International Journal of Psychology and Psychoanalysis is an open access peer-reviewed journal that publishes work that pertinent to cognition, emotions, brain functioning, interpersonal relationships and unconscious mind. The Journal is also focussed to publish on counseling and other inductive techniques applied in the treatment of mental health illnesses.
Journal publishes original empirical research papers, mini-reviews, comments, and full-length reviews in psychiatry, psychobiology, and also encouraging submissions from a broad spectrum of psychological interventions. All articles published in the journal are subject to a stringent peer review process, encouraging authors to publish their experimental and theoretical results in as much detail as possible.
Articles Search by Keyword | Journal title | Author name | DOI
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510069
Xia Feng, Xinguang Shi and Chengzhi Feng
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/09/14
We investigated the predictive effects of learners’ cognitive flexibility and probability knowledge on probability category learning. A number-letter switch task was to measure cognitive flexibility, a self-designed probability knowledge questionnaire to estimate probability knowledge, and two probability category learning tasks (with cues: Coin searching task; no cue: Picture selection task) were analyzed. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510068
Fenta Bitew, Awoke Tibebu and Berhanu Anjet
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/07/17
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between personality traits and athletes performance in long distance runners in Ethiopia. Cross-sectional research design was employed. The data was collected using questionnaires and through field study procedure. The targeted populations of the study were 138 of successful and unsuccessful athletes in long distance runners 2019/2020. Of the Non-probability sampling type purposive sampling techniques was employed....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510067
Jennifer Eeles and Dawn-Marie Walker
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/06/19
Mindfulness is taught in DBT as one of several skills offered in the treatment of multi-problem suicidal adolescents. This study explored adolescent's experiences of engaging with mindfulness during a Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) Programme....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510066
Daniel Waiganjo Kinyanjui, MMed, Geoffrey Masika Wechuli, MMed and Harriet Kigaro Musimbi, BSc
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: 2023/06/15
This was a case of adjustment disorder in 'long COVID'. Working in a far-flung, hardship environment with limited medical resources, isolation, and poor primary support systems were identified as the stressors and social determinants of health. Recommendations include timely management of co-morbid conditions and improvement in work-place policy, especially during epidemics and pandemics....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510065
Per Andréasson and Ulf Dimberg
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: 2023/05/26
According to the facial feedback hypothesis (FFH) one's own facial expressions have a corresponding impact on the subjective experience of emotion. Inspired by Strack, et al.  participants in the present study hold a wooden stick between the teeth (forming a smile) or between the lips (forming a sulky face) while rating humorous films. In contrast to the FFH it was found that people scoring low in emotional empathy rated humorous films as less funny in a happy versus a sulky facial manipulati...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510064
Konstantinos Argyropoulos MD, PhD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: 2023/05/12
Age is often overlooked in discussions of diversity in clinical practice. In recent years, the interest of psychodynamic therapists has been extended to later stages of life. Psychodynamic psychotherapy with older individuals views them as continuing to face developmental challenges and navigating major experiences and various life transitions....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510063
Carolina Franco da Silva, Bruno Gonçalves and Rui C Campos
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: 2023/04/16
Endometriosis has a major impact on women's sexual health, lessening fertility and causing pain and reduced sexual desire in at least 50% of patients. This article investigates the relationship between infertility and sexual intercourse concerns and illness intrusiveness. Since both pain and illness can be interjected as malevolent internal objects, we also looked at the mediating effect of pain representation as a malevolent object on those relationships....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510062
Resti Tito H Villarino and Maureen Lorence F Villarino
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/04/15
Mental health disorders affect one in four people worldwide, and many have limited access to care. Moreover, the World Health Organization’s Special Initiative for Mental Health (2019-2023) aims to explicitly ensure access to quality and affordable care for mental health conditions in low-to-middle income countries. This commentary explores the applications of chatbots based on GPT as an adjunct to mental health interventions....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510061
Paul Narh Doku
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 26, 2023
HIV/AIDS orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) frequently face placement/residential changes, inconsistent caregivers, abuse, neglect, disruptions in their lives, and mental health issues. This can result in reactive attachment disorder (RAD), a disorder of emotional functioning in which the child is wary, watchful, and emotionally withdrawn. Despite its clinical significance, little is known about RAD in OVC. The following questions were addressed in this study: (1) Whether RAD symptoms can occ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510060
