International Archives of Communication Disorder is an open platform for researchers, scholars, residents and other clinical and medical professionals to gather high rated articles and information seeking the research in the areas of hearing, language, and/or speech related disorders. This is an open access, peer reviewed, multidisciplinary journal focused to bring new techniques, advancements in improving and developing new therapeutic options or aids.

The journal selectively publishes novel research, reviews, cases, images, communications and other related articles covering but not limited to aphasia, autism spectrum disorders, balance disorder, central auditory processing disorder, compulsive talking, expressive language disorder, hearing amplification, hearing disorders, hearing electrophysiology, hearing impairment, hearing physiology, language disorder, learning disability, pragmatic communication disorder, primary progressive aphasias, sensory impairments, specific language impairment, speech acquisition, speech disorders, speech sound disorder, speech-language pathology, unspecified communication disorder, voice disorders, etc. All articles published will be permanently archived and available to freely access and download.

Journal Information

Title: International Archives of Communication Disorder

ISSN: 2643-4148

Editor-in-chief: Hsien Yuanlane

NLM title abbreviation: Int Arch Commun Disord

ISO abbreviation: Int Arch Commun Disord

Other titles: IACOD

Category: Communication Disorders

DOI: 10.23937/2643-4148

Peer review: Double blind

Review speed: 3 weeks

Fast-track review: 10 days

Publication format (s): Electronic and print

Publication policy: Open Access; COPE guide

Publication type(s): Periodicals

Publisher: ClinMed International Library

Country of publication: USA

Language: English

Contact email:

Articles Search by   Keyword   |   Journal title   |   Author name   |   DOI


 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4148/1710022

The Effect of Transcutaneous Vagus Nerve Stimulation on Chinese Lexical Tone Imitation: A Single-Subject Design

Qiang Li, Megan Feiner, Jade Max, Yan Cheng and Reagan Linn

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/05/05

Transcutaneous vagus nerve stimulation (tVNS) has been reported on its effect to reorganize the sensory neural network in the central nervous system, similar as the observations in the traditional invasive vagus nerve stimulation. Very few studies have examined the impact of tVNS on the plasticity of the motor neural network. This exploratory study was aimed to investigate the effect of tVNS on the motor neural network manifested in laryngeal muscle flexibility and activities during word-level p...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4148/1710021

Non-Native English-Speaking Immigrant Parents’ Perceptions of Self-Esteem, Stress, and Life Satisfaction

Jessica Hoang, MS, CF-SLP, and HyeKyeung Seung Ph D, CCC-SLP

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 12, 2022

Parents play an integral role in developmental growth and educational success for children with disabilities. When parents give adequate support and encouragement, children have more opportunities to succeed. At times, this can be difficult to do, as there are various stressors when raising a child with a disability. According to Lu, et al., Chinese parents of children with autism presented lower self-esteem, social support, and life satisfaction. Argyrakouli and Zafiropoulou also conducted a s...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4148/1710020

Employment Quotas for Adults who Stutter: A Preliminary Study

Yoshikazu Kikuchi, Toshiro Umezaki, Kazuo Adachi, Motohiro Sawatsubashi, Masahiko Taura, Nana Tsuchihashi, Yumi Yamaguchi, Daisuke Murakami and Takashi Nakagawa

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 25, 2022

Adults who stutter (AWS) are often underestimated in their working abilities during job interviews because of their stuttering. A little over 100 countries provide employment quotas for people with disabilities in their national legislation. In Japan, AWS with medical disability certification can use this quota system. This preliminary study examined whether AWS hired through such quotas feel satisfied. This study used a nine-item questionnaire regarding employment quotas to obtain information f...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4148/1710019

Gesture Identification in a Person with Crossed Aphasia: A Case Study

Nikitha M and SP Goswami

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 24, 2022

Gesture and verbal language share a longstanding association due to which they have been studied together. These studies have much of a clinical importance in aphasia research. It is widely known that left hemisphere is involved in language processing and right hemisphere in visuo-spatial skills. Gestures being a visuo-spatial phenomenon become even more interesting to be studied in a person with right hemisphere lesion. We present case details of a 44-yearold female person with crossed aphasia ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4148/1710018

Fraser Syndrome, Evaluation of the Laryngeal and Voice Characteristics: A Case Report

Seyed Abolfazl Tohidast, PhD and Banafshe Mansuri, PhD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 30, 2020

Fraser syndrome is one of the rare congenital anomalies occurring when fingers or toes, and eyelid formation fail to separate during pregnancy. The purpose of this paper is to report the results of laryngeal and voice evaluation in a patient with Fraser syndrome. The case is an eleven-years-old girl with Fraser syndrome who underwent laryngeal examination with laryngoscopy and also auditory-perceptual and acoustic voice characteristics evaluations. The results of the laryngoscopy showed that the...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4148/1710017

Can having siblings increase stuttering as compared to being an only child?

