International Journal of Radiology and Imaging Technology is an open access, peer reviewed journal focused on radiation physics, diagnostic and therapeutic radiology. The main objective of the journal is to promote research and publications globally. The Journal provides a podium for healthcare professionals to contribute their findings and help raise awareness among readers in various aspects of radiation and therapeutic radiology. We aim to publish highest quality clinical content via open access platform providing the readers free, immediate and unlimited access.
International Journal of Radiology and Imaging Technology is an open journal that publishes on Breast Imaging, Cardiovascular Imaging, Chest Radiology, Computed Tomography, Diagnostic Imaging, Gastrointestinal Imaging, Genitourinary, Radiology, Head & Neck, Imaging Sciences, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Musculoskeletal Radiology, Neuroimaging and Head & Neck, Neuro-Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, Pediatric Imaging, Positron Emission Tomography, Radiation Oncology, Radiation Oncology, Ultrasound, X-ray Radiography, etc. Original Article, Reviews, Mini Reviews, Short Communications, Case Reports, Clinical Image, Perspectives/Opinions, Letters, Short Note and Commentaries are accepted for publication. All articles published in the journal are subject to a rigorous peer review process. It encourages authors to publish their experimental and theoretical results in detail to disseminate the updated research findings.
Articles Search by Keyword | Journal title | Author name | DOI
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510036
Joao Cruz, Lameiras R, Figueiredo F, Costa J, Lourenço R and Ramalho M
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 06, 2018
Mycotic or infected aneurysms (MA) are rare, accounting for only 1-3% of all arterial aneurysms, and usually affect major arteries. Visceral MA are the least frequent and most commonly involve the superior mesenteric artery. MA are associated with a high morbidity and mortality, estimated in 19% within 6 months of diagnosis despite surgical or endovascular intervention....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510035
David Collin and Jan H Gothlin
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 06, 2018
A study cohort of 418 patients examined by pelvic MRI for non-trauma reasons without osteoporosis or systemic disease was collected and independently reviewed by two musculoskeletal radiologists. There were 173 males with mean age of 67 years (range 50-92) and 245 females with mean age 66 (range 50-90). Overall mean age was 67 years (range 50-92). The patients were grouped according to age and gender. 170 patients were in the age interval 70-92. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510034
Jingmei Wang, Sun Yun and Tom V Sanchez
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 23, 2018
Bone age assessments are generally done using radiography of the hand and wrist to compare the child's maturity to known standards. While a valuable study, a traditional bone age study is not very reflective of short term change. DXA is proposed as able to more precisely reflect both absolute assessments and short-term changes in maturation. The current study compares radiographic with Norland bone age assessments to compare studies and sensitivi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510033
Ming-Wei Xie, Zi-Liang Cheng, Hai-Yan Wang, Guang-Zi Shi, Hui-Jun Hu, Zhi-Long Yi, Wan-Shao Lin and Zhuo Wu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 04, 2018
Basal cell Adenoma (BCA) is an uncommon, benign epithelial tumor of the parotid gland, accounting for approximately 1%-3% of all parotid gland benign tumors. Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) and Warthin tumor (WT) are the other two most popular benign parotid gland tumors. BCA is the third most common benign parotid tumors, following WT and PA....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510032
Patrick J Chiarolanzio, Cristy N French, Nicole C Williams and Stephanie A Bernard
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 18, 2018
A 53-year-old male with end-stage alcoholic liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension presented with hepatic encephalopathy as well as painful ambulation due to a mass on the medial aspect of his knee. The mass was first noted several months prior, concomitant with his presentation of decompensated liver failure. As a part of the pre-transplant work-up, multimodality imaging evaluation of the medial knee mass was completed and revealed a high-flow ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510031
Justin E Hellwinkel, Ryan P Farmer, Austin Heare, Joshua Smith, Nathan Donaldson, Michael Faddell and Travis Heare
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 24, 2018
Synovial sarcoma is a misleading term initially coined in reference to its pathological appearance that mimics synovium in its early stage of development. In reality, Synovial Sarcoma (SS) is a rare malignant neoplasm, which accounts for only 2.5 - 10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. Peak incidence of SS occurs in the third decade of life, and 30% of cases occur in children and adolescents younger than 20 years of age. Although synovial sarcoma is m...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510030
Giuseppe Bruschi, Fesc Paola Colombo, Bruno Merlanti, Diana Artioli, Stefano Nava, Francesco Soriano, Oriana Belli, Francesco Musca, Luca Botta, Giuseppe Tata, Ettore Colombo, Fabrizio Oliva and Claudio F Russo
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 30, 2017
Retrograde femoral implantation is considered the less invasive approach for TAVI, however TAVI patients are also often affected by severe iliac-femoral arteriopathy, rendering the trans-femoral approach either unemployable or are deemed to carry a high risk of vascular injury....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510029
