an unnecessary subtalar joint fusion rather than a ligament reconstruction. Achilles, peroneus brevis, and gracilis tendon grafts have been described to repair subtalar ligament instability in the literature. To our knowledge, the use of exogenous ligament ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/IJFA-2017/1710015

Relationship between Toe Flexion Movement and Center of Pressure Position

Y Otake, A Yozu, T Fukui, M Sumitani and N Haga

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 29, 2018

In humans, the toes are important for stability while standing. We aim to elucidate the role of the toes in posture control by examining the relationship between the action of the flexor muscles and the center of pressure (COP) positions in the standing posture. The subjects were 16 healthy young adults who were free of musculoskeletal and neurological disorders. We measured the toe plantarflexion movements, COP positions, and floor reaction force components in the standing and forward loading ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/IJFA-2017/1710014

First Metatarsophalangeal Arthrodesis Malunion Revision to Silicone Implant Arthroplasty

Paul J Carroll and Jonathan J Sharpe

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 29, 2018

A shortened first metatarsophalangeal joint (MTPJ) fusion can be a debilitating complication of arthrodesis surgery. The most commonly accepted treatment is revision of the first MTPJ revisional arthrodesis with lengthening utilizing bone graft. To our knowledge, there is no published literature on first MTPJ short malunion correction using monorail distraction and arthroplasty with a silastic implant. A case is presented of a young active 32-year-old individual who presented to our office follo...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710013

Common Anomalies Associated To Congenital Vertical Talus: A Single Center Experience

Elmas Muhsin

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 29, 2018

Congenital vertical talus is defined as a foot deformity in which the calcaneus is in equinus, the talus is plantarflexed, and there is a rigid and irreducible dislocation of the talonavicular joint complex, with the navicular articulating on the dorsolateral aspect of the talar neck. It is often associated with systemic involvement. To identify the most common anomalies accompanying to CVT (Congenital Vertical Talus). No literature investigating similar clinical data was found in the literature...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710012

First Metatarsophalangeal Arthrodesis or Silastic Arthroplasty in the Management of End-Stage Hallux Rigidus: A Comparison of Outcomes Including Proms

Eastwood Sarah E, Kingman Angela, Gray William K, Kakwani Rajesh and Townshend David

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 27, 2018

Both first metatarsophalangeal arthrodesis and Swanson silastic arthroplasty are established treatments for the management of end-stage hallux rigidus; identifying the specific outcomes and complications associated with each can represent a challenge when consenting patients. PROMs data and clinical outcomes were compared for consecutive series of patients who had received either procedure as surgical management of end-stage hallux rigidus....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710011

Novel Ways to Save the Foot in Malignant Melanoma

Laoise Coady, Khalid Merghani Salih Mohamed, Denis Evoy and Robert Flavin

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 28, 2018

The incidence of malignant melanoma is increasing rapidly. Following clinical diagnosis, excisional biopsy is performed to confirm the diagnosis. Wide local excision down to the deep fascia must be performed in order to completely remove the melanoma. Large plantar soft tissue defects are often a consequence of resection for oncological purposes. In order to reconstruct the weight bearing sole of the foot, the tissue used must be resistant to weight, shear stress and pressure....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710010

A Minimally Invasive Modified Procedure for Ankle Chronic Instability Repair: A Case Series Report

Jose Cymet-Ramirez and Julio Cesar Vazquez-Mondragon

Article Type: Case Series | First Published: July 21, 2018

A number of surgical procedures for treating chronic ankle instability have been described. Most of them are only to repair the anterior talofibular ligament (ATL) without considering the calcaneofibular ligament (CFT) injury and both chondral injuries of talus and tibia. We aim to describe a modified procedure as an alternative to already described surgical techniques that offer some advantages that we have observed....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710009

Playing Basketball on Wooden and Asphalt Courts-Does Court Surface Affect Foot Loading?

PW Kong, DZ Nin, RKK Quek and YK Chua

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 20, 2018

This study aimed to examine the influence of court surface on foot loading when executing typical basketball tasks. Thirteen male basketball players performed three basketball-related tasks: Layup, jump shot, and maximal effort sprint on wooden and asphalt courts. In-shoe plantar loading was recorded during the basketball movements and peak force (normalised to body weight) was extracted from eight-foot regions. Perceptions of discomfort at the ankle, knee, and back were surveyed using a 10-cm v...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/ijfa-2017/1710008

A Comparative Prospective Study of Platelet Rich Plasma vs. Corticosteroid Injection in Plantar Fasciitis not Responding to 6 Weeks of Conservative Treatment

Nishanth Shetty, Vikram Shetty and Siddharth Shetty

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 19, 2018

There are various modalities for the treatment of plantar fasciitis that include rest, orthotics, night splints, extracorporeal shockwave therapy and casting. If all conservative methods fail; a corticosteroid injection over the medial tuberosity of the calcaneum is an effective treatment modality. In recent years the use of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) a component of blood that is bioactive with a platelet concentration 2-5X the baseline platelet count of the patient....

Volume 2
Issue 2