Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention is an open access peer reviewed journal that focuses on all primary aspects of family health, medicine and disease prevention. JFMDP concentrates on wide range of clinical, medical, health Care Research, Therapies of Diseases, Evaluation of health care, Behavioral Change Communication, Behavioral Medicine, Concepts in Public Health, Demography, Documentation and Dissemination, Education Technology, Environmental Health, Environmental Sanitation, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Epidemiology of Specific Diseases, Family and Public Nutrition, Family Health, Family Health Administration, Family Planning, Family Practice, Health Care Delivery, Health Planning, Health Policy, Leadership and Management, Health Promotion and Disease Prevention, Mental Health and Education Technology, Occupational Health, Public Health, Public Health Administration, Public Health Law, Public Health Management, Reproductive and Child Health, Research Methodology, School Health, Social and Behavioral Science, etc.
Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention is a great platform for family physicians, practitioners, researchers in the field of health care, medicine and general practice. All articles published in the journal are subject to a stringent peer review process.
Articles Search by Keyword | Journal title | Author name | DOI
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510118
Elezi Brunilda, Topi Skender, Abazaj Erjona, Bolleke Erjola and Kasa Marsida
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 27, 2020
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with increased morbidity and mortality among patients on dialysis (HD). The aims of this study were to estimate the presence of HCV and other comorbidities in the dialysis population of Elbasan city, and to compare the survival outcomes of those patients who started dialysis with haemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. In the present study, we have used a socio-demographic questionnaire to collect data from HD patients. We studied 108 dialysis patie...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510117
Sadat Muzammil, MBBS, MRCGP, FRCP (Glasg), CCFP and Georgina Lopes, MSc
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 20, 2020
Developing countries are struggling to provide adequate mental health care to its citizens. One of the main reasons is the serious shortage of psychiatrists and trained Mental Health Nurses (MHNs). In many countries the quality of mental health nursing is less than satisfactory. Some Western countries have devised nurse led care models under the supervision of psychiatrists, which have shown improvement in patient waiting times and care delivery as compared to low-income countries. Nurses with p...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510116
Bahailu Balcha, Desta Erkalo and Tilahun Beyene
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 12, 2019
Prevention of mother-to-child transmission is a term used to describe a comprehensive package of services intended to reduce the risk of mother-to-child transmission of HIV. The vertical virus transmission from mother to child accounts for more than 90% of pediatric Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome. Published studies on the client satisfaction with PMTCT services’ provision in Ethiopia are generally limited. Even fewer studies do examine client satisfaction with the PMTCT services. Therefore...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510115
Wilfrid von Boch-Galhau, Christiane Forster and Jorge Guerra Gonzalez
Article Type: Book Review | First Published: November 11, 2019
Parental Alienation is an important mental condition that professionals in the field, especially those who work with children, adolescents and adults from divorced families should know. Although about thousand three hundred professional articles, book chapters and books, and also empirical studies, exist meanwhile (see website www.mc.vanderbilt.edu/pasg) from all over the world, there is still considerable controversy about the existence of Parental Alienation. According to the Diagnostic and St...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510114
Prevalence and Associated Factors of Using Tobacco Products (E- Cigarettes, Conventional Cigarettes and Water Pipe) among Healthcare Workers at the Prince Mohammed Bin Abdulaziz Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, 2018-2019
Sumaya Shaikh and Ghadeer S Aljuraiban
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 21, 2019
Few studies have been published on the prevalence of smoking among healthcare workers and smoking triggers. This study sought to determine smoking prevalence and identify factors associated with the initiation of smoking. The pre-designed questionnaire in this cross-sectional study on healthcare workers at Prince Mohammed bin Abdulaziz Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia included items on demographics, smoking habits and smoking history, factors associated with smoking, and beliefs about smoking. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510113
Barrier Contraceptive Methods Practice and its Predictors among Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Positive Women Attending Anti Retro Viral Therapy (ART) in Hadiya Zone Public Hospitals, South Ethiopia
Markos Selamu Jifar and Tilahun Beyene Handiso
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 14, 2019
Barrier contraceptive method is a strategy that prevents both unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections. Predictors for using barrier methods are not well studied in the area. A facility based cross-sectional study was employed. Data were collected through interviewer interview using structured and semi-structured questionnaires. Simple random sampling technique from patient registration book was used to select participants. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analysis ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510112
Christine M. Swoboda, PhD, MS, Ann Scheck McAlearney, ScD, MS and Timothy Huerta, PhD, MS
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 13, 2019
Despite proven benefits of physical activity, adults in the United States may not be meeting activity guidelines for aerobic and strength exercise. There is an association between physical activity and reduced cancer risk, and reduced risk of reoccurrence among cancer survivors. This study aims to describe the odds of meeting aerobic, strength, and combined levels of physical activity based on the recommendations of the Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans among adults in the U.S., making ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510111
Christine M. Swoboda, PhD, MS, Jason A Benedict, MS, Courtney Hebert, MD, Ann Scheck McAlearney ScD, MS and Timothy R Huerta, PhD, MS
Article Type: Commentary | First Published: September 12, 2019
When these data are used as the basis for policy making, they could potentially result in the mistargeting of resources from states with the greatest need to states whose levels of need may be overinflated based on an artifact of the reporting standard. In addition, the definitions create challenges when developing and delivering targeted interventions because they obscure the line between those infants and mothers who would benefit from postnatal interventions to prevent infant mortality (e.g.,...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510110
Stephanie Fletcher-Lartey, John Birkett, Sharon O’Regan, Angela Daly and Peter Cavagnino
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 06, 2019
An evaluation of the implementation of smokefree commercial outdoor dining was carried out to evaluate proprietors awareness and preparedness for the implementation of Smoke-Free Outdoor Dining regulations in Liverpool, Australia. The study found limited effectiveness of the smoking bans in the area, despite a high level of awareness of key changes required and high level of preparedness for the smoke-free COD regulations. The majority of COD operators chose to provide a designated smoking area ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510109
