International Journal of

Sports and Exercise MedicineISSN: 2469-5718

Early Online

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510249

Noninvasive Management of a Large Morel-Lavallée Lesion

LT George Michael Johnson DO, LCDR Kevin Michael Bernstein MD, MMS, CAQSM, FAAFP

Article Type: Case report | First Published: April 12, 2023

A 38-year-old with ankylosing spondylitis presented to a sports medicine clinic following a traumatic cycling accident. Physical exam found pain, swelling and ecchymosis overlying the proximal thigh. Point of care ultrasound revealed an underlying large hematoma causing a closed degloving of the overlying tissue or a Morel-Lavallée lesions. MRI confirmed size of the lesion and diagnosis made previously. ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510247

Exercise Prescription for Hypertension

Thomas Wesley Allen DO, MPH

Article Type: COMMENTARY | First Published: April 05, 2023

The importance of physical exercise in preventing, treating and controlling hypertension has been the subject of enormous attention during the past several decades. Nearly one third of American adults have been diagnosed with high blood pressure and millions more have pre-hypertension. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has an important non-pharmacologic role in hypertension treatment and prevention, yet one in three Americans does not engage in leisure-time physical activity....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510245

Accurately Predicting Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Roger Ramsbottom

Article Type: Editorial | First Published: March 20, 2023

While access to a well-equipped laboratory is beyond the reach of the majority of exercise and health practitioners, more readily available assessment tools are field tests. The latter estimates CRF from performance over a set distance(s) or time. The most popular field test used to attain this information is the 20-mSRT (shuttle run test). It is functional, readily understood, and used internationally to provide estimates of cardiorespiratory fitness....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510244

Injury Incidence and Burden in 979 Player Seasons of an Elite Dutch Soccer Academy

Danny Holtus, BSc, Prof. Johannes L Tol, MD, PhD, Bastiaan Bruning, PT, MSc, Lotte Jagtman, MSc, Vosse de Boode, PT, MSc and Gustaaf Reurink, MD, PhD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 27, 2023

The epidemiology of injuries in youth soccer is ambiguous. Most studies are based on the consensus statement of Fuller, et al., where pediatric-specific injuries are not included. As a result, this type of injury is often neglected or categorized inconsistently. A consequence may be adhering an incorrect focus in injury prevention. This study aimed to describe injury incidence, severity and burden by age group in an elite soccer academy....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510243

Cardiovascular Risk Prevention in College-Age Students

Linda Washington-Brown, PhD, EJD, APRN-C, FAANP, FAAN, Danielle Granderson, BSN, RN, Jenna’ Walia Reed, MS, MBA, LAT, ATC, NASM-CPT, CES, PES and Erica Pereira Amorim, PhD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 31, 2022

There is a steady increase in persons diagnosed with hypertension by a health care provider, including college-age students in Florida. There are over one million college-age students enrolled in public or private higher education programs in Florida. Surveys have shown that many of the college-age students screened for hypertension were informed that they had elevated blood pressures by a healthcare professional but indicated no follow-up....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510241

Effect of Acupuncture in the Management of Competitive Anxiety: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Steve D Bailey

Article Type: Systematic review and Meta-analysis | First Published: December 09, 2022

The aim of this review is to evaluate the effect of acupuncture on competition-induced anxiety in elite athletes to provide an assessment of the overall efficacy of the use of acupuncture in the management of competitive anxiety. A systematic literature search was performed by two reviewers (SB and TE) on electronic databases from their inception to 2022....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510240

Retrospective Comparison of Two Circuit Training Programs with Different Intensities in Obese and Overweight Individuals

Irene-Chrysovalanto Themistocleous, Petros Agathangelou and Manos Stefanakis

Article Type: Clinical Trail | First Published: January 03, 2023

The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare two Circuit Training (CT) programs, one with moderate and one with high intensity, on the body composition, Cardiorespiratory Fitness (CRF), biochemical and physiological markers and isometric strength in apparently healthy obese and overweight individuals. This is a retrospective comparison of two groups of apparently healthy obese and overweight individuals that participated in two different trials examining the effect of two intermittent CT...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510239

