International Archives of

Cardiovascular DiseasesISSN: 2643-3966

Current Issue

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710031

The Usefulness of Long Inflation Balloon Angioplasty Using a Perfusion Balloon for Intracoronary Thrombus

Shingo Watanabe and Michio Usui

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 12, 2020

The beneficial effect of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) has been well established. PCI for ACS, especially for thrombotic lesions, is difficult to treat due to distal embolization or residual thrombus. We experienced a case in which long balloon inflation was effective in PCI for ACS due to thrombotic lesions. Here we introduce the case that long inflation balloon angioplasty using a perfusion balloon was useful in PCI for thrombus lesion....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710030

Pacemaker Lead Associated Superior Vena Cava Syndrome Treated By Veno-Atrial Bypass

Thilina Gunawardena, MBBS, MD, MRCS, Balasubramanium Saseekaran, MBBS, MD, MRCS, Gayan Bandara, MBBS, MD, MRCS, Rezni Cassim, MBBS, MS and Mandika Wijeyaratne, MBBS, MS, PhD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 11, 2020

Pacemaker lead associated venous thrombosis is common. However, due to collateral venous drainage those who are affected rarely become symptomatic. Superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome is a constellation of signs and symptoms that occurs as a result of obstruction to flow in the superior vena cava. In this case report we present a patient who developed this complication following multiple transvenous pacemaker wires. After failed percutaneous venoplasty he was treated successfully with a right inte...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710027

Thrombus in Transit in Right Atrium with Ecograph Pulmonary Infarction in Patient with Massive Pulmonary Thromboembolism

Edroso Jarne Paloma Eugenia, Arche Banzo Maria Jose, Pascual Bielsa Ana and Obon Azuara Blanca

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 16, 2019

We describe the case of a 61-year-old female who was admitted to our tertiary centre with 15-day of dyspnea and whitish expectoration. The patient had a history of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary thromboembolism a year ago, anticoagulated until a few months ago with acenocumarol. The patient was diagnosed with pulmonary thromboembolism by CT-scan and deep vein thrombosis in the proximal segment of the left femoral vein....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710026

A Case of Acute Aortic Failure and Cerebral Infarcts due to Infective Endocarditis in a Patient Addict to Fentanyl and Alcohol-Management and Treatment

Mohammad Alsalaldeh and AVefa Ozcan

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 18, 2019

Infective endocarditis (IE) is one of the cardiac inflammation diseases with high mortality and morbidity mainly affects the inner liner of the endocardium and the valves. The majority of the infective endocarditis is caused by infectious agents. Here in our case, we had a patient with IE associated with multiple cerebral hemorrhagic and infarct areas, brain abscess, pleural effusion, ARDS (Acute respiratory distress syndrome) and bicytopenia, with history of one attack pancreatitis and addictio...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710025

Coronary Artery Involvement Following Kawasaki Disease: A Case Report of a 5 Month Old African Infant

Tumwebaze Hilda, Ndagiire Emma, Namuyonga Judith, Twalib Aliku, Lwabi Peter and Lubega Sulaiman

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 07, 2019

Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute systemic vasculitis which progresses to cause coronary artery abnormalities as a complication. Echocardiographic and cardiac angiographic data indicate that 20-40% of untreated KD patients develop coronary artery abnormalities. However, majority of the lesions regress over time. Timely treatment with high dose intravenous immunoglobulins (IVIG) and high dose of aspirin has been found reduce the incidence of developing coronary artery aneurysms to 2%-3%. Data on ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710024

Relationship Between Mean Platelet Volume-to-Platelet Count Ratio and the Presence and Severity of Coronary Artery Ectasia

Ramazan Asoglu and Emin Asoglu

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 28, 2019

Atherosclerosis plays an essential role in the etiopathogenesis of coronary artery ectasia (CAE). The mean platelet volume/platelet count (MPV/PLT) ratio is a new biomarker, and increased MPV/PLT ratio was a predictor of cardiovascular mortality in patients with the acute coronary syndrome. We aimed to assess the association between the CAE and MPV/PLT ratio. The present study included 50 patients with CAE and 45 healthy subjects prospectively. The CAE was defined as dilation of the coronary art...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710013

Clinical Significance and Applications of D-Ribose in Cardiovascular Disease

Melike Bayram, David Perkowski, JA St Cyr and William T Abraham

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 15, 2018

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of deaths worldwide. Myocardial ischemia, a common etiological factor in cardiovascular disease, lowers cellular high-energy phosphate levels, i.e. adenosine triphosphate (ATP), with an accompanying impairment in myocardial function. Furthermore, scientists have argued for the importance of ATP levels in supporting both systolic and diastolic function in heart failure. The magnitude of ischemic heart disease and congestive heart failure is generally we...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710012

Why Atherothrombosis is in Principle a Hematologic Disease: The Effect of Disorders and Drugs which Affect Thrombosis on the Development of Atherosclerotic Plaques

Gregory D Sloop, Gheorghe Pop, Joseph J Weidman and John A St Cyr

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 01, 2018

The authors hypothesize that thrombosis causes both the complications of atherosclerosis as well as the underlying lesion, the atherosclerotic plaque. Atherosclerotic plaques develop from the organization of mural thrombi. In this process, circulating progenitor cells trapped within the thrombus differentiate into myofibroblasts which synthesize collagen, and endothelial cells which form granulation tissue. Eventually, all or most of the thrombus is replaced by collagen. Thus, conditions and dru...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710011

Sex-Related Risk of Myocardial Infarction: Insights from Path Analysis

Mohammad Reza Dayer, Vahideh-Sadat Nazemi, Mohammad Saaid Dayer and Sayed Mohammad Reza Alavi

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 19, 2018

Cardiovascular disease and myocardial infarction comprise the leading causes of more than half of the total death often among elderly people. Psychological stresses, imbalanced diet, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, tobacco, alcohol, and metabolic diseases such as hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus are the main risk factors for the disease. In order to better understand the underlying risk factor for the disease we performed complete analyses of biochemical factors in sera of obese, non-diabetic ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710010

Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Pathophysiology May Also Affect the Gut

Paolo Angelini

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 19, 2018

In this report, we describe a patient who presented with transient acute abdomen before the onset of an acute myocardial ischemic event. Chest pain, dyspnea, and hypotension requiring vasopressors developed 2 days after the patient presented with paralytic ileus. Transient left-bundle-branch block and mildly elevated troponin and brain-natriuretic peptide levels occurred. Echocardiography and left ventricular angiography revealed extensive periapical akinesia and a left ventricular ejection frac...

Volume 2
Issue 2