Jennifer R. Guzman, PhD, Debora A. Paterniti, PhD, Yihang Liu, MD, MA, MS and Derjung M. Tarn, MD, PhD
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 08, 2019
Mixed methods study combining qualitative content analysis of semi-structured interviews with statistical analyses to assess differences in identified factors by provider practice type and supplement type. Seventy-eight English-speaking patients who reported taking 466 dietary supplements in the previous 30 days were recruited from primary care and Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM), Integrative Medicine (IM), and naturopathic doctors' offices in Southern California....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510108
Vitale G, Vitale S, Pierini P and Visconti CL
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 28, 2019
Acute Coronary Syndromes include a wide variety of clinical scenarios. Coronary Angiography (CA) is a low-resolution imaging technique and its inability to provide a satisfactory tissue characterization of culprit lesions could be a concern in some cases. Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) is an emergent intravascular high-resolution imaging modality which could be complementary to CA in challenging cases. We report a case of a young man in whom OCT had been determinant to understand the patholo...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510107
Sarah Allen, MD, Mario Gomez, MD, Alice M. Boylan, MD, Kristin B. Highland, MD, Anthony Germinario, MD, Michelle McCauley, MD and Michael Malone, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 20, 2019
A 52-year-old caucasian male farmer from Walterboro, South Carolina presented to the Medical University of South Carolina Health-University Medical Center in August, one hour after ingestion of 20 oz of a 50/50 water/paraquat preparation, with suicidal intent, complaining of nausea and emesis of blue colored fluid. His vital signs were normal on admission other than an increased blood pressure of 159/92 mmHg. Upon presentation, physical examination was within normal limits. Plasma levels of para...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510106
Amber Rowe, Erin Zamora and Tamera Pearson
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 19, 2019
Osteoporosis is the deterioration of bone tissue and strength, which leads to an increased risk of fractures. Postmenopausal women are at increased risk for osteoporosis. Bisphosphonates have long been the mainstay of osteoporosis treatment to prevent fractures, especially hip fractures by increasing bone mineral density. Extending treatment to up to 10 years is currently recommended. In lieu of possible adverse events such as atypical fractures and osteonecrosis of the jaw, drug holidays are an...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510105
Rubina Barolia, Gina Higginbottom, Wendy Duggleby and Alexander M Clark
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: July 06, 2019
What we eat may cause Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), and a healthy diet is a key factor in the prevention of CVD. Promoting healthy diet is challenging, particularly for people with low Socioeconomic Status (SES), because poverty is linked with many risk behaviours such as smoking, unhealthy eating, and obesity. Multiple factors make healthy eating very challenging. Underpinned by critical realism, this study explores the factors that inform Pakistani people of low socio-economic status SES in ma...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510104
Angel Velarde, MD, MSCE and Erwin Calgua, MD, MSCE
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 28, 2019
From the review of the literature, it was found that the ethics committees must be composed of at least 5 members, who are nominated by the director of the institution, with at least one member in the scientific area, a member in an area not scientific and a member not affiliated with the institution and each member must conduct ethics courses. The duration of the period will be for 3 years, and continuity may be given when so determined. Of the conflicts of interest, it was found that the last ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510103
Sunday Bassey Udoh, MBBS, FWACP, FMCFM, Victory Edet Iyanam, MBBS, FWACP and Oluyinka S Akinbami, MBBS, FWACP
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 27, 2019
Annually, over one million adolescent girls in Nigeria become pregnant. With active participation in decision making by their caregivers and peers, more than 60% of them end up in induced abortions. Generally, peers exert major social influence on adolescent sexual behavior by playing "role model" for others in their close contact. These "role models" are the first to be contacted when any problem such as unintended pregnancy occurs and most times they are involved in counseling as well as contr...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510102
Stephen Muse, PhD
Article Type: Short Note | First Published: May 24, 2019
Quality care for the patient is the source of vocational satisfaction and also a measure of physician well-being. Both are impacted positively by the spiritual life of physicians which contributes significantly to resiliency in the midst of current stresses in medical care. Additionally, a majority of patients identify spiritually integrated care as desirable in their physician's treatment. The author examines qualities of vulnerability, humility and compassion integral to the person of the phys...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510101
Kent H Do, MD, DPT, Capt, USAF, MSC, Sorana Raiciulescu MSc and Jeffrey C Leggit MD, CAQSM, Col (Ret), USA, MC
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 29, 2019
The purpose of this study was to determine the point prevalence of Inter-Arm Blood Pressure Difference (IAD) in a University Family Health Center (UFHC). 217 patients seen by the Uniformed Services University's (USU) UFHC were assessed in this non-randomized screening study. Blood pressure was measured simultaneously in both arms with automated sphygmomanometers in a seated position during normal scheduled appointment screening process after 5 minutes of sitting. The measure was repeated after o...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510100
Danielle A Walker, Kyle L Johnson, Tara B Thomas, Sandor Dorgo and Jacen S Moore
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 13, 2019
Approximately 37 million people worldwide are infected with the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV), with the majority located in sub-Saharan Africa. The relationship existing between HIV incidence and socioeconomic inequity confirms the critical need for programs promoting HIV education, prevention and treatment access. This literature review analyzed 36 sources with a specific focus on the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), whose critically low socioeconomic status and education rate have resu...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510099
Danielle A Walker, Kyle L Johnson and Jacen S Moore
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 22, 2019
Tanzania is one of 15 nations that share 75% of the HIV burden in sub-Saharan Africa, with a national prevalence of 5.3% and prevalence rates as high as 30% in special populations. Knowledge about HIV infection, testing, and treatment is low, especially in younger populations, suggesting a need for effective HIV educational programs. We sought to understand the impact of HIV-related stigma and gender roles in HIV education and knowledge in educational programs and explored methodologies that eff...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510098
Kleber Santiago Freitas e Silva
Article Type: REVIEW ARTICLE | First Published: January 21, 2019
