Journal of Obesity and Weight-loss Medication is an international journal that provides a forum for the publication of basic to advances research in the obesity management and weight loss medications. It covers all the aspects of Causes, Childhood obesity, Classification of Obesity, Diet, Effects on Health, Epidemiology, Etymology, Hereditary Genetics, Historical Attitudes, History, Infectious Agents, Management, Morbidity, Mortality, Other Illnesses, Pathophysiology, Public Health, Sedentary Lifestyle, Size Acceptance, Social Determinants, Society and Culture, Survival Paradox, etc.
Journal of Obesity and Weight-loss Medication is a peer-reviewed open access journal that ensures the faster publication of high quality articles. Two independent review comments followed by editor's decision will be considered to publish the article. JOWM is a permanent archive of obesity information which under open access category provides its global readers with free access to its content, thus serving the scientific community.
Articles Search by Keyword | Journal title | Author name | DOI
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510039
Cynthia Fontoura Klas, Rebeca Loureiro Rebouças, Giovanna Santos Piedade, Kader Osman, Luana Lima de Bastos, Gabriel Soares Martins de Souza, Felipe Menezes Varela de Araújo, Gabriela Franck Pasqual, Juliana Vogler de Arruda, Luiz Felipe Paludo Carmona, Camila Moraes Marques and Luiz Fernando Kubrusyl
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 22, 2020
Obesity is defined as a multifactorial metabolic syndrome, in which there’s an excessive number of fat cells within the tissues. It’s discussed that intestinal microbiota might have a relevant relation with obesity, since it’s relevantly altered in obese patients. To assess the effect of stool transplantation (ST) in the condition of obesity and its outcomes in an experimental model of cafeteria diet by hepatic function test, lipid profile, total glycemia and histology....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510038
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 06, 2020
Addressing obesity is now a crucial public health challenge due to its sharply rising prevalence and despite the considerable effort directed at this, success is not yet fully achieved. Evidence has shown that effectively changing human behaviour and lifestyle is a corporate approach for weight management with recognised worthy success in achieving weight loss and maintenance. Behavioural change techniques are now chief contributory factors to any weight management program....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510037
Lisa Hartmann, Stroh C, Benedix F, Wolff S and Hukauf M
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 23, 2020
From 1 January 2005, cases of bariatric surgery were examined with the help of the Quality Assurance Study for operative medicine. All data were registered and analyzed prospectively in cooperation with the Institute of Quality Assurance in Surgery at the Otto-von-Guericke University Magdeburg, Germany. The focus of the comparative study is on perioperative morbidity and complications....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510036
Hakan Seyit, MD and Halil Alis
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 01, 2020
With the increase in demand for bariatric surgery, increasing numbers of patients require revisional surgery due to unwanted outcomes of primary bariatric procedures. There is no ideal bariatric procedure for every patient and all bariatric surgeries have failure rates. We aimed to assess the indications for revisional bariatric surgery and short-term surgical outcomes in this study. Forty-four patients were included. Mean age was 42 years. The primary surgery of cases was distributed with 32 la...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510035
Ahmed Elnadif Elmanssury
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 06, 2020
A cross-sectional study was carried out in a government school in Buraydah, during academic year 2018-2019. All the study population were subjected to a predesigned questionnaire that included questions related to socio-demographic characteristics, life style (physical activity and eating habits) and anthropometric measurements including height, weight and body mass index. This study found a relatively high prevalence of overweight and obesity among intermediate school’s students, aged 13-16 y...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510034
Hakan Seyit, MD and Halil Alis, Professor
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 29, 2020
The study included randomly selected 350 PS patients for control group and 35 RS patients for study group. Prospectively-collected patient data were retrospectively reviewed. To measure the efficacy of the procedure, we calculated the excess weight loss percentage (EWL%). Effective weight loss was accepted as more than 50%. The changes in the status of the comorbid diseases, complications (leakage, bleeding and stenosis), weight loss, % excessive weight loss (EWL) and mortality were recorded. To...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510033
Khue Minh Pham, Phuc Thanh Pham, Cuong Nam Nguyen and Nam Quoc Nguyen
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 13, 2020
