Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology is an international, open access, peer reviewed journal that publishes wide variety of information in areas of clinical, preventative, curative and social aspects of illness in old age. The main objective of the journal is to set a forum for publication, education, and exchange of opinions, and to promote research and publications globally. The Journal provides a platform for all clinicians, surgeons and health professionals to contribute their findings and help raise awareness among community in various aspects of gerontology. We aim to publish highest quality clinical content via open access platform providing the readers free, immediate and unlimited access.

Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology is an open journal focusing on Aging Demographics, Biogerontology, Aging Process, Geroscience, Aging Population, Biological Theories of Aging, Genetics Factors, Social Geronotology, Psychological Gerontology, Environmental Gerontology, Nutrition and Aging, Aging and Memory, Aging Portfolio, Biological Clock and Epigenetic Clock, Elderly Care, Life Extension, Geriatric Medicine, Geriatric Giants, Cardiogeriatrics, Geriatric Dentistry, Geriatric Dermatology, Geriatric Diagnostic Imaging, Geriatric Emergency Medicine, Geriatric Nephrology, Geriatric Neurology, Geriatric Oncology, Geriatric Pharmacotherapy, Psychogeriatrics, Preventive Geriatrics, Geriatric Rehabilitation, Geriatric Rheumatology, Geriatric General Surgery, Geriatric Trauma, Geriatric Nutrition, Geriatric Podiatry, etc. The journal accepts various manuscript formats such as Original Article, Reviews, Mini Reviews, Short Communications, Case Reports, Perspectives/Opinions, Letters, Short Note and Commentaries. All articles published in the journal are subject to a rigorous peer review process. It encourages authors to publish their experimental and theoretical results in detail to disseminate the updated research findings.

 
Journal Information

Title: Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology

ISSN: 2469-5858

Editor-in-chief: Ryuichi Morishita

NLM title abbreviation: J Geriatr Med Gerontol

ISO abbreviation: J Geriatr Med Gerontol

Other titles: JGMG

Category: Geriatrics

DOI: 10.23937/2469-5858

Peer review: Double blind

Review speed: 3 weeks

Fast-track review: 10 days

Publication format (s): Electronic and print

Publication policy: Open Access; COPE guide

Publication type(s): Periodicals

Publisher: ClinMed International Library

Country of publication: USA

Language: English

Contact email: contact@clinmedjournals.org

 
Articles Search by   Keyword   |   Journal title   |   Author name   |   DOI

 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510055

Screening Colonoscopy Adverse Events in Aging Adults: Does Frailty Matter?

Toosizadeh N, Ehsani H, Taleban S, Golden T, Tirambulo C and Mohler J

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 01, 2018

Socio-demographic data, the Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCI), and UEF clinical frailty syndrome classification (non-frail versus pre-frail/frail) were assessed prior to colonoscopy, and acute colonoscopy outcomes were stratified into three severity categories. Logistic regression and ANOVA/ANCOVA were employed. 41% of non-frail had one or more complications, versus 70% of pre-frail/frail group. Those in the pre-frail/frail group had nearly three times the number of acute colonoscopy complication...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510054

The Role of Stress and Glucocorticoids in Pathogeny of Age-Related Neuropsychiatric Disorders

Viktor Ivanovitch Goudochnikov

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 29, 2018

An overview and commentary are presented on the role of stress and glucocorticoids in the pathogeny of age-related psychiatric and neurologic disorders, first of all depressive illness and Alzheimer's disease. The connections of these disorders with senescence-induced changes in bioregulation of hypothamo-pituitary-adrenal axis activity are discussed, focusing attention on biphasic glucocorticoid effects, gender differences, adverse effects of exogenous corticosteroids and the importance of stre...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510053

The Impact of Heat Waves on Mortality among the Elderly: A Mini Systematic Review

