Halotherapy in Patients with Cystic Fibrosis: A Pilot Study
Morhaf AlAchkar, David E. Geller, Amanshe Perera Slaney and Daniel T Layish
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 04, 2015
Objectives: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a complex genetic disorder of the lower and upper respiratory tract. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of Halotherapy on sinusitis symptoms, dyspnea, pulmonary function tests, and quality of life in CF patients. Study design: This was a pilot open-label before-and-after-study. Settings: The study was performed at the Orlando Salt Room. Participants were from a single CF care center, and were enrolled in the study between January and June, 201...
Continuous Abstinence Rates at 3, 6, 9 and 12 Months in a Smoking Cessation Unit at the Albacete University Hospital Over 2 Years
Callejas Gonzalez FJ, Genoves Crespo M, Cruz Ruiz J, Tornero Molina AI, Esquinas Lopez C, Bermejo Lopez P, Garcia Castillo S, Martinez Garcia AJ, Rodriguez Montes JA5 and Tarraga Lopez PJ
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 04, 2015
838 patients referred 559 attended to and only 278 treated (33%); 55.4% males and 44.6% females; mean age of 46.4 years. The most important comorbidities were psychiatric (36.3%), cardiovascular (dyslipidemia 30.2%, hypertension 19.1%, diabetes 9.4%) and respiratory (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), 15.1%; Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome (OSAS), 11.9%; asthma, 7.6%). Treatments included varenicline (VRN), 36.7%, nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), 43.4%, bupropion, 13.3%, and psych...
Intravenous Infusion of Ginsenoside Rb1 Ameliorates Compressive Spinal Cord Injury through Upregulation of Bcl-xL and VEGF
Pengxiang Zhu, Ryuji Hata, Kimihiko Nakata, Fang Cao, Keiichi Samukawa, Hiroko Fujita and Masahiro Sakanaka
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 15, 2015
Red ginseng root (Panax Ginseng C.A. Meyer) has been used clinically by many Asian people for thousands of years without any detrimental effects. Subsequent studies that focused on gRb1-induced expression of gene products responsible for neuronal death or survival revealed that gRb1 upregulated the expression of not only Bcl-XL, but also a potent angiogenic and neurotrophic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) at 7 days after SCI. Ginsenoside Rb1 (gRb1), with putative anti-apoptoti...
Cortical Diffusion Restriction as the Single Abnormality on MRI in Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease
Johnny Samijn, Alisha Godschalk, Rezan Demir and Esther Brusse
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 12, 2015
Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a rare neurodegenerative disease characterized by rapidly progressive dementia, ataxia and myoclonus. MRI is an important tool in discriminating CJD from other dementias. Among mimics of CJD are rapidly evolving Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia and paraneoplastic or immune-mediated limbic encephalitis. A CJD diagnosis can be missed and strong clinical suspicion is not always confirmed on autopsy. Typical imaging findings are white...
Basis and Argument into the Work
Roberto Rodrigues, George Perry and Robert Petersen
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 12, 2015
This synopsis is a brief report about the conclusions in which we have engaged from considering that Alzheimer's disease, cognitive impairment and aging could progress with analogous molecular signaling, with no frontiers between their phenotypes. We have also proposed that chronic depression, with or no anxiety and/or stress comorbidindication may interact with these AD manifestations - already product of genomic vulnerability - at any stage of the disease. A known example may bemutant short al...
Caspase Cleaved Tau in Alzheimer's Disease: A Therapeutic Target Realized
Troy T. Rohn
Article Type: Hypothesis | First Published: January 12, 2015
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder characterized by an array of symptoms affecting memory and cognition. Some common symptoms of AD include memory loss that disrupts daily life, challenges in planning or solving problems, confusion with time or place, and changes in mood and personality. Central dogma to the etiology of AD is the beta-amyloid cascade, which stipulates that beta-amyloid in oligomeric forms represents the earliest step in a cascade eventually lead...
Analyze the Levels of Immunoglobulins IgG and IgM in Elderly and Youngs
Samia Macedo Queiroz Mota Castellao Tavares, Wilame de Lima Bravo Junior and Jessica Lissandra Alves Leite
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 16, 2015
The aging process is complex and affects a variety of functions, including lower defense capability of the immune system. The immune activity, as most of physiological functions, decreases with age. The principal alterations in humoral immune response are associated with concentration of immunoglobulins, amount and activity of B cells and also the changes in the affinity of the antibodies. The current study aimed to analyze the levels of IgG and IgM antibodies of elderly and young people and to ...
Atrial Fibrillation Triggered by Theophylline: a Case Report Treated with 'Pill in the Pocket'
Ekrem Sahan and Suzan Sahan
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 04, 2015
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia and the prevalence of AF increases with age. Ageing, hypertension, coronary artery disease, heart failure, diabetes mellitus, valvular heart diseases, congenital heart defects, thyroid dysfunctions, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, drugs and alcohol are associated with atrial fibrilliation. New-onset AF can be converted to sinus rhythm. 'Pill in the Pocket' administration can be effective in new-onset AF. Herein, we present a...
Effect of Alogliptin, a DPP-4 Inhibitor, on Markers of Lipid Metabolism in Type 2 Diabetic Patients
Yuzuru Kishitani, Hideyuki Okuda, Daisuke Kinoshita, Kanyun Hata and Toshihiko Kawasaki
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 31, 2014
Background: DPP-4 inhibitor has been shown to improve not only blood glucose levels but also dyslipidemia, but the effect remains controversial. Further, there are few reports regarding the influence on Apo B, Apo A-1 and Apo B/Apo A-1 in alogliptin. Objective: Using the alogliptin, we focused on Apo B and Apo A-1, in addition to LDL-C, HDL-C and TG, and investigated the effect of alogliptin on markers predicting cardiovascular events, such as Apo B/Apo A-1 and LDL-C/Apo B....
Correlations of OSA Severity and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Jiang Xiao-zhen, Xi Feng, Chen Rui-Hua, Jiang Quan and Zou Yu-Feng
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 29, 2014
Aim: To determine whether carotid intima-media thickness (C-IMT) was elevated in diabetic patients with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA), and correlations of OSA severity with IMT and other clinical characteristics. Materials and methods: The study subjects were composed of 36 diabetic patients with OSA (group A), and 34 patients without OSA (group B). In both groups, blood lipids, fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin, Epworth Sleepiness Scale, C-IMT and carotid resistance index (C-RI) were a...