International Archives of Addiction Research and Medicine is an open access peer reviewed journal that publishes manuscripts in the field of addictive behaviors of human and their research medicine. This journal concentrates on the human addictions and the major aspects like Addiction & Mental Health, Addiction Epidemiology, Addiction Medicine, Alcohol and Addiction Studies, Alcoholism, Behavioral Neuroscience, Behavioral Pharmacology, Clinical Psychology, Drug Addiction, Emergency Psychiatry, Molecular Neuropsychiatry, Narcotic Analgesics, Neuro Imaging, Neurobiology & Neurobehavioral of Addictive Disorders, Nicotine Addiction, Pharmacotherapy, Psychiatric Disorders, Psychiatric Genetics, Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Social Psychology and Health, Stimulants & Depressants, Substance and Behavioral Addictions Synthetic Cathinone Abuse, Tobacco Addiction, etc.
In addition to original research, the journal features intake of manuscript types such as editorials, commentaries, reviews, cases, interviews, letters, commentaries and book reviews. All articles published in the journal are subject to a stringent peer review process. It encourages authors to publish their experimental and theoretical results in as much detailed as possible.
Articles Search by Keyword | Journal title | Author name | DOI
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510035
David Cawthorpe, BSc, MSc, PhD
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: March 20, 2022
Few studies have directly examined the health care costs of those who suffer from mental disorder problems. The quality of administrative data has improved to the point where such study is currently possible. We report prevalence and cost results for 16 years of physician billing data comparing the health costs of groups with and without substance and/or other psychiatric disorders. A 16-year dataset containing 95846511 physician-assigned International Classification of Disease (ICD) diagnoses a...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510034
Sandra Cheung and David Cawthorpe
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: March 05, 2022
The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between measured clinical outcomes and Adverse Childhood Experience (ACE) survey scores in a regional population of children and adolescents admitted to psychiatric services. ACE survey data collected between 2016 and 2020 was linked with demographic, clinical profile, clinical system variables (eg, repeated admissions), and outcome data for those admitted for treatment. Improved and deteriorated categories of clinical outcome were defined...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510033
Ibrahim Arpaci, PhD, Kasım Karataş, PhD, Mustafa Baloğlu, PhD and Şahin Kesici, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 08, 2021
This study presents a cross-cultural analysis of the influence of psychological needs and cultural individualism on problematic Internet use. The Individualism-Collectivism Scale, New Needs Assessment Questionnaire, and Internet Addiction Scale were used to collect data from American and Turkish college students. A structural equation modeling based multi-group analysis was employed to test the research model and hypothesized relationships. The results showed that there is a negative and signifi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510032
Esther Ricci Adari Camargo, Rodrigo Martins P.O. da Trindade, André Augusto R. Felgueiras, Marcella Zaim, Mônica Novaes Ferreira, Juliana Weckx Peña Muñoz, Helenice de Souza Spinosa, Lorena de Paula Pantaleon, Paula A. Faria Waziry and André Rinaldi Fukushima
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 22, 2021
During the last few years there has been an increase in consumption of psychostimulants, substances that augment brain activity, in Brazil and around the world. It’s noted that the utilization of these substances involves not only medical need, but also recreational purposes, being the latter identified as indication of substance abuse. Among these stimulants, there are anorexigenics, such as amphetamines and derivatives. Amphetamines are drugs that stimulate the central nervous system, capabl...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510031
Nina Aulmann and Simon Forstmeier
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 09, 2019
It is estimated that about 10-20% of children and adolescents live with a parent with alcohol problems. Psychosocial consequences like difficulty concentrating or learning, and the development of maladaptive coping strategies lead to a higher risk of addiction and to further psychological disorders. The aim of the current study is to investigate the subjective consequences of pathological alcohol consumption on the learning behavior of adolescents and young adults at school....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510030
Ezgi BULUT ALTUNKESER and Esra AKIN KORHAN
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: March 11, 2019
The research was planned as a methodological study with the aim of determining nurses' behavior in the application and evaluation of physical restraint and to establish the validity and reliability of the scale developed. The population of the study consisted of all of the nurses working at a teaching and research hospital in the province of Izmir, Turkey. The study was carried out among nurses (N = 302) using Nurses' Identification Form and a Physical Restraint Application and Evaluation Scale...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510029
Sachin Ratan Gedam and P. S. Patil
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 31, 2018
