International Journal of Radiology and Imaging Technology is an open access, peer reviewed journal focused on radiation physics, diagnostic and therapeutic radiology. The main objective of the journal is to promote research and publications globally. The Journal provides a podium for healthcare professionals to contribute their findings and help raise awareness among readers in various aspects of radiation and therapeutic radiology. We aim to publish highest quality clinical content via open access platform providing the readers free, immediate and unlimited access.
International Journal of Radiology and Imaging Technology is an open journal that publishes on Breast Imaging, Cardiovascular Imaging, Chest Radiology, Computed Tomography, Diagnostic Imaging, Gastrointestinal Imaging, Genitourinary, Radiology, Head & Neck, Imaging Sciences, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Musculoskeletal Radiology, Neuroimaging and Head & Neck, Neuro-Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, Pediatric Imaging, Positron Emission Tomography, Radiation Oncology, Ultrasound, X-ray Radiography, etc. Original Article, Reviews, Mini Reviews, Short Communications, Case Reports, Clinical Image, Perspectives/Opinions, Letters, Short Note and Commentaries are accepted for publication. All articles published in the journal are subject to a rigorous peer review process. It encourages authors to publish their experimental and theoretical results in detail to disseminate the updated research findings.
Articles Search by Keyword | Journal title | Author name | DOI
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510071
Álvaro Mauricio Ladino Gómez, Priscila do Carmo Santana and Arnaldo Prata Mourão
Article Type: Academic Research | First Published: November 27, 2020
Computed Tomography (CT) is an efficient and non-invasive method to obtain data about internal structures of the human body. CT scans contribute with the highest absorbed doses in population due X-ray beam attenuation and it has raised concern in radiosensitive tissues. Techniques for the optimization of CT scanning protocols in diagnostic services have been developing with the objective of decreasing the absorbed dose in patient, aiming image quality within acceptable parameters for diagnosis b...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510070
Jake T Stahnke, DO, Mari Schenk, MD and Kipling P Sharpe, MD
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: November 16, 2020
Eleven detailed magnetic resonance imaging scans of symptomatic shoulders of swimmers who had arthroscopically demonstrated labral dysplasia were obtained between 2011 and 2014. One experienced musculoskeletal radiologist and one orthopedic surgeon interpreted each scan, specifically focusing on the anteroinferior labrum (from 3 to 6 o’clock). Nine of the eleven images (axial cuts) showed a more rounded/blunted appearance with undefined features at the anterior inferior labrum. Nine of nine im...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510069
Charalampos Fragkoulis, Ioannis Glykas, Dimitrios Moschotzopoulos, Aggeliki Leventi, Georgios Papadopoulos, Georgios Stathouros and Konstantinos Ntoumas
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 13, 2020
Inferior vena cava (IVC) is a major abdominal vein responsible for the transportation of deoxygenated blood from the lower extremities and the abdomen through diaphragm to the superior vena cava and eventually to the right atrium. IVC is located to the right of the midline and is an important anatomic structure in cases of operations involving the right kidney. In this paper we present a rare case of left sided IVC in a patient diagnosed with renal cell cancer who underwent open left partial nep...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510068
Xin Dong, Xiuyun Liu, MD, Xingjia Xie, Longfei Liu, Jun Wang, Peng Xie, Ming Zhang and Guangbin Jiang
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 19, 2020
2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a type β corona virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome. It is highly infectious and has spread widely around the world. Due to the fact that COVID-19 shares similar characteristics with influenza A, it is difficult to differentiate COVID-19 from other respiratory viruses at an early stage. In this study, we report a case of a 24-year-old female patient who got co-infection with COVID-19 and influenza A H1N1 in China. The case suggests th...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510067
Muhannad Alanazi and Nasir Ahmed Ali
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2020
Computed tomography colonography (CTC) is a new radiologic technique for examination of the colorectum. The search for, analysis and interpretation of extra-colonic findings (ECFs) are a matter of permanent debate and review, given the arguments for and against them. To assess the prevalence and type of extracolonic findings (ECFs) in a screening population undergoing computed tomography colonography (CTC) in Riyadh region. This retrospective study was conducted in Riyadh region. To achieve the ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510066
Mary Salvatore, MD, MBA, Lea Azour, MD, Mary O'Connor, KM Capaccione, MD, PhD and David Mendelson, MD
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: September 24, 2020
To determine the difference in craniocaudal dimension of an inspiratory CT scan minus an expiratory CT scan that constitutes an average expiratory effort to potentially exclude air trapping. This study obtained approval from the Institutional Review Board. The craniocaudal dimensions of inspiratory and expiratory chest CT scans of 83 patients were examined by an experienced radiologist (MS with 20 years of experience). The difference between the two measurements, called the Slice Level Differenc...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510065
Brent Burbridge, MD, FRCPC
Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: September 18, 2020