Antonia Kaltsatou, Glen P Kenny and Andreas D Flouris

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 29, 2018

The aim of this systematic review was to review the recent literature regarding the effect of heat waves on mortality in elderly adults. A systematic search of the literature, was conducted by two reviewers during March 2018, using three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus). The PRISMA guidelines were used for the quality assessment of the published studies. The literature search identified a total of 345 articles, while only...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510052

The Impact of Demographic Changes on the Presentation and Outcome of Stroke: Experiences of the Oldest Old in the Murrumbidgee Region

Alice Powell, Martin Jude, Stephen Kerr, Jenna Mewburn, Katherine Mohr and Paul Finucane

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 10, 2018

The proportion of older people in the Australian population is increasing, heralding a change in how illness presents as well as the profile of people presenting with illness. This changing disease profile is most strikingly observed in conditions which disproportionately affect the old and particularly the oldest old. It is exemplified by stroke which is a leading cause of death and disability in Australia with 70% of stroke patients aged 65 and older....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510051

Strengthening Nurse Leadership in Long-term Care: A Case Study

Beth Culross, Mary E Cramer and Shari Terry

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 08, 2018

The purpose of this case study is to share an innovative program developed for Registered Nurses (RNs) working in long-term care settings in the Midwest region of the United States and outcomes of the Geriatric Nurse Leadership Academy for Long-Term Care (Leadership Academy). In the United States, the growth of the population over the age of 65 and the need to quality and competent care in long term care has grown exponentially. The Leadership Academy was developed as one component of a research...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510050

Salbutamol Inhalation Could Induce Fatal Multi-Vessel Coronary Artery Spasm in COPD Patients

Li Jiwu, Zhang Ping and Shao Liang

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 16, 2018

Coronary artery spasm is a sudden and intense vasoconstriction of single-or multi-vessel coronary artery. It may be triggered by several acute stress. This case reports 72-year-old male with salbutamol inhalation suffer fatal multi-vessel coronary artery spasm. After intracoronary administration of nitroglycerin, coronary artery spasm was relieved. It reminds us to be cautious of β-agonist administration in respiratory patients with coronary art...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510049

The Sociodemographic Characteristics of Patients Who Experience Postdischarge Adverse Events

Vishal Dahya and Jessica Bishop-Royse

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 16, 2018

In the decade since the publication of Institute of Medicine reports on patient safety, much remains unknown about the patient-level characteristics that may increase or decrease vulnerabilities to postdischarge adverse events. We reviewed the patient safety literature to determine whether specific sociodemographic groups are vulnerable to postdischarge adverse events. We found substantial inconsistencies in how postdischarge adverse events were defined, which was largely driven by innovations a...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510048

Age-Related Cognitive Changes: The Importance of Modulating Factors

Rut Correia, Jose Barroso and Antonieta Nieto

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 16, 2018

The study of age-related cognitive changes over the last years reveals a considerable variability in available results. The methodological heterogeneity observed in the aging field can significantly contribute to this observed variability, which creates a confusing scenario for beginners in this topic. The main aim of the present article is to extract a clear depiction of the current state of knowledge about age-related cognitive changes regardless of the methodological approach followed by rese...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510047

Clostridium Difficile Infection and Exposures in a Sample of Hospital Emergency Admissions in Massachusetts, Jan-Jun 2016

Erinne N Kennedy, Scott Troppy, Mark Bova and R Monina Klevens

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 11, 2018

Overuse of antibiotics has led to adverse events, including bacterial resistance and Clostridium difficile infections (CDI). Antibiotics prescribed by dentists have been implicated in CDI cases. An estimated 10% of outpatient antibiotics in the US are prescribed by dentists. ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510046

FMF and Sjogren's Syndrome Overlap in an Elderly Patient: A Rare Coincidence or a Causal Association?

