Relationship of Socioeconomic Status Indicators to Obesity in Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White Middle-Aged Women: A Population Study
Shirley AA Beresford, Deborah J Bowen, Alyson J Littman, Denise L Albano, KC Gary Chan, Shelby L Langer, Wendy E Barrington and Donald L Patrick
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 28, 2019
Obesity rates differ between Hispanic and White (non-Hispanic) women in the United States, with higher rates among Hispanic women. Socioeconomic processes contribute to this disparity both at the individual and the environmental level. Understanding these complex relationships requires multilevel analyses within cohorts of women that have a shared environment. In population-based samples of Hispanic and White (non-Hispanic) women from the same neighborhoods, we evaluated within each ethnic group...
Development of In Vitro Fertilization, a Very Important Part of Human Reproductive Medicine, in the Last 40 Years
Marte Myhre Reigstad and Ritsa Storeng
Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: February 22, 2019
It is estimated that, worldwide, over 8 million babies are born following infertility treatment with in vitro fertilization (IVF) since the birth of world's first IVF baby 40 years ago. Recent estimates suggest that by year 2100, 400 million individuals or 3% of the world population may be alive as a result of IVF and other fertility treatments. The developments within infertility treatment using techniques and procedures that evolved from initially animal and lately human research are enormous....
Level of Maternal Satisfaction and its Determinants at Health Facilities in Mizan-Aman Town, Ethiopia: Cross Sectional Study
Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab, Wasihun Adraro Ambo, Tariku Regea and Addisu G/Mariam
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 04, 2019
Maternal satisfaction on institutional delivery service is the most frequently reported indicator in the evaluation of the quality of maternity services. While increasing service availability and maintaining acceptable quality standards, it is important to assess maternal satisfaction with care in order to make it more responsive and culturally acceptable, ultimately leading to enhanced utilization and improved outcomes. Maternal satisfaction determines the level of institutional delivery servic...
Triple-Negative Breast Cancer: What Crucial Information can Imaging Add to the Diagnosis, Treatment and Prognosis?
William M McGarry and Sonya Bhole
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 03, 2019
Breast cancer is a heterogeneous disease, with many distinct subtypes having extremely different presentations, biological aggressiveness, and response to therapy. Triple-negative breast cancer is a subtype with significant clinical implications because of its poor prognosis and aggressive behavior. It has distinct imaging features, often presenting as a mass with typically benign features on mammography and ultrasound and more suspicious findings on magnetic resonance imaging. Triple-negative b...
Mothers and Pediatricians: Self-Power Versus Knowledge
Simone De Carvalho and Jose Martins Filho
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 19, 2018
Data collection was realized through a questionnaire sent to participants via e-mail and recorded the interview. A total of 200 mothers from a virtual community in the social network participated in the research. The answers were transcribed using the Discourse of the Collective Subject method. The analysis was supported by the qualitative research perspective, from the Social Representation Theory. The following categories were obtained through data analysis: (1) Being prepared to discuss pedia...
Health Beliefs as Predictors of Breast Self-Examination Behavior
Fatemeh Mousavi, Parisa Shojaei and Sam Homasan
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 29, 2018
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the frequency of getting such health screenings as breast self-examination among a group of women and to identify the role of health beliefs in predicting breast self-examination (BSE). The data were collected from a convenience sample of 225 women covered of the clinics in northwest of Tehran. The participants completed the demographic questions and Champion Health Beliefs Scale (CHBS) designed to measure patients' perception on breast self-ex...
Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practice Related to Pap Smear Test among Iranian Women
Fatemeh Mousavi, Parisa Shojaei and Hoda Aryan
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 24, 2018
The Pap smear is a reliable, inexpensive and effective screening test for cervical cancer; the second most common cancer among women worldwide. We aimed to determine women's knowledge, attitudes and practice towards Pap smear in women live at the northwest of Tehran city. This study, was carried out on 334 outpatient Iranian women in winter 2018. A questionnaire including demographic characteristics (10 questions), knowledge (10 questions), attitudes (5 questions) and practice (2 questions) towa...
Guidelines for Management of Analgesics after Caesarean Section: Cognitive Survey
Eleonora Storti, Silvia Vaccari, Raffaele Bruno, Alba Ricchi, Jessica Buffagni and Isabella Neri
Article Type: Clinical Trial | First Published: August 18, 2018
The term puerperium is used to indicate a time span that varies from six to eight weeks after childbirth, necessary for the woman's body to return to the conditions it was in before the pregnancy. Independently of its actual duration, the puerperium is a very delicate phase of the woman's life, with possible physical and psychological implications. What characterises this period is also the experience of pain. It is therefore important that all health workers who follow the woman at this particu...
Determinants of Risky Sexual Behaviors among Students of Mizan Aman College of Health Science, Southwest Ethiopia: Cross- Sectional Study
Teklemariam Ergat Yarinbab, Nega Yimer Tawi, Israel Darkiab, Fikadu Debele and Wasihun Adraro Ambo
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 18, 2018
Risky sexual behavior is a behavior related to sexuality which increases the susceptibility of an individual to reproductive health problems like Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STIs), unwanted pregnancy, abortion and psychological distress. Young people's are at higher risk of practicing risky sexual behaviors due to their risk taking behavior. The rate of risky sexual behaviors is increasing in developing countries. Therefore, the aim of this study was to the determinants of risky sexual behavi...