The creation of a digital, Diagnostic Radiology, teaching file system is reliant upon a process for selecting, anonymizing, and exporting Digital Image and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) images from a clinical Picture, Archive, and Communication System (PACS) to the teaching file. A local version of the Medical Imaging Resource Center - Teaching File System (TFS) from the Radiology Society of North America (RSNA) was deployed to create teaching files. Philips, Intellispace PACS, was the sour...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510064
Ashu Singla, Vishwanath TT, MD, DNB, Sudha Kiran Das, DMRD, MD, Nagaraj Murthy, MD, Vikram Patil, DNB, Anupama C, DNB and Vinay Raj, MD
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: July 11, 2020
50 patients who were diagnosed to have solid focal liver lesions on sonography during the period August 2017 to September 2019 at JSS Medical College and Hospital, Mysuru underwent Shear Wave Sonoelastography [SWE], following which patient underwent ultrasound guided FNAC for histological evaluation. Benign vs. malignant hepatic lesions could be differentiated using a cut off value of 25 kPa. The overall sensitivity & specificity of SWE was found to be 66% and 30% respectively as a standalone te...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510063
Soufiane Arktout, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 03, 2020
The factors influencing the prognosis of children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis ADEM) are still poorly known and understood, especially for the occurrence of sequelae after the acute episode. The factors influencing the prognosis of children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis ADEM) are still poorly known and understood, especially for the occurrence of sequelae after the acute episode....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510062
Salah Eldeen Dafalla, Yumna Abdulmalek Bokhari, Rowaid Sohail Yazbik, Assmaa Shaker Ali, Khamrunissa Hussain Sheikh and Abdullah Riyad Ali Alnaggar
Article Type: Cross Sectional Study | First Published: April 17, 2020
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial collateral ligament (MCL) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL) are types of cruciate ligaments. ACL is the most common injured ligament and it is important for stabilization of the knee. It is commonly injured especially in sports as a consequence, knee function and participation in physical activities will be limited. Our objective is to provide descriptive epidemiological data; study the prevalence as well as prov...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510061
Joanna Marie D Choa, MD and Mariaem M Andres, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 14, 2020
This descriptive-cross sectional study was conducted under the approval of an institutional review board with informed consent of the participants. The study involved a nationwide scope of radiology residents and employed the use of a validated 34-item printed questionnaire with informed consent form. Respondents were asked to grade their level of agreement with the statements using a Likert Scale. A space for free-text comments and/or opinions was provided at the end of the survey. Appropriate ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510060
Dennis J Sorce
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 13, 2020
The effect of the applied RF field in an NMR experiment on the magnitude of the Spectral Density for a Dipolar Relaxation Mechanism is demonstrated theoretically. The effect is shown with Sin Cos Pulse as a concrete example. The order of magnitude of the magnetic moment where these effects will be significant for typical Rf amplitude values is derived. The effect may be of utility in providing an alternate method of control for MRI Tissue Contrast applications with further development. In contem...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510059
Leandro Tristao Abi-Ramia de Moraes, Monica Arnaldi and Sergio Furlan
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 30, 2019
Wünderlich syndrome (WS) is a rare condition, in which spontaneous nontraumatic renal hemorrhage occurs into the subcapsular and perirenal spaces and was described for the first time by Bonet in 1700. The etiology of the entity is very diverse, including benign or malign neoplasms, vascular diseases, infectious and inflammatory kidney diseases, and could be combined with some diseases. Clinically the syndrome is characterized by the classic Lenk's triad. We describe a case of WS in a 37-years-o...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510057
Hector Ramirez-Flores, Eduardo Barragan-Perez, Pilar Dies-Suarez, Diana Platas-Neri, Julio Garcia and Silvia Hidalgo-Tobon
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 09, 2019
One of the techniques of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance is Diffusion Tensor Imaging, which measures the speed of diffusion of extracellular water molecules found in tissues. Diffusion tensor imaging allows virtual dissections of functional white matter tracts in the human brain in vivo using regions of interest (ROI). The intrinsic trajectories of the olfactory pathway that can be identified using the diffusion- weighted magnetic resonance technique provide an important anatomical reference for the ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510056
Jessica C Gooch, MD, Timothy Borjas, MD, Jennifer Chun, MPH, Elianna Kaplowitz, MPH, Amber Guth, MD, Deborah Axelrod, MD, Richard Shapiro, MD, Linda Moy, MD and Freya Schnabel, MD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 08, 2019
Accurate assessment of locoregional response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is important for surgical planning, particularly in regard to management of the axilla. We evaluated the correlation between radiologic complete response (rCR) in the axilla on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the likelihood of pathologic complete response (pCR) at the time of breast cancer surgery following NAC. Our institutional database was queried for patients who underwent NAC from 2010-2016 and had a preand ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510055
Won-Bin Cha, Sok-Chan Yun, Chan-Ung Ri and Chol-Ho Chang
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 21, 2019