Breast cancer, a highly penetrant hereditary disorder, is the most common cancer in women worldwide. Approximately 10% of breast cancer cases are hereditary and 15% of patients with invasive breast cancer have a first-degree relative with the same disorder. Genetic counseling has become an important tool of the health care system providing information and support to families at risk of a genetic disorder. Oncology research teams have designed breast cancer screening guidelines for high-risk pati...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510097
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 21, 2019
The primary care physician often faced with type 2 diabetes that need insulin, usually when two or more oral hypoglycemic agents were tried and failed to maintain target glycemic control, owing to gradual decline in insulin secretion due to reduction of beta cell function. The likelihood for starting insulin is more the longer duration of diabetes. The United Kingdom Prospective Diabetes Study told us that 53% of patients initially treated with sulphonylureas required insulin therapy at 6 years,...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510096
Danielle A Walker, Kyle L Johnson and Jacen S Moore
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 21, 2019
Despite high HIV prevalence in Zambia, which lies within the heart of sub-Saharan Africa, early implementation of public policy and programs to effectively manage the burden of disease has insured consistently high testing rates. Zambian strategies to combat the HIV/AIDS crisis employ governmental support for HIV testing and public education and can serve as models for neighboring countries to advance the development of effective testing and treatment initiatives. Although these testing programs...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510095
Yaseen Galali and Hanee M Al-Dmoor
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: January 07, 2019
Camel has been mentioned in Quran in different places and described a miracle of almighty God. Also, prophet Muhammad (PBUH) has recommend camel in his speech (hadith). The prophet (PBUH) has recommended camel milk for some diseases such as skin disease as remedy. Camel plays in important livestock which produced milk longer than any other ruminant under harsh condition of desert ecosystem. Camel milk is different from other ruminant milk different ways. Camel milk is rich in vitamin C and prote...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510094
Amir Mian, Dahye Kim, Duane Chen and Wendy L Ward
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 31, 2018
Professional burnout is a multi-dimensional phenomenon, which may result from prolonged unhealthy occupational stress. Symptoms in burnout cluster in three domains: emotional exhaustion, feeling isolated, and low work satisfaction. Medical students and residents are at particular risk because of their dual student pressures and in-training clinical care responsibilities. Common sources of personal and professional stressors include lack of time for leisure activities, inordinate workloads and sl...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510093
Lindonne Glasgow, Stephanie Fletcher-Lartey, Owen Gabriel and Martin Forde
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 28, 2018
The study found that while most practitioners could correctly define AMR, there was variability in knowledge about the judicious use of antimicrobials. About one in four physicians (26.4%) did not know whether AMR was a significant problem in the institution(s) where they practiced, compared with the majority (61.7%) who said it was not a problem. However, 41.6% of pharmacists felt that AMR was a national problem; although all (100%) laboratory technicians reportedly did not know if AMR was a si...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510092
Christopher K Rogers
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 15, 2018
Examine differences in the associations between core Electronic Health Record (EHR) functionalities for public and population health, care coordination, patient engagement, and quality improvement on the provision of recommended Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) preventive health services provided at Primary Care Visits (PCVs) for CVD at-risk adults with Medicaid and those with private insurance. Utilizing a nationally representative survey of ambulatory care visits by patients at risk for CVD in 201...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510091
Castillo-Santizo JJ, Alvarez-Perez E, Gonzalez-Lopez A, Blanco-Rubio C, Ortega-Calvo M and Gabaldón-Rodriguez I
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 15, 2018
This article presents a case of an 88-year-old man who shows blue-violaceous discoloration on his fingers and toes, with a greater intensity on the third finger of right hand and the first, second and third toe of his right foot. The patient had been recently diagnosed with atrial fibrillation and met the criteria for oral anticoagulation with acenocoumarol, which had started two weeks earlier. When the treatment was discontinued, the bluish color of his fingers disappeared, for which reason the...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510090
Saif Ullah, Sangeetha Rajan, Todd Liu, Ellen Demagistris, Regina Jahrstorfer, Swapna Anandan, Christina Gentile and Angad Gill
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 28, 2018
Missed appointments or no-shows are defined as "patients who neither kept nor canceled their scheduled appointments". Studies conducted previously in primary care settings found that the rates of missed appointments in the United States vary from 5% to 55%. We conducted a pilot study amongst the healthcare providers at Griffin Faculty Physicians (GFP) and Griffin Hospital Wellness Clinic (GHWC)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510089
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: REVIEW ARTICLE | First Published: September 10, 2018
Social Networking Sites (SNSs) in our lives are an essential computer-generated combination regarded as a 'global customer phenomenon'. In recent times, as statistics have shown, this phenomenon daily records a dramatic increase in its users. It is a state of mental addiction, an illness if you may so call it for some users. It has been noted that some extroverts use social networks for social augmentation, whereas introverts use it for social compensation. Addicted customers mostly deal with lo...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510088
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: REVIEW ARTICLE | First Published: September 10, 2018
There is usually a public misconception between anger, aggression, and hostility. Anger is a sense of emotion that ranges from the standard reaction of mild irritation to the intense response of fury and rage. Anger becomes a dilemma if it felt too intensely, frequently, expressed inappropriately and associated with extreme physical/mental strain on the individual. On the other hand, aggression is an often-violent behavior that causes harm or injury to another person or property. While, hostilit...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510087
Minjie Li, Wei Gu, Xiaomei Li and Xiaoqin Wang
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 13, 2018
Despite the ever-increasing rate of Cesarean Section (CS) in China, little is known about both the reasons and strategies of high Cesarean Section Rate (CSR) from the perceptions of obstetricians and midwives, who have great influence on deciding the delivery mode. The study aims to describe obstetricians and midwives' perceptions of the essence of the increasing CSR in the tertiary (city) and secondary (county) hospitals in China....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510086
Thuy Bowyer, Leena S Hiremath, Jennifer R Larson, Deborah M Grzybowski, Ann Scheck McAlearney and Brian L Bowyer
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: August 10, 2018
Fibromyalgia is a medical condition characterized by chronic pain that is attributed to an imbalance in neurotransmitter function. It is now estimated to affect more than 10 million adults in the U.S. and 0.2-6.6% of the general population worldwide. Current treatment options include both pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions, with massage therapy and physical therapy predominant among nonpharmacological approaches....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510085
