Effectiveness of Three Treatment Strategies on Quality of Life for Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Multidisciplinary Approach as Key to Success
Eloy Ovando-Sanders, Lilia Patricia Bustamante-Montes, David Gustavo Rodriguez-Cisneros and Rafael Gonzalez-Alvarez
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 27, 2019
Low back pain (LBP) is one of the highest prevalence problems of public health. LBP affects up to 85% people worldwide. Somebody will be affected at less in one point of his life. LBP represent an enormous economic burden on society; its total cost includes: Direct medical costs, work absenteeism, insurance, lost production and disability benefits. Current treatments range from bed rest, physiotherapy, oral analgesic, muscle relaxants, injection of corticosteroids, local anesthetic, surgery, cel...
Prevalence, Perception and Risk Factors for Musculoskeletal Discomfort among Pregnant Women in Southeast Nigeria
Adinma JIB, Adinma ED, Umeononihu OS, Oguaka V, Adinma-Obiajulu ND and Oyedum SO
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 31, 2018
A lot of physical and hormonal changes that occur in pregnancy impact the musculoskeletal system leading to a variety of problems, such as back pain, pelvic/pubic pain, transient osteoporosis and tendonitis. The weight gain, hormonal and other biochemical changes that occur during pregnancy increase the strain on the vertebrae and the appendages resulting in increased laxity (and hence mobility) of joints, increased lumbar lordosis, stretching/weakness and separation of the anterior abdominal mu...
Decreased Self Report Physical Activity One Year after an Acute Ankle Sprain
Tricia Hubbard-Turner, Michael J Turner, Chris Burcal, Kyeongtak Song and Erik A Wikstrom
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 14, 2018
One of the biggest public health issues present today is physical inactivity. Physical inactivity is currently classified as one of the three highest risk behaviors in the development of cardiovascular disease, cancer, and other chronic diseases such as diabetes and obesity. Research consistently demonstrates the numerous physiological health and psychological well-being benefits with regular physical activity. Lee, et al. estimated globally 5.3 million deaths per year are a result of physical ...
Reversed Shoulder Arthroplasty on Chronic Glenohumeral Dislocations: A Small Retrospective Cases Series
Miguel Frias, Henrique Sousa, Tiago Pinheiro Torres and Pedro Lourenco
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: November 24, 2018
Anterior dislocation of the shoulder may go undiagnosed and may thus left untreated for a variable length of time. Chronic locked anterior dislocations of the glenohumeral joint is a rare condition. Its diagnosis and management can be challenging. Reverse shoulder arthroplasty has yelded satisfactory outcomes in patients with cuff tear arthropaty and other degenerative changes of the shoulder joint. The concept of this implant theoretically allows stabilization of the dislocated shoulder indepen...
Physiotherapy Management of Chronic Low Back Pain Patients with Yellow Flags: A Systematic Review
Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: November 19, 2018
CLBP is the leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide and patients with yellow flags have the worst outcomes and contribute significantly to the societal cost. Clinicians are aware of the importance of yellow flags but feel undertrained to deal with them. Furthermore there is a lack of clarity for clinicians looking at how to specifically manage these patients from guidelines and an incredibly varied set of approaches available to clinicians. The objective of this review was to revi...
Biologics for Osteoporosis: Where Do We Stand?
Tamer A Gheita and Hanan M Fathi
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: November 12, 2018
Osteoporosis is a common disease with wide prevalence, especially in seniors. Fractures induced by osteoporosis not only decrease the patient's quality of life, but also cause heavy financial burden to the society during medical treatment making this major metabolic bone disease a growing health-economic problem worldwide. Estimated annual costs for osteoporotic fractures are between $10 billion and $17 billion in the United States with a provisional estimation by year 2025 to rise up to $25.3. ...
Hip Alpha Angle in Asymptomatic Population
Roberto Seijas, Pedro Alvarez, Oscar Ares, Andrea Sallent, David Barastegui and Ramon Cugat
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 05, 2018
Hip osteoarthritis is related to the deformity caused by femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). This lesion is related too with an increased performance of sports activities, such as soccer. Alpha angle is a possible measurement of the deformity caused by FAI, especially Cam-type lesion. The purpose of the present study is to describe the alpha angle measured in AP and axial projections in a group of soccer players, being able to compare it with the general population and populations of adult socce...