Sengul Aycicek G, Cetiner TA, Arik G, Canbaz B, Sumer F, Kara O, Kucuk H and Ulger Z

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 06, 2018

Sixty five-year-old female patient admitted to our clinic with complaint of intermittent fever and abdominal pain for forty years. We learned that she has mouth and eye dryness. Laboratory examination revealed elevated levels of inflammatory parameters. In chest X-ray there was reticular appearance....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510045

Effects of Aging on Performance during the Marathon Des Sables: Focus on Athletes Aged 53-80 Years

Lydia Tsoutsoubi, Leonidas G Ioannou, Tania Amorim, Georgios I Tsianos, and Andreas D Flouris

Article Type: Short Note | First Published: June 04, 2018

The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of aging and sex on athletic performance during the 7-day Marathon des Sables (MdS) in the Sahara Desert. Anonymous data for age, sex, and average running speed (km/h) for all the athletes who registered in the MdS during the period 2000-2015 were retrieved from the official website of the race and other endurance websites....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510044

Decreased Cervical Kinesthesia in Elderly Do Not Impair Their Balance Abilities

Juliana Lopes Aguiar, Delmas Luis Freitas Rodrigues, Givago da Silva Souza and Andre dos Santos Cabral

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 04, 2018

The perception of position and joint movement, muscular tension and length, adjacent static structures strength and compression such as dermis and epidermis are important variables utilized by central nervous system, both to elaborate and to correct the voluntary motor act, as well as to start motor patterns already set in neural engrams in ontogenetic development of central nervous system....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510043

Health-related Quality of Life and Muscle Functions among Pre-frail Elderly Outpatients: Stronger Correlation with Gait Speed than Handgrip Strength

Purwita Wijaya Laksmi, Siti Setiati, Tirza Z Tamin, Pradana Soewondo, Wasilah Rochmah, Nafrialdi and Joedo Prihartono

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 21, 2018

Frail elderly has an increased risk of having debilitating health outcomes that lead to poor health-related quality of life (HR-QoL). The central manifestation of frailty syndrome is the muscle functions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between muscle functions and HR-QoL among pre-frail elderly outpatients....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510042

Metabolic Syndrome and Neurodegenerative Diseases

Gizem Yalcin and Abdullah Yalcin

Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: May 02, 2018

Neurodegenerative diseases are progressive disorders that affect central nervous system and gradually worsen over time. Despite many experimental and clinical studies being performed, no effective cure has been found yet. Protein aggregation, excitotoxicity, neuronal death, inflammation, mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress and metabolic syndrome are among the major role players in neurodegeneration. Increasing evidence demonstrates that metabolic syndrome is interrelated with many neurod...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510041

Visual Impairment Contributes to Frailty among a Group of Healthy Community Dwelling Older Population

Miu Ka Ying Doris

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 30, 2018

Research studies have shown that visual ability is of considerable importance for daily living and social functioning. Loss of vision or its limitation can be hazardous to independent living and quality of life. Deficits in vision and the ability to respond to visual cues can cause incorrect sensory inputs and lead to difficulties in perceiving the geographical environment, hazards and moving stimuli....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510040

Links between Night-Time Thermoneutral Zone and Mortality from Circulatory Causes in the Elderly Population of Cyprus

Leonidas G Ioannou, Lydia Tsoutsoubi, Tania Amorim, George Samoutis and Andreas D Flouris

Article Type: Short Note | First Published: March 10, 2018

The relationship between non-thermoneutral zone temperatures with increased mortality in elderly individuals is well established. However, less is known regarding the effect of night-time temperature on mortality in elderly individuals. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between night-time temperature and mortality in elderly people (≥ 70 years) in Cyprus....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510039

What Are the Main Reasons for Hospital Admissions in Nursing Home Patients?