Robert M Post
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 28, 2018
In the United States ¾ of the children of a parent with a mood disorder will develop a major psychiatric diagnosis upon a 7 year follow up. Moreover, the earlier the onset of symptoms, the longer the delay to first treatment, and this is posing major short and long-term health threats for a sizable portion of the population....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510084
Lisa Marie Cannon and Steven Lee-Kong
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 28, 2018
A 46-year-old man with a history of anal condyloma and HIV infection presented with four years of bloody anal leakage with incontinence. Digital rectal examination revealed a palpable mass in the distal rectum. Index colonoscopy revealed a fungating, ulcerated mass in the distal rectum. Biopsies demonstrated inflammation with superficial erosion. He was lost to surgical follow-up over the ensuing months. In the interim, the patient was initiated on antiretroviral therapy and PCP prophylaxis for ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510083
Kristen Rundell, Diana Bahner, Deborah Lan, Victoria Cannon and Ann Scheck McAlearney
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 23, 2018
In 2012, the Ohio State University College of MEDICINE began implementing a new, competency based medical school curriculum. Early clinical service-learning experiences were one of the hallmarks of this new curriculum, giving first year students opportunities to work with real patients in clinical settings while meeting patient care learning objectives. Integration of the bioscience, clinical skills and social curriculum within a safe teaching environment helps to promote the professional identi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510082
Emrah ERSOY and Esra SAATCI
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: July 16, 2018
Our sample was 305 hypertensives visiting a family physician in Rize, a city in the Black Sea (Northern part) Region of Turkey. The study was completed between December 2017 to April 2018. Participants completed a sociodemographic questionnaire including questions for sociodemographic characteristics, lifestyle behaviors, psychiatric complaints traumatic life events, and blood pressure control. Depression status was assessed using The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HAD). Data as analyzed...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510081
Ada Leticia Valderrama-Urreta, Maria Valeria Jimenez-Baez, Juan Carlos EspinozaRodriguez, Luis Sandoval-Jurado, Patricia Teresa Reyes-Gabino, Sergio Guerra-Renteria and Maria Margarita Chavez-Hernandez
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 14, 2018
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), its incidence is expected to increase by 50% by 2020. In Latin America and the Caribbean, breast cancer is the most prevalent among women according to the Pan American Health Organization (OPS). In 2012, this neoplasm was detected in more than 408,000 women, and by the year 2030, it is estimated that there is a 46% increase. In particular, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, and Venezuela, which previously had relatively low rates, An increase...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510080
Gargantilla Pedro, Martin Berta and Pintor Emilio
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 12, 2018
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors (GISTs) are rare tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, with an estimated incidence of 1.5/100000/year. GISTs are nonepithelial tumors originating in the interstitial Cajal's cells (cells of the autonomic nervous system). These cells express antigens for CD 177 and/or CD 34....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510079
Gargantilla Pedro, Martin Berta and Pintor Emilio
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: July 11, 2018
An 83-year-old man come to our observation because of a rapidly enlarging anterior neck mass at the last two weeks, dysphagia, dysphonia and neck pain. Patient didn't mention about previous irradiations on the neck either familiarity with thyroid and neoplastic diseases. He had a past medical history of diabetes mellitus type 2. Physical examination revealed one palpable formation (7 × 5 cm) over the right lower neck....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510078
Loio M Noemia and Valls L Carmen
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 30, 2018
Health indicators show a health-related characteristic that allows the study, evaluation and conclusion of a health process. Therefore, it allows us to influence public health policies to obtain an improvement in the health status of the population....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510077
Willy De Geyndt
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 13, 2018
Six major infectious disease outbreaks have occurred in rapid succession in the twenty first century causing an estimated $80 billion in economic losses and many lives lost. The World Bank Group (WBG) was not prepared to respond quickly and effectively to contain the spread of these outbreaks. It reacted too late to the earlier outbreaks but slowly improved its response time and its coordination with major stakeholders. The response time of its financing contribution decreased across the six inf...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510076
Torrance Stephens, Ta-Kenda Holmes and Aniya Allen
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 07, 2018
African American men are disproportionately represented in the U.S. correctional system; evince exceptionally high rates of infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS and like many inmate populations, problem behaviors associated with drug and alcohol use. According to the US Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) in in 2013 there were 2,220,300 adults incarcerated in US federal and state prisons, and county jails with 4,751,400 adults in 2013 being on probation or on parole....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510075
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 14, 2018
In this day and age, primary care worker burnout has been high, moral is low and work enjoyment is depleting consistently. It is important for healthcare leaders to understand these factors, nurture their team and spread joy at work....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510074
Gargantilla Madera P, Garcia Tobaruela A and Belda Bilbao L
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: April 25, 2018
A 38-year-old woman, without family history of angioedema, suffered several self-limiting acute edema episodes (localized in upper/lower limbs). One month after, she presented an upper airway edema associated with glottis edema, which was treated in emergency department with corticosteroids, without improvement. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510073
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 22, 2018
The Bahrain screening program depends mainly on chest x-ray and PPD, while not using both symptom inquiry and Xpert MTB/RIF (XP). The essential keys are to train all physicians about detection of early symptoms with x-ray findings of active, inactive and diagnose latent pulmonary tuberculosis....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510072
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 05, 2018
Today, we are facing a challenging paradox: A shortage of Health-Care Workers (HCWs), as well as a rise in unemployed health professionals. It is either due to funding short falls, planning in adequacy, in addition to a weak organizational climate that contributes to unhealthy work environments. HCWs face various aspects of physical and psychological violence in the workplace which drastically affects productivity and performance, and ultimately has tremendous effects on the patient's outcome......