Obesity in children has adverse effects on both health and psychology. Obesity is known to be influenced by environmental factors and genetic factors, as well as the interaction between genes and environment. Hai Phong city located in the northern part of Vietnam has rapid economic growth and urbanization. Along with the development, the percentage of obese children has increased. To date, there have been no studies on the relationship between risky factors and obesity in children in this city. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510032
Tresor Monsere Modia, MD, Marie Dior, MD, Msc, Daniela Calabrese, MD, Henri Duboc, MD, PHD and Benoit Coffin, MD, PHD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 06, 2020
A 31-year-old woman who carried a laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding for morbid obesity presented chronic postprandial vomiting and lack of efficacy with weight recovery three years after surgery. The adjustable gastric band was removed but symptoms did not improve. Morphologic and functional tests demonstrated a functional obstruction 5 to 6 cm below the oeso-gastric junction, probably related to a fibrous scare, which could explain symptoms. Laparoscopic procedure confirmed the diagnosis,...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510031
Mohammad Faisal Hossain, Mamoon Rashid, Thomas Burniston, Mohammed Ahmed, Winnie Wu, Kolawole Adeshina Kataye, Rajjit Sidhu, Michael Justice and Shamly Abdelfattah
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: September 05, 2019
Misbranded and counterfeit dietary supplements have been an issue on which the US Food and Drug Administration has been vigilantly regulating. The ubiquity of online- shoppable weight-loss supplements and their unrestricted consumption by obese people are serious matters of concern. Fucoxanthin, a brown-seaweed-extracted carotenoid has exhibited anti-obesity property in some clinical trials through its ability to over express uncoupling protein (UCP1) in the white adipose tissue, which leads to ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510030
Evrim Kucur Tulubas
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: July 15, 2019
A reliable method to predict postoperative risks may improve surgical risks and ensure preventive precautions to reduce complication risks. American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) is a common method to determine surgical risk, but at first glance it appears to be insufficient to determine the risk of morbid obesity surgery. The greatest advantage of Obesity Surgery Mortality Risk Score (OS-MRS) is the use of five easily obtained clinical variables. A possible disadvantage is that it may only...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510029
Use of Text Messaging as an Intervention to Promote Weight Loss and Reduce Waist Circumference among an Overweight and Abdominally Obese Patient Population: A Randomized-Controlled Quality Improvement Study in Primary Care
Deepa Iyengar, MD, MPH, Michelle R Klawans, MPH, Angela L Stotts, PhD and Thomas F Northrup, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 13, 2019
Obesity is a national epidemic resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. Weight loss as modest as 5% of body weight significantly reduces the risk of hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The primary aim of this pilot study was to test the efficacy of a text messaging intervention in a primary care setting to motivate overweight patients to lose weight and reduce their waist circumference....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510028
Clive O Callender, MD, Denee T Mwendwa, PhD, Georica Gholson, PhD, Regina Sims Wright, PhD, Larry Keen II, PhD, Babwande Adesibikan, MD, Serge Madhere, PhD, Victor Apprey, PhD, George Bonney, PhD, Miriam Michael, MD, Bomi Magnus-Lawson, MD, Gabriel Ivy, MD, Linda Idris-Suleiman, MD, Arturo Hernandez, MD, Olga Herren, MS, and Alfonso L Campbell, PhD
Article Type: Research article | First Published: April 10, 2019
Blacks have a greater need for kidney transplants than other American ethnic groups. Overrepresented on kidney transplant waiting lists (13%), they account for 35% of those waiting. Recent studies show that Black live donors are at greater risk for kidney failure, (44%) after donation, compared to other ethnicities. Explanations for these live donation data are few. While diabetic, hypertensive or morbidly obese Blacks are excluded as live donors; those overweight or obese are not. Participants ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510027
Song-hua Zeng, Hong-bin Zhang and Liang-ping Wu
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 12, 2019
Laparoscopic roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) surgery is often performed on patients with body mass index (BMI) > 35 kg/m2 in Europe and the United States. Due to the risk of malnutrition, LRYGB is not always suitable for Chinese diabetic patients, particularly for those with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), a BMI < 35 kg/m2, and when nutritional levels are not great pre-surgery. Modified gastric bypass surgery is reserved for diabetic patients with BMI < 35 kg/m2 by Chinese clinicians in order ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510026
Ashraf Haddad, Ahmad Bashir, Mohamed Al Hadad, Hayssam Fawal and Abdelrahman Nimeri
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: January 12, 2019