Yoshikazu Kikuchi, Toshiro Umezaki, Kazuo Adachi, Motohiro Sawatsubashi, Masahiko Taura, Yumi Yamaguchi, Keiko Fukui, Nana Tsuchihashi, Daisuke Murakami and Takashi Nakagawa

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 21, 2020

Stuttering is a speech fluency disorder. Although recent studies have shown that most of its etiology is genetic, some parents considered their own caregiving or siblings as the cause of stuttering. This study aimed to address the clinical question associated with whether having siblings increases the risk of stuttering. We assessed the numbers and proportions of sibship size and birth order of 102 people who stutter (76 males and 26 females; average 11.8 years). In addition, we compared the occ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4148/1710016

Statistical Learning in Persons with Aphasia: A Critical Review of Literature

Darshan HS and Goswami SP

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 26, 2020

Statistical learning is the process of discovering patterns which are present in the input. Serial Reaction Time Task (SRTT) is commonly used to study statistical learning. Recently, many studies have been conducted in aphasia literature. But it is unclear about the magnitude of learning considering the learning conditions, methodological variations and consolidation of learning in persons with aphasia when compared to neurotypical individuals. This review discusses the learning differences base...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4148/1710015

Childhood Apraxia of Speech: From the First Motor Planning and Execution to Video Modeling During the Home Quarantine Period

Omid Mohamadi

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 05, 2020

The American Speech Language Hearing Association (ASHA) position statement specifically defines Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS) as follows: "Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a neurological childhood (pediatric) speech sound disorder in which the precision and consistency of movements underlying speech are impaired in the absence of neuromuscular deficits (e.g., abnormal reflexes, abnormal tone). CAS may occur as a result of known neurological impairment, in association with complex neurobe...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4148/1710014

A Study of the Correlation between Phonetic Parameters during Sustained Vowel and Speech Production with Benign Laryngeal Disorders

Phan Huu Ngoc Minh, Eun Mi Yun and Ki Hwan Hong

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 08, 2020

The purpose of this study to analyze and discuss the magnitude of the correlation between aerodynamic evaluations, acoustic measures, and auditory-perceptual parameters. We analyzed 39 voices of patients with benign vocal pathology. Four sensitive acoustic parameters were measured from a sustained vowel /a/ and aerodynamic parameters from a set of syllables /pi//phi//p’i/. Perceptive assessment was performed using the GRBAS (Grade, Rough, Breathy, Asthenic, Strained) scale. Firstly, results po...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4148/1710013

Experiences of Teasing and Bullying in Children Who Stutter

Yoshikazu Kikuchi, Toshiro Umezaki, Motohiro Sawatsubashi, Masahiko Taura, Yumi Yamaguchi, Daisuke Murakami and Takashi Nakagawa

Article Type: RESEARCH ARTICLE | First Published: December 09, 2019

Participants were 120 CWS, aged 3-12 years, who were patients at our hospital. Each child was asked the following three questions: Has anyone asked you why you speak in that way? (questioned); has anyone imitated the way you speak? (imitated); and has anyone laughed at your speech? (laughed). We also asked if the CWS felt unhappy or happy about these responses. The total proportion of children who were questioned, imitated, and laughed at was 66.6%. Most of the CWS in the study over 4-years-old ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/IACOD-2017/1710012

The Relation between Functional Play and Other Forms of Cooperation and Word Learning in ASD

Christina F Papaeliou, Kokonitsa Sakellaki and Asimenia Papoulidi

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 08, 2019

This study focuses on the relation between functional play and other aspects of cooperation with language, especially vocabulary production, in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Ten children with ASD (mean CA 54.1 months) were compared with 10 typically developing (TD) children matched for mental and language age (mean CA 17.1 months). Children's behaviors were assessed from video-recordings during spontaneous mother-child play. Results demonstrated that children with ASD take signif...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/IACOD-2017/1710011

Genes Involved in the Development of Autism

Ines Lopes Cardoso and Sandra Almeida

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 27, 2019

Autism is still considered a very complex disease, since it has diverse etiology, with multiple factors apparently associated with its appearance. However, none of them reveals to be totally responsible for its development. Nowadays, this disorder is considered to have a strong genetic component with the interaction of several genes. Furthermore, other diseases with well-known etiology might also be related with autism. The aim of this review is to discuss, through bibliographic search, genetic ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacod-2017/1710010

Can Cochlear Implantation Improve Voice in Speaking Children?