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510071
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 23, 2018
Health care providers are interested in understanding and applying the principles associated with emotional intelligence. There is decisive impact role in the practice of emotional intelligence skills and enhance social relationships, as well as improve health care and health care education. There are various ways that emotional intelligence skill can be taught, learned, and changed medical care programs for a better patient-doctor relationship....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510070
Kimberly Noel, Shamuel Yagudayev, Catherine Messina, Elinor Schoenfeld, Wei Hou and Gerald Kelly
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 21, 2018
Avoidable hospital readmissions and medical errors are costly and dangerous. Many hospital systems have invested in various transitions of care models, health information systems and now increasingly, in telehealth, to help improve care after hospitalization. Although many models and strategies exist to improve care transitions, very few guidelines address the role of health technology, data analytics and health information exchanges within this process. Few studies have described an optimal wor...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510069
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 13, 2017
Applying the principles and essence of motivational interviewing in every day primary care practice has been proven effective in prompting "behavioral change" which presents and improves positive health outcomes and enhances the patient-counsellor relationship....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510068
Escobar C, Cinza S, Prieto MA, Llisterri JL, Barquilla A, Rodríguez L, Pallarés V, Vidal R, Miravet S, Rodríguez-Roca GC and Badimón JJ
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 18, 2017
IBERICAN is a longitudinal, observational, multicenter study that is currently including subjects aged 18 to 85 years attending primary care setting in Spain. The enrolled cohort will undergo an annual visit for at least 5 years. In this article, the baseline characteristics of the first 4,304 patients are reported....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510067
Ann Scheck McAlearney
Article Type: Opinion | First Published: October 09, 2017
Pregnancy and infant loss exact a devastating toll on the women and families who must endure this experience. Making the transition from a silent delivery room or nursery to a normal but changed life challenges the strongest among us....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510066
Else Toft Wurtz, Jens Tølboll Mortensen and Kirsten Fonager
Article Type: Letter To The Editor | First Published: October 26, 2017
Sense of Coherence (SOC) was introduced in 1979 by Aaron Antonovsky as a salutogenic concept that captured the strength and determinants in health from an orientation-to-life questionnaire....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510065
Amy K. Chesser, Nikki Keene Woods, Jennifer Mattar and Lamin Barrow
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 27, 2017
Over the past year, there has been increased public attention focused on the continued spread of Zika worldwide. The origin of the Zika Virus (ZIKV) was the result of a flavivirus found in the blood of a rhesus monkey (isolated in 1947), found near the city of Entebbe, Uganda, in the Zika forest....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510064
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 27, 2017
Many friends I have between their early forties to late fifties seem to have a pessimistic view on their well being. They have the urge to make irrational and sudden changes in their lives, believing that such changes would result in an increase in their happiness....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510062
Sherry M Bumpus, Rachel Krallman, Eva Kline-Rogers, Daniel Montgomery, Kim A Eagle and Melvyn Rubenfire
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 26, 2017
High hospital readmission rates contribute to rising health care costs and lower quality of care, particularly in cardiac patients. Transitional care programs that expedite post-discharge visits have the potential to improve this problem. This study examined the effectiveness of one such program, Bridging the Discharge Gap Effectively (BRIDGE), a single-visit, nurse-practitioner-led, cardiac transitional care program....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510061
Ashley Nilsson, Humza Ahmed and Doug Dix
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 24, 2017
Death is, arguably, the single most important event in life. Yet it tends to be ignored until ignoring it is not longer possible. Death and dying are not components of the primary or secondary curriculum, and questions on these subjects are absent from standardized tests of academic achievement and aptitude. College electives may focus on death and dying, but, typically, from a distant perspective, rather than on preparing for one's own death....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510060
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 07, 2017
Divorce can have substantial effect on the life of every individual in the family; it has huge impact on socio-financial status of the families. Islamic religious consider the importance of marriage stability, but except divorce as last solution for irreparable or unsustainable couple relationship....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510059
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 31, 2017
The definition of a family dynamic is the scheme of family members' relations and interactions including many prerequisite elements (family arrangements, hierarchies, rules, and patterns of family interactions). Each family is unique in its characteristics....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510058
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi, and Noora Al Hamadi
Article Type: Case Study | First Published: June 01, 2017
50-years-old Bahraini male had an increased level of serum ferritin. The patient showed mildly high alanine aminotransferase and γ-glutamyltransferase and positive chronic hepatitis B....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510057
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 15, 2017
Metformin treatment, both duration and dose, is associated with increased risk of vitamin B12 (B12) deficiency. B12 deficiency causes Hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy), which is associated with an increased risk of a variety of diabetic co-morbidities....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510056
Basem Abbas Al Ubaidi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 11, 2017
The World Health Organization identifies health as "a state of complete physical, mental, and social wellbeing", and views spirituality (a function of the soul) as an important factor in the quality of life and wellness of individuals regardless of their religious affiliations. Family medicine should validate comprehensive, holistic patient care, including spiritual health....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510055
Catherine Briand, Nida Sieu, Éric Skulski, François Borgeat, Christo Todorov, François-Yve Prévost, Ghislaine O Roederer, André Luyet and Alain Lesage
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: May 09, 2017
This project is a case study, using qualitative methods. An operational model of Intervisions Cliniques was drawn for analysis. Data mainly come from the program-related literature, direct observation and interviews with 9 key actors, assembled in 2 groups of promoters and participants of the program. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510054
Ozgur Sirkeci, Emel Erkus Sirkeci and Ulvan Ozad
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 17, 2017
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is known to be associated with serious cardiovascular risk and the prevalence of DM amongst population is rapidly increasing. When important risk factors such as age, hypercholesterolemia, obesity and coronary artery disease are excluded, DM still continues to be an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Diastolic dysfunction is an early complication of type 2 diabetes and diabetic cardiomyopathy is known to be the first step of the process....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510053
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: April 15, 2017
