Factors Associated With Hepatic Cytolysis in HIV-HBV and/ or HCV Coinfected Patients in Kinshasa, Democratic Republic Of The Congo: Multicenter Cross-Sectional Study
Jean-Paul Kimpiatu Mayimona, Aliocha Nkodila Natuhoyila, Charles Mbendi Nlombi, François Lepira Bompeka, Sebastien Mbendi Nsukini, Fiston Mbutiwi, Jean-Robert Makulo Rissassi, Antoine Tshimpi Wola, Hippolyte Situakibanza Nani-Tuma and Benjamin Longo Mbenza
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 22, 2022
Liver cytolysis is extremely common and sometimes severe in individuals infected with human immunodeficiency virus, but data for this disorder is sketchy in the developing countries. The objective of this study is to identify factors associated with hepatic cytolysis in HIV-HVB-HCV co-infected patients in Kinshasa....
Stercoral Colitis: Case Study Report
Jasmin Grewal and Salvatore Grasso
Article Type: Case Study | First Published: July 18, 2022
Stercoral colitis is a rare inflammatory condition of the colon as a result of fecal impaction commonly located in the sigmoid colon, the rectosigmoid junction, or the anterior rectum. This condition occurs commonly due to chronic constipation which results in fecal impaction and ultimately leading to inflammation of the colon....
A Rare Case of Leptospirosis-Induced Liver Injury in an Urban Setting
Ahmed Alemam, MD, Subhan Ata, MD and Jasbir Makker, MD, FACP
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 18, 2022
Leptospirosis is one of the most common zoonoses in the world. Human infection occurs after exposure to contaminated water or soil; hence infection is more common in rural settings. It is an uncommon cause of acute liver injury, and usually causes an anicteric illness. Here we describe a rare case of a 50-year-old man who presented with jaundice, transaminitis, hyperbilirubinemia, and acute kidney injury. He was diagnosed with Leptospirosis with reported history of exposure to rodents in an urba...
The Potential to Lower the Incidence of Necrotising Enterocolitis with Branched Chain Fatty Acids
Luke M. Bosnar, Anya E. Shindler, Jennifer Wood, Craig Patch and Ashley E. Franks
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 08, 2022
Necrotising enterocolitis is an intestinal inflammatory disease, with the highest rate of incidence occurring in premature infants born before 36-weeks, due to infants missing out on the in-utero ingestion of vernix caseosa. The in-utero consumption of vernix caseosa is a key biological process, necessary for the effective and healthy modulation of the infant’s intestinal microbiome, as the branched chain fatty acid content of vernix caseosa allows many branched chain fatty acid commensal bact...
CD 90 as Cancer Stem Cell Biomarker in Liver Cancer
Article Type: Research Paper | First Published: March 25, 2022
Liver cancer is the end-stage of chronic liver diseases. The main aetiologies of chronic liver diseases CLDs are chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. The aim of this work was to evaluate diagnostic value of CD-90 in patients with chronic liver disease (CLD) Fibrosis, Liver cancer and healthy individuals. The present study included Fibrotic patients, Liver cancer patients, in addition individuals were enrolled in this study as control group. AFP and CEA were estimated in all groups. CD-90 w...