Rabeea A El Sabeela and Safinaz N Azab, MD

Article Type: RESEARCH ARTICLE | First Published: March 07, 2019

After cochlear implantation fundamental frequency did not change significantly. However, an improvement was noticed in measurements of jitter (p = 0.006) and shimmer (p = 0.021) as early as 6 months after the implantation. The noise-to-harmonic ratio improved (p = 0.010) 12 months after implantation. The children implanted before or at the age of 4 years showed a significant improvement in jitter (p = 0.003) and shimmer (p = 0.004) as early as 6 months noise-to harmonic ratio (p = 0.021) 12 mont...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacod-2017/1710009

Developing Discriminative Requesting Using Natural Environment Training in Two Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Nouf M Alzrayer and Devender R Banda

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: July 09, 2018

The use of touchscreen devices for communication purposes has been shown to be effective in the literature; however, there is little research in the effectiveness of applying naturalistic teaching approaches in developing discriminative requesting in young children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Two participants between the ages of 3 and 5, who were non-vocal, were taught to select a target symbol when presented with varying number of non-target symbols....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacod-2017/1710008

Assessing Executive Functions of Turkish-German Bilinguals, Turkish Speaking Children with S/LI and Turkish Speaking Monolingual Children

Ayse Aydın Uysal and İlknur Mavis

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 26, 2018

Specific language impairment has been found to be associated with dysfunction in executive functions whereas bilingual children are thought to be superior at these skills compared to monolingual children. The present study investigated executive functions in three groups of children: Turkish-German bilinguals, Turkish speaking children with S/LI and Turkish speaking monolingual children. Groups were matched on first language and chronological age. EF performance tapping conflict inhibition/atten...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacod-2017/1710007

Translating Evidence-Based Practices to Clinical Practice: Starting in the Classroom

Shin Ying Chu and Grace McConnell

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: April 25, 2018

As researchers and university-level educators in both Malaysia and the United States, we believe that evidence-based practices (EBPs) can improve patient outcomes, reduce costs, and provide high quality care when delivering speech therapy services. We know our speech-language-pathology (SLP) students in both countries, future SLPs, will require continuous learning over time. But, are we teaching and practicing EBP in clinic? Are our students understanding the importance of EBP? It's never too ea...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacod-2017/1710006

Evaluation of Vocal Fold Motion During Blocks in Adults Who Stutter

Yoshikazu Kikuchi, Toshiro Umezaki, Kazuo Adachi, Motohiro Sawatsubashi, Yumi Yamaguchi, Daisuke Murakami and Takashi Nakagawa

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 16, 2018

Stuttering is a speech disorder; the primary symptom in adults who stutter (AWS) is blocks, which halt both speech and breathing. This study aimed to evaluate vocal fold motion during blocks in AWS, in order to better understand this condition....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacod-2017/1710005

Speech-Language Disorders in Congenital Toxoplasmosis: Literature Review

Camila de Castro Correa, Silke Anna Theresa Weber and Luciana Paula Maximino

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 08, 2018

Congenital toxoplasmosis is defined as the infection acquisition caused by vertical transmission. During pregnancy, the mother is infected with Toxoplasma gondii, which is transmitted intra-uterus to the fetus. This infection can cause changes in neurologic development, as visual impairment and other neurological abnormalities....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacod-2017/1710004

Communication Related Quality of Life with Different Types of Aphasia Following a Stroke: Preliminary Insights

Mile Vukovic

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 08, 2018

It is well known that stroke and aphasia can seriously affect communication related quality of life (QoL). What has been less examined is whether communication QoL differs in relation to qualitatively different forms of aphasia. The aim of this exploratory study was to investigate this possibility in four patients with aphasia caused by stroke: two with Broca's and two with conduction aphasia. The quality of communication life scale (QCL) was administered in the chronic phase after stroke, along...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacod-2017/1710003

Language Proficiency in Children with Cleft Palate

Maria del Carmen Pamplona and Pablo Antonio Ysunza

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 05, 2018

Children with cleft palate (CCP) are at risk of speech disorders, which require a long intervention. Disorders of speech have been the most salient problems encountered by clinicians treating these children and have taken priority in research. Consequently, intervention has been focused on speech production, whereas assessment of language proficiency and the use of strategies for enhancing language development in this population have been overlooked....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacod-2017/1710002

Phonetic and Phonological Aspects in Children with Operated Cleft Lip and Palate

Maria Gabriela Cavalheiro, Camila de Castro Correa, Laura Katarine Felix Andrade and Luciana Paula Maximino

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 28, 2017

Cleft Lip and Palate (CLP) is the most common malformation in childhood and may result in the presence of communication disorders. The consequences in speech are related to velopharyngeal dysfunction and dentofacial deformity, as the risks to phonological disorders, related to middle ear changes....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/iacod-2017/1710001

Kierkegaard, Repetition and Autism

Andrew Cashin

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 09, 2017

If relying on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual- 5 (DSM-5) to diagnose Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) the triad of impairment that featured in past versions of the DSM as the structure for the diagnosis has collapsed to a dyad. Restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, interests or activities remained as the second part of the new 'Dyad of Impairment'....


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