Impact of Low Grade Periventricular-Intraventricular Hemorrhage on Neurodevelopmental Outcome of Preterm Infants
Atef Alshafei, MRCPCH. MSc
Article Type: Review article | First Published: April 09, 2020
Improvement of neonatal intensive care in the modern era has greatly changed the demographic image with evolving new generation of extreme preterm survivors. And indeed, evolving new co-morbidities that influence the short and long-term outcomes of these infants. Periventricular-Intraventricular hemorrhage (PVH-IVH) is a significant health problem affecting the brain structures in a critical stage of development in preterm infants. Although the incidence has declined since the 80's of the last c...
Intervention for Non-verbal and Minimally-Verbal Individuals with Autism: A Systematic Review
Lynn Kern Koegel, PhD, Katherine M Bryan, BA, Pumpki Su, MA, Mohini Vaidya and Stephen Camarata, PhD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 27, 2019
Most children diagnosed with ASD will present with late onset verbal communication, and at least one third of these children will remain minimally or completely nonverbal throughout their lifespan, speaking few or no words. Challenges with verbal language can negatively affect many areas, including socialization, academics, independent living and employment. The objective of this paper was to systematically review interventions for the treatment of nonverbal and minimally verbal individuals with...
Signal Processing Technique for Identifying Pacifier Artifacts in Pediatric Sleep Lab Airflow Data
Padmini Selvaganesan, Michala Dauterman, Ajay Mahajan and Jyoti Krishna
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 16, 2019
For diagnosing sleep apnea, patients are required to stay overnight in a sleep lab, and various physiological signals are recorded using different sensors. The data collected during the study is often prone to artifacts due to various reasons and one such artifact in younger patients is due to the use of pacifiers which corrupts the signal from the sensors. One of the sensor signals which is corrupted frequently is the airflow signal. This airflow signal is obtained using a thermistor that is pl...
Use of the Electrical Stimulation Therapy in the Lower Esophageal Sphincter for the Treatment of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease in Paediatric Patients, Two First Cases Reported
Rodrigo Hipolito Cifuentes, Rene Carmona Barba, Antonio Vega Valdes and Placido Espinosa Rosas
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 18, 2019
One female patient, on chronic acid-suppressive therapy who underwent successful laparoscopic implantation of the LES stimulation system, surgery time 1 hour, trans surgical endoscopy with absence of perforation, closure of pillars; measured by GERD daily symptom diaries the patient symptoms improved soon. Two weeks after the surgery, the patient reported better symptom control without the intake of PPI, and the absence of heartburn and regurgitation. One month follow-up with esophageal ph shows...
A Questionnaire Survey on Parent's Awareness Regarding Childhood Neurodevelopmental Disorder
Bishnu Prasad Mandal, Yao Yang and Jingyi Fan
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 24, 2019
Neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) are growing worldwide in both developed and developing countries. Parents are primary caregivers to recognize the signs and symptoms of children's behavior or mental -illness. This study is to obtain basic knowledge and awareness about NDDs in children in Nepali community. People in Nepali community have various religions and outdated belief. This study analyzes misconceptions and factors that influence the knowledge regarding NDDs among general populations, w...
Five Years Survival Trend and Outcome among HIV Infected Children Followed Up in the Pediatric Department in a Tertiary Hospital
Adedemy JD, Agbeille MF, Agossou J, Noudamadjo A, Kpanidja G, Aisso U, Chabi Biaou A, Lalya HF, Seydou L and Koumakpaï-Adeothy S
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 08, 2019
HIV infection still contributes significantly to high leatlity among infant and child. The aim of this work was to assess survival rate after five years of routine follow up among HIV 1-infected children in the pediatric ward of the Parakou Teaching Hospital. It was a descriptive cohort study with analytical purpose covering Five years from 2011 to 2016. It focused on 89 HIV 1-infected children. Kaplan-Meier method was used to estimate the survival probabilities. The survival trends were compare...