Homeostasis refers to the organism's internal self-regulation process that plays a major role in maintaining a balanced, harmonic and steady-state condition. The aim of this paper is to present a comprehensive conceptual framework for developing daily functional homeostasis, which illustrates the control, harmony and balance of daily life activities and routines....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510052
Koh Iwasaki and Shin Takayama
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 28, 2017
The care team discussed the reason of her independence and the plan on how to provide care for her. We concluded that she was independently capable of living in her own home in her small, very familiar community. She has three close, familiar friends nearby to frequently chat and drink tea with. Situated near the city of Ishinomaki - which was destroyed by the great tsunami in 2011 - her small community is safely located far from the city center and on a hilltop....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510051
Buttigieg JP, Helmerson K and Coventry BJ
Article Type: Opinion | First Published: January 31, 2017
New technologies in physics are developing and modes of medical care are poised to shift rapidly. Healthcare provision provides family physicians with a complex set of challenges ranging from mastering the early detection and prevention of disease to treating a diverse range of illnesses. For example, in 2016, it was predicted that more than 8.3 million people were expected to die from cancer while cancer accounts for about 13% of all deaths worldwide....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510050
William A Mase, Shamika D Jones, Adam J Negley, Beth Bickford and Michael Bisesi
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: January 24, 2017
Findings demonstrate the effectiveness of community response strategies utilizing feedback from system stakeholders. After-action review processes are a critical part of all-hazards preparedness. This analysis of local health district response to the H1N1 influenza outbreak informs future public health service delivery.Results provide a synthesis of local health department's emergency response strategies, challenges encountered, and future-focused emergency response strategy implementation....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510049
Tsai-Ju Chien, Chung-Hua Hsu, Shang-Chih Chang, Yu-Yu Chang and Fang-Yu Li
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 23, 2017
Epidemiological studies have revealed that cancer incidence increases year by year, making cancer one of the leading causes of death globally. Thus, healthcare institutions and physicians are paying much attention to cancer-related issues. In recent decades, the treatment modalities for cancer have updated, although the primary treatments for cancer are still chemotherapy and radiotherapy....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510048
Carl C Bell and Jessie Aujla
Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: December 01, 2016
These findings indicate that currently pregnant women cannot get daily-recommended choline from prenatal vitamins. Accordingly, considering the general prevalence, and higher rates of fetal alcohol exposure in various communities, the authors suggest prenatal vitamin makers incorporate more choline into prenatal multivitamins in order to ensure unborn fetuses are guaranteed optimal development by preventing choline deficiency in pregnant women....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510047
Reshmi Raveendran, Sharon Banks, Michael Beck, Shirley Albano-Aluquin, Shyam Sabat and Barbara Ostrov
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 28, 2016
Tongue necrosis is a rare manifestation of large to medium vessel vasculitis. It has rarely been reported in adults and children. We present two cases of tongue necrosis in adult and pediatric patients with pathologically different etiologies related to different subsets of vasculitis and review their clinical course. To our knowledge, this is the first comprehensive review of the literature on the vasculitides which cause tongue necrosis in adults and children which include giant cell arteritis...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510046
Faiza Ali, Gaurav N Kaushik, Nicole D Carr, Ericka Hayes and Katie L Plax
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 08, 2016
Urban young men (13-25 years old) who have sex with men (YMSM) are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommendations are to screen asymptomatic MSM for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neiserria gonorrheae (GC) based on sexual history. However, this approach misses asymptomatic non-genital infections in men who do not disclose or are not asked about sexual behavior. Our study aimed to determine prevalence of asymptomatic phary...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510045
Rodriguez-Alvarez Cristobalina, Ruperez Felix, Gonzalez-Davila Enrique, Gonzalez-Martin Isidro, Castro Beatrizand and Arias Angeles
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: November 07, 2016
Health authorities have increased the attention given to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in recent years. Even so, under-diagnosis and late diagnosis rates remain high. The aim of this study was to determine which factors allow to discriminate between people with COPD and which do not, trying to provide a simple tool that can be used by primary health care personnel....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510044
Jennifer Marshalla and Kelly Williamson
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 13, 2016
A 15 month-old female was transferred to the emergency department from a gastroenterologist's office after a chest x-ray revealed an esophageal foreign body. The patient was undergoing evaluation for regurgitation of food and refusal to eat solid food for three months with their primary care physician. X-ray of the neck upon arrival in the emergency department revealed that the foreign body was consistent with a button battery. The button battery was likely lodged in the esophagus for the three ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510043
Melissa Buultjens, Gregory Murphy, Jeannette Milgrom and Darren Poinen
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: September 02, 2016
There is increasing awareness of perinatal health as a public health issue, while the antenatal period is a transitional time for parents-to-be and presents various opportunities to maximize health outcomes. The objectives of this scoping review were to identify non-pharmacological interventions in antenatal care, to examine the health outcomes and reductions of perinatal morbidity occurring in childbearing women as a result of these interventions, to explore the mechanisms of intervention effec...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510042
Marcia Cruz-Correa, Frances Cordero, Jean Pierre Betancourt, Yaritza Diaz-Algorri, Sofia M. Lopez, Mirza Rivera, Rafael Mosquera, Victor Carlo-Chevere and Segundo Rodriguez-Quilichini
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 25, 2016
The TTT program consisted of didactics and seminars to capacitate participants to become trainers in CRC prevention. This project was evaluated using three components: (1) training workshops; (2) community educational sessions; and (3) the participant's experience as a trainer. Pre - and post-tests on CRC screening knowledge were given to TTT participants. Program effectiveness was determined by the pre- and post-tests, number of workshop participants completing a community educational session w...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510041
Olivia Denham, Suzanne M Garland, Alexandra Gorelik, Gina Ogilvie, Jeffrey Tan, Danielle Mazza, C David H Wrede, Barbara McBride and Yasmin Jayasinghe
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 22, 2016
GPs and nurse practitioners were invited to complete an online survey through advertisements in e-newsletters. The survey assessed participants' demographics, cervical screening practices and perceived barriers to screening according to the proposed new guidelines. Responses were on a 7-point Likert scale. Statistical analysis was performed using the chi-square for categorical variables and student T-test for continuous variables. Adjusted odds ratios were determined using multivariate logistic ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510040
Francesco Franza, Gabriella Carpentieri, Serena De Guglielmo, Gianfranco Del Buono, Nicoletta Fiorentino, Mariangela Perito, Barbara Solomita and Vicenzo Fasano
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 02, 2016
