Neighborhood Predictors of Mental Health of Older Americans: Evidence from a 5-year Longitudinal Study
Adeleye A Adaralegbe, MD, PhD, Ngozi J Adaralegbe, MD, PhD, Ami Moore, PhD, MPH, CPH, Ayodeji Emmanuel Iyanda, PhD, Ayodele Olawaye, MBBS, Opeyemi Aroyewun, MD, Esther Ezeani, MD, Oladoyin Okunola, BA and Olumide Ayeni, MBBS
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 27, 2021
Two waves of publicly available longitudinal data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (NSHAP) were utilized. A hierarchical multiple regression model analysis was employed to explore the association between neighborhood factors and mental health. The secondary data contained a cohort of 1,731 older adults. Outcome measures were depression using the 11-item CES-Depression Scale and anxiety using the 7-item HADS Anxiety Scale. The predictors were four neighborhood factors: Soc...
A Healthcare Providers View: Taking the Covid Vaccine - A Selfish or Selfless Act?
Rene’ Wren, OTD, OTR, BCG
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: August 27, 2021
Healthcare practitioners take an oath to do-no-harm to those we serve and help to protect against health illnesses. The Covid-19 virus is an illness that has potential deadly consequences. With the development of the Covid-19 vaccine there is new found hope against this deadly virus. Taking the vaccine is a personal choice but providers must weight their personal feelings against those sworn duties to help treat and protect the public and society at large. Taking the vaccine is a selfless act an...
A Case of Heidenhain Variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease Mimicking A Charles Bonnet Syndrome
Gala Prado-Miranda, MD and Alonso Alvarado-Bolaños, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 13, 2021
Hallucinations are common in different clinical disorders associated with older age. The differential diagnosis of new onset complex visual hallucinations is vast. A case is reported of a 70-year-old man who presented with visual impairment attributed to retinopathy, that then developed complex visual hallucinations. Charles Bonnet syndrome (CBS) was initially diagnosed. Throughout the course if his disease, he developed rapidly progressive dementia associated with myoclonus and pyramidal signs....
The Relationship between Low-Grade Inflammation and Muscle Mass, Strength, and Physical Performance in a Geriatric Out-Patient Population
Rahbek CB, Kamper RS, Haddock B, Andersen H, Jørgensen N and Suetta C
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 13, 2021
Chronic low-grade inflammation is suggested to play a key role in the age-related decline in muscle mass, strength and physical performance also known as sarcopenia. The aim of this study was to investigate the potential associations between systemic markers of lowgrade inflammation (CRP, IL-6 and TNF-α) and muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance in a geriatric out-patient population. Geriatric patients were recruited from an outpatient fall clinic at Rigshospitalet Glostrup (n ...
Predictors of In-Hospital Mortality in Geriatric Patients with COVID-19
Khalid E Elsorady, Nermeen N Aziz and Samuel H Daniel
Article Type: Original Investigation | First Published: August 07, 2021
A retrospective cohort study including 138 older adults (age ≥ 60 years) with confirmed infection with Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) by the real-time reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). These patients were newly admitted to Geriatrics hospital for isolation from December 25, 2020, to April 2, 2021. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were extracted from medical records. The primary outcome was in-hospital mortality. Logistic regression...
Prevalence, Demographic, Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Elderly Patients with Community Acquired Pneumonia Admitted in a Tertiary Medical Center: A Retrospective Cohort Study
Shirley Paz B Bernal, MD, Joel Santiaguel, MD and Adolf Lim-Teodoro, MD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 23, 2021
To determine the prevalence, demographic data, clinical characteristics, microbiologic profile, clinical outcomes and risk factors of mortality among elderly with Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP). This study was a retrospective cohort analysis utilizing data from January to December of 2018 among 159 elderly patients admitted with CAP in a tertiary hospital in the Philippines. Demographics, clinical characteristics, microbiologic profile was assessed using percentage and frequency. Chi-square ...
Do Age Perception and Network Externalities Help to Explain the Age-Based Digital Divide?
Carol C McDonough, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 21, 2021
Older adults as a group, globally, have a significantly lower rate of internet use than the overall population. Concerns about this age-based digital divide have increased because of the COVID pandemic, since tele-health has been an effective method of delivering medical care to older adults. This study examines the effects of age perception and network externalities on the internet use decision of ablebodied older adults. Data were obtained by in-person interviews of older adults at senior cent...