Current Approaches in Myofunctional Orthodontics
Begum Gokce and Burcak Kaya
Article Type: Short Review | First Published: September 30, 2016
Functional matrix theory is the most widely accepted theory of craniofacial growth recently. Moss and Salentijn, have suggested that the craniofacial growth is the result of the changes in functional matrix. Accordingly, neither bone nor cartilage is responsible for the growth of the craniofacial skeleton. The growth of the face, is formed by the growth of the soft tissues as a result of functional requirements. The soft tissues grow; and bone and cartilage react....
The Effects of an Audible Low Frequency Acoustic Waveform on Osteoarthritis: A Pilot Study
Harvey W Wallmann and William R VanWye
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 15, 2016
Osteoarthritis (OA), referred to as degenerative joint disease, affects over 30 million U.S. adults, accounting for billions of dollars spent on joint replacements and lost work. Modifiable risk factors for developing OA include excessive body mass, joint injury, muscle weakness, and occupation as well as non-modifiable factors such as female gender, increasing age, and genetic predisposition....
The Chondral Tissue and PRP. Theory to Support the Use
Marcus Vinicius Danieli
Article Type: Short Review | First Published: September 12, 2016
The hyaline cartilage structure is very complex, with few cells, and without blood and lymphatic vessels or nerves. This makes the healing potential very limited. Knee cartilage injuries are very common, and its treatment is a major challenge. Surgical options available nowadays like chondroplasty, microfractures, mosaicplasty and autologous chondrocyte transplantation still doesn't have satisfactory results, mainly in long term....
A Longitudinal Study of the Prediction of Pathologic Spinal Fractures in Multiple Myeloma with Trabecular Microarchitecture and CT-Based Finite Element Analyses
Miyuki Takasu, Chihiro Tani, Yoko Kaichi, Baba Yasutaka, Chikako Fujioka, Masao Kiguchi, Kumi Oshima, Yoshiaki Kuroda, Akira Sakai, Tatsuo Ichinohe and Kazuo Awai
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: August 16, 2016
A total of 22 vertebral bodies from 14 patients with multiple myeloma were examined by 64-detector row CT prior to follow-up CT that showed new pathologic spinal fractures. Tissue bone mineral density (tBMD), trabecular parameters, and mechanical properties were calculated for three vertebrae, comprising a vertebra that would become fractured and the two adjacent vertebrae. Areas of lytic lesions were also obtained in the axial images containing the largest lytic lesions....
Developmental Insights into Osteoarthritis Increase the Applicability of New Animal Models
Brunt LH, Kague E and Hammond CL
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 14, 2016
Osteoarthritis (OA) is an increasingly common degenerative joint condition, estimated to affect more than 100 million people worldwide and more than 40% of people over 70 years of age. There is currently no pharmacological cure. The genetic contribution to osteoarthritis is estimated at between 39 and 60% in knee and hip OA respectively and a number of Genome Wide association studies have identified a number of alleles and loci that confer increased susceptibility to OA....