The Effect of Acupuncture on Reducing Pain and Stiffness of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) following Eccentric Loading Exercise

Steve D Bailey

Article Type: Randomized controlled trial | First Published: November 13, 2022

To investigate the effects of acupuncture on pain and stiffness intensity and the symptoms associated with DOMS after 24 and 72 hours following the induction of DOMS. A preliminary, randomized controlled single blind study....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510238

The Impact of Food Security Status on Body Composition Changes in Collegiate Football Players

Lee Stowers MS, RD, Tara Harman MS, RD, Greg Pavela, PhD and Jose R. Fernandez, PhD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 31, 2022

Food insecurity negatively affects nutrition intake and diet quality, and college students specifically experience food insecurity in greater proportions than the general adult population. However, the prevalence and effects of food security among Division 1 college football athletes is unknown....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510237

Effects of High-Intensity Circuit Training in Obese and Overweight Population: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Irene-Chrysovalanto Themistocleous, Petros Agathangelou and Manos Stefanakis

Article Type: Clinical Trial | First Published: October 31, 2022

Obesity is a serious risk for various cardiovascular diseases and is often managed with increased physical activity and exercise. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of a minimal dose, High-Intensity Circuit Training (HICT) program on a range of cardiovascular risk factors in obese and overweight individuals....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510236

The Underlying Mechanism of Acupuncture on Enhancing Muscle Strength: A Review of Literature

Steve D Bailey

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 23, 2022

Methods to obtain an immediate and long- term increase in muscle strength and function are goals of rehabilitation practitioners, sports therapists, strength and condition coaches and athletes. There is a growing body of evidence to support the use of acupuncture for rehabilitation of muscle function following stroke and there is strong evidence to support the use of acupuncture to enhance muscle strength in healthy individuals....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510235

An Athlete’s Guide to Training in the Heat


Article Type: Editorial | First Published: October 23, 2022

Athletes face many factors that can limit performance. Proper nutrition, sleep, and even the environment are all contributing factors to an athlete’s overall performance. However, when we look a little deeper, the athlete’s ability to handle the environment can be one of the more difficult challenges. The healthy athlete’s ability to tolerate a hot climate during exercise can be the most significant threat to performance....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510234

Influence of the Menstrual Cycle on the Performance of Different Physical Tests Specific to Handball

MOUSSOUAMI Simplice Innocent, AGBODJOGBE Kpedetin Wilfrid Dieu Donné, BOUSSANA Alain Marc, LOUNIONGO God, ALONGO Yvon Rock Ghislain and BIO NIGAN Issiako

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 21, 2022

Nowadays, several scientific studies focus women’s the menstrual cycle and its impact on sports performance. However, the results of these studies are controversial. In This regard, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the menstrual cycle on physiological responses, intermittent Yo-Yo test performance, repeated sprints and medicine-ball in elite women handball players. The sample of this study is 18.71 ± 0.72 years older female players....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510233

The Effect of Sports Drinks to Biochemical Signs on Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness (DOMS) in Dehydrated Individuals Due to Eccentric Exercise

Ates Sendil, MD, PhD

Article Type: Clinical Research | First Published: October 14, 2022

The research was conducted on 24 healthy male subjects between the age of 20 and 30, who has not practiced any sports before, who has not taken part in any strength exercises in the past 3 months, and who does not smoke and use any medicine constantly such as antidepressants and diuretics which cause dehydration. No subjects below 18 were included in the study....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510232

Body Composition Changes in College Basketball Players Over Summer Training

Shaun Kuo, Aston Dommel and R Drew Sayer

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 17, 2022

Body composition is an important determinant of athletic performance that is directly influenced by training and detraining. Collegiate athletes experience substantial variability in training intensity during a season, but little research has been conducted to track changes in body composition across periods of intense training and breaks from structured sport-related activities....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510231

