Malaria Parasite Infection and its Effect on Packed Cell Volume among Pregnant Women in Zaria, Nigeria
Obed Abigail, Maryam Aminu and Umar Abdullahi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 10, 2021
Malaria in pregnancy is a major public health challenge and priority, because it is a health risk for the mother and her fetus. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence of malaria parasites and its effect on packed cell volume (PCV) among pregnant women attending antenatal clinic in Zaria. A total of 102 pregnant women on ante-natal visit in three different hospitals were enrolled and questionnaires were administered to them to obtain data on some risks and sociodemographic factors tha...
Human African Trypanosomiasis in the Northern Region of Zimbabwe: Reported Cases, Health Implications and the Way Forward
Amon Munyenyiwa, Moses Zimba, Mascelini Jenipher Mutsaka-Makuvaza, Portia Manangazira, Tamuka Nhiwatiwa, Charles Maponga and Nicholas Midzi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 10, 2021
Human African Trypanosomiasis (HAT) keeps resurfacing in Zimbabwe raising the need to capacitate the health system with adequate tools to eliminate the disease as a public health threat in the country. The aim of this study is to document recorded HAT cases in Zimbabwe as well as highlighting the impact of the disease and potential control strategies. Published research articles with main focus on HAT in Africa and Zimbabwe were used. The country recorded zero cases of HAT from 1998 to 2004, con...
Antioxidant Status of Children Infected with Plasmodium falciparum Malaria in Kebbi Metropolis, Northwestern Nigeria
Mode Muhammad Abduljalil, Mu’azu Gusau Abubakar and Muhammad Abdulmalik Danjuma
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: October 20, 2021
Malaria is a global life aggressive disease caused by the Plasmodium parasite to a host after infected anopheles mosquito leading to release of free radicals which have the capacity to induce oxidative stress. This study was carried out to assess the effect of malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum) on some antioxidants (vitamins A, C, E and reduced glutathione) and lipid peroxidation marker (MDA) in children attending Sir Yahaya Memorial Hospital, Birnin Kebbi, Kebbi State, Nigeria. Blood samp...
COVID 19 and Neglected Tropical Diseases in Africa: Perspectives from Ghana
Emmanuella Nzeribe, Melody Okereke, Isaac Olushola Ogunkola, Mashkur Abdulhamid Isa, Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi and Don Eliseo Lucero-Prisno III
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: August 28, 2021
Since the World Health Organization declared COVID-19 as a public health emergency, the attention of the global community has been shifted towards interventions and efforts to curb the pandemic at the detriment of other diseases, including Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). Prior to the emergence of COVID-19 in Africa, Ghana has recorded some progress in the economy which has translated to an overall expectation of a decline in the incidence of NTDs and other poverty-related diseases in the cou...
Factors Affecting the Spatial Distribution of Visceral Leishmaniasis in an Urban Area of Recent Emergence in Inner Brazil
José Cláudio Simão, Cassiano Victória and Carlos Magno Castelo Branco Fortaleza
Article Type: Field Research | First Published: August 21, 2021
Study of the spatial distribution of general VL and VL-HIV coinfection in the city of Bauru - SP, Brazil between 2003 to 2016. The cases were georeferenced and attributed to the Census sectors using demographic, socioeconomic and urban infrastructure predictors. The incidence in these sectors was analyzed in univariate and multivariate one-step Poisson regression models. The cumulative incidence rates of LV and LVHIV (per 100,000 inhab.) In this period were 131.1 and 19.7, respectively. In the u...
In Vitro Evaluation and Molecular Docking Studies of Aryl- Substituted Imidazoles against Leishmania Amazonensis
Julio Alberto Rojas Vargas, América García López, Aliesky Ramírez Vargas, Lianet Monzote Fidalgo and Matheus Froeyen
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 23, 2021
Leishmaniasis is a disease caused by the protozoan Leishmania that is considered one of the causes of death from parasitic infection worldwide. Looking for the right chemotherapy against leishmaniasis has been difficult because of the high toxicity of the most effective drugs. This disease is considered among the 13 unattended diseases worldwide according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In the present work, the leishmanicidal activity against L. amazonensis promastigote and cytotoxicity ...