International Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases is a peer reviewed, open access journal focused on clinical areas of cardiovascular medicine. The Journal provides the authors a platform for publication of their work and for the exchange of their ideas. We aim to publish utmost quality clinical content via open access providing the readers to immediately access without charge. The journal publishes original communications of scientific excellence concerned with clinical approach to the diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

International Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases focused to publish articles on topics, angina pectoris, atherosclerosis, atrial fibrillation, cardiac arrest, cardiac dysrhythmias, cardiac hypertrophy, cardiogenic shock, cardiomyopathy, cardiopulmonary bypass, carotid atherosclerotic plaques, congestive heart failure, endocarditis, hypertensive heart disease, interventional cardiology, ischemia, mitral valve stenosis, myocardial infarction, myocarditis, pericarditis, stroke, tachycardia, venous thrombosis, venous thrombus, etc. All articles published in the journal are subject to standard peer review process. The journal publishes the latest findings in cardiovascular medicine, cardiovascular diseases and observational studies.

All articles are published only after close scrutinizing by expert editors and reviewer recommendations being amended for improved flawless content. International Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases ensures the maintenance of international standards of open access publishing.

 
Journal Information

Title: International Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases

ISSN: 2643-3966

Editor-in-chief: Richard Kones

NLM title abbreviation: Int Arch Cardiovasc Dis

ISO abbreviation: Int Arch Cardiovasc Dis

Other titles: IACVD

Category: Cardiovascular Diseases

DOI: 10.23937/2643-3966

Peer review: Double blind

Review speed: 3 weeks

Fast-track review: 10 days

Publication format (s): Electronic and print

Publication policy: Open Access; COPE guide

Publication type(s): Periodicals

Publisher: ClinMed International Library

Country of publication: USA

Language: English

Contact email: contact@clinmedjournals.org

 
Articles Search by   Keyword   |   Journal title   |   Author name   |   DOI

 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710023

Saphenous Vein Graft Aneurysm and Coronary Artery Disease: Case Report

Victor Rodrigues Ribeiro Ferreira, Maria Christiane Valeria Braga Braile-Sternieri, Eliana Migliorini Mustafa, Giovanni Braile Sternieri, Sofia Braile Sabino, Cibele Olegário Vianna Queiroz, Bethina Canaroli Sbardellini, Luiza Braile Verdi, Idiberto José Zotarelli Filho and Domingo Marcolino Braile

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 28, 2019

Despite a general reduction in the number of myocardial revascularization surgeries in recent decades, more than 150,000 are still performed annually in the United States. Early complications of venous graft use include an occlusion rate of up to 25% in the first year. The aneurysmal dilatation of the great saphenous vein, when used in aorto- coronary venous bridges, is rare and requires important care by the cardiology team. This study aimed to present a case report on saphenous vein aneurysm i...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710022

Cardiac Interventions in Symptomatic Patients ≥ 90-Years-Old (Nonagenarians): A Single-Center Retrospective Analysis of Spectrum and Outcome

Philippe N Muller, Christine H Attenhofer Jost, MD, Osmund Bertel, MD, Barbara Naegeli, MD, Edwin Straumann, MD, Pierre Levis, MD, Burkhardt Seifert, Dominik Maurer, MD, Christoph Scharf, MD, Olaf Franzen, MD and Franz Wolfgang Amann, MD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 28, 2019

The database at our center from 2005-2014 was searched for all percutaneous cardiac procedures, including coronary angiography with or without percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), percutaneous mitral valve repair by MitraClip (PMVR), balloon valvuloplasty of the aortic valve (ABVP) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA). Age at procedure, clinical data, type and findings at procedure, in-hospital outcome, survival and predictors for survival were an...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710021

Case Report: A 13 Years Old Boy with Danon Disease, and Intellectual Disability

Alawni O, Almusaad A and Eyaid W

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 26, 2019

A 13-years-old boy. He was born at home at 30 weeks of gestation. He stayed in nursery for 3 months. He sat independently at the age of one year, walked at around 3 years and started to run around 4 years of age. Currently, he can walk, and run well. He wears his clothes, button, and unbutton his shirts. He copies letters, scripts and shapes however; he usually does not follow lines. He spoke at the age of 2 years it was single words like mama and dada....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710020

Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in a Patient with AL Amyloidosis: A Rare Overlap of Two Cardiomyopathies

Brock M, Sanchorawala V, Berk JL, Cui H, Gopal DM, O'Hara C, Ruberg FL and Siddiqi OK

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 26, 2019

A 62-year-old woman with newly diagnosed systemic AL amyloidosis was evaluated for severely increased left ventricular (LV) wall thickness. Her echocardiographic, cardiac MRI, and genetic findings led to a diagnosis of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Five years after achieving relative a partial hematologic response with chemotherapy, the patient died after developing rapidly progressive heart failure and cardiogenic shock. A full autopsy diagnosed both cardiac amyloidosis and HCM. The overla...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710019

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery in a Young Female with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and its Operative Challenges: A Case Report

S Gurpreet, MRCS, SJ Vendargon, MS and SH Syed Rasul, FRCS

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 25, 2019

We understand that an autoimmune disorder such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus increases the likelihood of developing coronary heart disease. However its implications on patients undergoing cardiac surgery are not well understood. Here we present a female patient with SLE who developed coronary artery disease at a young age and underwent coronary artery bypass graft surgery. As SLE is associated with vasculitis, we wanted to understand regarding the choice of conduit as well as its long term pat...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3966/1710018

Variable Left Ventricular Dyssynergy in Recurrent Stress Induced Cardiomyopathy

Timothy E Paterick MD, JD, MBA

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 31, 2019

Recurrent stress-induced cardiomyopathy with variable regional location of left ventricular dyssynergy is an unusual clinical presentation and may allow potential insights into the pathophysiologic mechanisms underlying the development of the variable subtypes of stress induced cardiomyopathy. This case report reveals a patient with reverse Takotsubo cardiomyopathy and apical Takotsubo cardiomyopathy within a three-week period. The discussion explores the potential pathophysiologic mechanisms re...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710017

Metastatic Cardiac Tumor from Precursor B Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma with a Mediastinal Mass: A Case Report of a 12-Years-Old African Girl

Dorah Nampijja, Aliku Twalib, Kumbakumba Elias and Sulaiman Lubega

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 15, 2019

Cardiac involvement in metastatic tumors is not widely investigated. Commonest site of cardiac involvement is the pericardium. However, diffuse metastasis to the myocardium and endocardium is uncommon. Striated cardiac muscle, fast blood flow within the heart and unique lymphatic drainage make malignant metastasis to the heart rare. Cardiac metastasis is a late manifestation of malignancy and most of the cases are diagnosed on Post-mortem. We des...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710016

Magnitude of Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Adult Hypertensive Patients Attending in Ayder Comprehensive Specialized Hospital, Ethiopia, 2018

Degena Bahrey, Tekleweyni Mariye, Gebreamlak Gebremedh, Ayehu Kassa, Alem Girmay, Girmay Teklay, Hagos Tasew, Hagos Berihu and Yohannes Ashebir

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 10, 2019

A total of 578 hypertensive patients were taken from cardiac follow-up. Among the hypertensive patients the magnitude of cardiovascular risk factors was 212 (36.7%). The magnitude of each cardiovascular risk factor was high. Magnitude of overweight and obesity was 33.7%. Concurrently 30.4% had habit of taking high salt diet and 27.3% were patients with dyslipidaemia. Patients with less physically active were 89.1% and 23.5% were consuming alcohol regularly. Whereas 15.9% was smoker. This study a...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/IACVD-2017/1710015

An Unusual Thrombosis Mimicking Cor Triatriatum Dextra

Murat Surucu, MD, Hazım Alper Gursu and I Ilker Cetin

Article Type: CASE REPORT | First Published: February 25, 2019

Central venous catheters are commonly used in clinical practice. Right atrial thrombosis is a relatively common complication associated with indwelling catheter use. Thrombosis can be in different locations and forms within vascular and intracardiac structures. Echocardiographic images may mimic some anatomic and pathologic variants. We describe a case of a two-months-old girl with a thrombus which cor triatriatum dexter-like appearance in the ri...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/IACVD-2017/1710014

