Low or Adequate Carbohydrate Diet and Aerobic Exercise Decrease Cardiometabolic Risk in Overweight Women: A Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial
Raquel Simoes Mendes-Netto, Ana Carolina Santos Barbosa Machado, Barbara Lucia Fonseca Chagas, Marina de Macedo Rodrigues Leite, Alan Bruno Silva Vasconcelos, Danielle Góes da Silva and Marzo Edir da Silva Grigoletto
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 04, 2019
To evaluate the efficacy of a low carbohydrate diet on body composition and cardiometabolic markers in overweight women undergoing endurance physical training. A randomized, controlled clinical trial included 24 overweight women, 8 of whom consumed low-calorie diets containing an adequate carbohydrate content, while 16 consumed a low carbohydrate diet. The women regularly performed semi-supervised physical exercise (walking/running) for 12 weeks. Body composition (weight, abdominal and hip circu...
Injuries of Futsal Players and Prevention in China
Wu Jianxi, Hu Xianxiao, Zhao Lei and Xia Shushu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 26, 2019
Futsal has become an important form of “campus football”. It can provide important supports to sustainable development of “campus football” by studying injuries futsal players. In this study, the injured position and causes of futsal players were analyzed through questionnaire survey, comparison and literature review. It concludes that ankle is the most vulnerable position of futsal players to injuries, followed by waist, knee joint, head and face, hip and thigh successively. Waist is th...
Acute Heart Rate Responses to Resistance Exercise at Different Cadences
Marc R Apkarian
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 21, 2019
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether movement speed, or cadence, affects the heart rate (HR) response to three sets of 10 repetitions of resistance exercise at slow (6 seconds/repetition) and fast (2 seconds/repetition) cadences. When three sets of 10 repetitions are performed on the angled leg press at a slow cadence, a significant increase in peak HR occurs for the sets, while the fast cadence does not demonstrate an increase in peak HR values. The is presumed in part due to infl...
Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction with Platelet Rich Plasma: Systematic Review
Laura FERNANDEZ, Roberto SEIJAS, Albert PEREZ-BELLMUNT, Paolo RAGAZZI, Olivier PEILLON and Pedro ALVAREZ
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 07, 2019
The aim of this study was reviewed the scientific evidence of the relationship that could exist between the use of Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) after the reconstruction of the Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL). We performed a systematic using the following key words: platelet rich plasma AND anterior cruciate ligament. Abstracts were screened by a single reviewer. For those studies meeting the eligibility criteria, full-text articles were obtained. From 127 studies found only 5 articles were includ...
A Comparison of Physical Activity Levels between On-Line and Campus University Students
Kelly R Rice, Justin S Fuller, Darren J Dutto, John M Schuna Jr and Timothy K Behrens
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 05, 2019
A total of 238 participants enrolled at a regional university in Oregon with a significant online presence (58% of student head count).PA levels of on-campus and online students were assessed during April 2014 via an online electronic questionnaire. PA queries were based on the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) questions regarding PA. Costs to treat diseases associated with a lack of regular physical activity have a distinctly negative impact on the American health care system...
The Relationship between Anaerobic Power Output and Race Performance during Marathon Canoe and Kayak Competition
Andrew Hatchett, Charles Allen, Kaitlyn Armstrong and Brittany Hughes
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2019
Paddle sports are low impact activities that result in high aerobic demand. Although this sport relies on the aerobic system, with the addition of shorter distances in competition settings it has led to interest in the importance of anaerobic capacity. The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between anaerobic power and endurance paddle race performance. Fifty (n = 50) endurance paddle athletes completed a 13-mile course either by kayak or canoe. A modified Wingate anaerobic po...
Balance in Transitional Age Youth with Autism Spectrum and Neurodevelopmental Disorders during a 6-Week Comprehensive Wellness Program
Eve Spratt, MD, MSCR, Carrie Papa, Conner McDonald, COM, Martina Mueller, PhD, Nicole Gribben, MPH-PAPH, PhD Student, Carolyn Peterseim, COM, Mary Ashley Mercer, MD, Ali Serpe, MD, Tatiana Baier, PhD and Janis Newton
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 25, 2019
Young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are at an increased risk of poor balance and coordination due to sensory deficits. Specifically, reactive postural control impairments have been well documented among individual’s with ASD, however, research suggests that interventions can improve these associated deficiencies. The Piece It Together (PIT) program is a community-based comprehensive program designed to provide wellness opportunities among teens and young adults with ASD and other ...
