Lifestyle Behaviors in Relation to Dietary Quality by Diabetes Status in U.S. Adults
Afnan A Al-Ibrahim, PhD and Robert T Jackson, PhD, RD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 07, 2019
The National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) is an ongoing program of the National Center for Health Statistics, which is a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NHANES is a cross-sectional survey that collects information on the health and nutritional status of adults and children in the United States. Participants in the NHANES surveys are selected using a complex, stratified multistage probability cluster s...
Potential Therapeutic Effects and Bioavailability of Wogonin, the Flavone of Baikal Skullcap
Zahra Gharari, Khadijeh Bagheri, Mortaza Khodaeiaminjan and Ali Sharafi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 06, 2019
The flavonoids extracted from dried roots of Scutellaria species have been used in traditional Eastern medicine for the treatment of several human ailments, including cancer and inflammation. Modern science proved that wogonin is one of the major bioactive agents responsible for the physiological activity of Baikal skullcap (Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi.), which has been regarded as a potent anticancer agent. In this mini review, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anticancer activity of wogoni...
Five Fruit and Vegetable a Day Does Not Reflect the Upward Trend of Obesity in the U.S.
Yilin Yoshida, Chester L Schmaltz, Jeannette Jackson-Thompson, Adam Bouras, Esmaeel Rahmani and Eduardo J Simoes
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: July 27, 2019
After almost three decades of U.S. surveillance in fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake and obesity, it is important to evaluate their usefulness for monitoring prevention and health promotion efforts in public health. We used U.S. surveillance data to evaluate whether the 16-year trends of F&V intake, measured by the prevalence of eating five or more servings of fruits and vegetables a day (FV5/day) is related to obesity trend as measured by its prevalence in the same period. We also evaluated whet...
Diet and Microbiome Influence on Alopecia Areata: Experience from Case Reports
Rinaldi Fabio, MD, Pinto Daniela, Giammaria Giuliani and Sorbellini Elisabetta
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 22, 2019
Alopecia areata (AA) is a potentially reversible auto-immune non-scarring baldness on the scalp, which can be extended to the entire body. There are many scientific evidence as regards the impact of diet on scalp diseases related to hair growth. Diet is also able to strongly influence gut microbiome. On the contrary, few evidence reports as regards the link between microbiome, especially scalp microbiome and hair diseases. Here we reported a two case-reports study on patients affected by AA, wit...
Does Preoperative Carbohydrate Loading Help Outcomes in Total Knee Replacement Surgery?
Radha Reddy Chada, PhD, RD, Venkateshwar Reddy Maryada, MBBS, MS, CHS, Praharsha Mulpur, MBBS, DNB, Annapareddy V Gurava Reddy, MBBS, DNB, FRCS (Ed), FRCS, FRCS, M.Ch, Anita Maska and Veena Diggikar, PhD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 22, 2019
Prolonged overnight fasting prior to surgery was advocated to reduce the risk of aspiration during or after surgery. Recent studies suggest prolonged fasting is associated with increased insulin resistance, increased acute phase stress response and decreased well-being among surgical patients. Our hypothesis is that pre-operative oral carbohydrate loading 2 hours prior to surgery is associated with improved patient reported well-being....
Behavioral Factors Associated with Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet in Young University Students - A Cross-Sectional Study
Elena Hadjimbei, George Botsaris, Vassilis Gekas and Andrie G Panayiotou
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 25, 2019
Adherence to the Mediterranean diet was found to be average for the majority of young adults, with 21.8% being classified as low adherers, and 26.9% as high adherers. A higher health habit score was associated with higher adherence to the Mediterranean diet (0.614 higher average adherence (95% CI: 1.07 to 1.55) for one unit change in health habit score). About 63% of students reported consuming breakfast on a regular basis, while half consumed three or fewer meals per day. The main person respon...
Psychosocial Outcomes from an Inter-Professional Worksite Weight Loss Program
A Garrett Hazelton, PhD, Leonor Corsino, MD, MHS, Howard Eisenson, MD, Truls Ostbye, MD, PhD, Laura P Svetkey, MD MHS, Ruth Q Wolever, PhD
Article Type: ORIGINAL RESEARCH | First Published: February 21, 2019
Management of obesity and overweight, with even modest success, can significantly ameliorate their public health burden and health care costs. Many employers recognize that obesity and the associated comorbidities decrease productivity and increase healthcare costs. They are therefore motivated to help their employees with obesity to manage their health both for financial reasons as well as for improving workplace productivity and morale. Worksite interventions have had some success in targeting...
Evaluation of Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Patients after Bariatric Surgery of the Fobi Capella Type
Renata Pereira Simplicio Lopes and Alexandre Coelho Serquiz
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 18, 2019
Obesity is considered an increasing problem in the worldwide population, reaching epidemic proportions of about 400 million obese people in the world. The accumulation of adipose tissue leads to chronic oxidative stress, since its excess is associated with the development of inflammation, increasing the probability of developing comorbidities due to weight gain. This research aimed to evaluate the changes in inflammatory and antioxidants biomarkers after bariatric surgery in patients with morbid...
Searching for the Meaning of Probiotics in the Non-Medical Literature
Tiara Dusselier and Ger Rijkers
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: January 18, 2019
When consumers are looking for probiotics, what are they looking for? Probiotics are defined as "live microorganisms which when administered in adequate amounts confer a health benefit on the host". This definition was the end product of an Expert Consultation of a group of international scientists, invited in 2001 by and on behalf of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) to debate the (then) emerging field of probiotics. Twelve...