Eighty-two surgeons (63%) responded, they performed 121,369 cases and encountered 230 VTEs (0.19%). VTEs included 13 upper extremity, 103 lower extremity, 57 pulmonary embolism (PE), and 57 porto-mesenteric venous thrombosis (PMT). There was 9 VTE related mortalities constituting 4% mortality rate. The most commonly performed procedure was Sleeve Gastrostomy (56%). It was followed by Adjustable Gastric band (13%), One Anastomosis Gastric Bypass (10%), and Roux-en-Y Gastric bypass (9%). A scoring...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510025
Forat Swaid, Mustafa Somri, Simona Croitoru and Ibrahim Matter
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 10, 2019
Biliopancreatic diversion (BPD) is considered the most effective procedure for the surgical treatment of morbid obesity. First presented by Dr. Nicola Scopinaro in 1976, this operation proved safe and reproducible, with astonishing results regarding weight loss and weight maintenance for many years after the operation. Possible late complications include anemia, stomal ulcer, bone demineralization, neurologic complications, and protein malnutrition....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510024
Samuel N Grief and Megan Waterman
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 09, 2019
Obesity is a complex, multifactorial disease that develops from the interaction between genotype and the environment. Our understanding of how and why obesity occurs is incomplete; however, it involves the integration of social, behavioral, cultural, physiological, metabolic, and genetic factors. Genetics has been a common variable researched among scientists, and the link has been proven between genetic predisposition and likelihood of developing obesity....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510023
Maria Catalina Olguin, Marta Delia Posadas, Gilda Celina Revelant, Dario Marinozzi, Veronica Labourdette and María Rosa Venezia
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 19, 2018
Monosodium glutamate (MSG) is one of the most widely employed food taste enhancers and there is a safety concern on glutamate with respect to the obesity epidemics. The reported effects are attributed to the actions of MSG in the brain, which would affect food intake, body weight and lipid metabolism. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of the addition of MSG to the rat chow on body weight, food intake, plasma glucose and aminotransferases and plasma and liver lipids in adult obese...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510022
Valerie J Silfee, Christina F Haughton, Nisha Kini, Stephenie C Lemon and Milagros C Rosal
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: November 17, 2018
Minority and low-income women have higher rates of postpartum weight retention, contributing to increased rates of obesity in these populations. Weight perceptions may be an important factor contributing to the adoption of weight-management behaviors. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between weight perceptions and weight-related behaviors among overweight low-income women during postpartum enrolled in a weight loss intervention study....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510021
Muddu Martin, Mutebi Edrisa, Isaac SSinabulya, Kizito Samuel, Mulindwa Frank and Mondo Charles Kiiza
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: August 23, 2018
Microalbuminuria is an early marker of nephropathy, cardiovascular diseases and severe ocular morbidity in adults with diabetes mellitus. This subclinical condition is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Microalbuminuria precedes the development of overt diabetic nephropathy by 10-14 years. At this stage, one can reverse diabetic nephropathy or prevent its progression. Unfortunately, tests to detect microalbuminuria in diabetics are not routinely done in Uganda. This study sought to de...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510020
Rajendran Jayanthi, Abu Raghavan Srinivasan and Gopal Niranjan
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 25, 2018
150 Type 2 diabetics of both genders who had visited the tertiary health care clinics during the stipulated study period were included. Based on BMI (18.50 to 24.99, 25 to 29.99 and ≥ 30 respectively), they were segregated into non-obese, overweight and obese (n = 28, n = 76 and n = 46 respectively). The cardio-metabolic risk factors were assessed through parameters including anthropometric and routine biochemical measures, besides glycemic status and insulin resistance....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510019
Yiyuan Zheng, Dan Fang, Miao Wang, Xiaogang Ma, Meng Xu and Songhua He
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 23, 2017
This study was a 13-week, open-labeled, randomized parallel controlled study. Patients were randomly assigned to the treated and control groups in a 1:1 ratio. Both groups were provided metformin at the dosage of 750 mg twice daily as the primary treatment and the Supersession Prescription was given to the treated group as a supplementary treatment....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510018
Jaime Valle Leal, Cecilia C Morales Alvarado and Lucia Alvarez-Bastidas
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 03, 2017