Marco Andolfi, Riccardo Girotto, Nicolò Schicchi, Gaia Goteri and Majed Refai
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 25, 2017
Castleman's Disease (CD) is a rare benign lymphoproliferative disorder of uncertain origin which most commonly involves the mediastinum but rarely affects the axilla. We report a case of voluminous axillary unicentral CD, detected due to palpation of a painless mass in the left axilla in a healthy 32-year-old woman....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510028
Michaela Cellina, Marcello Alessandro Orsi, Chiara Floridi, Giulia Van Der Byl and Giancarlo Oliva
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 12, 2017
We report a rare case of double Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm with multiple foci of adenocarcinoma originating from duodenal and gastric heterotopic pancreatic tissue, associated with gastric duplication and intestinal malrotation....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510027
Marie Poirier-Quinot, Ingrid Leguerney, Ludovic De Rochefort, Stéphanie Pitre-Champagnat, Xavier Violas, Sandra Robin, Rose-Marie Dubuisson, Jean-Christophe Ginefri, Philippe Robert, Luc Darrasse and Nathalie Lassau
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 11, 2017
Seeking out and identifying imaging biomarkers for early cancer diagnosis and the evaluation of patient response to therapy requires an improvement in the specificity of imaging techniques. This study explores in vivo neo-angiogenesis assessment using molecular mechanisms through target molecular Magnetic Resonance (MR) and Ultrasound (US)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510026
Mustafa Khanbhai, Rita Borgen and Richard Dobrashian
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 01, 2017
Best practice guidelines suggest that patients < 25 years with ultrasound diagnosis of fibroadenoma, biopsy can be avoided if certain radiological criteria are satisfied. There is a cohort of patients < 35 years with ultrasound features suggestive of fibroadenoma who are being exposed to unnecessary biopsies....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510025
Lale Pasaoglu, Dinara Mamedova, Ugur Toprak and Gul Hatipoglu
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 21, 2017
Radiotherapy is a treatment option for nasopharyngeal cancer. However, ionizing radiation may lead to development of secondary malignancies. In this case report, we will present a case of radiation-induced osteosarcoma of the maxilla and synchronous oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer following treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer. History, latency period, physical examinations, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy results are ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510024
Min Cao, Ying Gao, Xiaoying Wang and Xuedong Yang
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 17, 2017
Aggressive Angiomyxoma (AA) is a kind of rare, low grade myofibroblastic neoplasm with high risk of local recurrence mainly for the character of locally aggressive and misdiagnosis as other soft tissue mass in the pelvis. The "laminated or swirled sign" of swirled strands of low-signal intensities in T2WI is the diagnostic sign for the layered configuration of AA....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510023
Nicholas D Patchett, Sumeet Pawar, Aaron Sverdlov and Edward J Miller
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: February 25, 2017
Advances in myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), including CT attenuation correction (CTAC) and advanced image reconstruction algorithms, result in improved image quality, thus reducing equivocal or false positive results. This theoretically decreases the need for downstream testing; however, there is limited access to these technologies due to their costs and the magnitude of benefit remains unclear. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510022
Robert J Bert, William Colantoni III, Douglas E Ney, Denise M Damek, Bette K Kleinschmidt-DeMasters and Manuel Thomas Borges
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: February 24, 2017
MR dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion (DSC) has demonstrated utility in the evaluation of follow-up malignant CNS neoplasms. Preliminary studies suggest Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) perfusion may be equivalent for this purpose. Using a retroprospective, blinded test design, we compared interpretations of ASL and DSC in tumor follow-up....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510021
Roy Hajjar, Patrick Gilbert, Marie-France Giroux, Frank Schwenter and Herawaty Sebajang
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 12, 2017
An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the inferior mesenteric artery is a rare entity that could be associated with ischemia. We present the case of a 54-year-old male with ischemic colitis after an acute episode of Campylobacter jejuni colitis. A computed tomography (CT) angiography confirmed the presence of an AVM in the inferior mesenteric vascular region, probably causing the ischemia through a steal phenomenon. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510020
Hansel J Otero, Asef B Khwaja, Maria A Bedoya, Nancy Chauvin, Kassa Darge and Sudha A Anupindi
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: January 09, 2017
22 patients with liver lesions evaluated on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI were selected. Two reviewers assigned a diagnosis and stratified the hepatobiliary images as: 1) High utility; 2) Potential utility; or 3) No utility. 95% of assigned diagnoses were correct with almost-perfect agreement (κ = 0.92). Hepatobiliary images were deemed useful by at least one reviewer in 82% cases with moderate agreement (k = 0.48)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510019
Tatjana Gruber-Rouh, Nagy N N Naguib, Martin Beeres, Benjamin Kaltenbach, Thomas J Vogl and Nour-Eldin A Nour-Eldin