Effects of Morning versus Evening Administration of Perindopril on the Circadian Control of Blood Pressure in Cameroonian Type 2 Diabetes Individuals: A Crossover Randomized Trial

Liliane Mfeukeu Kuate, Helene Ornella Bongha Ondoa, Jean-Claude Katte, Aurel Tiakouang Tankeu, Mireille Claudia Abeng Bokam, Andre Michel Bimbai, Ahmadou Musa Jingi, Chris Nadege Nganou-Gnindjio, Mesmin Yefou Dehayem, Francois Folefack Kaze, Jean Claude Mbanya, Andre Pascal Kengne and Eugene Sobngwi

Article Type: RESEARCH ARTICLE | First Published: February 25, 2019

Renin-angiotensin system antagonists are the mainstays of blood pressure (BP) lowering strategies in people with diabetes. Perindopril a long half-life Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitor offers the advantage of a single daily dose, usually empirically taken in the morning. We therefore aimed to assess the influence of time of administration on the effect of Perindopril on circadian BP in type 2 diabetes (T2D) individuals with previously untreated stage 1 hypertension. Twenty T2D patie...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710013

Clinical Significance and Applications of D-Ribose in Cardiovascular Disease

Melike Bayram, David Perkowski, JA St Cyr and William T Abraham

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 15, 2018

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of deaths worldwide. Myocardial ischemia, a common etiological factor in cardiovascular disease, lowers cellular high-energy phosphate levels, i.e. adenosine triphosphate (ATP), with an accompanying impairment in myocardial function. Furthermore, scientists have argued for the importance of ATP levels in supporting both systolic and diastolic function in heart failure. The magnitude of ischemic heart di...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710012

Why Atherothrombosis is in Principle a Hematologic Disease: The Effect of Disorders and Drugs which Affect Thrombosis on the Development of Atherosclerotic Plaques

Gregory D Sloop, Gheorghe Pop, Joseph J Weidman and John A St Cyr

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 01, 2018

The authors hypothesize that thrombosis causes both the complications of atherosclerosis as well as the underlying lesion, the atherosclerotic plaque. Atherosclerotic plaques develop from the organization of mural thrombi. In this process, circulating progenitor cells trapped within the thrombus differentiate into myofibroblasts which synthesize collagen, and endothelial cells which form granulation tissue. Eventually, all or most of the thrombus...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710011

Sex-Related Risk of Myocardial Infarction: Insights from Path Analysis

Mohammad Reza Dayer, Vahideh-Sadat Nazemi, Mohammad Saaid Dayer and Sayed Mohammad Reza Alavi

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 19, 2018

Cardiovascular disease and myocardial infarction comprise the leading causes of more than half of the total death often among elderly people. Psychological stresses, imbalanced diet, sedentary lifestyle, obesity, tobacco, alcohol, and metabolic diseases such as hypothyroidism and diabetes mellitus are the main risk factors for the disease. In order to better understand the underlying risk factor for the disease we performed complete analyses of biochemical factors in sera of obese, non-diabetic ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710010

Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Pathophysiology May Also Affect the Gut

Paolo Angelini

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 19, 2018

In this report, we describe a patient who presented with transient acute abdomen before the onset of an acute myocardial ischemic event. Chest pain, dyspnea, and hypotension requiring vasopressors developed 2 days after the patient presented with paralytic ileus. Transient left-bundle-branch block and mildly elevated troponin and brain-natriuretic peptide levels occurred. Echocardiography and left ventricular angiography revealed extensive periap...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710009

Implantation of Pacemaker in a Patient with Dextrocardia, Persistent Left Superior Vena Cava, TGA and Heart Block

Murat KERKUTLUOGLU and Mahmut Tuna KATIRCIBASI

Article Type: CASE REPORT | First Published: August 29, 2018

Congenital anomalies of the heart may generate difficulties for cardiac invasive procedures. Dextrocardia is a rare congenital heart disease in which the apex of the heart is located on the right side of the chest. Patients with transposition of great arteries (TGA) abnormalities are at risk for complete cardiac block and usually require a permanent cardiac pacemaker in long-term follow-up. The persistent left superior vena cava (PLSCV) is a rare...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710008

Hyperhomocysteinemia: How Does it Affect the Development of Cardiovascular Disease?

