The Frequency and Precipitating Factors for Breakthrough Seizures in Children with Epilepsy
Abdullah Aldosari, Ahmed Alghamdi, Ayidh Alharthi, Abdullah Albuhayri, Suhaib Ghurab, Mohammed Alghamdi and Mufleh Aldosari
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: 2023/06/22
This retrospective study reviewed the charts of children with epilepsy who were followed up in the pediatric neurology clinic of King Fahad Hospital in Al-Baha region, Saudi Arabia, between January 2015 and August 2022. Children between 1 to 14 years of age who had epilepsy, as per the International League against Epilepsy (ILAE) definition, and received anti-seizure medication with a seizure-free period of at least two months before breakthrough seizure episode, were included in the study. ...
Spontaneous Seroma and Septal Hematoma in Children
Valentina Proietti, Juan Dib, Julian Simkim, Juan Carlos Razetti, Federico Herranz, and Carlos Santiago Ruggeri
Article Type: Cases Series | First Published: 2023/06/17
Clinical cases of three pediatric patients who had bilateral spontaneous serous collections and septal hematoma located in the anterior sector of the nasal septum are described. None had a history of trauma or infection, and all were immunocompetent; one was diagnosed with hemophilia type B....
Factors Associated with Neonatal Mortality at Kyeshero Hospital, Goma, North Kivu, DRC
Endanda Zawadi E, Tshivwadi Tshilomb A, Tongota Ntwali J, Mulangu Mutombo A, Imani Musimwa P, Buhoro Baabo G, Mumbere Hangi S, Kyembwa Mwindulwa L, Musafiri Mugisho A, Kabamba Nzaji M and Luboya Numbi Oscar
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/06/09
The neonatal mortality rate is still a significant public health problem in Sub-Saharan African countries and an indicator of the quality of prenatal and perinatal care. This study aimed to determine the neonatal intra-hospital neonatal mortality rate and the maternal and neonatal risk factors associated with neonatal mortality in Kyeshero Hospital....
Study of Auditory Function Changes in Patients with Down Syndrome
Zoya Ismail Nezha, MD, Youssef Youssef and Yaser Ali
Article Type: Cross-sectional Study | First Published: April 12, 2023
The study involved 30 patients with Down syndrome between 3-18 years-old who had visited ENT clinic in Tishreen University Hospital (TUH) during the period from June 2021 to June 2022. A detailed history was taken, a comprehensive examination of the ear, nose and throat, and auditory tests were taken in each patient case, and the results of these tests were recorded for all patients....
Appearance of Bronchiolitis in Children with Congenital Heart Disease
Randriamanga RLiD , Rakotomalala RLH, Rakotomamonjy HL and Robinson AL
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 23, 2023
Bronchiolitis is a viral respiratory infection that is usually mild in infants less than one-year-old but can be serious and fatal in children with underlying heart disease. Our objective was to describe the epidemiological - clinical, therapeutic and evolutionary aspect of the bronchiolitis and heart disease association seen at the Tsaralalàna mother child hospital center. This was a retrospective case-control study over a 5-year period from January 2016 to January 2021; 1 case was matched to ...
Trends and Non-Clinical Predictors of Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) and Influenza Diagnosis in an Urban Pediatric Population
Marina Oktapodas Feiler, PhD, MS, Recai Yucel, PhD, Zhiqing Liu, Mary Caserta, MD, B. Paige Lawrence, PhD, Carter H Pason, Dwight J Hardy, PhD, Kelly Thevenet- Morrison, MS, Ann Dozier, PhD, MS and Todd A Jusko, PhD, MS
Article Type: Original Manuscript | First Published: March 05, 2023
To evaluate the demographic, maternal, and community-level predictors of pediatric respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) and influenza diagnosis among an urban population of children residing in Rochester, NY. A test-negative case-control design was used to investigate various non-clinical determinants of RSV and influenza diagnosis among 1,808 children aged 0-14 years who presented to the University of Rochester Medical Center (URMC) or an affiliated health clinic in Rochester, NY between 2012-2019...