We selected several image density indices to establish CAD for prediction of biopsy in lung diseases. Our results suggested that significant difference was not observed in the image density indices between bilateral lungs at each slice level. Our own designed image indices may be reliable parameters in the establishment of CAD system and pathologic diagnosis for lung disease. There has been a rapid progress in the modality of CT since it was developed by Mr. Hounsfield. The earlier CT had been u...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510054
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 16, 2019
We sought to compare the radiation dose, contrast volume, and procedure time between dual-axis rotational coronary angiography (DARCA) and conventional coronary angiography (CCA) techniques in a setting characterized by a prevalence of 100% suspected coronary artery disease. All-comers, prospective, randomized, open-label trial. Cine acquisition dose-area product (DAP), cumulative Air Kerma (AK), effective dose (E), fluoroscopic time, contrast volume, AK, cine acquisition DAP (CADAP), fluorosco...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510053
Juan-Jose Delgado-Moraleda, MD, Pablo Nogues-Melendez, MD, Luisa Londono-Villa, MD, Jose Melo-Villamarin, MD, Anca Oprisan Anca, MD and Diana Veiga-Canuto, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 28, 2019
Wearing seat belt makes driving safer. Nevertheless, it can cause particular lesions. In this case report, we present a woman suffering the characteristic safety belt lesions on bowel, spine and aorta. A 40-year-old woman is brought to the Emergency Room after a high-speed traffic accident. At the time of rescue, the patient was wearing a seatbelt. On examination, she presented tachycardia, hypotension and abdominal rigidity. A CT angiography of the abdominal aorta is requested for suspected aor...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510052
Ali Murat Koc, Hulya Cetin Tuncez, Ozgur Esen and Zehra Hilal Adibelli
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 28, 2019
Temporal lobe necrosis (TLN) is often seen in nasopharyngeal carcinoma secondary to less frequent other extracranial malignancies. Radiotherapy is one of the most frequently used methods in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. This method can have many side effects. One of the side effects associated with high-dose radiotherapy is cerebral necrosis. Cerebral radiation is the sum of the dose of radiotherapy given as the most important risk factor for necrosis. It is often seen within the fi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510051
Shimaa Abdalla Ahmed and Hesham Abo Taleb
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 10, 2019
200 infertile females underwent hysterosalpingography, hysteroscopy and/or laparoscopy as part of an infertility work up. HSG examinations were retrospectively reviewed by three radiologists, we compared inter-observer variability, differences between the two results of reading the same examination after three months were compared to calculate intra-observer variability. HSG is more accurate in tubal evaluation than the uterine cavity assessment. HSG interpretation is somewhat subjective, althou...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510050
Arnaldo Prata Mourao, Wadia Namen Aburjaile, Phd and Fernanda Stephanie Santos
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 22, 2019
Computed Tomography (CT) has become an important tool for diagnosing cancer and to obtain additional information on different clinical issues. The radiation dose values in computed tomography depend on the scan acquisition protocol. Today, it is a very fast, painless and noninvasive test that can be performed high quality images. Therefore, it is indispensable to improve protocols, seeking smaller doses, without impairing the diagnostic quality of the image. The doses received are related with r...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510049
Fernanda Stephanie Santos, Priscila do Carmo Santana and Arnaldo Prata Mourao
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 21, 2019
Computed Tomography (CT) has become an important tool for diagnosing cancer and to obtain additional information on different clinical issues. Today, it is a very fast, painless and noninvasive test that can be performed high quality images. However, CT scans usually require a higher radiation exposure than a conventional radiography examination. Head CT scans are used for diagnosis of traumatic head injuries, infections and other diseases with instability. Based on this information, three head ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510048
D Campos Correia, MD, Ricardo M Antunes and P Ferreira
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 12, 2019
Nephroenteric fistulas are rare and generally occur as a result of chronic inflammation, ischemia or necrosis. Nephrectomy and primary closure of the fistulous tract currently represent the mainstay of treatment for non-functioning kidneys but kidney preservation should be attempted in cases of traumatic fistulae. The authors report a case of a 69-year-old female with an infected subcapsular renal haematoma and a fistulous tract to the duodenum following ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy of a righ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510047
Jianliang Chen, Hengxing You, Yuanqiang Zhong, Xiaowen Lian and Zehong Wu
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 12, 2019
Intracranial meningeal hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) represent a rare and aggressive intracranial neoplasm located along the dural sinuses, tend to recur and metastasize, and account for less than 1% of intracranial tumours and approximately 2~4% of all meningeal tumors. We discuss herein the dynamic of HPCs and review the literatures from its clinical symptoms, imaging features, histopathological features, differential diagnosis and treatment and prognosis, and present a case of a 35-year-old male...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510046
Sigmund Stuppner and Antonio Ruiu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 17, 2019
