Pulmonary Strongyloidiasis in a Patient with Terminal Pulmonary Syndrome in Manabi Province, Ecuador: A Report Case
Juan Carlos Alava, Susana Alava and Juan Jose Alava
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 08, 2018
Strongyloides stercoralis is a common nematode causing intestinal parasitosis in the Ecuadorian population, but cases of lung infection by this helminth have not been documented in Ecuador. We document the first case of pulmonary strongyloidias is caused by S. stercoralis filariform larvae in a male patient from Manabí Province (Ecuador), showing clinical symptoms of terminal pulmonary syndrome. Previous to the decease of the patient, the larvae were identified by the direct smear method of a f...
Detection of Intestinal Parasites Transmitted Mechanically by House Flies (Musca domestica, Diptera: Muscidae) Infesting Slaughterhouses in Khartoum State, Sudan
Ahmed Mohammed Al-hassan Ibrahim, Hafiz Hassan Shebeir Ahmed, Rehab AbdElgadir Adam, Ayman Ahmed and Arwa Elaagip
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 19, 2018
The housefly, Musca domestica, is a common household pest known to transmit human diseases like pathogenic bacteria, protozoa, metazoan, fungi and viruses. Apart from they are also responsible for transmitting intestinal parasites, which when outbreaks occur, could wreak havoc on both man and animals. The importance of house fly in disease transmission prompted this study to investigate the presence of intestinal parasites transmitted mechanically by houseflies that infested slaughterhouses in c...
High Prevalence of Epilepsy in Onchocerciasis Endemic Communities of Ngie: Lack of Association with Taeniasis but Strong Indicators of Hereditary Factors and Characteristics of Onchocerciasis Associated Epilepsy Observed
Raphael Awah Abong, Fongoh Ayong Hassan, Tatsinkou Betrand Fossi, Peter Ndefon, Theresa Nkuo-Akenji, Samuel Wanji and Anong Damian Nota
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 12, 2018
Epilepsy, a neurological condition which affects individuals of all ages has been widely reported to be caused by parasitic, fungal, bacterial or viral infectious diseases of the Central Nervous System (CNS). Taenia solium infection otherwise known as neurocysticercosis in taeniasis endemic zones, Onchocerca volvulus infection in onchocerciasis meso/hyperendemic areas in Africa and other infectious agents have been highly incriminated in different parts of the world. Epilepsy remains an importan...
Acute Myopericarditis an Uncommon Presentation of Severe Leptospirosis - A Case Report and Literature Review
Cavalcanti S, L Lerena V and Gomez C
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 27, 2018
Cardiovascular involvement by Leptospira is infrequent. However the statistics are under estimated. This paper reports a case of a 39 years old male, who works as a Marine and had traveled to a tropical endemic area for Leptospira in Peru. He was initially admitted with fever, headache and myalgias. He was diagnosed of Leptospirosis (Ig M positive and MAT positive) and malaria and receive specific treatment for both diseases (Doxycycline, Cloroquine, Primaquine). Ten days later he was readmitted...
A Qualitative Ecohealth Model of Dengue Fever (DF) in Bandung, Indonesia
Titik Respati, Yudi Feriandi, Ermi Ndoen, Ardini Raksanegara, Heni Djuhaeni, Asep Sofyan and Pat Dale
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 12, 2018
Dengue Fever (DF) is a serious disease in Indonesia. The sustainability of a DF prevention program remains constrained despite continuing education programs and community participation efforts. Identifying the issues related to the cause of the disease is a major factor in its control. In this study we try to understand the complexity of the management of the disease. We apply an eco-health approach to explore DF management in Bandung city, West Java, an area of high DF incidence. A qualitative ...