Body Composition Changes in College Athletes During Holiday Breaks

Aston Dommel and R Drew Sayer

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2022

Changes in eating and physical activity during the winter holiday season are commonly associated with weight gain in the general population. Concerns around weight and fat gain are also relevant to collegiate athletes who are generally unable to access on-campus dining and exercise facilities during this time....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510230

Comparison of Head Impact Magnitudes and Frequencies Between Intercollegiate Male and Female Lacrosse Players

Elizabeth Daidone Yates, MS, ATC, Katelyn Nelson, ATC, Debbie A. Bradney, DPE, ATC, Katherine M. Breedlove, PhD, ATC and Thomas G. Bowman, PhD, ATC

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 21, 2022

Research studies have examined effects of player position and type of play on head impacts in intercollegiate football players, but there is little available information on head impacts in lacrosse players...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510229

Running Performance during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Sriram Venkatesan, Mary Starrs, Sonja Eagle, Caleb Phillips and Grant S Lipman

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 20, 2022

The COVID-19 pandemic saw governmentimposed health mandates that contributed to profound work, exercise, and lifestyle changes. There was an observed increase in weight gain and sedentary behavior during the pandemic in United States, as well as increased outdoor exercise and running. While road race times have consistently slowed over the last few decades, it is unknown how running performance changed during the pandemic...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510220

Body Composition Changes in College Athletes during the COVID-19 Lockdown

Aston Dommel, Jose R Fernandez and R Drew Sayer

Article Type: Scientific Research | First Published: April 24, 2022

In the spring of 2020, COVID-19 shocked the college sports world with athletes having seasons abruptly canceled and sent home under mandatory lockdown orders. Athletes and athletic performance staff had no idea when they would be back on campus or have access to oncampus athletics facilities. This situation caused substantial concern regarding potential adverse changes to athletic performance and body composition in the athletes....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510228

Most Common Injuries in CrossFit Training: A Systematic Review

Channah Joelle Brandsema, Mirwais Mehrab and Nina Maria Cornelia Mathijssen

Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: July 14, 2022

The injury rate for CrossFit training is relatively low in comparison to other fitness-related sports. Systematic reviews regarding the extent of number of injuries per body part and injury-related exercises in CrossFit training are scarce. The purpose of this study was to determine the injury prevalence and incidence in CrossFit participants, in particular of injured body parts, and to examine injury related exercises in CrossFit....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510227

The Role of Fitness Status and Sex on Metabolic Flexibility during a Bout of High-Intensity Interval Exercise and a High- Fat Meal Challenge

Alyssa A. Olenick, Regis C. Pearson, Nathan T. Jenkins

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 13, 2022

We explored whether High-Intensity Interval Exercise (HIIE) could provide a novel method to test metabolic flexibility during exercise. We also aimed to assess substrate oxidation during HIIE and in response to a high-fat meal to determine if these assessments of metabolic flexibility are influenced by fitness and sex....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510226

Validation of an Allometric Model to Predict Cardiorespiratory Fitness in Young adults from 20-M Shuttle Run Test Performance

Roger Ramsbottom , Alan M Nevill and Sharon A Plowman

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 11, 2022

Being able to screen for changes in CRF cost effectively as well as identifying variables to provide accurate values for aerobic fitness has been identified by numerous studies. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether published models were valid predictors of CRF in young adults using previously unpublished 20 m SRT (shuttle run test) data....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510225

Unilateral Seventh Rib Posterior Stress Fracture in a High School Baseball Pitcher

Mani Singh, MD, Nicholas Tsitsilianos, MD and Katherine Yao, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 29, 2022

Posterior rib stress fractures are rare injuries that may occur in the overhead athlete, most commonly at the first or second rib level in collegiate or professional players. The purpose of this article is to present the unique case of a lower thoracic posterior rib stress fracture in a high school pitcher, as well as to describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of this condition....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510224

In the Elderly Population does Creatine Supplementation Play a Beneficial Role in Memory and Cognition A CAT Manuscript

