International Journal of

Respiratory and Pulmonary MedicineISSN: 2378-3516

Early Online

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410185

Effectiveness of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Adults

James A Wright

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 13, 2023

With patients for whom it is difficult or near impossible to maintain adequate oxygenation by conventional means, it may become necessary to oxygenate the blood outside the body. One method used with moderate success is the procedure of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of ECMO in adult patients suffering from conditions associated with respiratory failure that is refractory to conventional means of treatment....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410184

Effectiveness of Prone Positioning versus Supine Positioning in Patients Suffering from Refractory ARDS: A Meta-Analysis

James A Wright

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 25, 2023

Prone positioning (PP) was advocated more than 40 years ago as a means of improving the oxygenation status in patients exhibiting acute respiratory failure (ARF) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The purpose of this meta-analysis is to determine if prone positioning (PP) is a more effective way of treating ARDS patients than supine positioning (SP) in patients that are refractory to conventional mechanical ventilation....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410183

Methylene Blue Instillation for the Evaluation of Bronchopleural Fistula

Lorijn Verbrugghe, MD and Peter Driesen, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 21, 2023

A bronchopleural fistula (BPF) is a pathologic communication between a bronchus and the pleural space. BPF has a high morbidity and mortality, therefore a timely diagnosis is of great importance. Methylene Blue has been used for the localization of BPF for decades and although other diagnostic tools are available, it remains favorable because it is widely available, safe and easy to perform. In this case report we would like to stress the ongoing relevance of this diagnostic method by presenting...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410182

Intravenous Immunoglobulin Therapy for Maintenance Therapy of Interstitial Lung Disease Due to Antisynthetase Syndrome

Angad Deengar, MD and Rahul Mutneja, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 03, 2022

Antisynthetase syndrome (AS) is a rare autoimmune condition characterized by fever, Raynaud’s phenomenon, hyperkeratosis, inflammatory polyarthritis, and interstitial lung disease (ILD). The development of ILD in patients with antisynthetase syndrome (AS-ILD) portends a poor prognosis to an already rare and difficult to diagnose autoimmune disorder. We present the case of a 67-year-old Caucasian male who initially presented for evaluation of an abnormal chest radiograph, taken a few weeks afte...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410181

Investigation of Sirtuins-1 and Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 Levels in the Bronchiectasis Patients

Deniz Kuruçay, Mustafa Doğan Bedir, Zehra Seyfikli and Dilara Ülger Özbek

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 23, 2022

Bronchiectasis refers to abnormal, usually permanent, dilatation of the bronchi and it is a clinical syndrome that usually presents with cough, sputum production, and recurrent chest infections with symptoms such as malaise, chest discomfort, hemoptysis (cough of blood), and weight loss. The aim of this study was to determine sirtuin-1 (SIRT-1) and matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) levels in the serum of patients with bronchiectasis and to reveal whether there was a possible relationship betwee...
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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410180

SARS Cov-2 Infection-Related Persistent Air Leaks Managed By Endobronchial Valves

Mukund Tiwari, MBBS, Nikita Tangella, MD, Archana Sreekantan Nair, MD and Killol K Patel, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 05, 2022

There have been recently documented reports of pneumothorax and persistent air leaks as complications associated with SARS CoV-2-related ARDS. Alveolar-pleural fistulas and broncho-pleural fistulas can lead to the development of pneumothorax. In more recent times, bronchoscopy-guided interventions, specifically Endobronchial Valves (EBV), have been established to serve as a treatment modality for these fistulas....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410179

Laryngeal Foreign Body for 20 days without a Catastrophic Event

Ved Narang, Sambiagio Giovanni and Balaji Natarajan

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 22, 2022

We present successful management of an unusual foreign body (FB) case in the larynx for 20 days. A 45-year old man presented with complaints of hoarseness of voice and coughing up a few pieces of silver-colored flakes. He had unresolved dyspnoea and wheeze for three weeks and was managed as an asthmatic with partial resolution of symptoms....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410178

Outcomes of Robotic Surgery for Patients with Pulmonary Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Disease

Erin McGuire, MD, Ashwin Basavaraj, MD, Robert Cerfolio, MD and Doreen Addrizzo Harris, MD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 06, 2022

Treatment for patients with pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial (NTM) disease includes long, multi-drug, and toxic medication regimens. Surgical resection is an alternative treatment for patients with localized or refractory NTM infection. Robot-assisted operations have not been performed routinely in this population....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410177

Smear Negative Pulmonary Tuberculosis Is a Distinct Clinical Entity, Not a “Misdiagnosis Waste Basket”

