A Comparison of the Anthropometric Indices for Nutritional Assessment among Older Persons in Northern, Nigeria
Abdulgafar Lekan Olawumi, MBBS, MHE (Health Economics), MPH, FMCFM, FWACP, Abdullahi Ibrahim Haruna, Abdullahi Kabir Suleiman, Godpower Chinedu Michael, Salihu Tanimu Tanko, Mohammed Riyad, Bukar Alhaji Grema and Aliu Rasaki
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: 2023/12/01
Anthropometric measurements, as opposed to biochemical and clinical indicators, are more sensitive to a broad range of nutritional status since they are directly associated with person’s nutrition, genetic makeup, lifestyle, functionality, and overall health condition....
Normal Weight Obesity and Normal Weight Central Obesity is Associated with Geriatric Syndromes in Hospitalized Older Adults
Stephany Beatriz do Nascimento, Roana Carolina Bezerra dos Santos, Letícia Sabino Santos, Taynara de Sousa Rego Mendes, Jarson Pedro da Costa Pereira, Maria Conceição Chaves de Lemos and Cláudia Porto Sabino Pinho
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/11/02
Current evidence shows that it is possible to find excessive body fat and central obesity in the normal range of Body mass index. These obesity phenotypes are recognized as Normal Weight Obesity (NWO) and Normal Weight Central Obesity (NWCO). Our study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of NWO and NWCO and its associated factors in hospitalized older adults....
The Improvement in Quality of Life and Core Muscle Strength in Elderly Patients by Simultaneous Application of HIFEM with Synchronized Radiofrequency
Diane Duncan, MD, FACS, David E Kent, MD and Evan Appelbaum, MD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/09/11
Deconditioning of the core muscles, including the abdominal and pelvic floor muscles (PFM), increases the predisposition to injury, incontinence, and sexual dysfunction and diminishes the quality of life. As a monotherapy, HIFEM effectively strengthens the PFM and, in synergy with radiofrequency (RF), fortifies abdominal muscles. Thus this study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of abdominal and pelvic HIFEM treatments on the improvement of core muscle strength and quality of life....
LGI1 Autoimmune Encephalitis: A Cause of Delirium that is Easily Missed
Harriet Crosby and Tarun Solanki
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: 2023/08/26
A 78-year-old woman presented with acute confusion, short term memory loss and intermittent jerking movements in her right arm. She had a past medical history of pulmonary embolism, anxiety and 3-month history of cognitive decline. Investigations revealed a new hyponatraemia (122 mmol/L (136-145)) with osmolalities consistent with syndrome of inappropriate secretion of antidiuretic hormone (SIADH). She had a normal CT and MRI brain....
Nephrotic Syndrome and Acute Kidney Injury Presenting in an Older Adult with Uncontrolled Diabetes Mellitus Following Recent COVID-19 Infection Case Report
Jack Jnani, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: 2023/08/13
A patient in his 70s with history of chronic myelogenous leukemia, hypertension, type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, hyperlipidemia, and recent Coronavirus-19 (COVID-19), presents for 1 week of difficulty urinating. In addition, he has been having significant testicular swelling, bilateral lower extremity swelling, and mild shortness of breath. On exam, patient had bibasilar crackles and decreased breath sounds, and 3+ bilateral edema to the mid-thighs. Patient was noted to be euvolemic on his exam two we...
Small Vessel Cerebrovascular Disease and Covert Cerebral Infarcts
Emma Jay and Meena Srinivasan
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: 2023/07/07
This article summarises current research findings and expert consensus about the treatment of patients in whom covert cerebral vascular disease is identified - a common incidental finding on CT head scans which can often lead to questions about clinical management and whether new medications should be started....