Joao Pedro Ribeiro Baptista* , Fernanda Villa Verde, Israel Kitzberger, Camila Rafaela Dressel da Silva, Caroline Figueiredo da Silva and Januária Ramos Pereira Wiese
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 25, 2023
To evaluate the mortality rate of deaths from suicidal acts in Joinville (SC) from 2019 to 2020. The data were collected using the information contained in the Violence Prevention Center base regarding the notifications from the Notifiable Diseases Information System (SINAN), information about the deaths was selected and divided in age, sex, marital status, schooling, neighborhood, place of death and code of the International Disease Classification applied. The variables were analyzed and detail...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510059
Rabi Ilemona Ekore
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 25, 2023
The periods of childhood and adolescence are those during which children and adolescents experience rapid transitions that may be difcult to cope with. The changes can be stressful for some older children or adolescents who may subsequently seek ways to cope, some of which may be maladaptive. The ensuing cascade of events triggers latent mental health issues in those already predisposed. Commensurate increase in eforts to provide help to vulnerable groups focuses on the psychological, social, an...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510058
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 23, 2022
The study was aimed to screen obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD); a progressively burdensome, highly prevalent, untreated, poorly detectable psychic condition in general population of Turkey, of around 401 participants, mainly focusing on two parameters (Age groups and Gender). Screening Questions were asked through online questionnaire regarding different attributes of the disorder. In this study we consider a screening measure, a Questionnaire that is not actually designed to diagnose OCD but...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510056
Alberto Martínez-Lorca, MD, PhD, Manuela Martínez-Lorca, PhD, and Maria Dolores Cabañas Armesilla
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 23, 2021
The purpose of this investigation was to find the anxiety levels, physical data and subjetive perception and explore the relationship between demographic, clinical and cancer patients’ variables, pre and post-procedure during a PET/CT scan. The sample was distributed in five groups: 54 in one of the four experimental groups and 54 inthe control group (oral information, witten information, music, meditation induction). The study was conducted using an ad hoc questionnaire and the standardized S...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510055
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 18, 2021
In this paper, the function of transference interpretation in Kleinian therapy is evaluated. In the beginning, definition of transference and transference interpretation is given in general terms. The term of transference refers to attributed emotions, attitudes, and phantasies from past towards a person in the present that are inappropriate for that person. Transference interpretations aim to reveal inappropriate attributions towards the therapist made by the patient. The term of transference o...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510053
Robert M Gordon, PhD, Zhenyu Shi, MD, PhD, David E Scharff, MD, Ralph E Fishkin, DO, and R Dennis Shelby, MSW, PhD
Article Type: Empirical Research | First Published: October 30, 2021
We conducted an international survey to better understand both the negative and positive reactions of distance treatment during the pandemic. We received 1,490 survey responses from practitioners from 56 regions and countries who remotely treated patients psychoanalytically during the beginning months of the Covid-19 pandemic. Eighty-nine percent of the practitioners agreed or strongly agreed that distance treatment is valuable when the patient is housebound or when travel would be difficult or ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510052
Wang qian Fu, Yan Xie, Ruiling Li and Xiaohan He
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 09, 2021
Inclusion is philosophy based on values aiming to maximize participation of all in society and education by minimizing exclusionary and discriminatory practices. There were 123,500 students with disabilities enrolled in public schools in 2018. The total number of students with disabilities studying in publishes schools were 665,900, 329,100 out of whom were studying in general schools receiving inclusive education. The proportion of students with disabilities receiving inclusive education in Chi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510051
Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: September 03, 2021
The purpose of this article is to present the main studies and to share my experience and research in the application of the methods of negotiation in the clinical work of the psychologist and in the analytical psychotherapy to better understand the essential conditions of the resolution of different conflicts between individuals and the peculiarities of their intersubjectivity in the search for a mutual solution. From a psychological point of view, negotiation refers to any form of interaction ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510050
Göka Erol, Çakmak Işık Batuhan and Erdoğan Ezgi Çisil
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 28, 2021
Psychotherapy can be defined as a treatment method consisting of psychological tools whereby a trained expert works with a person or a group to resolve the patient’s biopsychosocial problems through relation and communication. There are numerous issues in psychotherapy practice that require further efforts to ground relevant concepts. Most psychiatrists’ practices have shifted towards offering psychopharmacological treatment alone for a number of reasons, such as increasing patient volume, r...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510049
