Sphenoidal Aspergillosis in an Immunocompetent Patient
Mohammed Elbouderkaoui, Youssef Lakhdar, Sara Rochd, Othman Benhoummad, Youssef Rochdi, Hassan Nouri and Abdelaziz Raji
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 18, 2020
Aspergillosis of the sphenoid sinus is a rare condition. The causative agent is most often Aspergillus fumigatus. We report this case of an immunocompetent 16-year-old woman with no specific medical history who presented with severe chronic headache, retro orbital pain, associated with nasal obstruction. The clinical examination showed a polyp filling the left nasal cavity with a left exophthalmos. The CT scan showed a heterogeneous left sphenoid sinus lesion with calcifications inside it. In ma...
Sinonasal Tract Meningioma: A Case Report
Redentor B. Magdayao, MD and Jennifer De Silva-Leonardo, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 16, 2020
A 53-year-old male presented with persistent right nasal obstruction and recurrent epistaxis. He was initially managed as a case of nasal polyposis. However, persistence of symptoms prompted consult with another ENT specialist. Further evaluation revealed meningioma in the sinonasal tract. The patient underwent bifrontal craniotomy with excision of the intracranial extension of the tumor and endoscopic excision of the intranasal meningioma. Follow- up revealed resolution of symptoms and absence ...
Evaluation of Vestibular Evoked Myogenic Potentials Test in Vitamin B12 Deficiency
Deniz Karatekin, Selim Ünsal and Hanifi Kurtaran
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 15, 2020
35 people with vitamin B12 deficiency (16 female, 19 male), 35 people with a normal B12 level who has no hearing or balance problems (18 female, 17 men) participated in the study. Using the 500 Hz stimulus ToneBurst of the patients participated in the study, P1 and N1 wave latencies and amplitudes were evaluated. No statistically significant difference was found between P1 and N1 wave latencies and amplitudes at the 500 Hz and 100 dBnHL intensity level of the participants (p < 0.05)....
Management of Difficult Laryngeal Exposure with Two Surgeons by Using the Flexible Fiberscope
Kuang-Chih Lee and Chih-Shin Lin
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 15, 2020
Out of these patients, 3 patients presented with difficult laryngeal exposure that were operated under suspension microlaryngoscopy. Laryngeal exposure was much improved by the flexible fiberscope with a video system compared with the suspension microlaryngoscopy. The endolaryngeal surgeries in all cases with difficult laryngeal exposure were performed smoothly. The flexible fiberscope with a video system could remarkably improve visualization of the larynx. This approach provided an alternative...
Prevalence and Treatment of OI-Related Hearing Loss with Bisphosphonates
Elizabeth Yonko, Sobiah Khan, Chloe Citron, Kate Citron, Erin Carter MS CGC, Kenneth Brookler, MD, MS and Cathleen Raggio, MD
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: March 28, 2020
Our results suggest a diagnosis of any type of OI significantly increases the risk of hearing loss, beginning at a younger age than in the general population. The effects of bisphosphonates on ameliorating hearing loss are equivocal. Prospective, longitudinal studies are required to fully evaluate the efficacy of bisphosphonate treatment on hearing loss in this population. Poor compliance in following physician recommendations for audiological evaluation suggests further education within the OI ...
What are the Factors Leading to Nasal Septal Perforations after Septoplasty?
Erkan YILDIZ, Sahin ULU and Orhan Kemal KAHVECI
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2019
Nasal septal perforation is the most common complication in the long term after septoplasty. Nasal septal perforation is the partial opening of the wall between both nasal cavities. In this study, we will evaluate the causes of septal perforation after septoplasty. 400 patients aged between 18 and 50 years who underwent septoplasty operation in Afyonkarahisar Şuhut State Hospital between 2016- 2019 were evaluated retrospectively. These patients were divided into groups with and without perforat...
Intraosseous Pleomorphic Adenoma of the Maxilla: A Case Report and Literature Review
Manola M, Moscillo L, De Luca E, Lalinga AV and Possidente L
Article Type: Case Report and Literature Review | First Published: August 26, 2019
Salivary gland tumours constitute 3% of all head and neck neoplasms. Pleomorphic adenomas arising in the maxilla are extremely rare, with only few cases reported to date. Radiographically and clinically, these lesions have the appearance of osteolytic processes or odontogenic cysts and the diagnosis represents a challenge. The surgical treatment of intraosseous glandular neoplasms is debated because of the few cases reported in literature. The Authors describe a rare case of intraosseous pleomor...
Dysphagia - Pathophysiology of Swallowing Dysfunction, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment
Bahareh Bakhshaie Philipsen
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 21, 2019
Difficulty swallowing is called dysphagia. There is a wide range of potential causes of dysphagia. Because there are many reasons why dysphagia can occur, treatment depends on the underlying cause. Thorough examination is important, and implementation of a treatment strategy should be based on evaluation by a multidisciplinary team. In this article, we will describe the mechanism of swallowing, the pathophysiology of swallowing dysfunction and different causes of dysphagia, along with signs and ...
Late Endovascular Coil Erosion of the Internal Carotid Artery into the Nasopharynx: Case Report and Review of Literature
Graham Derek Unis, MS, BA, Basit A Jawad, MD, Ashwin Ananth, MD and Ryan Winters, MD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 12, 2019
We present a case of a 72-year-old gentleman with an extruding internal carotid artery aneurysm coil through the Fossa of Rosenmuller. The patient was stable post-operatively and remained complication and progression free 8 months later at time of writing. Other reports involving pseudoaneurysms were found in the literature although no coil erosions in true aneurysms have been described. Conservative therapy with controlled amputation of the extruding filament in the operative room has served as...
Lateral Sinus Thrombosis as a Complication of Acute Otitis Media, Clinical Case Report in Bogota, Colombia
Gilberto Eduardo Marrugo Pardo, Carlos Julian Adarme Gomez and Alejandra Oliveros Vargas
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 07, 2019
Septic thrombosis of the lateral sinus is a rare complication of otitis media; currently, it hasn't been found a case report of septic thrombosis of the lateral sinus in the medical literature of Colombia and, in addition to this, there is no consensus in the management of this pathology. Hence the importance of the present case, which is a 3-year-old male patient, who presented a clinical picture of 7 days of evolution characterized by right otalgia and fever, which after the administration of ...
Changes in Auditory Steady - State Response and Tympanometry Post Adenotonsillectomy in Otitis Media with Effusion
Aman, Jagat Singh, Ashiya Goel, Chandni Sharma, Vikasdeep Gupta and Swati
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 27, 2019
Otitis media with effusion (OME) is an important and common condition in paediatric age group. It is the leading cause of hearing loss and a social morbidity in children which has long-term consequences for speech and language development. Adenoid hypertrophy is an important etiological factor in the causation of OME. Recurrent attacks of rhinitis, sinusitis and chronic tonsillitis may cause chronic adenoid infection and hyperplasia. Allergy of the upper respiratory tract may also contribute to ...
Congenital Cholesteatoma of Petrous Apex: A Case Report
Muhd Faiz Bin Zulkifli and Lokman Bin Saim
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 20, 2019
A 23-year-old female presented with progressive left sided facial asymmetry for 4 years and progressive hearing loss in the left ear for 2 years. She had normal left tympanic membrane and complete left lower motor neuron facial nerve palsy. High resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) temporal bone showed extensive bony destruction, petrous apex and soft tissue lesion. Patient then proceed with transmastoid translabyrinthine approach. Diagnosis of cholesteatoma...