Prostate cancer is the most frequent cancer type in males, but only about 20-30% of prostatic cancer originate in the TZ. The diagnosis is based on the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening in males over 40 years and transrectal or transperineal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. Prostate multiparametric MRI is indicated in patients with increasing PSA values (over 2, 5-3 ng/ml) and negative prostate biopsies and in patients with suspected trans-rectal palpation results....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510045
Megha Kumra MBBS, Sushil G Kachewar MD, DNB, PH.D and Dilip L Lakhkar MD, DMRD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 06, 2019
Functional disorders of the pelvic floor are common healthcare problems owing to increased incidence of obesity, pelvic surgeries, childbirth, heavy physical exertion etc. In the past, fluoroscopic defecography was used in their diagnosis, but it had its limitations like radiation exposure. Endoanal sonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) were also used to assess the pelvic pathologies but they could not assess the pelvic floor function. Magnetic Resonance Defecography (MRD) is a new mod...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510044
Antje Fahrig, PD, Th Koch, Ch Heine, MSc, M Lenhart and L Fischer von Weikersthal
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 27, 2019
Consolidative radiotherapy after immuno-chemotherapy in localized bulky diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients significantly improves both, overall and progression-free survival and treatment is in principle curative. Therefore protection of organs at risk is highly relevant. Two 53-years and 18-years old patients with bulky mediastinal DLBCL were planned with and without deep inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). DIBH reduced the doses to the heart ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510043
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 20, 2019
A 37-year-old male patient with a complaint of malaise applied to the internal medicine. The abdominal CT revealed an huge nonadenom adrenal mass lesion with 51 × 43 × 64 mm size. The significant finding was adreniform shape of gland was maintained in the lesion. The adrenal lymphoma should be considered in patients with adreniform shape of nonadenom adrenal lesion on CT. The MRI enables differentiation of adrenal adenomas from other adrenal malignancies, but specific diagnosis might not be ac...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510042
Mohammed Alagha and Mariam Mattar
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 22, 2018
Localised hypoplasia or aplasia of the great saphenous vein (GSV) is not uncommon, with reports primarily describing limited area of hypoplasia/aplasia around the knee. Long segment of hypoplasia/aplasia extending along the thigh and distally to lower calf is rare. We report a case of an 81-year-old lady with long segment of the GSV aplasia depicted 3 cm distal to sapheno-femoral junction (SFJ), down to 5 cm above the right ankle with direct communication with the short saphenous vein (SSV)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510041
Selcuk Demiral, Ferrat Dincoglan, Omer Sager, Bora Uysal, Hakan Gamsiz, Fatih Ozcan, Bahar Dirican and Murat Beyzadeoglu
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 21, 2018
Meningiomas are the most common intracranial benign tumors. While an indolent natural history is typical for benign meningiomas, a wide spectrum of symptoms may occur depending on lesion location and proximity to critical neurovascular structures. A multidisciplinary approach may be warranted for optimal management of meningiomas. In the scarcity of prospective, randomized controlled studies to dictate treatment algorithms, decision making for treatment is based primarily on mostly retrospective...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510040
Ruifang Sun, Jingli Shi and Xuan Yang
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 08, 2018
The accurate detection of vascular bifurcations is not helpful for pulmonary vascular disease diagnosis, but vital in (Computed Tomography) CT image analysis and processing of lung. We propose a tensor voting based method for vascular bifurcation detection in CT image of lung, which a vessel enhancement method is firstly proceeding to initially extract vessel structure, on which we perform ball voting with the pixels. Then counting the number of votes of each pixel and calculating the local maxi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510039
Onur DEDE, Memik TEKE, Mansur Daggulli and Necmettin Penbegul
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 27, 2018
This study was aimed that the evaluation of tissue elasticity for determination of the characterization of bladder masses. The prospective study was performed between May and September 2014. This study included 39 patients who presented with microscopic or gross hematuria and had primary bladder mass and according to ultrasound or computed tomography results. ARFI elastography was performed by one experienced radiologist then, the shear wave velocity was measured. Two measurements were performed...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510038
Ahmed H Farahat, Mervat E Lgohary and Hany Hafez
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 12, 2018
Cerebral stroke is a worldwide concern, it's classified as the most second cause of death in 2008. In this year 5.7 million deaths and about nine million patients had cerebral strokes events with resultant variable degrees of disabilities. The primary goal in stroke management is to reach an early accurate diagnosis for the patients, which will affect the choice of the treatment lines among the newly developed programs and the end stage recovery. The DTI & DTT are MRI techniques used for the 3D ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510037
Ann-Christin Sannes, Aleksander Chaibi and Peter W McCarthy
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 06, 2018
The phenomenon of inattentional blindness has been discussed for years, in relation to everyday life and clinical practice. Inattentional blindness refers to the common failure to notice plainly visible items when attention is otherwise preoccupied. The purpose of this study was to assess any potential difference in inattentional blindness between chiropractic students on assessing plain film radiograph, and any difference compared to expert radiologist....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510036