Childhood obesity represents a global public health problem, with Mexico occupying the first place in the prevalence of this pathological condition. In our country, this combined prevalence: Obesity and overweight, is reported by up to 39.4% in adolescents, being the most affected age group....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510017
Donna Riopelle and Paulina Van
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 03, 2017
Obesity is recognized as a disease entity due to the damage that dysfunctional abdominal visceral fat can cause. Body shape and fat distribution are more predictive of future disease than Weight and Body Mass Index (BMI)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510016
Doreen Liou, Kathleen D Bauer and Yeon Bai
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 20, 2016
The obesity epidemic is widely recognized as a salient health issue in the United States, affecting all races, ethnic and age groups including Chinese Americans. An increased risk for obesity-related diseases at lower body mass indexes magnify the urgency of investigating obesity related issues in this population....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510015
Goran Hellekant, Eric Kaplan, Jared Schmolling, Teresa Rose-Hellekant and Philippe Marambaud
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2016
Sweet taste is an innate taste quality linked to consumption. It encourages over-consumption beyond basic needs and obesity has become one of the most prevalent problems in the Western world. Obesity permeates all facets of life with negative consequences from daily discomfort to prolonged health effects, including increased risk of diabetes....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510014
Ahmed Salih Sahib, Tamara Sadeq Raheem, Maryam Shamal Saleh, Lina Saud khleel, Aya Mufeed Abdulhussein, Shams Reyadh Sadiq and Faris Abdul Kareem Kazaal
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 28, 2016
Obesity is becoming a public health problem worldwide especially in the recent years, thus; overweight and obesity are increasingly being observed among the population. The purpose of this study was to investigate the eating habits in a sample of overweight and obese Iraqi subjects who attend Al-Kindy obesity therapy and research unit....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510013
Jessica Socas Teixeira, Aline Bull, Silvia Elaine Pereira, Carlos Saboya and Andrea Ramalho
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: May 30, 2016
Objective: To evaluate, in adolescents and adults, the association of severe obesity with the extent of the metabolic changes shown. Methods: This is an observational comparative study with a population consisting of adolescents with severe obesity and adults with class III obesity. The patients underwent anthropometric, biochemical and clinical evaluations. We evaluated the lipid profile (total cholesterol, LDL-c, HDL-c and triglycerides), C-reactive protein (CRP) and fasting glucose. Insulin s...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510012
Lucia Godini, Giovanni Castellini, Enrico Facchiano, Marcello Lucchese and Valdo Ricca
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 29, 2016
Aim: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the clinical course before and after bariatric surgery (BS) of patients affected by mood disorders as Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) and Bipolar Disorder (BD). Methods: A search in Pubmed's medline was performed for English-spoken articles published from January 2000 to May 2015 using the keywords 'depression', 'bipolar disorder', 'mood disorders' and 'antidepressive drugs' combined with 'bariatric surgery' and 'obesity surgery'. A total of 43 studi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510011
Bahgat NM, Saad RA, Lasheen NN and Sabry YG
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 26, 2016
The present study was performed to evaluate the effects of either a low intensity swim- exercise program or low soybean flour supplementation on the different components of metabolic syndrome in aged postmenopausal rats. Fifty five rats, weighing 260-350 gm, were randomly allocated into: Control group (C), Metabolic Syndrome group(MS), Metabolic syndrome 6-week - swim exercised group (MSE), and Metabolic syndrome 6 week -soybean flour supplemented group (MSS)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510010
Reid Alexander Waldman and Anne H Kettler
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 16, 2016
Over the past several decades, the proportion of Americans suffering from obesity has risen drastically. Accompanying this increase in obesity is a concomitant increase in many of the co-morbidities associated with obesity, many of which are seen less frequently in persons with normal body weight. Notably, there has been an increase in dermatologic conditions seen in this special patient population....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510009
El Bakkay Sellam and Abdellatif Bour
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 05, 2015
Epidemiological Study Transversal on 624 women of childbearing age healthy and not pregnant. The study was conducted in prefecture of Oujda-Angad. Data on socioeconomic and demographic level were collected using a questionnaire. Anthropometric measurements were determined according to the WHO standards. Medical tests were performed in a laboratory accredited private analysis in Oujda. The data were processed using SPSS....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510008
