Social Influences of Teachers, Classmates, and Parents on Children's Commitment to Physical Education and Language Education
Derwin KC Chan, Karen CH Lo and Felix Cheung
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 30, 2019
This study aims to examine the social influences of teachers, classmates and parents (i.e., positive reinforcement and punishment) on childrens commitment to physical education (PE) and language education (LE). Children from the UK (N = 614; Mean age = 13.05, SD = 2.01) completed the Perceived Social Influence Scale (Chan, et al. 2012), and also measures of competence, enjoyment, and effort in either the PE or LE context. Multi-group structural equation modelling (CFI = 0.97-0.98; TLI = 0.96-0.9...
School Education Program in Asthma and Allergic Diseases: PIPA and VIDA in Uruguaiana, Brazil
Marilyn Urrutia-Pereira and Dirceu Sole
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 14, 2019
Children and adolescents spend a lot of time in school where it is possible that critical allergic episodes occur. Also, there is some lack of knowledge of staff and teachers about how to assist a child in an emergency situation, especially if he or she is having an allergic reaction to something. Due to the need to improve care, knowledge, monitoring, and education regarding asthma, the Children's Asthma Prevention Program (Programa Infantil de Prevenção de Asma, PIPA) was implemented along w...
Distracted Driving Prevention Requires More than Just Legislation: Preliminary Results of a Cross-Sectional Survey
Santa Ponce, Will Pho, Cathy Farr and Ruby Skinner
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 04, 2019
This work, along with the vast amount of attention surrounding distracted driving led our research team to explore the behavioral and psychological characteristics of people that predispose them to risky behaviors and driving with distractions such as texting or mobile phone use. Our primary objective in this preliminary work is to characterize patterns of distracted behavior among adult drivers and to potentially identify high-risk subsets of our population to target prevention efforts. Based o...
Health Care Delivery in India - SWOT Analyses
S. Anuradha and Dhastagir Sultan Sheriff
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 02, 2019
Healthcare in India is undergoing a change that will meet the demands of the citizens from the village to the metropolitan city level. The National Health policy announced in 2017 is focused on "wellness" of patients and guarantees healthcare with suitable insurance to cover from primary to tertiary care. Ayushman Bharat Mission is a policy that promotes healthcare with a center-state co-operation. Program Indra Dhanush aims to cover immunization of children in rural and urban areas including th...
Out of a Silo, Into Everyday Healthcare: Nutrition Inclusion in Medicine
Julie Babyar, RN MPH
Article Type: Narrative Review | First Published: June 12, 2019
Nutrition science is currently viewed as part of healthcare, in a separate silo Nutrition science is currently not fully integrated into medicine. Food safety, malnutrition, access and quality issues, chronic conditions and obesity are all components of nutritional health, nutritional health is not viewed as a specialty partner with everyday presence. Additionally, research on nutrition is unorganized and lacking....
Marriage and Fertility Issues: Ethical Dilemma Faced by Gay with HIV/AIDS in the Context of Chinese Culture
Lin Zhang, Lei Shen, Wei-Ti Chen, Meiyan Sun, Wenxiu Sun, Zheng Zhu and Hongzhou Lu
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 06, 2019
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a kind of serious infectious disease caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In the report of World AIDS Day of 2015, the UNAIDS estimated that there are 3690 million HIV affected people and AIDS patients, including 200 million people newly infected with HIV and 1.2 million AIDS-related death that year. There are 15.8 million people living with HIV were accessing antiretroviral therapy as of June 2015. According to the latest AIDS report: by the...
Risk of Legionellosis from Exposure to Water Aerosol from Industrial Cooling Tower
Margita Spalekova, Martina Kotrbancova, Miriam Fulova and Danka Simonyiova
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 05, 2019
Community-acquired cases of Legionella infection or even outbreaks can be attributed to inhalation of aerosols from devices such as hot water system, cooling towers, hot tubs, industrial equipment and indoor fountains. Legionellae survive in water in temperatures between 20°C and 50°C and tend to colonize particularly water systems rich of sludge, rust, biofilms and amoebae where they can multiply. Cooling towers (CT) in industry are used as heat-transfer devices in which warm water is...
Being Unprepared for Nuclear Terrorism Would Lead to Panic and Fear in America
Robert Cancro, Kenneth Blum and Eric R Braverman
Article Type: Perspective Type | First Published: April 06, 2019
Chernobyl demonstrated that iodine-131 (131I) released in a nuclear accident can cause malignant thyroid nodules to develop in children within a 300 mile radius of the incident. Timely potassium iodide (KI) administration can prevent the development of thyroid cancer and the American Thyroid Association (ATA) and a number of United States governmental agencies recommend KI prophylaxis. Current pre-distribution of KI by the United States government and other governments with nuclear reactors is p...