Joao Cruz, Lameiras R, Figueiredo F, Costa J, Lourenço R and Ramalho M
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 06, 2018
Mycotic or infected aneurysms (MA) are rare, accounting for only 1-3% of all arterial aneurysms, and usually affect major arteries. Visceral MA are the least frequent and most commonly involve the superior mesenteric artery. MA are associated with a high morbidity and mortality, estimated in 19% within 6 months of diagnosis despite surgical or endovascular intervention....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510035
David Collin and Jan H Gothlin
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 06, 2018
A study cohort of 418 patients examined by pelvic MRI for non-trauma reasons without osteoporosis or systemic disease was collected and independently reviewed by two musculoskeletal radiologists. There were 173 males with mean age of 67 years (range 50-92) and 245 females with mean age 66 (range 50-90). Overall mean age was 67 years (range 50-92). The patients were grouped according to age and gender. 170 patients were in the age interval 70-92. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510034
Jingmei Wang, Sun Yun and Tom V Sanchez
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 23, 2018
Bone age assessments are generally done using radiography of the hand and wrist to compare the child's maturity to known standards. While a valuable study, a traditional bone age study is not very reflective of short term change. DXA is proposed as able to more precisely reflect both absolute assessments and short-term changes in maturation. The current study compares radiographic with Norland bone age assessments to compare studies and sensitivity to change in boys and girls....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510033
Ming-Wei Xie, Zi-Liang Cheng, Hai-Yan Wang, Guang-Zi Shi, Hui-Jun Hu, Zhi-Long Yi, Wan-Shao Lin and Zhuo Wu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 04, 2018
Basal cell Adenoma (BCA) is an uncommon, benign epithelial tumor of the parotid gland, accounting for approximately 1%-3% of all parotid gland benign tumors. Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) and Warthin tumor (WT) are the other two most popular benign parotid gland tumors. BCA is the third most common benign parotid tumors, following WT and PA....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510032
Patrick J Chiarolanzio, Cristy N French, Nicole C Williams and Stephanie A Bernard
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 18, 2018
A 53-year-old male with end-stage alcoholic liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension presented with hepatic encephalopathy as well as painful ambulation due to a mass on the medial aspect of his knee. The mass was first noted several months prior, concomitant with his presentation of decompensated liver failure. As a part of the pre-transplant work-up, multimodality imaging evaluation of the medial knee mass was completed and revealed a high-flow vascularized soft tissue lesion....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510031
Justin E Hellwinkel, Ryan P Farmer, Austin Heare, Joshua Smith, Nathan Donaldson, Michael Faddell and Travis Heare
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 24, 2018
Synovial sarcoma is a misleading term initially coined in reference to its pathological appearance that mimics synovium in its early stage of development. In reality, Synovial Sarcoma (SS) is a rare malignant neoplasm, which accounts for only 2.5 - 10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. Peak incidence of SS occurs in the third decade of life, and 30% of cases occur in children and adolescents younger than 20 years of age. Although synovial sarcoma is more common in adults, it remains the second most c...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510030
Giuseppe Bruschi, Fesc Paola Colombo, Bruno Merlanti, Diana Artioli, Stefano Nava, Francesco Soriano, Oriana Belli, Francesco Musca, Luca Botta, Giuseppe Tata, Ettore Colombo, Fabrizio Oliva and Claudio F Russo
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 30, 2017
Retrograde femoral implantation is considered the less invasive approach for TAVI, however TAVI patients are also often affected by severe iliac-femoral arteriopathy, rendering the trans-femoral approach either unemployable or are deemed to carry a high risk of vascular injury....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510029
Marco Andolfi, Riccardo Girotto, Nicolò Schicchi, Gaia Goteri and Majed Refai
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 25, 2017
Castleman's Disease (CD) is a rare benign lymphoproliferative disorder of uncertain origin which most commonly involves the mediastinum but rarely affects the axilla. We report a case of voluminous axillary unicentral CD, detected due to palpation of a painless mass in the left axilla in a healthy 32-year-old woman....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510028
Michaela Cellina, Marcello Alessandro Orsi, Chiara Floridi, Giulia Van Der Byl and Giancarlo Oliva
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 12, 2017
We report a rare case of double Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm with multiple foci of adenocarcinoma originating from duodenal and gastric heterotopic pancreatic tissue, associated with gastric duplication and intestinal malrotation....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510027
Marie Poirier-Quinot, Ingrid Leguerney, Ludovic De Rochefort, Stéphanie Pitre-Champagnat, Xavier Violas, Sandra Robin, Rose-Marie Dubuisson, Jean-Christophe Ginefri, Philippe Robert, Luc Darrasse and Nathalie Lassau
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 11, 2017
Seeking out and identifying imaging biomarkers for early cancer diagnosis and the evaluation of patient response to therapy requires an improvement in the specificity of imaging techniques. This study explores in vivo neo-angiogenesis assessment using molecular mechanisms through target molecular Magnetic Resonance (MR) and Ultrasound (US)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510026