Alberto Martínez-Lorca, Manuela Martínez-Lorca, Juan José Criado-Álvarez, Juan A García and Maria Dolores Cabañas Armesilla
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 21, 2021
Nowadays, the emergence of a novel form of Coronavirus (COVID-19) has created a confused and rapidly evolving situation. The COVID-19 outbreak has prompted most countries opt for population confinement and social distancing measures as a way to control the spread of the virus. Somatic symptoms and somatization process is prevalent in primary care and is associated with substantial functional impairment and healthcare utilization. However, instruments for identifying and monitoring somatic sympto...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510048
Chao Jiang, MD, Ting Wang, Jun Guo, MM, Qiang Zhang, PhD, Bangjiang Fang, MD, Bingzhen Sun, PhD, Meidan Liu, MM and Wen Zhang, MD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 14, 2021
In late February 2020, shortly after the COVID-19 epidemic situation had clearly controlled in China, a questionnaire was distributed consisting of questions on sociodemographic characteristics, 19 stress-related questions and the 15 risk perceptional questions to all 1837 workers from different levels of hospitals in different regions of China. Exploratory factor analysis was applied to these questions, and this produced four stress-related factors for evaluation (anxiety about infection, depre...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510047
Julián Andrés Naranjo Orozco
Article Type: Psychoanalytic Technique | First Published: December 21, 2020
The methodological strategy to achieve these objectives is the comparison/contrast between the instruments of this work: 1) Extracts of practical or concrete cases of subjects and patients; 2) Topics, subtopics, and/or problems proposed by Bion and other authors of psychoanalysis. This comparison/contrast will give us results on the applicability or not of the continent/content theory to the themes and problems of the cited authors and to the populations that are represented by each contemplatio...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510046
Evangelia Fragkiadaki, Fotios Anagnostopoulos, Sofia Triliva, Maria Angnostouli and Ilia Theotoka
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 15, 2020
Recent empirical literature on autoimmune diseases has focused extensively on the implementation and evaluation of psychosocial interventions. Psychotherapy and counselling processes for multiple sclerosis (MS) have gained special attention given the cognitive and behavioral dimensions of the symptoms as well as their unpredictable course. The current study aims to gain a deeper understanding of the meaning making processes for persons with MS (PwMS) who are in psychotherapy treatment....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510045
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: March 14, 2020
Children and adolescents with severe to profound neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g., attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, autism, cerebral palsy, rare genetic syndromes) may have intellectual, motor, and sensorial delays. Additionally, they may experience communication difficulties and exhibit isolation, passivity, and withdrawal. Challenging behaviors (e.g., aggression, impulsivity, stereotypic movements, and tantrum behavior) may occur. Their clinical conditions may seriously hamper thei...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510044
Ahmet Topuzoglu, Can Cimilli, Onur Ulas Agdanli and Tolga Binbay
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 16, 2019
This research was conducted as a case control study. Denial and depression were assessed in 105 patients with digestive system cancer (n = 36; 34.3% were diagnosed with depression). Denial was assessed using the denial of cancer interview, and depression was investigated using SCID-1 and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Defense mechanisms were assessed using the Defense Mechanism Rating Scale. Patients with depression were less likely to experience denial. Neurotic and immature defense m...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510043
Fangqiang Wei, Chu Wang, Yanli JIA, Bingren Zhang, and Wei Wang
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 05, 2019
In addition to sexual desire and knowledge, sexual morality, desire control, and attitude toward sex might contribute to the premarital sexual behaviors in young people, but were less studied. In 886 Chinese university students of Study 1, we have developed a Sexual Awareness and Coping Strategy Inventory (SACSI) with four domains of Personal release, Sexual knowledge, Traditional sexual morality and Negative attitude, which displayed satisfactory convergent and discriminant validities. In Study...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510042
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 03, 2019
The concepts of structure and structural change and their use in psychoanalytic discourse are explored. It is argued that, when these concepts are not used merely as rhetorical devices, the concept of structure essentially refers to stable, unobservable mental organisations and that these may only manifest themselves as consistency across time in their behavioural derivatives. The concept of structural change may refer to three different forms of change in structures so defined. It is argued tha...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510041
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 14, 2019
Pharmacogenomic testing offers enormous potential to manage mental disorders like depression. But many psychoanalysts aren't aware of its value and biotechnical power. This article explains how this form of personalized medicine can be used to aid in the treatment of patients with depression. With over 20 medications approved by the FDA to treat depression, and many others recommended for off-label use, treatment failure with antidepressants commonly occurs in clinical practice. Inviting genetic...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510040