Family members of people with chronic health problems can be affected by Burnout. A person who assists a suffering person, beyond the professional role, is indicated generally by the term 'caregiver'. The definition of Burnout in families is fairly recent, because the psychology of trauma has ignored a large segment of the traumatized and disabled subjects unwittingly, for a long time....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510039
Pineda-Frutos Maria Fernanda, Jimenez-Baez Maria Valeria, Marquez-Gonzalez Horacio, Jimenez-Marquez Abigail, Jaime-Gonzalez Hector, Sandoval-Jurado Luis and Medina-Andrade Luis Angel
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 18, 2016
Primary caregivers (PC) health and psychological well-being, in cases of children with disabilities must be studied for the high impact on life quality of both, caregivers and children. Our objective was to analyze the epidemiological profile of children with disabilities and their primary caregiver (PC), determine the presence and severity of depression in the PC, measures the burden degree of the PC and estimate the presence of family dysfunction....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510038
Mariana Bonati de Matos, Andressa Jacondino Pires, Jessica Puchalski Trettim, Carolina Coelho Scholl, Viviane Porto Tabeleao, Rafaelle Stark Stigger, Mariane Lopez Molina, Ricardo Tavares Pinheiro and Luciana de Avila Quevedo
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 18, 2016
This was a cross-sectional study with patients and their family members diagnosed with OCD at a research clinic. The instruments used in this study were: the Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview (MINI PLUS), the Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), the Dimensional Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (DY-BOCS) and the Family Accommodation Scale for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder - Interviewer-Rated (FAS-IR)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510037
Lufei Young, Carol Gilbert, Jungyoon Kim, Yaewon Seo, Fernando A Wilson and Li-Wu Chen
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 28, 2016
Heart failure (HF) is one of the most common chronic and disabling illnesses, resulting in high morbidity and mortality. Readmission rate, one key indicator of healthcare quality and healthcare utilization, is prevalent in HF patients. Inconsistent evidences exist about the impact of rural health disparities on HF patients' readmissions. The purpose of this explorative study was to examine the characteristics of hospitalized HF patients and factors related to readmissions in 2009....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510036
Fitzroy J Henry
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 27, 2016
Good family nutrition is a major public health goal in the Caribbean but obesity is the dominant nutritional outcome in all age groups. Overweight/obesity prevalence in preschool children is up to 14%. For adolescents it is 30% and adults over 60%. Unfortunately, the region is far from where it needs to be in making major inroads into coping with this problem, particularly in children. Obesity reflects economically and culturally driven shifts in dietary practices towards over consumption of ene...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510035
Barbara M Lund
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 25, 2016
Foodborne illness affects about one in six Americans each year. Certain groups of people are particularly susceptible to foodborne illness, these include the very young, the elderly, pregnant women and people whose immune system is suppressed by disease or medication. These groups are most likely to incur infection and to suffer severe consequences. Major foodborne pathogens and foods that are particularly associated with hazards are outlined. Factors leading to outbreaks are described and illus...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510034
Rahila Iftikhar, Muhmmad Albar and Mahdi Qadi
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: June 20, 2016
The prevalence of obesity and, consequently, obesity-related disorders is increasing globally, imposing a burden on health care and costs. Lifestyle interventions are the mainstay of treatment owing to the risks associated with surgery and medications. Although Islam advocates a healthy lifestyle and dieting, Muslim countries are also plagued by a rise in the prevalence of obesity and its associated disorders due to substitution of the traditional diet for a Western diet, which is rich in fats a...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510033
Carl C Bell
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: June 03, 2016
This short communication highlights the need to screen for and identify the new DSM-5 proposed criteria of Neurobehavioral Disorders associated with Prenatal Alcohol Exposure (ND-PAE). Emerging research has demonstrated that there are populations that at higher risk for this disorder owing to their social circumstances, i.e. the plethora of liquor stores in their community. One point prevalence study found that one low-income African-Americans have rates of ND-PAE at 388/1,000. Over the counter ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510032
Amy K Chesser, Trisha V Melhado, Robert B Hines and Nikki Keene Woods
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: June 02, 2016
Introduction: Despite the increasing recognition of the importance of health literacy, there is a lack of evidence regarding the use of a brief health literacy assessment for population-based, state-led surveys. The objective of this study was to examine the feasibility of adding a health literacy measurement tool to the Kansas Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS). Methods:A cross-sectional research design was used. Health literacy data were extracted from the state-specific module...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510031
Adekunle Durojaiye Alabi
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 11, 2016
Nigeria has the third highest number of people living with HIV and prevalence among young women 15-24 years is high. Beauticians constitute a high risk group since their work involves the use of sharp instruments. This study was carried out to assess how female beauticians perceive HIV and their prevention of the disease in Sagamu Local Government Area, Ogun State, Southwest Nigeria. A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out using semi-structured, interviewer-administered questionnaire...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510030
Jih Yuan Chen, Mei Chyn Chao, Sheng Yi Yang, Yea Hui Xiao and Ying Hui Lin
Article Type: Quantitative Research Article | First Published: April 08, 2016
The objectives of this study were to elucidate family interaction and psychophysical health among families with members who have Turner Syndrome (TS) through structural equation modeling (SEM), and to investigate differences among patients and their fathers and mothers related to family support, functioning, and hardiness, and mental and physical health. Subjects were recruited from a genetic disease section of a pediatric clinic in a southern Taiwan medical center. There were 59 subjects aged 2...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510029
Stephanie B Mohammed, Andanappa Gadad, B Shivananda Nayak and Vishi Beharry
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: April 01, 2016
We investigated midlife-elderly patients enrolled for echocardiography and the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) and coronary artery disease (CAD). This was a cross sectional study. Patients (n = 236) enrolled for echocardiography (ECG) over the age of 30 were selected regardless of their chief complaint and those presented with chest pain were a key feature in this study. Patients free from known disease of age below 30 were excluded from the study. We investigated consented ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510028
Martin Cabrejas BM, Gargantilla Madera P and Pintor Holguin E
Article Type: Short Review | First Published: March 25, 2016
Actinomycosis is an infectious disease with a world-wide distribution caused by anaerobic and microaerophilic bacteria residing in the oral cavity. Actinomycosis is often difficult to diagnose as it can mimic numerous infectious and noninfectious diseases. It is nowadays uncommon in Europe and the possibility that we may face a patient with actinomycosis is therefore underestimated....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510027
Michael A Noll and Jeanne M Ferrante
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 14, 2016
