Noninvasive Management of a Large Morel-Lavallée Lesion
LT George Michael Johnson DO, LCDR Kevin Michael Bernstein MD, MMS, CAQSM, FAAFP
Article Type: Case report | First Published: April 12, 2023
A 38-year-old with ankylosing spondylitis presented to a sports medicine clinic following a traumatic cycling accident. Physical exam found pain, swelling and ecchymosis overlying the proximal thigh. Point of care ultrasound revealed an underlying large hematoma causing a closed degloving of the overlying tissue or a Morel-Lavallée lesions. MRI confirmed size of the lesion and diagnosis made previously. ...
Exercise Prescription for Hypertension
Thomas Wesley Allen DO, MPH
Article Type: COMMENTARY | First Published: April 05, 2023
The importance of physical exercise in preventing, treating and controlling hypertension has been the subject of enormous attention during the past several decades. Nearly one third of American adults have been diagnosed with high blood pressure and millions more have pre-hypertension. Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) has an important non-pharmacologic role in hypertension treatment and prevention, yet one in three Americans does not engage in leisure-time physical activity....
Accurately Predicting Cardiorespiratory Fitness
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: March 20, 2023
While access to a well-equipped laboratory is beyond the reach of the majority of exercise and health practitioners, more readily available assessment tools are field tests. The latter estimates CRF from performance over a set distance(s) or time. The most popular field test used to attain this information is the 20-mSRT (shuttle run test). It is functional, readily understood, and used internationally to provide estimates of cardiorespiratory fitness....
Injury Incidence and Burden in 979 Player Seasons of an Elite Dutch Soccer Academy
Danny Holtus, BSc, Prof. Johannes L Tol, MD, PhD, Bastiaan Bruning, PT, MSc, Lotte Jagtman, MSc, Vosse de Boode, PT, MSc and Gustaaf Reurink, MD, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 27, 2023
The epidemiology of injuries in youth soccer is ambiguous. Most studies are based on the consensus statement of Fuller, et al., where pediatric-specific injuries are not included. As a result, this type of injury is often neglected or categorized inconsistently. A consequence may be adhering an incorrect focus in injury prevention. This study aimed to describe injury incidence, severity and burden by age group in an elite soccer academy....
Cardiovascular Risk Prevention in College-Age Students
Linda Washington-Brown, PhD, EJD, APRN-C, FAANP, FAAN, Danielle Granderson, BSN, RN, Jenna’ Walia Reed, MS, MBA, LAT, ATC, NASM-CPT, CES, PES and Erica Pereira Amorim, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 31, 2022
There is a steady increase in persons diagnosed with hypertension by a health care provider, including college-age students in Florida. There are over one million college-age students enrolled in public or private higher education programs in Florida. Surveys have shown that many of the college-age students screened for hypertension were informed that they had elevated blood pressures by a healthcare professional but indicated no follow-up....
Retrospective Comparison of Two Circuit Training Programs with Different Intensities in Obese and Overweight Individuals
Irene-Chrysovalanto Themistocleous, Petros Agathangelou and Manos Stefanakis
Article Type: Clinical Trail | First Published: January 03, 2023
The aim of this study was to retrospectively compare two Circuit Training (CT) programs, one with moderate and one with high intensity, on the body composition, Cardiorespiratory Fitness (CRF), biochemical and physiological markers and isometric strength in apparently healthy obese and overweight individuals. This is a retrospective comparison of two groups of apparently healthy obese and overweight individuals that participated in two different trials examining the effect of two intermittent CT...
The Underlying Mechanism of Acupuncture on Enhancing Muscle Strength: A Review of Literature
Steve D Bailey
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 23, 2022
Methods to obtain an immediate and long- term increase in muscle strength and function are goals of rehabilitation practitioners, sports therapists, strength and condition coaches and athletes. There is a growing body of evidence to support the use of acupuncture for rehabilitation of muscle function following stroke and there is strong evidence to support the use of acupuncture to enhance muscle strength in healthy individuals....
An Athlete’s Guide to Training in the Heat
Trevor Shaw DC, DACRB, CSCS, SFGII
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: October 23, 2022
Athletes face many factors that can limit performance. Proper nutrition, sleep, and even the environment are all contributing factors to an athlete’s overall performance. However, when we look a little deeper, the athlete’s ability to handle the environment can be one of the more difficult challenges. The healthy athlete’s ability to tolerate a hot climate during exercise can be the most significant threat to performance....
Influence of the Menstrual Cycle on the Performance of Different Physical Tests Specific to Handball
MOUSSOUAMI Simplice Innocent, AGBODJOGBE Kpedetin Wilfrid Dieu Donné, BOUSSANA Alain Marc, LOUNIONGO God, ALONGO Yvon Rock Ghislain and BIO NIGAN Issiako
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 21, 2022
Nowadays, several scientific studies focus women’s the menstrual cycle and its impact on sports performance. However, the results of these studies are controversial. In This regard, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of the menstrual cycle on physiological responses, intermittent Yo-Yo test performance, repeated sprints and medicine-ball in elite women handball players. The sample of this study is 18.71 ± 0.72 years older female players....
Body Composition Changes in College Basketball Players Over Summer Training
Shaun Kuo, Aston Dommel and R Drew Sayer
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 17, 2022
Body composition is an important determinant of athletic performance that is directly influenced by training and detraining. Collegiate athletes experience substantial variability in training intensity during a season, but little research has been conducted to track changes in body composition across periods of intense training and breaks from structured sport-related activities....