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: November 26, 2016
Objective: The study aimed at evaluating the local tumor control, survival data and prognostic factors following treatment with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in the palliative therapy of patients with liver metastases from non-small-lung-cancer (NSCLC). Material and methods: The study was retrospectively performed following approval of the ethical committee. 56 patients (mean age, 53.4 years) with liver metastases of NSCLC (Stage IV) und...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510018
Adebunmi O Adeyiga and Anjum N Bandarkar
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 24, 2016
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), also referred to as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (SHML), is a rareproliferative disorder of phagocytic histiocytes of unknown etiology. Systemic RDD most typically presents as painless cervical lymphadenopathy with constitutional symptoms. Extranodal involvement by RDD has been reported in nearly half of all cases, including skin, head/neck and upper respiratory tract....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510017
Pardeep Mittal, Courtney C Moreno, Jianhai Li, Kenneth Newell, William E Torres and William Small
Article Type: Retrospective Review | First Published: July 19, 2016
Introduction: A retrospective review of patients who underwent preoperative Computed Tomographic Angiography (CTA) prior to living laparoscopic renal donation was performed. Image quality and accuracy were compared at 120 and 100 kVp tube energies with respect to quantitative image parameters and prediction of surgical findings. Material and methods: A total of 193 patients were reviewed, all of whom underwent laparoscopic donor nephrectomy with ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510016
Khalid G Alsafi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 18, 2016
The aim of this study was to evaluate radiation protection techniques in computed tomography (CT) scanning, address concerns on the increased population exposure during CT procedures, and provide a review on dose management and optimization procedures. Radiation protection in CT requires regular dose surveys and optimization of CT exposure parameters, establishing and/or implementing diagnostic references (DRLs), implementation of a comprehensive...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510015
Stella Blasel, Luisa Huck, Juergen Konczalla, Stephanie Lescher, Hanns Ackermann, Joachim Berkefeld and Marlies Wagner
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 16, 2016
Objectives: Adult patients with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) are often young but receive serial cranial computer tomography (CCT). To lower their cumulative radiation dose risks, we evaluated applicability of low dose cranial CT (LD-CCT) in the follow-up of ICH patients compared to an initial standard dose cranial CT (SD-CCT). Methods: 53 ICH patients underwent initial SD-CCT (350 mAs/120 kV) and follow-up LD-CCT (either 220 or 240 mAs/120 kV). ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510014
Jeffry A Siegel, Charles W Pennington, Bill Sacks and James S Welsh
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 28, 2016
The American Lung Association has recently led a national workgroup to develop The National Radon Action Plan: A Strategy for Saving Lives. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the lead governmental organization projected to implement this plan. The stated intent of the plan is to address the 'radon problem' in the United States, with the aim of saving 3,200 lives by the year 2020 through preventing at least a portion of the lung can...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510013
Lindsay Rowe, Andra Krauze, John Hanson and Don Yee
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 13, 2016
The addition of thoracic RT to chemotherapy for limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) patients provides improved local control and overall survival. Despite the improved outcomes provided by thoracic RT, LS-SCLC has a high local recurrence rate and low survival after contemporary treatments. Local control rates remain 47% at 2-years, and 5-year overall survival remains 5-10%....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510012
Leonie Pace Vincenti, Anthony Samuel and Francis Zarb
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 02, 2016
To establish radiopharmaceutical standards in a Nuclear Medicine Department in terms of radiochemical purity. Radionuclide standards were assessed in terms of radionuclide and chemical purity as well as pH as part of a quality control (QC) programme. An accurate and complete literature search was conducted identifying the needs, specific tests and resources required for the QC programme....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510011
Mehtap Cavusoglu, Semra Duran, Eda Elverici and Arzu Ozsoy
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 31, 2016
An aberrant internal carotid artery (ICA) in the middle ear is a rare and potentially serious vascular anomaly. Symptoms and signs of aberrant internal carotid artery are often non-specific, therefore radiographic investigation with the combination of CT scan and MRA is required for the diagnosis. It is also essential to inform physicians to avoid disastrous consequences....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510010
Adrian Manescu, Roxana Oancea, Carmen Todea, Laura Cristina Rusu, Serena Mazzoni, Meda Lavinia Negrutiu, Cosmin Sinescu and Alessandra Giuliani
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: March 30, 2016
Laser effects on fracture healing are still controversial and require further quantitative 3D measures of newly formed bone microstructural parameters. We performed a demonstrative investigation, by synchrotron radiation-based phase-contrast microtomography (SR-phc-microCT), on bone regeneration process in rats submitted to femoral osteotomy and treated with low power laser therapy (LPLT)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510009