Serological Evidence of Dengue and Chikungunya Exposures in Malian Children by Multiplex Bead Assay
Delynn M Moss, Matthew T Whitney, Anna N Chard, Victoria Trinies, Seydou Doumbia, Christin H Goodman, Stevan Bullard, Ryan E Wiegand, Matthew C Freeman, Patrick J Lammie and Gwong-Jen Chang
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 11, 2018
We opportunistically included a chikungunya envelope 1 recombinant virus antigen (CHIKV E1), a dengue 2 virus-like protein (DENV-2 VLP), and a DENV-3 VLP in a multiplex bead assay (MBA) for serological assessment involving improvements in water, sanitation, and hygiene for students attending 42 elementary schools in southern Mali in Western Africa. From students attending grades 1-6,805 dried blood spots (DBS) were collected. Immunoglobulin (Ig) G was eluted from the DBS and was probed for respo...
Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis: Update on the Epidemiology, Risk Factors and Prevention Strategies
Houda Ben Ayed, Makram Koubaa, Chakib Marrakchi, Khaoula Rekik, Fatma Hammami, Fatma Smaoui, Mariem Ben Hmida, Sourour Yaich, Imed Maaloul, Jamel Damak and Mounir Ben Jemaa
Article Type: REVIEW ARTICLE | First Published: September 03, 2018
Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the major public health threats, competing with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as the cause of death due to infectious diseases worldwide. Extrapulmonary tuberculosis (EPTB) contributes to the burden of disease and does not receive specific attention in international control strategies. We aimed to give an update on the current epidemiological data of EPTB, to describe its clinical spectrum, to identify the main risk factors and to propose effective preventive...
Development of Vaccination against Fungal Disease: A Review Article
Gebrehiwet Tesfahuneygn and Gebremichael Gebreegziabher
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 25, 2018
Vaccines have been hailed as one of the greatest achievements in the public health during the past century. So far, the development of safe and efficacious vaccines has been a major barrier for other infectious agents including fungi, partly due to of our lack of knowledge about the mechanisms that underpin protective immunity....
Prevalence of Urinary Schistosomiasis among Secondary School Students in Ifedore Local Government, Ondo State, Nigeria
Akinneye JO, Fasidi MM, Afolabi OJ and Adesina FP
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 04, 2 018
Schistosomiasis (Bilharziasis) is water borne parasitic disease caused by a blood fluke (trematode) of the genus Schistosoma. Adult schistosome worms live in mammalian host and the intermediate host is aquatic snail. Schistosomiasis ranks second to malaria in terms of prevalence and persistence with grave public health and socio-economic importance in endemic communities. This study assessed the prevalence of urinary schistosomiasis among students of five selected secondary schools in Ifedore Lo...
Chronic Skin Ulcer due to Mycobacterium Simiae in an Immunocompetent Lady
Lakshmi Vemu, Ashok R, Chaitanya Veena and G Satyanarayana
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 04, 2 018
Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) with Nontuberculous Mycobacteria (NTMs) are increasingly encountered in recent times. We describe a case of a chronic non-healing ulcer on the foot of a young immunocompetent lady caused by Mycobacterium simiae. The diagnostic approach and successful management of the case have been reviewed. This is probably the first case report SSTI due to M. simiae from India....
Uncomplicated Malaria in Children under 6 Months or Less than 5 Kg; How Prescribers in Ghana Manage it in the Absence of a National Policy
Evans Paul Kwame Ameade, Cynthia Gbolo Tee, Henrietta Chefudeme Dakurah and Hamdaratu Mateko Opata
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 20, 2018
Malaria caused by various species of Plasmodium had brought untold socio-economic burden to poor and developing countries of the world. Most malaria associated deaths occur in children below 5 years. The suggestion that antibodies and toxic nature of fetal hemoglobin provide immunity against malaria in children less than 6 months had been disproven. With Ghana having no treatment guideline on the management of uncomplicated malaria in this age group, this study ascertained how Ghanaian prescribe...
Rubella Cases Detection through Measles Surveillance System from 2012 to 2016 in Côte d'Ivoire
Christophe Kouakou Nguessan, Serge Kouadio Agbo, Youssouf Traore, Cyrille Gourmanon, Daniel Kouadio Ekra and Simplice Ncho Dagnan
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 16, 2018
Rubella is a contagious disease caused by a virus. Rubella is a major cause of miscarriage or serious birth defects in a developing baby if a woman is infected while she is pregnant. Côte d'Ivoire is a country that is not immunizing against rubella in its Expend program on immunization (EPI)....