Leigh Ann Johnson, Fan Zhang, Stephanie Large, James Hall and Sidney E O'Bryant
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 20, 2019
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative dementia, and over 5.7 million Americans are living with a diagnosis of AD. AD is the 6th leading cause of death in the US and the costs associated with care for the disease are estimated to be $277 billion. As the population ages the prevalence of AD is expected to grow dramatically, with estimates reaching up to 14 million by 2050 Mexican Americans are one of the fastest aging populations in the US, and are at increased risk of deve...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510039
Robert M Gordon, ValeriyaSpektor and Linh Luu
Article Type: RESEARCH ARTICLE | First Published: March 01, 2019
There is little empirical research on patients at the severe level of personality organization who generally need more clarifications of roles, tasks, boundaries, and supportive interventions, and often create increased problems with countertransference. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between clinicians' ratings of their new patients' level of personality organization traits (i.e.: Defensiveness, identity integration, object relations, and reality testing) and degr...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510038
Viviana Perilli, Fabrizio Stasolla, Stefania Maselli and Isabel Morelli
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 15, 2018
We provide the reader with a literature overview on the use and the implementation of the cognitive-behavioral interventions, and the assistive technology-based programs for improving adaptive responding of persons with Parkinson Disease. Three basic categories of studies were retained, namely (a) Gait and posture; (b) Leisure and occupation, and (c) Mental health. Twenty studies were reviewed and 3984 participants were involved. Assistive technology was primarily used for gait and posture, and ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510037
Christopher Rodrigue, Isabelle Labrecque, Olivier Turcotte and Catherine Begin
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 15, 2018
Even though muscle dysmorphia (MD) is classified as a body dysmorphic disorder, it shares similarities with eating disorders (ED). The aim of the present study was to explore similarities between men with MD, women with ED, and a control group of men with body related preoccupations, regarding self-esteem, body esteem, and personality traits. Analyses revealed that clinical groups reported lower body esteem, more perfectionism and narcissism than the control group; only the ED group showed a sig...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510036
Shilpi Sharma and Sahni SP
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 23, 2018
Probably millions of people across the world dream of starting their own business, a fraction of them may gather the courage and resources to pursue their ambitions, and still, even a smaller fraction of those may persevere through the challenges and inevitable disappointments, entrepreneurial process may present; and finally, a very small number of entrepreneurs succeed in achieving their objectives. What determines the difference in behaviours and attitudes of these individuals? Why some never...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510035
Abir K Bekhet and Mauricio Garnier-Villarreal
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 19, 2018
aregiving can be costly to dementia caregivers' well-being. Assessing the factor structure and psychometric properties of Cognitive-Behavioral Scales in dementia caregivers is an essential step in addressing the gap in the current state of research. Specifically, it is essential to determine first whether the factorial structure of the three measures used in this study namely, the Positive Thinking Skills Scale, the Revised Memory and Behavior Problems Checklist, and the Zarit Burden Interview a...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510034
Jan M Keppel Hesselink
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 31, 2018
The impact of priests and their institutions is vanishing in our culture. This depletes the society from religious experiences. However, many are looking into new ways of experiencing the essence of life. One of the new sources inspiring people to reconnect with themselves and with nature can be found in shamanism. Since some decades now rituals from the Amazon based on herbal products such as Ayahuascaare increasingly seen in Europe and the United States....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510033
Qingguo Ma and Min Yan
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 18, 2018
With the development and transformation of China's economy, "anti-corruption" has become the top priority of the Communist Party of China in recent years. Corruption is a kind of unethical behavior that the public power loss the public nature because of private using, it deviates from the value of public power and the goals of the value. Here, we review both experimental evidences documenting acts of small corruption and recent evolutionary cognitive models based on surveys of corruption. These ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510032
Jennifer Kadur, Irina Flaig, Jana Volkert, Isa Sammet and Sylke Andreas
Article Type: Case Study | First Published: October 17, 2018
Goals of this single-case study are to assess whether tests according to Control Mastery Theory (CMT) can be reliably identified by trained raters and to examine whether the Psychotherapy Process Q-Sort method can adequately represent the test situation. A single case was analyzed by well-trained psychology graduates on the basis of the Plan Formulation Method. The interrater reliability of the identified tests was examined. In addition, the tests were classified according to the Psychotherapy P...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510031
