Journal of

Toxicology and Risk AssessmentISSN: 2572-4061

Early Online

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4061.1510048

Haemoatopoietic Alterations Induced by Cotton Insecticide Thalis 112 EC (Emamectin Benzoate 48 g/L, Acetamiprid 64 g/L) in African Catfish Clarias gariepinus

AGBOHESSI Prudencio, HOUNDJI Alexis, OUEDRAOGO Alfred, DANDJINOU Arlette, HOUEDJISSI Gisèle and IMOROU TOKO Ibrahim

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 23, 2022

Thalis 112 EC is the trade name of a binary insecticide (Emamectin benzoate 48 g/L, Acetamiprid 64 g/L) used in cotton growing in Benin. These compounds can lead to extensive side effects on the inhabitants living in that exposed area. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of chronic exposure to this pesticide on the immune status of Clarias gariepinus....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4061.1510047

Evaluation of Gonadotoxic Effects of Cadmium and Iron Administered Via Tainted Diet Singly and Combined in Female Rats

Ogunbiyi OJ and Obi FO

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 06, 2022

Most studies on cadmium toxicity focus on its singly effect neglecting the fact that it does not occur alone in the environment but coexist along with other metals. The current study was therefore designed to examine the possible influence of iron (Fe) on cadmium (Cd) toxicity in the gonad of female rats. Twenty adult female albino rats used in this study were divided into four groups of five rats each....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4061.1510046

Global Impacts of Legalization and Decriminalization of Marijuana and Cannabis

Karen Mollner, MPAS, MS, PA-C

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 25, 2022

The purpose of this article is to discuss global public health impacts of legalization and decriminalization of marijuana and cannabis regarding physical and mental health impacts as well as accident and death reports. Extensive review of the current medical literature was performed with a focus on papers discussing medical effects from marijuana use, public health impacts from legalization and decriminalization of marijuana and accident and death reports in various countries after legalization ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4061.1510045

In vitro and in vivo Evaluation of the Toxicity Roots of Leptadenia hastata (PER) Decne. Cytotoxicity on Caco2 and HepG2 Cells, Acute and Sub-acute Toxicity on Wistar Rats

Fatoumata Bah, Pascale Marie Aimée Dozolme, Mama Sy Diallo, Ramadhan Nyandwi, Mohamadou Lamine Daffé, Aminata Touré, Absa Lam, Mathilde Cabral, MatarSeck, Serge Maria Moukha and Mamadou Fall

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 10, 2022

Nowadays, the use of medicinal plants, for treatment of several pathologies, continues to gain grounds throughout the world. Leptadenia hastata, like other medicinal plants, is used as therapeutic agent for several pathological conditions including diabetes mellitus, diarrhoea, and prostatitis, among other, however, limited data on its toxicity are available....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4061.1510044

Meta-Analyses of Glyphosate and Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphoma: Expert Panel Conclusions and Recommendations

Kirman CR, Cocco P, Eslick GD, Villeneuve PJ and Hays SM

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 31, 2022

An expert panel was assembled to support a review of a series of recent publications using a modified Delphi format. These publications were scored based on a consideration of confidence in their methods, results, conclusions, and applicability to risk-based decision making. Mean confidence scores for the papers reviewed ranged from 53 to 74 (maximum score = 100), and key strengths and concerns were identified. This review highlights the need for transparency in meta-analyses. Different conclusi...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4061.1510043

Cytotoxic Effects of Ceteareth-20 and Paraffinium Liquidum In Vitro

Duygu Kirkik, PhD, Fatih Hacimustafaoglu, PhD and Derya Altunkanat, PhD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 31, 2022

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of ceteareth-20 and paraffinium liquidium on cell viability and cytotoxicity in human lymphocyte in vitro. We studied the cytotoxic and inhibitory effects of ceteareth-20 and paraffinium liquidum on cell proliferation using lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) assay and cell proliferation (WST-1) assay. The cytotoxicity was enhanced when cells were treated with 1%, 5%, 25% and 50% paraffinium liquidium dilutions (p < 0.05). Moreover, cell number signifi...

Volume 8
Issue 1