Treatment of Direct Head of the Rectus Femoris Injury with PRP Therapy in a Division I Basketball Player
Matthew Quinn, BS, Nicholas Lemme, MD, Phillip Salko, MD and Ramin R. Tabaddor, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 22, 2019
The Rectus Femoris (RF) is the most commonly injured quadriceps muscle and is second only to the hamstring in prevalence amongst lower extremity injuries occurring in athletes. For most high-level athletes, injuries involving these anatomical structures takes an average of 38 days for return to sport. Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP), is an orthobiologic that is commonly used in the treatment of musculoskeletal injuries. PRP acts as a catalyst in the healing process by using the patient's own blood to...
Effects of Different Methods of Resistance Training on Indicators of Daily Physical Fitness in Physically Active Elderly Women
Ilmar Danilo Santos Lima, Antonio Gomes de Resende-Neto, Jose Carlos Aragao-Santos, Albernon Costa Nogueira, Alan Bruno Silva Vasconcelos, Bruna Caroline Oliveira Andrade, Iohanna Gilnara Santos Fernandes and Marzo Edir Da Silva-Grigoletto
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 29, 2019
Aging is an intrinsic process of the human being linked to functional deteriorations in several systems, affecting the quality of life due to the inability to perform the simple tasks of the day to day in an autonomous, efficient and safe way. In addition, the female sex is also considered an independent risk factor for functional capacity decline. When compared to men, women are more affected by senescence due to hormonal changes associated with menopause that intensify muscle weakness and incr...
Complex Hip Spine Syndrome in Young Athlete: A Diagnosis Dilemma
Mohamad Azwan Aziz and Redzal Abu Hanifah
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 20, 2019
This is a case of Mr. D, a 32 Chinese gentleman. He is an active in recreational body building exercise for 10 years with an athletic physique. He was diagnosed with prolapse intervertebral disc in the past 7 years however his condition worsening for the past 3 years with multiple episode of severe back pain requiring admission and he develops reduces sensation over left lower limb at L3 and L4 dermatomes associated with reduced motor power in dorsiflexion of ankle and extension of big toe over ...
Immune Response in a Pediatric Cancer Patient after a One-Week Skiing Intervention
Nicolas Kurpiers, Nico de Lazzari, Nils von Neuhoff and Stefan Flohr
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 05, 2019
Moderate physical activity possesses positive effects on the immune system function. Numerous studies investigated such effects also in cancer patients. As most studies were conducted on adults, much less is known in children and adolescents. Moreover, most studies were conducted under laboratory conditions in order to control the duration and intensity of the activity. However, daily life also includes outdoor activities....
The Great Difficulties for our Obese and Hypertensive Patients to have Physical Activities
N Ali-Tatar, A Derradji, R Guermaz, D Hakem, B Mohammedi, M Brouri, A Berrah and MT Chentir
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 21, 2019
A sedentary lifestyle and physical inactivity affects more than half of the population worldwide. Despite the burdens that obesity and diabetes impose on our society, awareness of the cardiovascular disease as a result, is poor. What about primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases in our population with obesity and diabetes? To investigate the feasibility in our daily practice of Cardiovascular (CV) primary prevention in Algerian patients without established cardiovascular disease....
Proof of Concept: Taking the Guessing out of Assessing Knee Stability
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 20, 2019
The Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) is frequently assessed using the Lachman test. This test involves linear translation of the tibia on the femur. Meta-analysis and systematic reviews report a wide range of diagnostic accuracy. The purpose of this case report was to establish a proof of concept using a novel device, the Mobil-Aider, to accurately quantify linear translation of the tibia on the femur....
Screening and Injury Surveillance for a Contemporary Dance Company: A Pilot Study
Chia Kok Kiong Jason
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 20, 2019
Information on the profile of dancers as well as patterns and extent of dance injuries is useful to dance community in implementing injury prevention measures. However, there is little published data on injuries in the Singapore dance population. Nine dancers underwent anthropometric measurement, dance specific screening as well as Functional Movement Screen (FMS). The dancers were interviewed for each injury that developed over a year to establish diagnosis as well as gather data on the circums...