Body Composition Changes in College Athletes During Holiday Breaks
Aston Dommel and R Drew Sayer
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2022
Changes in eating and physical activity during the winter holiday season are commonly associated with weight gain in the general population. Concerns around weight and fat gain are also relevant to collegiate athletes who are generally unable to access on-campus dining and exercise facilities during this time....
Comparison of Head Impact Magnitudes and Frequencies Between Intercollegiate Male and Female Lacrosse Players
Elizabeth Daidone Yates, MS, ATC, Katelyn Nelson, ATC, Debbie A. Bradney, DPE, ATC, Katherine M. Breedlove, PhD, ATC and Thomas G. Bowman, PhD, ATC
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 21, 2022
Research studies have examined effects of player position and type of play on head impacts in intercollegiate football players, but there is little available information on head impacts in lacrosse players...
Running Performance during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Sriram Venkatesan, Mary Starrs, Sonja Eagle, Caleb Phillips and Grant S Lipman
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 20, 2022
The COVID-19 pandemic saw governmentimposed health mandates that contributed to profound work, exercise, and lifestyle changes. There was an observed increase in weight gain and sedentary behavior during the pandemic in United States, as well as increased outdoor exercise and running. While road race times have consistently slowed over the last few decades, it is unknown how running performance changed during the pandemic...
Body Composition Changes in College Athletes during the COVID-19 Lockdown
Aston Dommel, Jose R Fernandez and R Drew Sayer
Article Type: Scientific Research | First Published: April 24, 2022
In the spring of 2020, COVID-19 shocked the college sports world with athletes having seasons abruptly canceled and sent home under mandatory lockdown orders. Athletes and athletic performance staff had no idea when they would be back on campus or have access to oncampus athletics facilities. This situation caused substantial concern regarding potential adverse changes to athletic performance and body composition in the athletes....
Most Common Injuries in CrossFit Training: A Systematic Review
Channah Joelle Brandsema, Mirwais Mehrab and Nina Maria Cornelia Mathijssen
Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: July 14, 2022
The injury rate for CrossFit training is relatively low in comparison to other fitness-related sports. Systematic reviews regarding the extent of number of injuries per body part and injury-related exercises in CrossFit training are scarce. The purpose of this study was to determine the injury prevalence and incidence in CrossFit participants, in particular of injured body parts, and to examine injury related exercises in CrossFit....
Unilateral Seventh Rib Posterior Stress Fracture in a High School Baseball Pitcher
Mani Singh, MD, Nicholas Tsitsilianos, MD and Katherine Yao, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 29, 2022
Posterior rib stress fractures are rare injuries that may occur in the overhead athlete, most commonly at the first or second rib level in collegiate or professional players. The purpose of this article is to present the unique case of a lower thoracic posterior rib stress fracture in a high school pitcher, as well as to describe the clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management of this condition....
Prevalence and Risk Factors of Achilles Tendinopathy among University Soccer Players
Uchechukwu Martha Chukwuemeka, Chidinma Michelle Anyoku, Ifeoma Uchenna Onwuakagba and Uzoamaka Nwakego Akobundu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 05, 2022
Tendinopathies especially that of the Achilles account for a significant amount of overuse injuries in sports that could hinder optimal performance in sport, might lead to permanent physical damage or disability, and it’s epidemiology is not extensively documented in our clime....
Effects of Acupuncture on Enhancing Muscle Strength: A Systematic Review
Steve D Bailey
Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: April 21, 2022
A systematic literature search was performed on electronic databases from inception to 2020. The risk of bias was assessed by two reviewers (SB and BL). The PEDro scale was used to assess the methodological quality of the RCTs and the standards for reporting interventions in clinical trials of acupuncture (STRICTA) was used to assess the quality of the acupuncture intervention....
Neuromuscular Electric Stimulation as an Alternative to Dynamic Warm-Up for Anaerobic Power Activities
Jason Wicke, Ben Chianchiano, Sara Garner and Jordan L Cola
Article Type: Scientific Research | First Published: April 14, 2022
The aim of this study was to compare short duration Neuromuscular Electric Stimulation (NMES) to traditional dynamic warm-up to prepare muscles for activity. Thirty college age participants (20 male, 10 female) completed both a general warm-up, followed by either an NMES warm-up or a dynamic warm-up. The participants were then asked to perform three trials each of standing long jump, 20m sprint, and 18.3m (20-yard) shuttle run, in random order. Each participant returned one week later and were t...
Impact of Resistance Training on Sports Performance and Muscular Adaptations
Zachary M. Townsend
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 31, 2022
Resistance training helps contribute to sportsperformance and general health benefits. In particular, resistance training is linked to physiological adaptations causing increases in muscular strength, endurance, power, and hypertrophy. These muscular adaptations can be translated to improvements in sports performance. With this concept in mind, sports performance coaches can manipulate training variables in order to optimize athletic performance and help athletes achieve their goals. However, ad...
Breast Injury in USA Female Water Polo Athletes
Laura J. Smith, PT, DPT, PhD, Tamara Eichelberger, PT, MPT, PhD and Edward J. Kane, PT, MSPT, ATC, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 16, 2022
Water polo is a very physical and aggressive sport and injury data for male water polo athletes is well established. However, the data is very scarce for women. Given that a recent study identified that almost half (47.9%) of female collegiate athletes experienced a breast injury during participation in basketball, soccer, volleyball, and softball, it warrants the investigation of the prevalence of female breast injuries during participation in water polo. The purpose of this study was to report...