International Archives of Public Health and Community Medicine is an open access, peer-reviewed journal with an aim of providing the most trusted scientifically authentic information to support the latest logical scientific initiatives and advancements in medical and clinical sciences which focuses on population groups and communities as opposed to individual patients. The journals main focus is promoting flawless, unbiased research information and data, by preserving utmost transparency in accordance with international publishing standards.
The journal is intended to share and explore wide range of topics including but not limited to adolescent and child health, basic epidemiology, behavioral health, biostatistics and health services, community health, community medicine, community mental health service, environmental medicine, essentials of management, gender and health, health economics, immunization, insurance medicine, issues in public health, media in public health, nutrition and health, occupational health, occupational medicine, population health, public health, public policy, research methodology, scientific communication & aids, social awareness, social health, strategic management, etc.
All the quality submissions submitted shall be screened under the stringent peer review process and selectively published upon acceptance by the editorial team.
Articles Search by Keyword | Journal title | Author name | DOI
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710023
Julie Babyar, RN MPH
Article Type: Narrative Review | First Published: June 12, 2019
Nutrition science is currently viewed as part of healthcare, in a separate silo Nutrition science is currently not fully integrated into medicine. Food safety, malnutrition, access and quality issues, chronic conditions and obesity are all components of nutritional health, nutritional health is not viewed as a specialty partner with everyday presence. Additionally, research on nutrition is unorganized and lacking....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710022
Gazimbi MM, Magadi MA and Kruger C
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 08, 2019
Although both traditional and medical male circumcision are now being promoted as part of strategies for HIV prevention in Africa, particularly in countries with low circumcision prevalence, there are debates on the efficacy of male circumcision in the prevention of HIV at both individual and population levels....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710021
Lin Zhang, Lei Shen, Wei-Ti Chen, Meiyan Sun, Wenxiu Sun, Zheng Zhu and Hongzhou Lu
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 06, 2019
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) is a kind of serious infectious disease caused by Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV). In the report of World AIDS Day of 2015, the UNAIDS estimated that there are 3690 million HIV affected people and AIDS patients, including 200 million people newly infected with HIV and 1.2 million AIDS-related death that year. There are 15.8 million people living with HIV were accessing antiretroviral therapy as of June 2015. According to the latest AIDS report: by the...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4512/1710020
Margita Spalekova, Martina Kotrbancova, Miriam Fulova and Danka Simonyiova
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 05, 2019
Community-acquired cases of Legionella infection or even outbreaks can be attributed to inhalation of aerosols from devices such as hot water system, cooling towers, hot tubs, industrial equipment and indoor fountains. Legionellae survive in water in temperatures between 20°C and 50°C and tend to colonize particularly water systems rich of sludge, rust, biofilms and amoebae where they can multiply. Cooling towers (CT) in industry are used as heat-transfer devices in which warm water is...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/IAPHCM-2017/1710019
Kunthea Soch, B POCH and Chanbora Chea
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 24, 2019
Cambodian Ministry of Health (MoH) is working towards the elimination of mother-to-child transmission (eMTCT) of HIV by 2025. According to national policy, following the antiretroviral therapy for HIV-positive pregnant women (PW), HIV-exposed infants (HEI) are given antiretroviral prophylaxis for six weeks (PMTCT Guideline 2011), followed by a first PCR test (PCR1) and cotrimoxazole (CTX) prophylaxis at six weeks of age, and later followed with a...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/IAPHCM-2017/1710018
Robert Cancro, Kenneth Blum and Eric R Braverman
Article Type: Perspective Type | First Published: April 06, 2019
Chernobyl demonstrated that iodine-131 (131I) released in a nuclear accident can cause malignant thyroid nodules to develop in children within a 300 mile radius of the incident. Timely potassium iodide (KI) administration can prevent the development of thyroid cancer and the American Thyroid Association (ATA) and a number of United States governmental agencies recommend KI prophylaxis. Current pre-distribution of KI by the United States government and other governments with nuclear reactors is p...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710017
Carmen Smotherman, Lori Bilello, Katryne Lukens-Bull, Julie Merten and Saran Wells
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: January 07, 2019
Prescriptions for opioid medications has increased during the past two decades. In 2016, there were 17,087 deaths involving prescription opioids, or approximately 46 deaths per day. This is a significant increase from 15,281 in 2015 (p < 0.05). The use of injectable opioids are often associated with skin infections, such as Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The purpose of this study is to examine the association between opioid d...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710016
Stephen H Linder, Anna-Maria Volkmann, Tami Wisniewski, Louise Hesseldal and A David Napier
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 31, 2018
Linder SH, Anna-Maria V, Wisniewski T, Hesseldal L, Napier AD (2018) Understanding Social and Cultural Factors Associated with Composite Vulnerability to Better Inform Community Intervention Strategies: Cities Changing Diabetes in Houston. Int Arch Public Health Community Med 2:016....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710015
Abdulrahman Mohammed Al Muammar, Zakiuddin Ahmed and Abdullah M. Aldahmash
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 15, 2018
Amidst the background of numerous challenges confronting the healthcare sector (such as rising costs, chronic disease upsurge and issues related to patient safety), this narrative review aims to shed light on the opportunities provided by patient-centered care and technology use as a means to improve and reshape the healthcare sector. The evolution of technology use in healthcare from telemedicine to the present era of connected health is highlig...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710014
Chrishantha Abeysena and Harshana Bandara
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 24, 2018
Consumption of alcohol, tobacco and illicit narcotics affects the quality of life among mental health patients. The objective of this study was to describe prevalence of alcohol, tobacco and illicit narcotic substances usage and associated factors among patients attending mental health clinics. Alcohol usage was higher among mental health patients. Being a male patient, alcohol consumption of caregiver and high family income were associated with alcohol usage of patients. Usage of those substanc...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710013