Trevor Shaw

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 15, 2022

Creatine has been used for decades to aid in performance/ energy system output and even more recently in bone health. However recent literature has suggested creatine has much more far-reaching effects. A combined PubMed and Google scholar search within the last 7 years demonstrated numerous high-quality papers discussing the benefits of creatine on cognition....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510223

Prevalence and Risk Factors of Achilles Tendinopathy among University Soccer Players

Uchechukwu Martha Chukwuemeka, Chidinma Michelle Anyoku, Ifeoma Uchenna Onwuakagba and Uzoamaka Nwakego Akobundu

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 05, 2022

Tendinopathies especially that of the Achilles account for a significant amount of overuse injuries in sports that could hinder optimal performance in sport, might lead to permanent physical damage or disability, and it’s epidemiology is not extensively documented in our clime....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510222

The Effect of Implementation of Continuous Assessment in Practical and Theoretical Class for Sport Science Students

Fenta Bitew

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 05, 2022

The purpose of continuous assessment is to monitor learner’s progress so decisions can be made about the best way to facilitate further learning in terms of expected knowledge, skills, attitude and value. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of implementation continuous assessment in practical and theoretical class for sport science students....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510221

Effects of Acupuncture on Enhancing Muscle Strength: A Systematic Review

Steve D Bailey

Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: April 21, 2022

A systematic literature search was performed on electronic databases from inception to 2020. The risk of bias was assessed by two reviewers (SB and BL). The PEDro scale was used to assess the methodological quality of the RCTs and the standards for reporting interventions in clinical trials of acupuncture (STRICTA) was used to assess the quality of the acupuncture intervention....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510219

Neuromuscular Electric Stimulation as an Alternative to Dynamic Warm-Up for Anaerobic Power Activities

Jason Wicke, Ben Chianchiano, Sara Garner and Jordan L Cola

Article Type: Scientific Research | First Published: April 14, 2022

The aim of this study was to compare short duration Neuromuscular Electric Stimulation (NMES) to traditional dynamic warm-up to prepare muscles for activity. Thirty college age participants (20 male, 10 female) completed both a general warm-up, followed by either an NMES warm-up or a dynamic warm-up. The participants were then asked to perform three trials each of standing long jump, 20m sprint, and 18.3m (20-yard) shuttle run, in random order. Each participant returned one week later and were t...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510218

Impact of Resistance Training on Sports Performance and Muscular Adaptations

Zachary M. Townsend

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 31, 2022

Resistance training helps contribute to sportsperformance and general health benefits. In particular, resistance training is linked to physiological adaptations causing increases in muscular strength, endurance, power, and hypertrophy. These muscular adaptations can be translated to improvements in sports performance. With this concept in mind, sports performance coaches can manipulate training variables in order to optimize athletic performance and help athletes achieve their goals. However, ad...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510217

Manual Therapy and Upper Quarter Training in an Adolescent Quarterback with Chronic Clinically Suspected Thoracic Outlet Syndrome: A Case Report with 1-Year Follow Up

Denny B and Brismée JM

Article Type: Case Study | First Published: March 30, 2022

The brachial plexus neurovascular bundle has been described as a pain generating entity in the upper quarter. Many factors contribute to neurovascular irritability, not least of which shoulder girdle mobility dysfunctions, particularly in the throwing athlete. This case study describes clinical identification of upper quarter impairments contributing to a suspected disputed neurogenic thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS) in a high school quarterback. Specific clinical examination using provocation, mo...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5718/1510216

Breast Injury in USA Female Water Polo Athletes

Laura J. Smith, PT, DPT, PhD, Tamara Eichelberger, PT, MPT, PhD and Edward J. Kane, PT, MSPT, ATC, PhD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 16, 2022

Water polo is a very physical and aggressive sport and injury data for male water polo athletes is well established. However, the data is very scarce for women. Given that a recent study identified that almost half (47.9%) of female collegiate athletes experienced a breast injury during participation in basketball, soccer, volleyball, and softball, it warrants the investigation of the prevalence of female breast injuries during participation in water polo. The purpose of this study was to report...

Volume 8
Issue 2