Demian Halperin and Gabriel Schreiber
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 25, 2018
When the subject of death appears in the therapeutic context, dealing with it can be a complex task. Levinas proposed that there is no anxiety towards one's own death but rather that fear for death is fear for the Other's death, meaning that because of death's incomprehensibility, it can only be experienced when it happens to others....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510030
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 19, 2018
This paper reviews recent empirical studies (N = 13) that focused on two cultural resources (spirituality and racial identity) utilized by African-Americans to cope with stress in an attempt to: 1) Provide some explanations why the minority status hypothesis is unfounded in most epidemiologic community surveys; and 2) Develop a theoretical framework that explicates this phenomenon. The review shows that both spirituality and racial identity reduced the negative impact of life stressors while pro...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510029
Article Type: Letter To The Editor | First Published: June 13, 2018
Characterized by repeated contractions of muscle groups, tics are associated with psychic tensions that must be alleviated by persistent motor actions. In this disorder, even knowing that the movements happen, the individual does not strive to prevent these events from manifesting. In summary we can talk about two fundamental types of tics; 1) Motor tic (muscular contractions); 2) Phonic tic (vocalizations)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510028
Giulio Gios, Claudio Busana, Enrico Ceccato
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 11, 2018
It is widely proved that methods of intervention in cases of adolescent-onset psychosis should be timely and plurifocal, with the application of integrated forms of therapy, including pharmacological treatment and psychological and social rehabilitation, also with an involvement of family members. Research studies moreover indicate that offering adolescents treatment within social contexts besides at facilities which have the specific purpose of providing treatment, on either a hospital or out-p...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510027
Federica Vellante, Marco Alessandrini and Massimo Di Giannantonio
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 06, 2018
What could be stressed as a "division" between mental health and madness is very subtle. Indeed, it could be considered as a continuous or a borderline field that could develop toward a direction or another in human different expression of own features. By the way understanding mind could be frightening....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510026
Richard Antony Alexander Kanaan, Dorota Jamroz
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 04, 2018
Culture is thought to be a key determinant of conversion disorder presentation, with culturally-normed social expectations being one possible influence, yet this is rarely studied. We present a case of a young woman from a cultural background where social expectations were strong, now living in Australia, who developed conversion disorder in the context of struggling against these expectations, and expressed this as a desire to escape....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510025
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May, 07,2018
Psychobiography is a qualitative, idiographic research method; it is the explicit and systematic application of psychological theories and models in writing biographies and analyzing the life history, activity and personality of historically significant persons. This method has been used in the investigation of eminent creativity for more than a hundred years from now....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510024
Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: April 25, 2018
For some time, psychoanalysis has been an object of worship, like a caged bird. Its freedom has been limited by actions analysts have imposed upon themselves, even though each analyst has an independent key to set it, and himself, free. Freud's heirs are struggling with what he bequeathed them. After a long period of strife in the analytic world, there is now a sense of common purpose and a yearning for liberty....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510023
Simon Surguladze, George Chikovani, Tamar Revazishvili, Nata Dzadzamia, Tatia Razmadze, Nino Iashvili and Dessa K Bergen-Cico
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 16, 2018
Mindfulness as a Mediating Factor between Empathy and Burnout in People of Caring Professions...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510022
Monique Rowe, Jackie C Robinson, Gwendolyn L Singleton and Huijun Li
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 15, 2018
Risk Factors of Attenuated Psychosis Syndrome in African American Young Adults: Ethnic Identity and Adverse Childhood Experiences...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510021
Scott Sulik, Carly Eastin, Kimberly Nordstrom and Michael P Wilson
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 30, 2017
Disordered cognition, commonly but inaccurately referred to as "psychosis", is a challenging symptom to evaluate and manage in the critical care or emergency department setting. Although exacerbation of a primary psychiatric disorder may indeed be associated with psychosis, a large number of medical illnesses may present similarly. Often, there is no single test to establish a definitive diagnosis....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510020
Jaison Joseph and Debasish Basu
Article Type: REVIEW ARTICLE | First Published: October 05, 2017
