International Journal of

Virology and AIDSISSN: 2469-567X

Early Online

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510063

Prenatal is Still Neglected in Resource-Limited Areas despite the Use of Tests That Optimize the Diagnosis of Infectious Diseases in Brazil

Galileu Barbosa Costa, Raquel Gois Bastos, Ney Cristian Amaral Boa Sorte, Antônio Conceição da Purificação, Beneli Miranda dos Santos, Bernardo Galvão-Castro, Sara Nunez Vaz, Lauro Juliano Marin and Sandra Rocha Gadelha

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: June 05, 2020

Vertically transmitted infections are caused by a diversity of pathogenic microorganisms, and pregnant women are routinely screened to evaluate the risks and reduce the burden of general disorders in their unborn. We assessed the seroprevalence of syphilis, toxoplasmosis, hepatitis B and C, HIV and Human T lymphotropic virus (HTLV) in pregnant women using public healthcare services in two main cities in South region of Bahia State, Brazil. Blood samples were collected using filter paper cards fr...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510062

Risky Behaviors among HIV Serodiscordant and Seroconcordant Couples in Yaounde-Cameroon

Constantin Tchakounte, Thibau Flaurant Tchouangueu, Marie Nicole Ngoufack, Leaticia Grace Yatchou, Salomon Tchuandom Bonsi, Jean Olivier Ngono Djang, Etienne Philemon Atabonkeng, Jules-Rogers Kuiate, Alexis Ndjolo and Céline Nkenfou Nguefeu2

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: April 20, 2020

Serodiscordant HIV couples are an important source of HIV spread in sub-Saharan Africa. To limit the transmission of HIV within couples, UNAIDS has defined many strategies, including unconditional treatment of the infected partner, systematic condom use, assisted reproduction, regular screening of the negative partner. In Cameroon, there is little information on the follow up of HIV serodiscordant and seroconcordant couples. The purpose of this work was to describe risky behaviors within serodis...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510060

Dual Carriage of Hepatitis B Surface and Hepatitis B Envelope Antigen in Children in a Tertiary Health Facility in the Poorest Region of Nigeria, 2000-2015

Isaac Warnow Elon, Jalo Iliya, Alkali Yaya, Ajani Ayomikun, Abubakar Joshua Difa, Oyeniyi C and Danlami Halilu

Article Type: original research | First Published: April 10, 2020

Hepatitis B infection is endemic in sub-Saharan Africa, where transmission predominantly occurs in infants and children by perinatal and horizontal routes. The risk of chronic infection peaks when infection is acquired early. Records of Hepatitis B surface and envelope antigen results in Federal Teaching Hospital, Gombe between May 2000 and May 2015 were retrieved and analyzed. Hepatitis B surface antigen is high among adolescent males. Infants and young children have the highest carriage rate ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510056

Complete Manuscript Title: Viral Hepatitis B Vaccination Status of a Medical Laboratory Staff in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, West Africa

Agathe Dotia-Kone, Timothee Ouassa, Roseline Affi-Aboli, Arlette Emieme, Mathieu Kablan and Andre Inwoley

Article Type: Brie f Report | First Published: September 30, 2019

Health care professionals working in laboratories located in Africa are supposed to deal with many potentially infectious fluids in a context of high prevalence for infectious diseases and particularly hepatitis B virus (HBV). The goal of this study was to evaluate the seroprotect ion against HBV and possible contact with the virus before vaccination in the staff of a laboratory specialized in the diagnosis of infectious diseases. Fifty out of 59 professionals were included in the study. Anti-HB...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510055

HIV and Hepatitis Coinfection among HIV-1 Infected Individuals in Republic of the Congo

NIAMA Roch Fabien, MOUNDOSSO Thierry Stephane, PEMBE ISSAMOU MAYENGUE, BAYONNEKOMBO Edith Sophie, OSSIBI IBARA Roland Bienvenu, DIAFOUKA Merlin, MAHAMBOU NSONDE Dominique, LOUZOLO Igor, LOUKABOU Bongolo Nadia Claricelle, DZABATOU-BABEAUX Angelie Serge Patrick, MALOUMBI Marie Genevieve and PARRA Henri-Joseph

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 06, 2019

HIV and Hepatitis co-infection is common and contribute significantly to morbidity and mortality in persons living with HIV (PLWH). The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of this co-infection in patients receiving second-line antiretroviral therapy in Pointe-Noire and Brazzaville. A cross-sectional study was conducted between January and July 2014 to collect demographic data and perform blood sampling from consenting patients who came for routine visits in sites that provide...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510054

Two Cases with Kawasaki Diseases and Adenoviral Infection: An Etiology or Association?