Warren Connolly, Sinead Healy-Evans, Christine Mc Carthy, Hina Butt, Tom Benicio, Tracey Keating, Dermot Power, Joseph Duggan and Chie Wei Fan

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 26, 2018

Nursing Home (NH) residents are frail, functionally dependent and have a high prevalence of dementia. NH residents who attended the Emergency Department present with advanced disease and are more likely to require admission compared to their community-dwelling counterparts....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510038

Postoperative Cognitive Dysfunction: What Anesthesiologists Know That Would Benefit Geriatric Specialists

Mark B. Detweiler

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: February 24, 2018

Post-operative cognitive decline (POCD) in the elderly is well known to the anesthesiologists, but others are not as knowledgeable about this complex phenomenon and its causes. POCD is characterized by a slowing of brain processing speed, deficits in memory and executive function, in addition to other neuropsychological domains....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510037

Comparative Study on Change in Degree of Independent Living between Continuation and Discontinuation of Home Medical Care among the Elderly in Japan

Takao Suzuki, Seungwon Jeong, Yasuyuki Arai, Yusuke Inoue, Masahiko Fukuchi, Yoshimichi Kosaka and Hideki Ohta

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 26, 2018

The present study focused on "fever" as an indicator or surrogate of aspiration pneumonia, which is the most commonly encountered event in home medical care and frequently requires a decision of whether to continue or discontinue (admission to hospital) home medical care. We compared the outcome of a group that continued to receive home medical care during and after a fever-related event and a group that discontinued home medical care and was hos...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510036

Future Demands Concerning the Epigenetic Relevance of Melatonin and the Circadian System in Gerontology

Rudiger Hardeland

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 01, 2017

Melatonin is a highly pleiotropic regulator molecule that influences numerous functions in many cell types. Its actions comprise direct and circadian oscillator-mediated effects. The levels of circulating melatonin typically decline in the course of aging....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510035

Body Adiposity Index is Worse than Body Mass Index when Evaluating the Factors Associated with Adiposity in Elderly People

Aline Siqueira Fogal, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Giana Zarbato Longo and Andréia Queiroz Ribeiro

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 30, 2017

Body Mass Index (BMI) is an easily measurable indicator of body fat and with low cost. However, as an indicator of risk of development of chronic diseases in the elderly, it has limitations, as it does not reflect mainly the regional distribution of fat that occurs with the aging process....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510034

Personalized Fall Prevention

Andrew A Lawson, John H Mensher, Hendrika W Meischke and Elizabeth A Phelan

Article Type: Opinion | First Published: October 16, 2017

As the world population ages and older adults comprise a growing segment of the population, the public health community must formulate plans and work diligently to reduce health risks that compromise independence and quality of life for this age group....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510033

Association of Bone Mineral Density with Frailty, Pre-Frailty, and Osteoporosis in Community-Dwelling Elderly: A Prospective Study

Ellen Cristina de Sousa e Silva Araujo, Valéria Pagotto and Erika Aparecida Silveira

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 31, 2017

Bone health and its relationships with several health outcomes of adults and elderly have been in the spotlight of recent research, as its consequences affect morbimortality. In literature, there is evidence that decreases in Bone Mineral Density (BMD) are due to the natural ageing process for both sexes, however more prevalent for women, with consequences such as increased risk of fractures, falls and incapacities in the female group....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510032

Toward Developing a Novel Neurocognitive Frailty Index in the Elderly

Pakzad S, Bourque P, Feldman H and Fallah N

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 31, 2017

Rapid demographical change in developing countries is much more than a transition. It is about increased health care utilization, dramatic vulnerability related to health changes, higher risk of institutionalization, and mortality. Chronological age is a very important factor in the aging process; however, people of the same chronological age are often dramatically different in their health, level of activity, quality of life, and survival....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510031

Sunlight Therapy as a Strategy to Improve Vitamin D Status in Skilled Nursing Facility Older Adult Patients: A Pilot Study

Ashwini Wagle, Clarie Hollenbeck and Jesus Dimas

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 15, 2017

Limited research has been conducted in the United States in which exposure to solar UVB light is studied in a natural setting as a strategy to improve vitamin D status in institutionalized older adults....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510030

Cumulative Illness Rating Scale (CIRS) can be Used to Predict Hospital Outcomes in Older Adults

Kilby P Osborn IV, Stephanie Nothelle, James E Slaven, KiannaMontz, SiuL Hui and Alexia M Torke