Lopes Cardoso I

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 27, 2018

Homocysteine is an amino acid with an SH group, metabolised by the remethylation and transsulfuration pathways. Several genetic and environmental factors (like deficient nutrition status, systemic disease or consumption of certain drugs), can lead to changes in the levels of plasma homocysteine. Nowadays, hyperhomocysteinemia is considered an important and independent risk factor for atherosclerosis and cardiovascular disease....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710007

Coronary Artery Ectasia: An Interventional Cardiologist's Dilemma

Matthew Schmidt and Timothy E Paterick

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 28, 2018

Coronary artery ectasia is defined as a localized, or diffuse dilation of a coronary artery lumen. Coronary artery ectasia is well recognized, but a rare finding encountered during diagnostic coronary angiography. Coronary artery ectasia represents a form of atherosclerotic coronary artery disease, seen in 1.4-4.9% of patients undergoing coronary angiography. It may be an isolated finding, or in combination with stenotic lesions. ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710006

Lipoprotein(a) and Atherosclerosis: A Case Report and Literature Review

Marc Lubitz and Vaskar Mukerji

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 25, 2018

A 61-year-old man presented with central chest and vague left shoulder pain precipitated by a brisk walk up a steep hill. His pain resolved with rest. He has never had this pain before and had no associated symptoms. He has no other medical problems. He is known to have three vessel coronary artery disease (CAD) based on two previous cardiac catheterizations. His initial catheterization was conducted to evaluate the cause reversibility on an exer...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710005

Clinical Features and Management of Patients with an Anomalous Origin of the Coronary Arteries

Carolina Espejo-Paeres, Carmen Olmos, Pedro Martinez-Losas, Fabian Islas, Javier Higueras-Nafria, David Vivas and Isidre Vilacosta

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 30, 2018

An anomalous origin of a coronary artery is a rare congenital condition in which a coronary artery arises from the opposite coronary sinus. Most coronary artery anomalies are an incidental finding without clinical significance, although some cases may be potentially life threatening, depending on the origin, course and termination of the anomalous vessel. Anatomical features of risk are an aortic intramural course or inter-arterial course....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710004

Ventricular Electrical Standstill in a Patient with Left Ventricular Assist Device

Chee Kiang Teoh, Kah Leng Ho, Louis Teo, David Sim, Ka Lee Kerk, Jia Lin Soon, Teing Ee Tan, Sivathasan Cumaraswamy and Choon Pin Lim

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 02, 2018

Left ventricular assist device (LVAD) is designed primarily for circulatory support in left ventricular failure and its function relies heavily on intrinsic right ventricular function. We report, to our knowledge, the longest reported case of ventricular electrical standstill from progressive cardiomyopathy who was successfully managed on LVAD. A 51-year-old man, non-ischaemic cardiomyopathy who had been on HeartMate II LVAD support for three years, presented with frequent intermittent low pump ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710003

C Reactive Protein and Cardiovascular Disease

Ines Lopes Cardoso and Ana Teresa Paulos

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 11, 2017

Cardiovascular Diseases (CVD) are the first cause of death in developed countries, therefore it is of interest to reduce this public health problem. The development of atherosclerosis is the main cause of CVD. This pathology results from the accumulation of lipids in the arterial wall, that leads to a complex inflammatory process....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710002

Hyper-Homocysteinemia and other Inherited Thrombophilic Factors Inducing Retinal Vein Occlusion. The Employment of Novel Orals Anti-Coagulants is Possible?

Federico Cacciapuoti

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 18, 2017

Retinal Vein Occlusion (RVO) is the second cause of unilateral visual loss, and can have ischemic or non-ischemic aetiology. The causes inducing RVO may be due to thrombophilia induced by acquired or inherited risk factors....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacvd-2017/1710001

Kounis Syndrome: A Form of Acute Coronary Syndrome of Unusual Aetiology

Fulvio Cacciapuoti, Valerio Langella, Paolo Tirelli MD and Federico Cacciapuoti

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 25, 2017

Anaphylactic reaction rarely manifests such as acute coronary syndrome induced by coronary vasospasm or atheromatous plaque rupture due to some chemical mediators, such as histamine, platelet activating factors, cytokines and others, derived from mast cells degranulation....

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