Tuba Giray, MD, Suat Biçer, MD, Ahmet Saç, Yiğit Moğol, Öznur Küçük, Defne Çöl, Zerrin Yalvaç and Yeşim Gürol, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 27, 2019

Although etiology of Kawasaki disease has not been precisely determined, it has been speculated that there was an association with a variety of bacterial and viral agents because of the seasonality of this disease. Some viruses including human adenovirus have been isolated from patients with Kawasaki Disease. Adenoviral infection may mimic Kawasaki disease clinically but it may also be detected in patients with Kawasaki disease....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510053

Occult HBV Infection in Pregnant Women in Northern Benin

Massimo De Paschale, Cristina Ceriani, Teresa Cerulli, Debora Cagnin, Serena Cavallari, Joseph Ndayake, Dieudonne Zaongo, Kouma Diombo, Gianbattista Priuli, Paolo Vigano and Pierangelo Clerici

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 18, 2019

Occult infections (OBIs) due to hepatitis B virus (HBV) are identified by the presence of HBV DNA without surface antigen (HBsAg). The population prevalence of HBsAg is high in Benin, but there are no data concerning the presence of OBIs. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of OBIs using samples taken from 220 pregnant Beninese women for the purposes of a previous study of the prevalence of HBV markers. Twenty-four women were HBsAg positive (group I); of the 196 HBsAg negative wom...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510052

Multi-Center Study on the Prevalence of Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Herpes Simplex Virus Type-2 Co-Infection among Pregnant Women in Nigeria

Olayemi MATTHEW, Teclaire NDOMB, Joseph ONAKEWHOR, Bitrus MATAWAL, Esosa OSAGIE, Alashle ABIMIKU and Man CHARURAT

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 30, 2019

Substantial proportions of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa are associated with herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2) infection hence the magnitude of infection in the population suggests the expected course of HIV epidemic. We determined prevalence of genital herpes as a result of HSV-2 and its associated factors among pregnant women in Nigeria. A total of 2,362 sera of pregnant women aged 18-49 years attending two different antenatal clinics in two communities in Nigeria were analysed us...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510051

Silent Transmission of HTLV-2 in an Endemic Area of Northeastern Brazil: Report of 10 Cases and Review Literature

Graca Maria de Castro Viana, Helaine Dias Guimaraes, Saphyra Medeiros Salem, Augusto Viana Arouche Santos and Jamilly Gonçalves Zani

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 21, 2019

HTLV 2 is endemic among Amerindians and has been reported in intravenous drug abusers in the USA, Europe, and Asia. The most important indigenous communities in Brazil are distributed in the states of Amapá, Pará, Amazonas, Roraima, Rondônia and Maranhão. This study aims to determine the prevalence of HTLV-2 in the state of Maranhão. Ten patients attended at a referral hospital who presented confirmatory Western blot serology for HTLV-2 were analyzed. All seropositives were asymptomatic and...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510050

Prevalence of HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C and Syphilis Infections among Patients in a Psychiatric Hospital in Ghana

Benedict Osei-Tawiah, Theophilus B Kwofie, Mohamed Mutocheluh, Richard Ephaim, and Emmanuel Awusah Blay

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 18, 2019

In developing countries like Ghana, people with serious psychiatric disorders do not have equal access to health care as normal non-mentally challenged people do. Moreover, mental health care generally focuses on physical health screening, health education, and improving access to treatment in primary and secondary care to the detriment of sexual health needs including prevention of sexually transmitted infections. Studies have shown the risk of blood-borne virus infections such as HIV, hepatiti...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510049

The First Human Immunotherapy Trial with a Viral Oncolysate Vaccine Induced a Large Number of Granular Lymphocytes Later Recognized as 'Natural Killer Cells'

Joseph G Sinkovics

Article Type: SHORT COMMUNICATION | First Published: March 16, 2019

The first visualization (and photographic records) of what has become known much later as human "natural killer cells" (NK) was initiated in 1969 at the Section of Clinical Tumor Virology and Immunology, Department of Medicine, The University of Texas M.D. Anderson Hospital, Houston TX. A clinical hematopathologist suggested that those cells were monocyte-like (M); another viewed them as 'unusual lymphoblasts'. The cells in question were much larger than the already known cytotoxic T lymphocytes...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-567X/1510048

Prevalence of Streptococcus Pneumoniae and Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Co-Infection among HIV Infected Adult Patients on HAART in Ogun State, Nigeria

Enitan Seyi Samson, Adekunbi Oluyemisi Ajike, Ihonge John Cletus and Olumide Abiodun

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 13, 2019

Respiratory tract infections with more than one organisms are common in immunosuppressed patients, especially those who are Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) positive. Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Streptococcus pneumoniae are the most important and dangerous pulmonary bacterial pathogens with global impact. This present study assessed the prevalence of Streptococcus pneumoniae and Mycobacterium tuberculosis co-infection and associated risk factors among HIV infected Adult Patients on Highly A...

Volume 6
Issue 1