The negative impact of risky use of alcohol on health and well-being of individuals has been well documented. Recent reports reveal an alarming increase in the hazardous and harmful alcohol use worldwide. Brief intervention is increasingly becoming popular over the last decades in reducing harmful and hazardous alcohol use as compared to other psychosocial interventions. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510019
Michael P Wilson, Sam Frenkel, Jesse Brennan, Jordan Simanjuntak, James Deen and Gary M Vilke
Article Type: RESEARCH ARTICLE | First Published: September 28, 2017
Despite the knowledge that alcohol and drug use are risk factors for suicide, the change in outcomes from testing urine drug screens is a point of contention between emergency physicians and psychiatrists. The influence of alcohol levels on disposition from the emergency department has never been tested....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510018
Mark H Stone
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 20, 2017
An explication of Kierkegaard's concept of dread provides insight into the life and mind of one of the first existentialists noted for giving particular attention to the subjective individual. His view of dread shows it to be much deeper and more complex than anxiety by invoking an awesome expanse of freedom and possibility....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510017
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 12, 2017
In this paper, the flow of the argument follows the sequence of the areas of studies alluded to in the title. That is, I start with some neuroscience data relative to empathy, then I address the topic from a psychological perspective and I close with a section that tackles a philosophical perspective....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510016
Fabrizio Stasolla and Viviana Perilli
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 25, 2017
This paper provides the reader with a concise overview of the empirical evidences available in the last decade on the use of cognitive-behavioral interventions for promoting adaptive skills of children with Angelman syndrome. The results were fairly positive, although no documents were found on the implementation of assistive technology-based programs. Some useful suggestions for future research and practice within this framework were briefly discussed....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510015
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 05, 2016
Therapeutic ingredients form the backbone of psychological intervention. The breadth and method for learning skills, quality of teaching and the recipient i.e., therapist in training's ability to capture the knowledge combined with skills is a fluid, intense and time-limited induction process. This may encapsulate attachment theory, self-psychology, psychodynamic insight oriented psychotherapy, tools of cognitive behavior therapy, problem solving and crisis management therapy and psychodrama, an...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510014
Frances LL Dailey, Lee A Underwood, Yolanda Crump, Cyrus Williams, Mark Newmeyer, Donna M Washburn, Aryssa Washington and LaKeitha Poole
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 25, 2016
The purpose of this study is to assess the treatment effectiveness of the Louisiana Sexual Behavior Problem Treatment Program (SBPTP) on reducing risk for recidivism in juveniles with sexual behavior problems. Using the JSOAP-II, pre and post test scores for juveniles with sexual behavior problems in secure and non-secure care settings, secondary analyses on archival data was collected from participants who completed the SBPTP between 2008 and 2014....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510013
Antonio Drago, Cristina Marogna and Hans Jorgen Sogaard
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 24, 2016
Avoidant personality disorder (APD) is a frequent disorder whose prevalence has been reported to be as high as 10% in mental clinic outpatients. There is an open debate on whether APD is to be considered a different disorder compared to social phobia (SP), or they are different quantitative manifestations of the same pathologic process. Treatment for APD is mainly based on evidence gathered for SP or SP in co-morbidity with APD. Suggested pharmacological treatment of APD is SSRIs or SNRIs....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510012
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 18, 2016
Psychoanalytic psychotherapy uses psychoanalytic principles in delivering psychotherapy which supports patients as well as informing them about themselves and the external world through psychoanalytic interpretations. Undergoing a psychoanalysis can be very stressful, and requires ego strength that allows assimilation of personal knowledge by the patient and its utilization within the personality. Classical psychoanalysis makes heavy demands on the analysand's, or patient's, stamina, and schizop...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510011
Hakan Kallmen, Peter Wennnberg, Per Andreasson and Hans Bergman
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: March 30, 2016
Background: The NEO-PI and its successors (NEO-PI-R and the latest NEO-PI-3) are among the most commonly used instruments to assess personality internationally. The American version of NEO-PI-3 is adapted to modern language and is more readable than its predecessors. Aims: The present study describes the development of the Swedish version of the NEO-PI-3 and its psychometric properties. Methods: A web-based questionnaire was sent to a random sample from the Swedish population and 18.5% responded...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510010
Rassamee Sangthong, Umaporn Trangkasombat, Chonnipa Kaewpoonsri, Pattera Disayawanawat, Chutimon Panyakham, Edward McNeil
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 17, 2016
Adolescence is a transition period when a child enters into adulthood. They encounter tremendous changes in body and mind. The national surveys and surveillances consistently reported across the regions that health risk behaviors substantially increased among adolescents including substance use, premature sexual activity and teenage pregnancy, aggressive and violent behaviors, and suicidal attempt. These risk behaviors stem from psychological problems that can be improved by appropriate interven...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510009