To assess the personality traits on 16 PF of alcohol dependent individuals, to determine its association with severity of alcohol use and to find factors affecting severity of ADS. Total 100 patients of ADS were selected from psychiatry unit of Acharya Vinoba Bhave Rural Hospital, Sawangi (Meghe) Wardha, Maharashtra. Data was collected through socio-demographic proforma, severity of alcohol dependence questionnaire and 16 personality factor (16 PF) inventory....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510028
Christopher BR Smith
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 23, 2018
From social productivity to social costs to clinical stability, traditional outcome measurements employed in methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) serve to reinforce binary oppositions between sickness and health, 'dirty' and 'clean', stable and chaotic, life and death. Such binaries thus position the (post-)MMT service user according to a series of fixed axes that are in turn reproduced in popular and professional discourse....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510027
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 22, 2018
In the first performed studios it was published that the pethidine would mean an alternative to the morphine which would avoid the complications of the use of this like breath depression, constipation, urinary retention, and the potential to produce chemical dependency. The early clinical experience intensified the enthusiasm for this opioid analgesic. The first clinical reports reflect such therapeutic enthusiasm for this new analgesic....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510026
Sachin Ratan Gedam, Vijay Babar and Sneh Babhulkar
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 21, 2018
Stress is defined as physical and psychological state that occurs when the individual is unable to cope with demands and pressure of situation. Job satisfaction is defined as an attitudinal variable that represent the extent to which people dislike or like their jobs. Level of stress and job satisfaction among doctors can affect the quality of health care....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510025
Maya Knox-Macaulay, Nina Stafford, Carole Collins and Christos Kouimtsidis
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: March 18, 2017
There is a gap in the literature when considering the impact of screening using AUDIT-C, the shortened version of the AUDIT, to improve records of alcohol intake in a secondary care environment. Many previous studies have looked into the efficacy and financial cost of AUDIT screening in primary, secondary and emergency care settings....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510024
Walid Khalid Abdul-Hamid, Shefalica Bhan-Kotwal, Pratap Kovvuri and Stephen Stansfeld
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 26, 2017
To study the effects of homelessness on length of stay in psychiatric wards. All 37 admissions of homeless people to an acute psychiatric service during the year 2005 were identified using the Carebase system. Admissions of homeless people were then compared to a random sample (of 62 admissions) from the total number of admission during 2005 (397 admissions)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510023
Neil McKeganey, Marina Barnard and Christopher Russell
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 28, 2016
With the growth in the use of electronic cigarettes in many areas concerns have increased that these devices enabling users to inhale nicotine and flavored liquids in aerosolized form might result in the renormalization of smoking and ultimately to an increase in smoking prevalence. The current study describes the views and behavior of a sample of non-smokers who have witnessed electronic cigarette use (vaping) on frequent occasions. The aim of the research was to identify whether such visible v...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510022
Dahua Yu, Shaoping Su, Limei Bu, Yao Ma, Kai Yuan and Xiaoqi Lu
Article Type: Short Review | First Published: August 13, 2016
Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was confirmed as a condition warranting more clinical research in the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) Section III, which was a great progress for IGD studies. In China, there are about 24 million adolescents with IGD. IGD is involved in academic failure, impairment of work performance and psychological comorbidity including anger problems, depression and anxiety disorders. With the help of advanced neuroimaging tec...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510021
Amanda Caroline Cardoso Correa Carlos Menezes and Fabiana Goncalves Ferreira
Article Type: Short Review | First Published: August 13, 2016
Neurotransmitters are essential for humans' body to work properly. There is a hedonic brain circuit composed of centers that work together to enable these neurotransmitters to control the state of pleasure: dopamine and serotonin. All drug abuse increases dopamine levels in the extracellular medium. Several times dependence occur behaviorally, and in a less proportion by substance. On this review is going to be approached food addiction....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510020
Espen Ajo Arnevik
Article Type: Short Review | First Published: July 01, 2016
Recent research shows the value of ensuring the quality and efficiency of treatment using progress monitoring instruments. Before implementing progress monitoring instruments in clinical practice, health managers and clinicians must decide which particular instrument to use. Most identified progress monitoring instruments for substance use disorder treatment seems to include symptom level, relational functioning and social functioning, and all report adequate psychometric qualities. Of concern i...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510019
Victoria Manning, Brenda Gomez, Song Guo, Kim Eng Wong, Pryseley N Assam and Edwin Shih-Yen Chan
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 20, 2016