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 12, 2017

When older adults are hospitalized they have an increased risk of adverse outcomes and high healthcare utilization. In 2010 adults aged 65 and older made up 73% of hospital deaths compared to 27% for those less than 65 years of age. In 2007 the average Length of Stay (LOS) for patients 65 and older was 5.6 days compared to 5.1 days for those 45 to 64....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510029

Association between Extreme Cold Weather Temperatures and Mortality in Greece

Tania Amorim, Leonidas G Ioannou, FaniSpapi and Andreas D Flouris

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 09, 2017

Climate change is estimated to affect global temperature, leading to an increased number of extreme weather events across the globe. Mortality during these extreme events has been shown to be increased. Indeed, the association between extremely low or high ambient temperatures and daily deaths across several regions of the world has been extensively reported....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510028

The Effects of Imidapril Hydrochloride on Aspiration and Velopharyngeal Regurgitation

Mitsuhiro Kamimura, Atsuto Mouri, Tatsuya Ibe, Munehisa Hukusumi and Yoichiro Hamamoto

Article Type: Letter to Editor | First Published: June 02, 2017

Aspiration is the main cause of pneumonia in the elderly, especially in those with cerebrovascular disease. Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are known to prevent aspiration, especially in Asian populations, and their suggested mechanism of action involves the promotion of the release of substance P from the glossopharyngeal and vagal nerves, resulting in an improvement in impaired swallowing processes and the cough reflex....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510027

The Relationship between Self-Treatment and Outpatient Visits: Findings from a National Survey in China

Jianfeng Luo, Hanzhang Xu, Ye Zhang, Naiqing Zhao and Bei Wu

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 21, 2017

Emerging large number of patients with chronic diseases, present special challenges for modern health system. Self-treatment may be an alternative approach to meet the healthcare demand, and currently of great interest in many countries. However, whether self-treatment can decrease the use of formal health care, especially outpatient visits, is still not clear. No empirical study has been conducted to examine the relationship between self-treatme...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510026

Analysis of the Treatment of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma in Patients with Preexisting Systolic and/or Diastolic Dysfunction at Moffitt Cancer Center

V Dougoud Chauvin, MG Fradley, L Chen, J Kim, CM Walko, M Sehovic and M Extermann

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 18, 2017

The treatment of choice for newly diagnosed patients with advanced Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (DLBCL) is R-CHOP (Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine and Prednisone). However older patients frequently have concomitant cardiac comorbidities that preclude the use of these agents....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510025

Improvement in Pensioners Quality of Life after Treatment with Mineral-Rich Medicinal Waters

Ma Teresa Ortega Majan, Diego Judez Legaristi and Antonio Hernandez Torres

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 21, 2017

Because there are mineral-rich medicinal waters in natural thermal spas. Their mechanical, thermal and psychotropic properties should be harnessed and the transmineralisation resulting from absorption through the skin of the ions they contain is fundamental. The main objective of this study was to determine whether the possible improvement in quality of life following balneotherapy can be maintained for at least two months after undergoing variou...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510024

Loss of Organic Reserve as a Detector of Frailty in Elderly Cancer Patients Treated with Chemotherapy

Maria-José Molina-Garrido, Carmen Guillén-Ponce and Alfonso Muriel

Article Type: Protocol Study | First Published: March 09, 2017

This study aims to identify the presence of frailty in elderly cancer patients by analysing their functional reserve. In order to do so, a prospective study of oncological patients over the age of 70 years, assessed on an outpatient basis at the Hospital Virgen de la Luz of Cuenca has been conducted, and data regarding functional reserve at various levels in the body have been collected....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510023

Help-Seeking in Older Adults with Subjective Memory Complaints

Pakzad S, Bourque P, Tahir L, Bhalla D, French C, Savoie V and Sepehry AA

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 03, 2017

Evidence shows that subjective memory complaints (SMCs) could represent an important therapeutic period for people at risk for sustaining future cognitive decline, but current knowledge on the behaviour profile of the SMCs is scarce. Thus, to better understand the SMCs' help-seeking behaviour from health care professionals, a cross-sectional study using a correlational and comparative model was implemented....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510022

Diagnosis of Dementia-Circadian Dependency?