Fabrizio Stasolla and Adele Boccasini
Article Type: Short Note | First Published: January 25, 2016
Rett syndrome (RS) is a progressive neuro-developmental disorder due to mutations of methyl CpG binding protein 2 gene (MECP2), located on Xq28 chromosome, primarily occurring in females and first described by Andreas Rett. It is characterized by four main stages, namely: (a) stagnation, (b) regression, (c) stationary, and (d) deterioration. During the first stage, occurring with an early onset and beginning between 6 and 18 months of age, the child development is overall arrested....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510008
Fabrizio Stasolla, Adele Boccasini, Viviana Perilli, Rita Damiani and Vincenza Albano
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 25, 2015
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders are commonly described with emotional, intellectual, communicative and social impairments. They are frequently isolated and passive with few opportunities of positive and constructive interaction with the outside world. Accordingly, they may exhibit withdrawal, stereotypic and challenge behaviors. The aforementioned conditions might seriously hamper their social image and status, with negative consequences on their quality of life....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510007
Fernando Lana, Susana Marcos, Laia Molla, Ana Vilar, Victor Perez, Mireia Romero and Josep Marti
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 16, 2015
Systematic reviews of psychodynamic psychotherapy for individuals with psychosis have reported mixed results. However, mentalization-based therapy (MBT), a manualized psychodynamic psychotherapy, has been proven effective in controlled studies in non-psychotic patients with severe mental disorders. Although MBT is currently being used to treat psychotic patients, to date no studies have evaluated outcomes and treatment-related adverse effects....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510006
Jose Luis Rosario and Jose Roberto Leite
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 25, 2015
Mental imagery or cognitive imagery is a technique that can be used in the treatment of many psychological and affective disorders. Wellbeing in turn, is a global concern and related to the feeling of happiness, fulfilment and satisfaction in life. The hypothesis of the present study was that use of the imagery technique can change subjects' scores on the Ryff multidimensional Psychological Well-being (PWB) scale....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510005
Article Type: Opinion | First Published: February 27, 2015
As known, univariate statistical models have strong assumptions such as normality and homogeneity of variance. When the assumptions are valid, univariate models have powerful results. Variables having certain properties evaluate by univariate model. Univariate models are made incorrect prediction generally, because these models not include the relationships between variables....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510004
Rosini E, Calabro G, Mancinelli I, Pacifici MP, Pucci D, Caltagirone SS, De Pisa E, Narracci A, Girardi P and Comparelli A
Article Type: Short Report | First Published: February 21, 2015
Introduction: In 1958, Jorge Garcia Badaracco initiated weekly meetings between psychotic patients and their parents in Buenos Aires. On the basis of these experiences, he founded a new psychotherapeutic method, with an open setting based on multifamily groups (MFG), for patients affected by severe psychiatric illness. In Italy, there are several public psychiatric services in which MFG is followed, but there are few studies testing its validity. Herein, we describe a design study addressing the...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510003
Dawn W. Foster, Georges E. Khalil, Samantha G. Farris, Till W. Barnighausen and Alexander V. Prokhorov
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 21, 2015
Background: The current study sought to evaluate the main and interactive effect of health perceptions, smoking quit attempt history, and readiness to change with respect to depressive symptoms among college student smokers. Method: The present data came from baseline data from a randomized trial and included 495 undergraduate students who reported smoking at least 1 cigarette per day. Results: A three-way interaction emerged between smoking quit attempt history, health perceptions, and readines...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510002
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: January 30, 2015
Narcissism is often used synonymously with high or inflated selfe-steem. Indeed, narcissism is illustrated by individuals with grandiose self-views and a need for admiration. The origins of the term stem from Greek mythology where a young man named Narcissus became enamored with his reflection. However, individuals with higher levels of narcissistic traits make up a unique combination of high and vulnerable self-esteem. Since narcissism is more complex than high self-esteem, individuals with hig...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4037.1510001
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: January 24, 2015
Children with severe to profound developmental and/or multiple disabilities (i.e. combination of sensorial, intellectual and motor disabilities) are commonly described as quite passive and isolated, with few opportunities to interact positively with the surrounding world, dues to their general conditions hampering their social image, status and overall desirability. Thus, those children present a very limited behavioral repertoire, often exhibiting lack of speech, failing locomotion, stereotypic...
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