Chrishantha Abeysena and Champa Hapugoda
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 22, 2018
Visual impairment is reduction in the vision. It is a worldwide health problem in both developing and developed countries. According to World Health Organization (WHO), visual impairment includes low vision and blindness. Blindness is defined as visual acuity of less than 3/60 in the better eye with best correction. Low vision is defined as visual acuity of less than 6/18, but equal to or better than 3/60, in the better eye with best correction. In 2010, WHO estimated that there were 285 million...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710012
Mohana Faroug Attia
Article Type: Orginal Research | First Published: October 27, 2018
In Sudan, obesity is increasing at an alarming rate especially in urban areas, becoming a social and medical concern. In pregnancy, overweight is associated with high risk of maternal death and many significant complications. Varied research and papers have also reported an increased risk of abnormality in offspring of obese and overweight pregnant woman. At the same time, carrying out an ultrasound examination on obese pregnant woman is a diffic...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/IAPHCM-2017/1710011
Victor HH Goh
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 29, 2018
Total body composition and bone scans were analyzed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). Exercise intensity scores were computed using the Metabolic Equivalent of Task (MET). Handgrip strength was measured using a dynamometer. Various hormones and metabolic parameters were measured and cognition function tests and data regarding general health and sexual functions were collected....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710010
Alessandra De Rose and Roberto Verna
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 22, 2018
This report contains the main results of a quantitative research aimed at testing, through the administration of multiple-level questionnaires- patients (n = 2500) and physicians (n = 100), a simple tool for detecting the individual perception of recurrence and the severity of the symptom of headaches and how it is dealt with in terms of drug use and the use of appropriate reference health structures (general practitioner and headache centers). T...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710009
Sarah Callahan and Leonard A Jason
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 25, 2018
Drug use and recovery have received considerable attention from social scientists over the past few decades. Earlier theoretical explanations of drug abuse evaluated constructionist paradigms of stratification, labeling, and Marxist theories. However, many studies involving heroin use continue to focus on person-centered risk factors surrounding use and, to a lesser extent, recovery processes....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710008
Aldof Tah Yoah, Jerome Fru-Cho, Emmanuel Kah, Ernest Njukang, Franklin Sevidzem Wirsiy, Christian Tetteh Duamor and Theresa Nkuo-Akenji
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 19, 2018
Malaria is an acute febrile disease caused by infection of the red blood cells with intracellular protozoan parasites of the genus Plasmodium. The parasites are inoculated into the human host by feeding female Anopheles mosquitoes. Malaria infection during pregnancy presents significant risks for the pregnant woman, the developing foetus and the newborn infant....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710007
Lauren Harrison and Mary B Short
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 18, 2018
Common childhood sicknesses, such as infections, colds, stomachaches, and headaches are inevitable for all children. The influence parents have on their sick children has been well studied in chronic illness populations; however, few studies have examined these associations among general sickness conditions in children. This study examined how parental accommodations and other parental variables affected frequency of sickness and functioning during sickness in children. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710006
Victor M Aziz, Natalie Hill and Danika Rafferty
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 07, 2018
Psychiatric training consists of core psychiatry training for three years during which trainees has to pass the College membership examination MRCPsych before they enter the Old Age Psychiatry specialty training for further 3 years. The curriculum for specialist training in Old Age Psychiatry is being reviewed by the Old Age Faculty of the Royal College of Psychiatrists....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710005
Angel G Polanco Rodriguez
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: February 24, 2018
Actually, it is important the water conservation to prevent high impact on the public health, as well as the application of the environmental regulations, especially when there is a high fragility for water pollution in the ecosystem, particularly in developing countries. Throughout the world, there are rules and regulations that indicate the Maximum Permitted Limits of organochlorine pesticides (OCP) residues in water, which must be monitored so that the water quality does not exceed these limi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710004
Meers JM, Short MB, Zimet GD, Rosenthal SL and Auslander BA
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 30, 2017
HPV vaccination is recommended for all adolescents aged 11 and 12; however, parental hesitancy about HPV vaccination contributes to lower than anticipated rates of uptake. Recommendations from healthcare providers are associated with increased parental vaccine intentions and uptake, but many providers fail to deliver strong recommendations. We sought to describe provider-parent communications about HPV vaccination in a sample of vaccine-hesitant parents....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710003
Timothy Waje, Anthony John Dadah, Muhammad Yusha'u and Chanu Iliyasu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 16, 2017
Hepatitis A infection formerly called infectious hepatitis is caused by the Hepatitis A Virus. The infection is transmitted primarily via the fecal-oral route through contaminated foods or drinks. The Virus poses a significant threat to public health because of its ability to cause fulminant hepatitis which still remains a point of concern....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/IAPHCM-2017/1710002
Jerry Y Du, Alexander Aichmair, Joshua E Schroeder, Paul D Kiely, Joseph T Nguyen and Darren R Lebl
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 18, 2017
Neck Pain (NP) and Low Back Pain (LBP) are among the top four major causes of disability. There is a paucity of data regarding the prevalence and Quality of Life (QOL) issues associated with NP and LBP in American medical students. The aim of the present study was to characterize NP and LBP in American medical students....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaphcm-2017/1710001
Palak K Patel, Matthew Perri and Randall L Tackett
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 29, 2017
Using the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results Medicare-linked database, a total of 6,868 patients aged â‰¥ 66 years diagnosed with low risk localized prostate cancer in the year 2004 and 2005 were identified. Patients who received either immediate or delayed treatment (> 6 months after diagnosis) were followed for 5-years to determine toxicities and survival. ...
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