Wolfgang Trapp, Robert Meyrer, Goran Hajak and Stefan Lautenbacher

Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: February 16, 2017

Little is known whether tests used for the diagnosis of dementia syndromes are sensitive to time of day effects. In a sample of 145 participants, no such effect (test administration either in the morning from 9.30 to 11.30 a.m. or in the afternoon from 2.30 to 4.30 p.m.) could be found for most subtests of a neurocognitive test battery (CERAD-Plus) used for the detection of dementia syndromes....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510021

Phase II Clinical Trial of Nicotinamide for the Treatment of Mild to Moderate Alzheimer's Disease

Michael J Phelan, Ruth A Mulnard, Daniel L Gillen and Steven S Schreiber

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 14, 2017

Disease-modifying treatments for Alzheimer's disease (AD) are currently unavailable and are the focus of an intensive research effort. We found vitamin B3, nicotinamide (NA), to significantly reduce pathology and improve behavior in AD transgenic mice. These results led us to conduct a double-blind, placebo-controlled randomized clinical trial of NA in mild to moderate AD....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510020

What Should the Systolic Blood Pressure Treatment Goal be in Patients Aged 60 Years and Older with Hypertension in 2016?

Wilbert S Aronow

Article Type: Editorial | First Published: October 17, 2016

The target SBP reached was 150 mmHg, and the lowest SBP reached was 143 mmHg. Median follow-up was 1.8 years. Compared to patients randomized to placebo, patients randomized to antihypertensive drug therapy had a 30% reduction in fatal or nonfatal stroke, a 39% reduction in fatal stroke, a 21% reduction in all-cause mortality, a 23% reduction in cardiovascular death, and a 64% reduction in heart failure....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510019

Influence of Chemotherapy Schedule on the Efficacy of Radiotherapy in Stage III Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: Elders versus Youngsters

Regina Girones and Jose Luis Monroy

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 15, 2016

The optimal chemotherapy regimen to use with radiotherapy in stage III locally-advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (LA-NSCLC) is unknown. Considering the lack of clear data and guidelines for elderly patients, we designed this review to examine patterns of care for elderly patients with LA-NSCLC with a regional hospital database....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510018

Blood Pressure, Nutritional Status and Physical Activity Level Affect the Health Related Quality of Life of Oldest Old?

Samantha Pereira Araujo, Thiago Souza Veiga Jardim, Ana Luiza Lima Sousa, Nayara Cristina Freitas e Silva, Weimar Kunz Sebba Barroso de Souza and Paulo Cesar Brandao Veiga Jardim

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 26, 2016

Blood pressure control and nutritional status did not influence health-related quality of life of very elderly hypertensive. Men have a better quality of life related to the physical aspects, and physically active individuals have a better health-related quality of life related to functional capacity. ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510016

Validation of the Family Physicians' Perception of Dementia Care Questionnaire: A Pilot Study

Sarah Pakzad, Paul Bourque, Lise Gallant, Denise Donovan and Amir A Sepehry

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 15, 2016

Aging is a major risk factor for dementia and evidence shows that community-dwelling elderly are underdiagnosed and undertreated. Family physicians (FP), as gatekeepers, play a crucial role in the diagnosis and management of dementia; hence an understanding of their perspective during this process is important. Currently, few studies have examined the Canadian FPs perspective towards dementia diagnosis using a validated questionnaire. Thus, a que...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510015

Post-Sroke Mania: A Case Series in a Rural, Community Hospital

Lewis Mehl-Madrona

Article Type: Case Series | First Published: September 12, 2016

Background and purpose: Post-stroke mania is thought to be rare, and has been described after lesions in the territory of the left medial cerebral artery, biparietal cortex, and the left putamen. Methods: Case-study methodology was used to identify similarities and difference among six cases of post-stroke mania in a rural, community hospital over 1 year....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510014

