International Journal of

Anesthetics and AnesthesiologyISSN: 2377-4630

Archive

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410136

Epidural Anesthesia with Opioids in Open Colorectal Surgeries is not Related to Postoperative Ileum

Marina D Ayres, Luana A Ferreira, Davi B Khouri and Jose L Ubaldo

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 18, 2022

This is a short review describing recent data on the use of opioids in epidural anesthesia on abdominal surgery. It is known that postoperative pain has nociceptive, inflammatory and neuropathic components and must be prevented. The period following abdominal surgery is particularly challenging because it has other side effects related to the surgery, in addition to pain....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410135

Effects of Ketamine-Fentanyl and Propofol-Fentanyl Combinations on LMA Insertion Conditions in African Children Undergoing Day- Case Herniotomy

Ajibade Okeyemi, Zakari Aliyu Suleiman, Olanrewaju Olubukola Oyedepo, Benjamin Olusomi Bolaji and Abidemi David Akere

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 18, 2022

Propofol is used as an induction agent to facilitate laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion but unwanted responses such as drop in blood pressure, cough, laryngospasm, movement and apnoea may occur....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410134

General Anesthesia for the Gravid Patient in the Emergency Operating Room at Sanglah General Hospital

Achmad Munif, Kadek Intan Jelita, I Nyoman Santa Wijaya and Pontisomaya Parami

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 18, 2022

General anesthesia and regional anesthesia are the anesthetic techniques of choice for caesarian delivery. Anesthetic technique of choice is determined by several factors such as the safety of the parturient (evaluation of the airway and risk of aspiration), technical problems, the wellbeing of the fetus, and the experience of the anesthesiologist....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410133

Unexplained Intraoperative Hypertension and an Electrocautery Burn: A Case Report

Chaeseong Lim, MD, PhD, Yujin Pak, MD, Hanmi Park, MD, Wonhyung Lee, MD, PhD, Seokhwa Yoon, MD, PhD, and Yongsup Shin, MD, PhD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 31, 2022

Inadvertent electrocautery burns can occur in any patient under general anesthesia. Here we report on a 30-yearold man who underwent arthroscopic surgery on his hip under general anesthesia and experienced a deep second-degree burn from the grounding pad. Our aim is to increase awareness of this avoidable risk associated with electrocautery equipment among surgeons and anesthesiologists. Unexplained hypertension during surgery under general anesthesia may suggest an electrocautery burn. Over the...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410132

Incidence and Risk factors of Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting after ENT Surgery

Petros K Yosief, Ghirmay G Beraki, Susanna Mayer, Michael B Mengistu and Eyasu H Tesfamariam

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 31, 2022

Ear Nose Throat (ENT) surgery has been the highest risk of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Despite the advancement of the modern anesthetic techniques in the management and understanding of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), the events of nausea and vomiting in ENT surgery still remains a major problem for participants in the postoperative care unit. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the incidence and identify the risk factors of PONV among surgical ENT participants in ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410131

Anesthetic Immunomodulation and the Tumor Recurrence: A Narrative Literature Review

Gabriele F Silveira, Isadora AC Fraga, Larissa RM Castro, José Lucas UM Gomes, Marina A Delgado

Article Type: Narrative Review | First Published: March 30, 2022

Surgical interventions and the anesthesia chosen for the procedure induce immunosuppression in the perioperative period, triggering the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines, favoring tumor growth and recurrence. However, it must be clarified what actually influences immunomodulation: the surgical technique, the anesthetic used, the type of tumor or a combination of all of them. Both the surgery and anaesthetic technique can exert immunomodulatory effects, and, therefore, they may contribute to ...

Volume 9
Issue 1