Laparoscopic-Assisted Surgery for Malignant Fibrous Histiocytoma Originating from the Descending Colon: A Case Report and Literature Review
Keiji Matsuda, Takahiro Yagi, Mitsuo Tsukamoto, Yoshihisa Fukushima, Takuya Akahane, Ryu Shimada, Atsushi Horiuchi, Keisuke Nakamura, Takeshi Tsuchiya, Tamuro Hayama, Junko Tamura, Hisae Iinuma, Shoichi Fujii, Keijiro Nozawa, Takuo Tokairin, Yuko Sasajima, Fukuo Kondo and Yojiro Hashiguchi
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 30, 2015
Primary malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) localized in the large intestine is extremely rare. We report a first case of MFH in colon that underwent a laparoscopy-assisted colectomy. A 74-year-old female had a 3-month history of blood stool. Barium enema study showed protrusion in the descending colon. Colonoscopy revealed submucosal tumor-like lesion with central ulceration. A biopsy was obtained and the pathological report was that MFH was suspected. Laparoscopic-assisted left hemicolectomy ...
Prostate Cancer Survivorship: A Systematic Review
Sanchia S Goonewardene, Young A and R. Persad
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 08, 2015
Background: Due to advances in cancer diagnosis and treatment, the number of prostate cancer survivors is increasing. Yet, with this expanding cohort of patients, very little has been done to develop services.
Objective: A systematic review was conducted to explore prostate cancer survivorship issues. This analysis will inform development of interventions.
Discussion: The literature is reviewed and the way forward for survivorship discussed. We also identify possible themes for research....
Relationship between Full-Thickness Macular Hole and Retinal Break/Lattice Degeneration
Jinglin Zhang, Yonghao Li, Xiujuan Zhao, Yu Cai, Xiling Yu and Lin Lu
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 02, 2015
The pathogenesis of full-thickness Macular Hole (MH) is not clearly understood but is believed to involve anteroposterior traction and/or tangential traction exerted by the posterior vitreous cortex at the fovea. Retinal Break (RB) and lattice degeneration are one of the most important abnormalities of vitreous and vitreoretinal interface. To figure out the relationship between the full-thickness macular hole and RB/lattice degeneration may contribute to the understanding of their pathogenesis.....
Caregiver Abuse of Chicago Chinese Older Adults in a Community-Dwelling Population
Xin Qi Dong and Ge Li
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 05, 2015
Elder abuse, also referred to as elder mistreatment or elder maltreatment, is an important public health and human rights issue. The prevalence of elder abuse ranges from 2.2% to 61.1% around the world. The 2008 US National Elder Mistreatment Study suggests that more than 10% of the community-dwelling aging population reported elder abuse or potential neglect in the past year. Existing literature has shown that elder abuse may result in psychological distress, increased morbidity and mortality i...
Should We Use Various Obesity Measures Interchangeably?
Article Type: Short Note | First Published: August 18, 2015
In clinical setting or clinical research studies, convenient obesity measures such as body weight and Body Mass Index (BMI) are commonly used to quantify obesity status of patients or research participants. Although these obesity data are easy and cheap to collect, they may have problems as compared to other obesity measures....
Should Potential Micronutrient Deficiencies be evaluated when designing Weight Loss Interventions for Obese Individuals?
Nath A, Shope TR, and Koch TR
Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: August 21, 2015
Malnutrition is considered to be a condition that develops when individuals do not receive adequate quantities of energy-providing nutrients, vitamins, minerals, and water. Inadequate intake does not permit the maintenance of physiologically normal tissue and organ function. Dietary intake could be an origin for obesity, as well as an origin for the development of micronutrient deficiencies. The National Research Council has reported that more than 80% of Americans consume a diet that is below t...
Ovarian Stromal Hyperthecosis and Hyperandrogenemia Refractory to Hormonal Suppression
Gregory M Gressel, Natalia Buza, Shirley M McCarthy and Pinar H Kodaman
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 26, 2015
Ovarian stromal hyperthecosis (OSH) is an uncommon clinical entity. According to the 2014 WHO classification of gynecologic tumors, it has been documented in one-third of patients older than age 55 years of age in autopsy studies. This disorder usually presents in the second or third decade of life with menstrual irregularity as well as signs of virilization. Presentation in the post-menopausal period is less common, but has been reported....
Bochdalek Diaphragmatic Hernia Complicating Pregnancy in the third Trimester: Case Report
Monica Hernandez-Aragon, Laura Rodriguez-Lazaro, Raquel Crespo-Esteras, Leyre Ruiz-Campo, Ignacio Adiego-Calvo, Jose Manuel Campillos-Maza, Sergio Castan-Mateo
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 07, 2015
A 32-year-old primiparous woman was diagnosed of diaphragmatic hernia at 29 weeks' gestation and transferred to our hospital. Initially, gastrointestinal symptoms mimicked pathology related to pregnancy, but failure of conservative measures led to performing imaging tests. It was a Bochdalek hernia containing small bowel loops, colon and omentum but not stomach. She was stabilized, but finally cesarean delivery and hernia repair were performed at 32 weeks because of her symptoms, with a successf...
Adjuvant Radiation Therapy is Feasible in Epidermolysis bullosa: A Case Report
Theodora A Koulis, Colleen Herring, Wendy Smith and Jon-Paul Voroney
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 02, 2015
A patient with a severe form of Epidermolysis Bullosa (EB) presented after an above knee amputation and groin dissection for a 57 cm Squamous Cell Sarcinoma (SCC) of the skin and underlying soft tissue of the right leg. Five of 19 nodes were involved with SCC metastases. Standard care would involve adjuvant Radiation Therapy (RT) but RT has historically been avoided in patients with EB who can have severe, non-healing cutaneous and mucosal morbidity from acute RT reactions. A radiation treatment...
Explosive Cutaneous Mucormycosis Requiring Limb Amputation: Case Report and Literature Review
Vikas Patel, Stephen Squires, Tarek Shaath, Daniel R Hinthorn, Garth R Fraga and Rebecca Horvat
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 20, 2015
Mucormycosis is a potentially fatal systemic fungal infection. Risk factors include immunosuppression, organ transplantation, and diabetes mellitus. Rhinocerebral mucormycosis is the most common presentation in diabetic patients, whereas pulmonary mucormycosis is the most common presentation in patients with hematologic neoplasms. We describe an immunocompromised leukemia patient with painful ecchymotic plaques on the forearm. Punch biopsy demonstrated angioinvasive mucormycosis and culture grew...