Type 2 Diabetes in the Elderly: Challenges in a Unique Patient Population

David Bradley and Willa Hsueh

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 08, 2016

In the older patient population, rates of Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) and obesity are reaching epidemic proportions. In fact, older patients will soon constitute the majority of patients with T2D in most developed countries. The higher prevalence of T2D in older individuals is seen in both men and women and across racial and ethnic groups. However, certain ethnic groups are disproportionately affected and successful strategies must account for these fu...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510013

Coronary Stenting in the Elderly: Current Status and Future Developments

SR Gnanenthiran, A Yong and HC Lowe

Article Type: Brief Review | First Published: June 21, 2016

An 86-year-old independent but frail woman living at home, presented with recurrent chest pain and pulmonary oedema. Her past history included recurrent medically managed non ST elevation myocardial infarction, heart failure and steroid responsive idiopathic thrombocytopenia (ITP). The electrocardiogram demonstrated lateral ST depression and T wave inversion. High sensitivity troponin T rose from 39 ng/L to 65 ng/L. Echocardiogram demonstrated no...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510012

Short Term Quality of Life Following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement

Yaar Aga, Ximena Marincic, Christian Marin y Kall, Peter de Jaegere and Eduardo De Marchena

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 01, 2016

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) has emerged as an alternative treatment modality for patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) who are at high or extreme risk for surgical aortic valve replacement (SAVR). Previous studies have shown that TAVR results in substantial reductions in symptoms and mortality. Despite these health benefits, the assessment of quality of life (QOL) remains critical in these patients who often express quality ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510011

Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction in the Elderly: Conventional and Emerging Prognostic Biomarkers in Daily Clinical Practice

Paula Martinez Santos, Elena Batlle Lopez, Isidre Vilacosta, Beatriz Sanchez Sauce, Elena Espana Barrio, Julia Jimenez Valtierra, Raquel Campuzano Ruiz, Ma Dolores Martin Rios

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 27, 2016

Albumin serum levels and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT proBNP) have shown to be useful in predicting outcome in patients with heart failure (HF) and systolic dysfunction. Carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA 125) has also been associated to a higher risk of mortality and rehospitalization in patients with HF and impaired left ventricular systolic function. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic role of these biomarkers among ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510010

An Examination of Self Perceptions of Nursing Assistants and the Effectiveness of Nursing Education Intervention to Improve Nursing Assistants' Knowledge of Mental Health Issues in an Elderly Population

Pi-Ming Yeh

Article Type: Review Literature | First Published: February 27, 2016

In 2014, an estimated 5.3 million people in the United States were diagnosed with Alzheimer's Disease (AD), a degenerative form of dementia generally associated with aging process which begins with memory loss and leads to disorientation, impaired judgment, behavioral changes, and difficulties in speaking, walking, and swallowing in later stages. As Americans age, the number of persons with this condition is anticipated to rise to 16 million by 2...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510007

The Relationship of Older Adults' Physical Pain to Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): A Review

Golnar Alamdari and Luciana Lagana

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 31, 2015

In a high quality research study conducted earlier this year, Outcalt, Kroenke, Krebs, et al. emphasized that depression and post-traumatic stress disorder are often present in individuals living with chronic pain and typically have negative consequences on both the experience of pain and health outcomes, yet, the specific nature of the pain-depression-PTSD link remains unclear. This is especially applicable to older adults, a population that has...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510009

Aging and Visual Serial Search for Schematic Emotional Faces

Beth Fairfield, Alberto Di Domenico, Rocco Palumbo and Nicola Mammarella

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 01, 2016

The aim of the present study was to examine serial visual processing of facial emotion in a group of younger and older adults. Participants performed a visual serial search task in which they searched displays of schematic faces with positive, negative or neutral mouth expressions. Our findings show that older adults did particularly well when detecting positive target faces....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510008

