Primary Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Breast: A Case Report and Review of Literature
Omotayo JA, FWACP, Abiyere OH, FWACS, Erinomo OO, FMCPath and Soremekun AI, FMCPath
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 20, 2021
Pure squamous cell carcinoma of the breast is very rare. Strict histological criteria must be followed before the diagnosis can be made. Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin and/or its appendages in which the squamous cell carcinoma is a portion should be excluded. Areas of metaplastic change in an otherwise ductal carcinoma should not be diagnosed as pure squamous cell carcinoma. Squamous cell carcinoma from other parts of the body with metastasis to the breast should also be excluded. It is a b...
Long-Term Postoperative Structural and Functional Evaluation in Myopic Foveoretinal Detachment
Miguel A Quiroz-Reyes, MD, Boris Moreno-Andrade, MD, Erick A Quiroz-Gonzalez, MD, Miguel A Quiroz-Gonzalez, MD, Hae Jin Kim, MD, Alejandra Nieto-Jordan, MD, Jorge Morales-Navarro, MD, Margarita Montano, MD, Virgilio Lima-Gomez, MD and Federico Graue-Wiechers, MD
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: October 15, 2021
Avoidable severe visual sequelae are prevalent among highly myopic eyes. We analyzed the postoperative incidence of myopic traction maculopathy (MTM) progression and long-term postoperative structural and functional findings after macular surgery for myopic foveoretinal detachment (FRD). A retrospective, consecutive, comparative, interventional, one-surgeon, multicenter control case series was conducted on 35 highly myopic eyes of 31 patients who underwent fovea sparing internal limiting membran...
Outcomes for Successfully Repaired Macula-Off Diabetic Tractional Retinal Detachment
Miguel A Quiroz-Reyes, MD, Erick A Quiroz-Gonzalez, MD, Felipe Esparza-Correa, MD, Jennifer H Kim-Lee, MD, Jorge Morales-Navarro, MD, Margarita Montano, MD, Virgilio Lima-Gomez, MD and Federico Graue-Wiechers, MD
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: October 08, 2021
The primary outcomes were to analized the perfusional, structural and functional postoperative findings of the intentionally selected eyes with a fully resolved diabetic TRD that underwent timely sophisticated pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) techniques. The secondary outcomes were correlating the longterm final postoperative BCVA with the multimodal, serial postoperative multimodal evaluation. The mean difference between the pre-, 3 months and final postoperative BCVA was significant (p < 0.05). The...
Examining Levels of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Experienced by Nurses during the COVID-19 Pandemic
Elif ISIK, Yalcin KANBAY, Hatice ISKENDER and Ozgur ASLAN
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 15, 2021
The novel coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak began in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and has spread rapidly across the world. Since the healthcare professionals, who have worked devotedly for fighting against the COVID-19, they have been most affected by the virus. The aim of this study was to examine the levels of depression, anxiety, and stress experienced by nurses during the COVID-19 pandemic and the influencing factors. The sample consisted of 482 nurses working in various institutions and the ...
A Rare Association: Apical Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy with Multiple Coronary Artery-Left Ventricular Fistulae
Isabel Monedero-Sánchez, MD, Pablo Robles-Velasco, MD, Amador Rubio-Caballero, MD, Yago González-Doforno, MD, Cecilia Marco-Quirós, MD, Victoria Espejo-Bares, MD, Verónica Artiaga-de-la-Barrera, MD and Carla Jiménez-Martínez, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 20, 2021
A 59-year-old woman was referred for evaluation of chest pain and she was diagnosed of acute coronary syndrome. Coronary arteriography showed a severe stenosis of left anterior descending artery but also the presence of multiple coronary artery-left ventricle micro-fistulae. Echocardiographic findings were consistent with apical hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and the fistulae were also patent by colour Doppler echocardiography. Little is known about clinical features of micro-fistulae arising from ...
Surviving the Death Roll; Unveiling the Undiagnosed: Case of Hispanic Man with Covid-19 Pneumonia
Michael Khorsandi, MD, Nirmala Manjappachar, MD, Elnaz Ebrahimihoor, MD and Nargiz Muganlinskaya, MD, MMS, FACP
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 15, 2021
Brugada syndrome (BrS) is an inherited electrophysiological abnormality which typically manifests in patients with diverse ethnicities as ventricular arrhythmias or sudden cardiac death. The onset is frequently unmasked by various precipitating factors including but not limited to febrile diseases. Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection and associated COVID-19 illness continues to evolve. We are reporting a severe case of Covid-19 infection unveiling the un...
Complete Perioral Reconstruction for High Power Electrical Burn
Abiel Kwok, BSc and Colin Hong, MD, FRCP
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 20, 2021
Facial reconstructive procedures aim to restore function and appearance to a section of the face affected by trauma, surgery or illness. Lip reconstructions are common procedures due to the mouth’s role in numerous key functions, such as speech, chewing and displaying emotion, as well as its contributions to the overall aesthetic of the face. Lip and perioral reconstruction for the purpose of restoring function is more complicated. Selecting the best source of the skin flap used to cover the a...
Lymphangioma of the Tongue Revisited
Ahmed Hassan Kamil Mustafa, MSC, FFDRCSI
Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: October 08, 2021
Lymphangioma is a benign, congenital hamartomatous malformation of the lymphatic system, it is more common in the head and neck region. Oral lymphangiomas are rare but if it occurs, the tongue is the most commonly affected site, rarely on other sites such as the palate, gingiva, and alveolar ridge of the mandible. This study aims to throw light on lymphangioma of the tongue regarding pathogenesis, clinical signs and symptoms, and the different treatment modalities. Although lymphangioma is benig...
Implant Therapy of Non-Syndromic Severe Oligodontia: A Clinical Report
Luis Gabriel Ladino, DDS and Diego Rosselli, MD, EdM, MSc
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 06, 2021
A healthy, 23-year-old, nonsmoking, partially edentulous woman was referred to prosthodontist private practice in Bogota, Colombia, with the complaint of malocclusion, and an unattractive smile resulting from absence of some teeth. She had received fixed orthodontic treatment. She never used prostheses and refused using removable partial denture. Clinical, intraoral, and radiographic examinations were performed, and diagnostic casts were made. Intraoral status revealed absence of all lateral inc...
Successful Treatment of a Cesarean Scar Ectopic Pregnancy Using a Novel Approach with Oral Mifepristone followed by Trans Cervical Suction Evacuation with Prophylactic Tranexamic Acid: A Case Report
Muhunthan K, MBBS, MS, FRCOG, Anton Jenil Amirthanathan, MBBS, MD, Raguraman S, MBBS, MD, MRCOG and Guruparan K, MBBS, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 09, 2021
Cesarean scar pregnancy is a rare form of ectopic pregnancy where the conceptus is implanted at the site of a previous cesarean section scar which pauses lifethreatening complications if not diagnosed and managed timely. Though numerous types of treatment approaches have been described there is no consensus on the optimal treatment modality which is a challenge to clinicians. Current treatment approaches are a combination of medical and surgical interventions with varying success rates and compl...