Abubaker Ali Yousif Alghoul and Muhamad Samudi Yasir
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 30, 2016
The Effectiveness of lower doses of high-LET radiations is not accurately determined by using energy-based physical parameters such as absorbed dose and radio-sensitivity parameters. Therefore, an attempt has been carried out in this research to propose alternative parameter that capable to quantify the effectiveness of these high LET radiations at lower doses regions. The linear energy transfer and mean free path for linear primary ionization ar...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510008
Assenza M, Rossi D, De Gruttola I, Scala A, Falaschi F and Modini C
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 25, 2016
Bowel obstruction resulting from ovarian masses is a serious complication of these diseases. This may be caused by bulky masses filling the pelvis and the abdomen, and should be carefully worked out by pre-operative imaging because of their non-specific clinical signs that may be confused with those due to other conditions such as: volvulus, cancer or adhesions....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510007
Yessoufou Bakary, Kouame N, Manewa S, Gaimou Ble P, Agoda A-K and N'Goan Domoua AM
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 23, 2015
Neuroblastoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in children. Its abdominal location is the most met (70%) giving an aspect of abdominal-pelvic mass. It raises a problem of differential diagnosis with wilms tumor with which it does not have the same treatment or the same prognosis. Hence the importance of a positive diagnosis and an accurate staging and monitoring of appropriate treatment for which medical imaging plays a major role. It i...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510006
Jessica B Robbins, Emily F Dunn, Kristin A Bradley, James J Brittin, Alejandro Munoz Del Rio and Elizabeth A Sadowski
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 2, 2015
Cervical cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy in the world, with more than 500,000 cases diagnosed per year. There is a marked disparity in disease incidence and mortality between developed and underdeveloped regions of the world with nearly seventy percent of cases occurring in underdeveloped regions. The annual incidence of cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa is 35/100,000 women with an annual mortality rate of 23/100,000 as com...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510005
Domenico Lagana, Maria Petulla, Ierardi Anna, Gianpaolo Carrafiello and Oscar Tamburrini
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 25, 2015
This is a case report of an emergency embolization of a left colic aneurysm performed on a 72 year-old woman. The abdominal CTA scan showed a large retroperitoneal hematoma and an aneurysm of a branch of the inferior mesenteric artery. A selective angiography of the inferior mesenteric artery confirmed an aneurysm of the left colic artery. An endovascular ligation was performed with platinum microcoils. The 3-month follow-up confirmed the complet...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510004
Kembu Nakamoto, Hiroshi Hashiyada, Toshiyuki Fujii, Motohiro Takeshige, Kazuya Yoshida and Kaido Ooishi
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 22, 2015
The major site of bronchial hemorrhage in inflammatory hemoptysis is vessel anastomoses (VA) between pulmonary and systemic arteries. Three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D-CT angio) was applied to depict VA for accurate access in endovascular treatment (EVT) for two patients with bronchiectasis. Fusion of the images of pulmonary and systemic 3D-CT angio visualized VA of potential hemorrhagic bronchi. VA depiction allowed successf...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510003
Pierleone Lucatelli, Beatrice Sacconi, Emanuele Arcangelo d'Adamo, Carlo Catalano and Mario Bezzi
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 14, 2015
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is frequently used to treat small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with similar outcome to surgery. The procedure is relatively safe, with low morbidity and mortality rates. The most common major complications are both intra-hepatic (bleeding, abscess and biliary injury) and extra-hepatic (peritoneal bleeding, gastrointestinal perforation, pleural effusion). We report a successfully managed case of spontaneous bacteri...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510002
Michal Klysik, David Lynch, Nicholas Stence and Kavita Garg
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 30, 2015
Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Recently, the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) demonstrated that, relative to chest x-ray, a 20% decrease in mortality was observed for high risk subjects screened with low dose chest CT. Chest CT unavoidably images non-cardiovascular, non-pulmonary organs such as thyroid, adrenals, liver, kidneys and other structures in the upper abdomen. Moreover, when utilizing a low dose screenin...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510001
Rushani T Samarakoon and Thamara Rajapakse
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 28, 2015
Unilateral renal cystic disease (URCD) is a rare entity with few reported cases. This condition is often misdiagnosed for other cystic renal diseases like autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, cystic dysplastic kidney disease and cystic nephroma. Nevertheless, this is a benign entity with a potential for good prognosis. Imaging features, supported by background clinical and biochemical findings, diagnosis of URCD is possible. A case of UR...
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