Study of Clinicopathological Profile and Outcome of Patients with Septic Shock in PICU of Tertiary Care Hospital
Bansude A, Sanjay Natu, Kulkarni K and Deshpande
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 25, 2023
Sepsis is a leading cause of morbidity, mortality and health care utilization for children worldwide. Mortality for children with sepsis ranges from 4% to as high as 50%, depending on the severity of illness, risk factors and geographic location. The majority of the children who died from sepsis suffer from refractory shock and/or multiple organ dysfunction syndromes, with many deaths occurring within an initial 48 to 72 hours of treatment....
Effect of Music on Infant Stress as Measured by Cortisol Levels and Premature Infant Pain Profile: A Systematic Review with Meta-analysis
Marissa Elizabeth L Lim, MD, MS and Francisco Jr E Anacleto
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 24, 2023
Marissa Elizabeth L Lim, MD, MS, Department of Physiology, College of Medicine, University of the Philippines, Manila, Philippines, Tel: 09178651389...
Risk Factor of Cerebral Vasculopathy in Children with Sickle Cell Disease in Madagascar
Andrianarivony RT, Randriamanga RL, Tsifiregna RL, Ravelomanana L and Razafiarisoa N
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 05, 2023
Sickle cell disease is a genetic disease that is common in Madagascar with serious complications. The cerebral vasculopathies are among the most dreadful complications by its morbid mortalities. In Madagascar, these cerebral vasculopathies in children with sickle cell disease are not sufficiently studied, and the risk factors are still unknown, hence the goal of our study....
Strategies for Improving Viral Suppression among Children Living with HIV Considered to be Failing First-Line Antiretroviral Therapy in Akwa Ibom, Nigeria: A before - after Study
Uduak Akpan, Kufre-Abasi Ukpong, Esther Nwanja, Otoyo Toyo, Christa Walker, Iheanyichukwu Elechi, Pius Nwaokoro, Olusola Sanwo, Titilope Badru, Augustine Idemudia, Satish Pandey, Hadiza Khamufo and Moses Bateganya
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 22, 2023
The study report the results of a quality improvement (QI) program implemented to improve viral suppression (VS) in a cohort of children living with HIV who had viremia (viral load [VL] ≥ 1,000 copies/mL) despite being on effective antiretroviral therapy (ART). The Meeting Targets and Maintaining Epidemic Control (EPIC) project’s quality assurance/ quality improvement team monitors quality across HIV/ AIDS thematic areas. Epic collaborated with the state pediatric task force supporting pedia...
Atypical Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Children Affected with COVID-19
Samia Tilouche, MD, Sameh Ghorbel, MD, Emna Sfar, MD, Najoua Kahloul, MD, Mohamed Mahjoub, MD, Najla Soyah, MD, Naila Hannachi, MD, Jihene Bouguila and Lamia Boughamoura, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 20, 2023
Early research and data on Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) have proven that pediatric clinical forms are not serious in many cases. However, the disease can progress to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and multi-organ dysfunction and lead to death. In the present paper, we report one of the first Tunisian critical pediatric cases, a 6-year-old girl with an atypical ARDS secondary to severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS- CoV2) that was supported by non invasive ven...
Ventricular Conduction Disorders in Pediatrics: Bundle Branch Blocks- Update
Garcia Cuesta A, Villanueva García A, Uberos Fernández J and Blanca Jover E
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 16, 2023
The interruption of the cardiac conduction system that occurs in the ventricles, anatomically after the electrical impulse leaves the atrioventricular node, generates bundle branch block. With a particular electrocardiographic morphology, specific measurable and revealing of its topography, it may be related to underlying cardiac pathology, although it also exists in hearts without pathology. Compared to adults, there are more frequent patterns of presentation in the paediatric age, such as righ...
Hip Dysplasia in Congenital Zika Syndrome: A 5 Year Follow- Up
Andréa F Magalhães iD , Carla ACT Caldas iD and Vinícius I de Lucca
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: January 08, 2023
Children with Congenital Zika Syndrome (CZS) usually have severe neurological impairment with extrapyramidal involvement mainly spastic quadriplegia, so we believe they would have the same spasticity-related abnormalities, such as high prevalence of hip subluxation, as children with other aetiologies of cerebral palsy (CP). The aim of this study was to investigate hip status and describe the radiographic measures, Reimer’s migration percentage (MP) and acetabular index (AI) in infants diagnose...