Mustafa Khanbhai, Rita Borgen and Richard Dobrashian
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 01, 2017
Best practice guidelines suggest that patients < 25 years with ultrasound diagnosis of fibroadenoma, biopsy can be avoided if certain radiological criteria are satisfied. There is a cohort of patients < 35 years with ultrasound features suggestive of fibroadenoma who are being exposed to unnecessary biopsies....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510025
Lale Pasaoglu, Dinara Mamedova, Ugur Toprak and Gul Hatipoglu
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 21, 2017
Radiotherapy is a treatment option for nasopharyngeal cancer. However, ionizing radiation may lead to development of secondary malignancies. In this case report, we will present a case of radiation-induced osteosarcoma of the maxilla and synchronous oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer following treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer. History, latency period, physical examinations, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy results are provided....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510024
Min Cao, Ying Gao, Xiaoying Wang and Xuedong Yang
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 17, 2017
Aggressive Angiomyxoma (AA) is a kind of rare, low grade myofibroblastic neoplasm with high risk of local recurrence mainly for the character of locally aggressive and misdiagnosis as other soft tissue mass in the pelvis. The "laminated or swirled sign" of swirled strands of low-signal intensities in T2WI is the diagnostic sign for the layered configuration of AA....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510023
Nicholas D Patchett, Sumeet Pawar, Aaron Sverdlov and Edward J Miller
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: February 25, 2017
Advances in myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), including CT attenuation correction (CTAC) and advanced image reconstruction algorithms, result in improved image quality, thus reducing equivocal or false positive results. This theoretically decreases the need for downstream testing; however, there is limited access to these technologies due to their costs and the magnitude of benefit remains unclear. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510022
Robert J Bert, William Colantoni III, Douglas E Ney, Denise M Damek, Bette K Kleinschmidt-DeMasters and Manuel Thomas Borges
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: February 24, 2017
MR dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion (DSC) has demonstrated utility in the evaluation of follow-up malignant CNS neoplasms. Preliminary studies suggest Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) perfusion may be equivalent for this purpose. Using a retroprospective, blinded test design, we compared interpretations of ASL and DSC in tumor follow-up....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510021
Roy Hajjar, Patrick Gilbert, Marie-France Giroux, Frank Schwenter and Herawaty Sebajang
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 12, 2017
An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the inferior mesenteric artery is a rare entity that could be associated with ischemia. We present the case of a 54-year-old male with ischemic colitis after an acute episode of Campylobacter jejuni colitis. A computed tomography (CT) angiography confirmed the presence of an AVM in the inferior mesenteric vascular region, probably causing the ischemia through a steal phenomenon. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510020
Hansel J Otero, Asef B Khwaja, Maria A Bedoya, Nancy Chauvin, Kassa Darge and Sudha A Anupindi
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: January 09, 2017
22 patients with liver lesions evaluated on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI were selected. Two reviewers assigned a diagnosis and stratified the hepatobiliary images as: 1) High utility; 2) Potential utility; or 3) No utility. 95% of assigned diagnoses were correct with almost-perfect agreement (κ = 0.92). Hepatobiliary images were deemed useful by at least one reviewer in 82% cases with moderate agreement (k = 0.48)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510019
Tatjana Gruber-Rouh, Nagy N N Naguib, Martin Beeres, Benjamin Kaltenbach, Thomas J Vogl and Nour-Eldin A Nour-Eldin
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: November 26, 2016
Objective: The study aimed at evaluating the local tumor control, survival data and prognostic factors following treatment with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in the palliative therapy of patients with liver metastases from non-small-lung-cancer (NSCLC). Material and methods: The study was retrospectively performed following approval of the ethical committee. 56 patients (mean age, 53.4 years) with liver metastases of NSCLC (Stage IV) undergone repeated TACE. Overall, 214 TACE procedures...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510018
Adebunmi O Adeyiga and Anjum N Bandarkar
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 24, 2016
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), also referred to as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (SHML), is a rareproliferative disorder of phagocytic histiocytes of unknown etiology. Systemic RDD most typically presents as painless cervical lymphadenopathy with constitutional symptoms. Extranodal involvement by RDD has been reported in nearly half of all cases, including skin, head/neck and upper respiratory tract....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510017
Pardeep Mittal, Courtney C Moreno, Jianhai Li, Kenneth Newell, William E Torres and William Small
Article Type: Retrospective Review | First Published: July 19, 2016
Introduction: A retrospective review of patients who underwent preoperative Computed Tomographic Angiography (CTA) prior to living laparoscopic renal donation was performed. Image quality and accuracy were compared at 120 and 100 kVp tube energies with respect to quantitative image parameters and prediction of surgical findings. Material and methods: A total of 193 patients were reviewed, all of whom underwent laparoscopic donor nephrectomy with preceding CTA evaluation over a 5.5 year period......