Ademola E Fawibe, Olufemi O Desalu, Olalekan A Agede, Olutobi B Ojuawo, Taofeek Oloyede, Adeniyi O Aladesanmi and Alakija K Salami

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 30, 2022

PTB can mimic many chronic lung diseases resulting in misdiagnosis with serious consequences....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410176

Relationship between Anthropometric Variables and Lung Function Parameters among Apparently Healthy Adults in a Nigerian University

John Jeneviv Nene, Nwosu Chiamaka Justina, Okezue Obinna Chinedu, Anyachukwu Canice Chukwudi, John Davidson Okwudili and Mgbeojedo Ukamaka Gloria

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 30, 2022

Lung function reportedly differs between ethnic groups in infants, children and adults. More so, a reduction in lung function has health implications that go beyond diagnosable lung disease. As a result, it is imperative to understand the circumstances that can cause variations in lung function. This study investigated the relationship between anthropometric variables and lung function (LF) parameters of apparently healthy adults....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410173

Mimicry of EVALI during the Times of Covid-19 Pandemic. Another Preventive Public Health Concerns In Young Adults

Azkia khan, MD, Nadir Siddiqui, MD, Hashim Ejaz, MBBS and Nazir Lone, MD, MPH

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 17, 2022

The global healthcare has been challenged to provide adequate care during COVID 19 pandemic. There is increased public anxiety and knowledge gaps that have created major dilemmas in health care delivery....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410175

Hypercoagulable State in COVID-19 Severe Symptoms and Non Cardiac T-Wave Invertion: A Case Report

Adipta K, Gantira WD, Ari S and Kolanda M

Article Type: Cas e Report | First Published: June 17, 2022

The 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) or the severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) as it is now called, is rapidly spreading from its origin in Wuhan City of Hubei Province of China to the rest of the world....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410174

The Unusual Occurrence of Leukocytoclastic Vasculitis in Pulmonary Tuberculosis-Case Report

Hingolikar Ankita Prashant, Shah Preet Mukesh and Shah Bharat

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 17, 2022

We present a case of 19 year old girl who presented to us with 4 weeks history of anorexia, weight loss and acute onset (3 days) of papular rashes over both lower extremities and swelling and pain in ankle and knee joints. Broncho-alveolar lavage revealed presence of acid fast bacilli and culture showed growth of mycobacterium tuberculosis....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410172

How Do Hospitalized Patients Tolerate Non-Invasive Positive Pressure Ventilation: A Pilot Patient-Centered Survey

Joanne Tsang, MD, Calvin H Hwang, MD, Kuhokee K Das, BS, Kathleen R Yan, BA, Paul J Christos, DrPH and Cynthia X Pan, MD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 06, 2022

Non-invasive positive pressure ventilation (NIPPV) is increasingly used to treat in-patients with acute respiratory failure. NIPPV tolerability is often overlooked because it is usually thought of as a life-saving intervention. Studies examining patient tolerability of NIPPV are scarce and mostly qualitative. Our objective was to understand the hospitalized patient’s experiences and NIPPV tolerability. We conducted a pilot study using a novel NIPPV Tolerability Survey tool and conducted a cros...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410171

Medical Chest Drain Insertion-Considerations for a Pleural Service

Ying Tung Liu, MBChB, FRACP, Zi Wei Goh, MBChB, FRACP and Lutz Beckert, MD, FRACP

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 11, 2022

To review local chest drain insertions, the indications, use of fibrinolytics, and the success rate of talc pleurodesis in a tertiary hospital in New Zealand. This is an observational study of all patients requiring chest drain insertion in the respiratory unit in Christchurch Hospital from January 2015 to December 2016. We analysed patient characteristics, type of drain inserted, and the nature of pleural fluid. We report the success of fibrinolytic therapy for empyema and pleurodesis for malig...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3516/1410170

Free Testosterone Levels in Patients with Covid-19 and its Association with Disease Severity

Jesus Alan Guardado Vindiola, MD, Gisel Viviana Licon Martinez, MD, Marina Estrada-Rodriguez, Katya Lorena Wilhelmy-Ledesma, Joaquin Córdova Erberk, Álvaro Lozano Castañeda, Miguel Angel Gaxiola-García, MD, MSc and Hiram Javier Jaramillo-Ramírez, MD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 11, 2022

The TMPRSS2 protein is an entry pathway for SARS-CoV-2, its expression is up-regulated by testosterone. Men have 7 to 8 times higher serum testosterone than women. We propose that patients hospitalized with COVID-19, with higher levels of testosterone, have worse outcomes than those with lower levels. A prospective, observational analysis of patients over 18-years-old with COVID-19 admitted to the internal medicine department in Mexicali’s General Hospital from January to April 2021. 49 patien...

Volume 9
Issue 2