Cognitive Impairment (CI) is common and associated with poor outcomes among substance-dependent patients. The Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA), a screening tool for CI has demonstrated superiority over the routinely used Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) in multiple clinical populations, yet is rarely used in addiction settings or studies. The current study describes the performance of the two instruments in a sample of Asian substance-dependent patients....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510018
Y E Razvodovsky
Article Type: Letter to the Editor | First Published: April 19, 2016
The aim of the present paper was to discuss the trends in the incidence of alcoholism and alcoholic psychoses in late-Soviet and post-Soviet Russia in relation to social changes, quality of health care and the laws regulating production and sales of alcohol. Here we specified the number of alcohol dependent patients without alcoholic psychoses and the number of alcohol dependent patients with alcoholic psychoses, witches was admitted to hospital for the first time as incidence of alcoholism and ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510017
Marvin Louis Roy Lu, Sana Mazher, Andres Mora Carpio and Anita Govil
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 07, 2016
Synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) are chemically produced analogs of natural cannabinoids and are blended with herbs to appear as a natural product. They are typically marketed as "Cloud 9", "k2", "spice", "chill X", and "crazy monkey" among many others depending on their herbal blend....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510016
Hakan Kallmen and Mats Blid
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 28, 2016
Homelessness is as large political question globally as it is in Sweden with a growing number of homeless. "Housing First" is a municipality based program aiming to offer stable and enduring housing to homeless people immediately. This model was imported to Sweden and was tried in Stockholm and Helsingborg, a provincial town in the southwest of Sweden. This prevailing study is to test the feasibility of making longitudinal studies on homeless individuals....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510015
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 01, 2016
There is a high rate of alcohol use disorders (AUDs) in the United States and this poses a substantial burden on the medical system due to health complications. Medications to treat AUDs have been proven to have efficacy in reducing the number of drinking days, amount of alcohol consumed at a time, and in achieving overall abstinence from alcohol. Medicare studies, as well as other researchers, have shown that alcohol abstinence medications (AAMs) are underutilized....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510014
Tulshi D Saha, Roger Pickering, Bridget F Grant
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 29, 2016
This multilevel study examined whether state-level variations existed in the prevalence of regular alcohol use in the US after controlling for individual characteristics, evaluating the contribution of both individual socio-economic status, and state economic and alcohol policy in explaining alcohol use behavior using data from the 2001-2002 National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions and data from the U.S. Census and National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism State P...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510013
Jiang Long and Tieqiao Liu
Article Type: Letter to the Editor | First Published: December 14, 2015
A Smartphone is a portable device that could be capable of various tasks on different occasions. With many powerful functions, smartphones permeate into our everyday lives at an astonishing pace. Surely, the smartphone could make our lives much more convenient, but it could also bring quite a few issues, especially when it is used improperly. Nowadays, smartphone addiction is not a novel construct any more. It could be defined as an inability to regulate one's use of the smartphone, which eventu...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510012
Tohru Takarada, Yoshihisa Sumi and Yoshinori Higuchi
Article Type: Original Research Report | First Published: November 14, 2015
In Japan, a one-year compulsory postgraduate dental training program was started in April 2006. The aim of this training is to supplement the lack of clinical training in the undergraduate curriculum and to meet social requirements. New-entry dentists, who are called trainee dentists, have had their working conditions greatly improved, and are consequently able to concentrate on their clinical training. Trainee dentists must be paid reasonably and their work hours are limited to 40 hours a week ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510011
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 29, 2015
Internet addiction (IA) is the most studied behavioral addiction. However, few studies have been conducted that simultaneously include several countries to attain an inter-cultural and international perspective on the phenomenon. The aim of this systematic review is to observe the characteristics of cross-cultural IA studies, in order to explore (i) their classification, (ii) the cultures involved, (iii) the IA issues treated, and (iv) the commonalities and differences among cultures. For this r...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510010
Pedro Luis Prior, Anna Carolina Ramos, Jaqueline Kalleian Eserian, Jucara Zaparoli and Jose Carlos Fernandes Galduroz
Article Type: Brief Communication | First Published: October 22, 2015