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510016
Khalid G Alsafi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 18, 2016
The aim of this study was to evaluate radiation protection techniques in computed tomography (CT) scanning, address concerns on the increased population exposure during CT procedures, and provide a review on dose management and optimization procedures. Radiation protection in CT requires regular dose surveys and optimization of CT exposure parameters, establishing and/or implementing diagnostic references (DRLs), implementation of a comprehensive quality assurance program, reference dose levels,...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510015
Stella Blasel, Luisa Huck, Juergen Konczalla, Stephanie Lescher, Hanns Ackermann, Joachim Berkefeld and Marlies Wagner
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 16, 2016
Objectives: Adult patients with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) are often young but receive serial cranial computer tomography (CCT). To lower their cumulative radiation dose risks, we evaluated applicability of low dose cranial CT (LD-CCT) in the follow-up of ICH patients compared to an initial standard dose cranial CT (SD-CCT). Methods: 53 ICH patients underwent initial SD-CCT (350 mAs/120 kV) and follow-up LD-CCT (either 220 or 240 mAs/120 kV). Iterative reconstruction used for both dose levels...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510014
Jeffry A Siegel, Charles W Pennington, Bill Sacks and James S Welsh
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 28, 2016
The American Lung Association has recently led a national workgroup to develop The National Radon Action Plan: A Strategy for Saving Lives. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the lead governmental organization projected to implement this plan. The stated intent of the plan is to address the 'radon problem' in the United States, with the aim of saving 3,200 lives by the year 2020 through preventing at least a portion of the lung cancer mortality that is assumed to arise from inhali...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510013
Lindsay Rowe, Andra Krauze, John Hanson and Don Yee
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 13, 2016
The addition of thoracic RT to chemotherapy for limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) patients provides improved local control and overall survival. Despite the improved outcomes provided by thoracic RT, LS-SCLC has a high local recurrence rate and low survival after contemporary treatments. Local control rates remain 47% at 2-years, and 5-year overall survival remains 5-10%....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510012
Leonie Pace Vincenti, Anthony Samuel and Francis Zarb
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 02, 2016
To establish radiopharmaceutical standards in a Nuclear Medicine Department in terms of radiochemical purity. Radionuclide standards were assessed in terms of radionuclide and chemical purity as well as pH as part of a quality control (QC) programme. An accurate and complete literature search was conducted identifying the needs, specific tests and resources required for the QC programme....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510011
Mehtap Cavusoglu, Semra Duran, Eda Elverici and Arzu Ozsoy
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 31, 2016
An aberrant internal carotid artery (ICA) in the middle ear is a rare and potentially serious vascular anomaly. Symptoms and signs of aberrant internal carotid artery are often non-specific, therefore radiographic investigation with the combination of CT scan and MRA is required for the diagnosis. It is also essential to inform physicians to avoid disastrous consequences....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510010
Adrian Manescu, Roxana Oancea, Carmen Todea, Laura Cristina Rusu, Serena Mazzoni, Meda Lavinia Negrutiu, Cosmin Sinescu and Alessandra Giuliani
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: March 30, 2016
Laser effects on fracture healing are still controversial and require further quantitative 3D measures of newly formed bone microstructural parameters. We performed a demonstrative investigation, by synchrotron radiation-based phase-contrast microtomography (SR-phc-microCT), on bone regeneration process in rats submitted to femoral osteotomy and treated with low power laser therapy (LPLT)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510009
Abubaker Ali Yousif Alghoul and Muhamad Samudi Yasir
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 30, 2016
The Effectiveness of lower doses of high-LET radiations is not accurately determined by using energy-based physical parameters such as absorbed dose and radio-sensitivity parameters. Therefore, an attempt has been carried out in this research to propose alternative parameter that capable to quantify the effectiveness of these high LET radiations at lower doses regions. The linear energy transfer and mean free path for linear primary ionization are employed as distinct parameters to achieve this ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510008
Assenza M, Rossi D, De Gruttola I, Scala A, Falaschi F and Modini C
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 25, 2016