Maciej Wiewiora, Jerzy Piecuch and Krystyn Sosada
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 12, 2015
Hemorheological alterations in obesity, including disturbances in the blood's rheological behavior such as increased blood and plasma viscosity and enhanced red blood cell (RBC) aggregation, have been reported by various authors. Blood and plasma viscosity are risk factors for arteriosclerosis. Other studies have shown that erythrocyte rheological changes have been observed in patients with hypertension and diabetes mellitus, which are more often associated with obesity....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510007
Mohammed H Al-Thani, Al-Anoud Al-Thani, Walaa F Al-Chetachi, Shamseldin AH Khalifa, Hammad Akram, Benjamin V Poovelil, Badria A Almalki, Ahmad Haj Bakri, Paul Arora and Alaa Badawi
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 10, 2015
Obesity is a complex, chronic disorder characterized by excessive fat accumulation in the body due to an imbalance between calorie intake and energy expenditure. Obesity is also directly related to the socio-economic status, physical environment, and behavioral and cultural aspects of a community. In addition, genetic factors may play an important role in the development of obesity, especially in the presence of particular environmental factors....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510006
Nath A, Shope TR, and Koch TR
Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: August 21, 2015
Malnutrition is considered to be a condition that develops when individuals do not receive adequate quantities of energy-providing nutrients, vitamins, minerals, and water. Inadequate intake does not permit the maintenance of physiologically normal tissue and organ function. Dietary intake could be an origin for obesity, as well as an origin for the development of micronutrient deficiencies. The National Research Council has reported that more than 80% of Americans consume a diet that is below t...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510005
Robert Wenger, Mihai A. Constantinescu, Hugo B. Kitzinger and Daniel M. Frey
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 04, 2015
Because of the important developments in bariatric surgery over the last decade there is a significant increase in patients with sequelae of post-bariatric massive weight loss, which include skin- and soft tissue redundancy. These body contour deformities can be improved using plastic- and reconstructive surgery techniques. It remains unclear what percentage of post bariatric patients will eventually undergo body contouring surgery and what their body image and expectations are. The current stud...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510004
Marisa Censani, Vivian L Chin and Ilene Fennoy
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 06, 2015
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist Exenatide is an incretin mimetic approved by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2005 as an adjunct to diet and exercise for glycemic control in adults with type 2 diabetes. Improvements in cardiometabolic risk factors and weight in type 2 diabetes patients using Exenatide are well described in adults; however, reports in adolescents are limited to non-diabetic youth with obesity....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510003
Maher El Chaar and Keith Gersin
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 16, 2015
Bariatric surgery is the only effective long term treatment of morbid obesity. With the establishment of an accreditation process for bariatric centers and the development of laparoscopic approaches to bariatric surgery, in addition to fellowship training, bariatric surgery became a role model for other surgical specialities in terms of efficacy and safety. Bariatric surgery has now a long track record of safety and a very low morbidity and mortality rates. In addition, the number of bariatric p...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510002
L. Bonfrate and P. Portincasa
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: February 25, 2015
In general, obesity is a complex disease that results from the interplay between several determinants. From time to time, a role for host genetics, environment, biological factors, pregnancy and lactation history in mothers, social and cultural influence, and imbalance between energy intake and expenditure has been advocated. Dietary factors modulate the composition of the gut microbiota....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4010.1510001
Raquel Cristina Lopes Assis Coelho
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: January 29, 2015
Worldwide obesity prevalence has nearly doubled since 1980. Obesity is reaching epidemic proportions worldwide and it is correlated with various comorbidities, among which the most relevant are diabetes mellitus, arterial hypertension, and cardiovascular diseases. Obesity management is a modern challenge because of the rapid evolution of unfavorable lifestyles. Due to numerous co-morbidities, obesity represents a serious health and socioeconomic problem worldwide....
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