Chocolate is recognized as a type of food that contains many psychoactive components. Many studies have shown that some people may present compulsive symptoms such as the difficulty in resisting the urge to consume chocolate. On the other hand, there is evidence that omega 3 deficiency results in a dopaminergic hypofunctioning of the mesocortical and mesolimbic pathways related to reinforcing effects. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine the effects of flaxseed oil (rich in om...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510009
Amnon Jacob Suissa
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 30, 2015
The concept of cyberaddiction is far from being unanimously accepted by scientists. The same is true of addiction to videogames or to Facebook. While certain researchers wished to see this condition included in the DSM-5, others question the operational and practical basis for the diagnostic criteria. Some see cyberaddiction as a problem linked more to time management, to brain deficits, to an impulse-control disorder or to psychosocial conditions while others consider it to be a pre-existing co...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510008
Alexander K. Moler, Alexandra Carlin and Ruchi M. Sanghani
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: August 17, 2015
Objective: The primary objective of this investigation is to determine if alumni prioritize aspects of addiction treatment in facility performance reviews differently than loved ones (i.e. friends and/or family) of treatment alumni. Design: Alumni of addiction treatment facilities and friends and/or family members of alumni were queried through an online survey, which contained open-ended questions asking the respondents to identify their respective facility's strengths and weaknesses....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510007
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 12, 2015
The following article reviews the literature on ethical issues surrounding in-patient treatment of adolescents with substance use disorders. Ethical issues surrounding confidentiality, informed consent, competency, multiple relationships and boundaries, working on a multi-disciplinary team, responsible caring, and termination of services are discussed. There is a gap in the literature regarding the ethical issues associated with this specific population; however, given the sensitive nature of th...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510006
Jose Carlos F. Galduroz, Pedro Luis Prior and Anna Carolina Ramos
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: July 30, 2015
Alcohol withdrawal syndrome (AWS) is a complex phenomenon that involves several neurotransmission systems. Its signs and symptoms are related to the adrenergic autonomic hyperstimulation and to the hypofunction of the gabaergic system. Moreover, alcohol is an antagonist of the NMDA (N-Methyl-D-Aspartate) receptors, which are excitatory, in the central nervous system....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510005
Article Type: Perspective | First Published: May 11, 2015
A speculation of the possible benefits of classical music from Indian sub-continent in persons prone to develop or suffering from substance use disorders, this article gives an outline of clinical promise of music as a complementary therapy for addiction and focuses on distinctive features, philosophical roots and effects of Indian classical music on emotions of the listener - raising the possibility of its efficacy in prevention of substance use disorders and rehabilitation of persons suffering...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510004
Article Type: Perspective | First Published: April 06, 2015
Schizophrenia is a major mental illness which affects young adults. It comes with a huge burden of illness and medication compliance is an essential part of recovery. However, despite compliance, there are instances of break through symptoms and some of this has been tied to smoking. Smoking is rampant all over the world and among patients with Schizophrenia, it is inordinately high....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510003
Sutapa Basu and Deeptanshu Basu
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 26, 2015
This paper explores the interaction between four psychoactive drugs, namely MDMA (Ecstasy), Cocaine, Methamphetamine and LSD, with neurotransmitters in the brain with the aim of understanding what links exist between these drugs and Psychosis. The paper aims to go beyond existing research on drugs and psychosis which has been primarily limited to cannabis (Marijuana) and psychosis. The findings and conclusions drawn show that all the drugs explored have the potential to induce psychosis in abuse...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510002
Roberta Paya, Luca Gomes Santoro, Denise Leite Vieira and Neliana Buzi Figlie
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 26, 2015
A case-control study was conducted with a convenience sample; the participants were paired by sex and age. Three hundred five families with children and adolescents (4-18 years of age) were evaluated; 60% (n=183) were in the study group, and 40% (n=122) were in the control group. In the study group, 73% (n=133) of the families had fathers with drinking problems and 27% (n=50) had fathers with illicit poly-drug addiction....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3631/1510001
Kenneth Blum, Marcelo Febo, Zsolt Demotrovics and Rajendra D. Badgaiyan
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: February 21, 2015
The mysteries and underlying causes of addictive disorders have spawned a number of important questions which still plague researchers and treatment professionals alike. What populations are susceptible to addictive disorders based upon genetic predisposition? Why are they more susceptible than others? What considerations or adjustments must be made to care plans of certain individuals to maximize their opportunity for recovery?...
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