Bowel obstruction resulting from ovarian masses is a serious complication of these diseases. This may be caused by bulky masses filling the pelvis and the abdomen, and should be carefully worked out by pre-operative imaging because of their non-specific clinical signs that may be confused with those due to other conditions such as: volvulus, cancer or adhesions....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510007
Yessoufou Bakary, Kouame N, Manewa S, Gaimou Ble P, Agoda A-K and N'Goan Domoua AM
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 23, 2015
Neuroblastoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in children. Its abdominal location is the most met (70%) giving an aspect of abdominal-pelvic mass. It raises a problem of differential diagnosis with wilms tumor with which it does not have the same treatment or the same prognosis. Hence the importance of a positive diagnosis and an accurate staging and monitoring of appropriate treatment for which medical imaging plays a major role. It is represented by plain film of the abdomen, ultras...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510006
Jessica B Robbins, Emily F Dunn, Kristin A Bradley, James J Brittin, Alejandro Munoz Del Rio and Elizabeth A Sadowski
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 2, 2015
Cervical cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy in the world, with more than 500,000 cases diagnosed per year. There is a marked disparity in disease incidence and mortality between developed and underdeveloped regions of the world with nearly seventy percent of cases occurring in underdeveloped regions. The annual incidence of cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa is 35/100,000 women with an annual mortality rate of 23/100,000 as compared to an annual incidence of 6.6/100,000 women ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510005
Domenico Lagana, Maria Petulla, Ierardi Anna, Gianpaolo Carrafiello and Oscar Tamburrini
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 25, 2015
This is a case report of an emergency embolization of a left colic aneurysm performed on a 72 year-old woman. The abdominal CTA scan showed a large retroperitoneal hematoma and an aneurysm of a branch of the inferior mesenteric artery. A selective angiography of the inferior mesenteric artery confirmed an aneurysm of the left colic artery. An endovascular ligation was performed with platinum microcoils. The 3-month follow-up confirmed the complete exclusion of the aneurysmatic vessel....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510004
Kembu Nakamoto, Hiroshi Hashiyada, Toshiyuki Fujii, Motohiro Takeshige, Kazuya Yoshida and Kaido Ooishi
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 22, 2015
The major site of bronchial hemorrhage in inflammatory hemoptysis is vessel anastomoses (VA) between pulmonary and systemic arteries. Three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D-CT angio) was applied to depict VA for accurate access in endovascular treatment (EVT) for two patients with bronchiectasis. Fusion of the images of pulmonary and systemic 3D-CT angio visualized VA of potential hemorrhagic bronchi. VA depiction allowed successful EVT for hemoptysis with exclusion of non- respo...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510003
Pierleone Lucatelli, Beatrice Sacconi, Emanuele Arcangelo d'Adamo, Carlo Catalano and Mario Bezzi
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 14, 2015
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is frequently used to treat small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with similar outcome to surgery. The procedure is relatively safe, with low morbidity and mortality rates. The most common major complications are both intra-hepatic (bleeding, abscess and biliary injury) and extra-hepatic (peritoneal bleeding, gastrointestinal perforation, pleural effusion). We report a successfully managed case of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) after RFA of a left liver lob...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510002
Michal Klysik, David Lynch, Nicholas Stence and Kavita Garg
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 30, 2015
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Recently, the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) demonstrated that, relative to chest x-ray, a 20% decrease in mortality was observed for high risk subjects screened with low dose chest CT. Chest CT unavoidably images non-cardiovascular, non-pulmonary organs such as thyroid, adrenals, liver, kidneys and other structures in the upper abdomen. Moreover, when utilizing a low dose screening-chest CT protocol, the images are often noisy an...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510001
Rushani T Samarakoon and Thamara Rajapakse
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 28, 2015
Unilateral renal cystic disease (URCD) is a rare entity with few reported cases. This condition is often misdiagnosed for other cystic renal diseases like autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, cystic dysplastic kidney disease and cystic nephroma. Nevertheless, this is a benign entity with a potential for good prognosis. Imaging features, supported by background clinical and biochemical findings, diagnosis of URCD is possible. A case of URCD is reported here, having diagnosed on imaging f...
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