Aortic Regurgitation Complicating Polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis
M EL Mourid, A Drighil, FZ Talhi, I Nouamou and K Bouayed
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 15, 2020
Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), defined by the onset of arthritis evolving for more than 6 months, before the age of 16-years-old, with no evident etiology. It is the most common type of arthritis in children under the age of 16. The polyarticular form is characterized by more destructive joint and less systemic impairment. Cardiac involvement is not a usual presentation and varies from pericardial to myocardial involvement to heart failure. It is more seen in systemic form of AJI. Valvular...
Two Dimensional Speckle Tracking Echocardiography Assessment of Left Ventricular Remodeling in Patients after Myocardial Infarction
Moustafa Kamal Eldin Ibrahim Khalil Saad, Khalid A El-khashab and Tamer M Ragab
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 11, 2020
Adverse left ventricular remodelling (LVR), defined as progressive ventricular dilatation, distortion of chamber shape, myocardial hypertrophy and deteriorating function, begins in some patients who suffered from acute myocardial infarction (AMI), sometimes even after successful percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). If uninterrupted, it could lead to congestive heart failure (CHF) and a poor clinical outcome. This study aims at evaluating the value of speckle tracking echocardiography in pre...
Saphenous Vein Graft Aneurysm and Coronary Artery Disease: Case Report
Victor Rodrigues Ribeiro Ferreira, Maria Christiane Valeria Braga Braile-Sternieri, Eliana Migliorini Mustafa, Giovanni Braile Sternieri, Sofia Braile Sabino, Cibele Olegário Vianna Queiroz, Bethina Canaroli Sbardellini, Luiza Braile Verdi, Idiberto José Zotarelli Filho and Domingo Marcolino Braile
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 28, 2019
Despite a general reduction in the number of myocardial revascularization surgeries in recent decades, more than 150,000 are still performed annually in the United States. Early complications of venous graft use include an occlusion rate of up to 25% in the first year. The aneurysmal dilatation of the great saphenous vein, when used in aorto- coronary venous bridges, is rare and requires important care by the cardiology team. This study aimed to present a case report on saphenous vein aneurysm i...
Cardiac Interventions in Symptomatic Patients ≥ 90-Years-Old (Nonagenarians): A Single-Center Retrospective Analysis of Spectrum and Outcome
Philippe N Muller, Christine H Attenhofer Jost, MD, Osmund Bertel, MD, Barbara Naegeli, MD, Edwin Straumann, MD, Pierre Levis, MD, Burkhardt Seifert, Dominik Maurer, MD, Christoph Scharf, MD, Olaf Franzen, MD and Franz Wolfgang Amann, MD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 28, 2019
The database at our center from 2005-2014 was searched for all percutaneous cardiac procedures, including coronary angiography with or without percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), percutaneous mitral valve repair by MitraClip (PMVR), balloon valvuloplasty of the aortic valve (ABVP) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Age at procedure, clinical data, type and findings at procedure, in-hospital outcome, survival and predictors for survival were an...
Case Report: A 13 Years Old Boy with Danon Disease, and Intellectual Disability
Alawni O, Almusaad A and Eyaid W
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 26, 2019
A 13-years-old boy. He was born at home at 30 weeks of gestation. He stayed in nursery for 3 months. He sat independently at the age of one year, walked at around 3 years and started to run around 4 years of age. Currently, he can walk, and run well. He wears his clothes, button, and unbutton his shirts. He copies letters, scripts and shapes however; he usually does not follow lines. He spoke at the age of 2 years it was single words like mama and dada....
Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in a Patient with AL Amyloidosis: A Rare Overlap of Two Cardiomyopathies
Brock M, Sanchorawala V, Berk JL, Cui H, Gopal DM, O'Hara C, Ruberg FL and Siddiqi OK
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 26, 2019
A 62-year-old woman with newly diagnosed systemic AL amyloidosis was evaluated for severely increased left ventricular (LV) wall thickness. Her echocardiographic, cardiac MRI, and genetic findings led to a diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Five years after achieving relative a partial hematologic response with chemotherapy, the patient died after developing rapidly progressive heart failure and cardiogenic shock. A full autopsy diagnosed both cardiac amyloidosis and HCM. The overla...
Variable Left Ventricular Dyssynergy in Recurrent Stress Induced Cardiomyopathy
Timothy E Paterick MD, JD, MBA
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 31, 2019
Recurrent stress-induced cardiomyopathy with variable regional location of left ventricular dyssynergy is an unusual clinical presentation and may allow potential insights into the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the development of the variable subtypes of stress induced cardiomyopathy. This case report reveals a patient with reverse Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and apical Takotsubo cardiomyopathy within a three-week period. The discussion explores the potential pathophysiologic mechanisms re...
Magnitude of Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Adult Hypertensive Patients Attending in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia, 2018
Degena Bahrey, Tekleweyni Mariye, Gebreamlak Gebremedh, Ayehu Kassa, Alem Girmay, Girmay Teklay, Hagos Tasew, Hagos Berihu and Yohannes Ashebir
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 10, 2019
A total of 578 hypertensive patients were taken from cardiac follow-up. Among the hypertensive patients the magnitude of cardiovascular risk factors was 212 (36.7%). The magnitude of each cardiovascular risk factor was high. Magnitude of overweight and obesity was 33.7%. Concurrently 30.4% had habit of taking high salt diet and 27.3% were patients with dyslipidaemia. Patients with less physically active were 89.1% and 23.5% were consuming alcohol regularly. Whereas 15.9% was smoker. This study a...
An Unusual Thrombosis Mimicking Cor Triatriatum Dextra
Murat Surucu, MD, Hazım Alper Gursu and I Ilker Cetin
Article Type: CASE REPORT | First Published: February 25, 2019
Central venous catheters are commonly used in clinical practice. Right atrial thrombosis is a relatively common complication associated with indwelling catheter use. Thrombosis can be in different locations and forms within vascular and intracardiac structures. Echocardiographic images may mimic some anatomic and pathologic variants. We describe a case of a two-months-old girl with a thrombus which cor triatriatum dexter-like appearance in the right atrium due to the central venous catheter....
Effects of Morning versus Evening Administration of Perindopril on the Circadian Control of Blood Pressure in Cameroonian Type 2 Diabetes Individuals: A Crossover Randomized Trial
Liliane Mfeukeu Kuate, Helene Ornella Bongha Ondoa, Jean-Claude Katte, Aurel Tiakouang Tankeu, Mireille Claudia Abeng Bokam, Andre Michel Bimbai, Ahmadou Musa Jingi, Chris Nadege Nganou-Gnindjio, Mesmin Yefou Dehayem, Francois Folefack Kaze, Jean Claude Mbanya, Andre Pascal Kengne and Eugene Sobngwi
Article Type: RESEARCH ARTICLE | First Published: February 25, 2019
Renin-angiotensin system antagonists are the mainstays of blood pressure (BP) lowering strategies in people with diabetes. Perindopril a long half-life Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitor offers the advantage of a single daily dose, usually empirically taken in the morning. We therefore aimed to assess the influence of time of administration on the effect of Perindopril on circadian BP in type 2 diabetes (T2D) individuals with previously untreated stage 1 hypertension. Twenty T2D patie...