Late-onset Diffuse Systemic Sclerosis: A Presentation of Five Cases

Michael David Richter and Leslie Dubin Kerr

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 18, 2016

Diffuse systemic sclerosis typically presents in persons aged 30-50 years. Although it is not uncommon to encounter the limited form of the disease in persons over the age of 65, diffuse disease in this age group is considered to be uncommon. Thus it is not considered as a diagnostic possibility in older adults who develop respiratory or gastrointestinal complaints....
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510006

A Survey of Obstetrician-Gynecologists Regarding their Care of Women 65 Years or Older

William F Rayburn, Greta B Raglan, Carla J Herman and Jay Schulkin

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 02, 2015

The population of older Americans is expected to represent 20 percent of the total U.S. population in the next 50 years, and older women will comprise the majority of that group. Thus, health care needs of this group are and will continue to be an increasing concern. Several factors such as diversity of the population, distinguishing between normal aging and disease, and the impact of socioeconomic concerns on physical and mental health are impor...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510005

Association of SORL1 Polymorphisms with the Risk of Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment in the Han Chinese Population

Lili Zhang, Xiaowei Liu, Bailing Wang, Qing Xu, Jianzhong Zhu, Feng Zhang and Chunhui Jin

Article Type: Communication | First Published: September 14, 2015

Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is defined as the symptomatic predementia stage, characterized by cognitive impairment that is not severe enough to influence the usual activities of daily living. MCI is suggested to be a transitional state between healthy aging and clinically probable Alzheimer's disease (AD). Previous studies have identified that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the sortilin-related receptor, L (DLR class) A repeats con...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510004

Caregiver Abuse of Chicago Chinese Older Adults in a Community-Dwelling Population

Xin Qi Dong and Ge Li

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 05, 2015

Elder abuse, also referred to as elder mistreatment or elder maltreatment, is an important public health and human rights issue. The prevalence of elder abuse ranges from 2.2% to 61.1% around the world. The 2008 US National Elder Mistreatment Study suggests that more than 10% of the community-dwelling aging population reported elder abuse or potential neglect in the past year. Existing literature has shown that elder abuse may result in psycholog...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510003

Balance and its Clinical Assessment in Older Adults - A Review

Joseph O. Nnodim and Raymond L. Yung

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 02, 2015

Balance impairment is common among older adults and estimates of its prevalence range between 20 and 50%. In basic terms, loss of balance occurs when the center of mass (CoM) falls out of alignment with the base of support (BoS). With about two-thirds of body mass about two-thirds of body height above a relatively narrow BoS, human bipedal stance and gait are inherently low in stability. Further, the BoS is about halved when standing on one leg, ...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510002

Terminal Care in Older Patients in Hospital: Development of a Quality Indicator Set and its First Application in a Retrospective Comparison of Patients Treated in an Acute Geriatric Unit and a Palliative Care Unit of a Belgian University Hospital

Annelies Cools, Delphine Vaneechoutte, Nele Van Den Noortgate, Karen Versluys, Martine De Laat, Mirko Petrovic and Ruth Piers

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2015

During the last decades, there has been growing interest in high quality end-of-life care for the geriatric patient. This can be explained by the aging of the population, which leads to an increased number of frail, older patients who die in hospitals as a result of one or more chronic condition(s). The quality of end-of-life care for the geriatric patient is not optimal, characterized by inadequately treated symptoms and poor communication betwe...
 

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510001

Elder Mistreatment and its Subtypes across Different Sociodemographic and Socioeconomic Groups among U.S. Chinese Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Ruijia Chen and Xin Qi Dong

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2015

EM was first identified by British gerontologists in 1975 using the term 'granny battering', but it is not until recently that researchers have rigorously examined the issue. Epidemiologic research documents that more than one in ten older adults suffered from some kinds of mistreatment in the U.S, making it one of the most significant public health and human rights issues. EM is likely to impose an enormous burden on individual, families, and so...

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