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Review Article Open Access

Neuroblastoma: Radiological Diagnosis of a Case with Pulmonary Metastases

Yessoufou Bakary, Kouame N, Manewa S, Gaimou Ble P, Agoda A-K and N'Goan Domoua AM
Int J Radiol Imaging Technol Volume 1, Issue 1

Abstract: Neuroblastoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in children. Its abdominal location is the most met (70%) giving an aspect of abdominal-pelvic mass. It raises a problem of differential diagnosis with wilms tumor with which it does not have the same treatment or the same prognosis. Hence the importance of a positive diagnosis and an accurate staging and monitoring of appropriate treatment for which medical imaging plays a major role. It is represented by plain film of the abdomen, ultrasound, computed tomography, scintigraphy, MIBG scan and MRI. But CT, although very radiant for the pediatric field, remains essential in this approach because of the unavailability of MRI or the volume of the mass and sometimes is the first-line examination.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2572-3235.1510007

Original Article Open Access

Assessment of Cervical Cancer Using Blood Oxygen-Level Dependent and Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Jessica B Robbins, Emily F Dunn, Kristin A Bradley, James J Brittin, Alejandro Munoz Del Rio and Elizabeth A Sadowski
Int J Radiol Imaging Technol Volume 1, Issue 1

Abstract: Cervical cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy in the world, with more than 500,000 cases diagnosed per year. There is a marked disparity in disease incidence and mortality between developed and underdeveloped regions of the world with nearly seventy percent of cases occurring in underdeveloped regions. The annual incidence of cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa is 35/100,000 women with an annual mortality rate of 23/100,000 as compared to an annual incidence of 6.6/100,000 women and an annual mortality rate of 2.5/100,000 in developed countries.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2572-3235.1510006

Case Report Open Access

Emergency Embolization of a Rupture of the Left Colic Aneurysm

Domenico Lagana, Maria Petulla, Ierardi Anna, Gianpaolo Carrafiello and Oscar Tamburrini
Int J Radiol Imaging Technol Volume 1, Issue 1

Abstract: This is a case report of an emergency embolization of a left colic aneurysm performed on a 72 year-old woman. The abdominal CTA scan showed a large retroperitoneal hematoma and an aneurysm of a branch of the inferior mesenteric artery. A selective angiography of the inferior mesenteric artery confirmed an aneurysm of the left colic artery. An endovascular ligation was performed with platinum microcoils. The 3-month follow-up confirmed the complete exclusion of the aneurysmatic vessel.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2572-3235.1510005

Case Report Open Access

Visualization of Vascular Anastomosis as Responsible Sites of Hemoptysis by Three-Dimensional Angiography for the Guidance of Endovascular Treatment

Kembu Nakamoto, Hiroshi Hashiyada, Toshiyuki Fujii, Motohiro Takeshige, Kazuya Yoshida and Kaido Ooishi
Int J Radiol Imaging Technol Volume 1, Issue 1

Abstract: The major site of bronchial hemorrhage in inflammatory hemoptysis is vessel anastomoses (VA) between pulmonary and systemic arteries. Three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D-CT angio) was applied to depict VA for accurate access in endovascular treatment (EVT) for two patients with bronchiectasis. Fusion of the images of pulmonary and systemic 3D-CT angio visualized VA of potential hemorrhagic bronchi. VA depiction allowed successful EVT for hemoptysis with exclusion of non- responsible vessels.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2572-3235.1510004

Case Report Open Access

A Case of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis after Radiofrequency Ablation of an Early Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Pierleone Lucatelli, Beatrice Sacconi, Emanuele Arcangelo d'Adamo, Carlo Catalano and Mario Bezzi
Int J Radiol Imaging Technol Volume 1, Issue 1

Abstract: Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is frequently used to treat small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with similar outcome to surgery. The procedure is relatively safe, with low morbidity and mortality rates. The most common major complications are both intra-hepatic (bleeding, abscess and biliary injury) and extra-hepatic (peritoneal bleeding, gastrointestinal perforation, pleural effusion). We report a successfully managed case of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) after RFA of a left liver lobe HCC.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2572-3235.1510003

Original Article Open Access

Incidental Non-Cardiovascular, Non-Pulmonary Findings Identified in a Low-Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening Population: Prevalence and Clinical Implications

Michal Klysik, David Lynch, Nicholas Stence and Kavita Garg
Int J Radiol Imaging Technol Volume 1, Issue 1

Abstract: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Recently, the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) demonstrated that, relative to chest x-ray, a 20% decrease in mortality was observed for high risk subjects screened with low dose chest CT. Chest CT unavoidably images non-cardiovascular, non-pulmonary organs such as thyroid, adrenals, liver, kidneys and other structures in the upper abdomen. Moreover, when utilizing a low dose screening-chest CT protocol, the images are often noisy and incidental findings are suboptimally evaluated. It is important for radiologists involved in interpreting screening chest CTs to be aware of the prevalence and clinical implications of incidental findings.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2572-3235.1510002

Case Report Open Access

Unilateral Renal Cystic Disease: A Case Report of A Rare Disease and Review of Literature

Rushani T Samarakoon and Thamara Rajapakse
Int J Radiol Imaging Technol Volume 1, Issue 1

Abstract: Unilateral renal cystic disease (URCD) is a rare entity with few reported cases. This condition is often misdiagnosed for other cystic renal diseases like autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, cystic dysplastic kidney disease and cystic nephroma. Nevertheless, this is a benign entity with a potential for good prognosis. Imaging features, supported by background clinical and biochemical findings, diagnosis of URCD is possible. A case of URCD is reported here, having diagnosed on imaging features and followed up conservatively.

PDF   | Full Text  DOI: 10.23937/2572-3235.1510001

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