Colorectal cancer (CRC), the 3rd most common cancer type worldwide, results in almost 700,000 deaths from cancer annually. In the United States, there are an estimated 134,490 new cases of CRC diagnosed in 2016, and approximately 49,190 Americans will die from CRC. Risk factors include: advancing age; male gender; Ashkenazi Jewish descent; African-American race; low socioeconomic status; inflammatory bowel disease; diabetes; personal or family history of adenomatous polyps, advanced serrated pol...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510026
Pearl Anna McElfish, Ramey Moore, David Woodring, Rachel S. Purvis, Gregory G. Maskarinec, WilliaminaIoanna Bing, Jonell Hudson, Peter O. Kohler and Peter A. Goulden
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: March 14, 2016
Chronic diseases disproportionately affect ethnic and racial minorities. Pacific Islanders, including the Marshallese, experience some of the highest documented rates of type 2 diabetes. Northwest Arkansas is home to the largest population of Marshallese outside of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and many migrants are employed by the local poultry industry. This migrant population continues to increase because of climate change, limited health care and educational infrastructure in the Mar...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510025
Jean-Pierre Unger, Sarah Shelmerdine, Casper van der Veer and Michel Roland
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 10, 2016
Properly addressing patients' social problems in clinical decisions is central to the widely advocated delivery of bio-psychosocial care. Against the backdrop of a wealth of scientific studies describing social determinants acting upon health status, this position paper aims to orient general practitioners in the practical management of these determinants. This paper follows on from a previous one that dealt with the use of family therapy techniques in addressing interpersonal and emotional stre...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510024
Gargantilla Madera P, Martin Cabrejas BM and Pintor Holguin E
Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: January 21, 2016
Rhabdomyolysis is a condition resulting from the release of large quantities of myocyte breakdown products into the circulation, following injury to striated muscles. It is a clinical and biochemical syndrome, defined as an elevation of serum creatine kinasa activity (sCK) to at least 10 times the normal upper limit followed by a rapid decrease of the sCK level back to normal values....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510023
Gargantilla P, Martin BM and Pintor E
Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: January 16, 2016
On the occasion of the bicentenary of the birth of the stethoscope we pay homage to this brilliant invention. The stethoscope may be the one instrument common to all doctors and also several health professionals, no other symbol so strongly identifies a doctor than a stethoscope dangling around the neck. Until 1816 physicians used direct auscultation (placing the ear on the chest wall), it was known to Hippocrates but little practiced. It was hard to perform this act on obese or endowed females....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510022
Lealm Kokeb, Endeshaw admassu, Hiwot Kassa and Tewodros Seyoum
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 14, 2015
Introduction: Worldwide as well as in Ethiopia abortion is one of the top lead causes of maternal death. Unwanted pregnancies which end up in abortion occur due to contraception method non use or misuse. To decrease unintended pregnancies and avoid repeated abortions advancing immediate post abortion contraception is crucial. Objective: To assess utilization of post abortion contraceptive and associated factors among women came for abortion service in health institutions at Debre Marcos town, No...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510021
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 23, 2015
Gallstone formation is due to a complex interaction between genetic and nongenetic factors. Genes are estimated to account for only about one-fourth of the overall gallstone risk, while metabolic/environmental factors are at least partially modifiable in stone-free risk groups, acting by primary prevention measures on diet, lifestyle and/or the environment or, in selected patients (i.e. rapid weight loss, bariatric surgery, somatostatin or analogues therapy, transient gallbladder stasis, hormone...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510020
Paul Gavaza, Wonha Kim, Rashid Mosavin and Nguyen Ta
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 20, 2015
Background: Oral health is a significant health challenge in the United States. The aim of the study is to investigate California physicians' knowledge and opinion of the interface between oral and overall health as well as their recommendations for strengthening the oral and overall health interface. Method: The questionnaire, a self-addressed, postage paid return envelope and a cover letter explaining the purpose of the project was mailed to 1,000 California physicians. The survey had a total ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510019
Samuel R Terrazas, Kathy Revtyak, Krizia Mendez, Marisela Padilla, Jacen S Moore and A Daniel Peralta
Article Type: Short Communication | First Published: November 13, 2015
Stress is a transactional process affected by psychological traits that commonly affect the performance of college students independent of nationality and race. However, Hispanic and Black students tend to perceive more stress in the academic context as a result of many factors, especially insitutional oppression. Many students, including minorities, lack sufficient stress management and coping skills. High levels of stress impact not only mental health, but can lead to physical complications fo...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510018
Julienne K Kirk, Stephen W Davis, Jade Hairston, Kathryn Melius and Gail S Marion
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 09, 2015
Medical students described a variety of scenarios they experienced in their first two or three years of medical school and 17 quotes from the narratives were selected from 130 stories. There were four dominant themes identified from student narratives that were related to communication. These categories included information management, active listening, addressing feelings and reaching common ground. Results suggest that medical students can identify effective and ineffective communication and h...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510017
Michael Parsa, Robert Woolard, Dustin Corgan, Susana Villalobos, Paul Chisolm, Lisa Montgomery, Jiayang Liu, Israel Alba and Patrick Tarwater
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 31, 2015
Most young Latina ED patients were unconcerned about risk of HIV infection in spite of their reports of HIV sex risk behavior. Latinas who were RAPS4 positive were more likely to report HIV sex risk behavior, but they had no greater concern about their HIV risk and no greater use of condoms. Preventive interventions should be developed to decrease alcohol use and to increase concern about HIV risk among Latinas....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510016
Erin Vaughn, Kristie Hadden and Benjamin Doolittle
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 21, 2015
Inadequate health literacy is a common problem that contributes to poor patient-provider communication. Health literacy screening and specific provider communication practices may be important in clinics where patients are at high risk for inadequate health literacy. This study assessed patients' health literacy and their perception of provider communication practices in a primary care residency program clinic serving an urban multi-ethnic population. A convenience sample of 324 patients in an u...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510015
Article Type: Perspective | First Published: October 19, 2015
It is common to assume that colleges and universities provide service to the public. In the U.S., these institutions are granted tax-exemption on this assumption. In times long past, education, in itself, may have been a public service. But it isn't that anymore as the unintended consequences of progress degrade human habitat and social fabric. Education for progress could easily do more harm than good....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510014
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 15, 2015
Researchers has shown that dietary patterns of many college students predispose them to future health problems and the epidemic of overweight and obesity is prevalent among many students in the United States. Getting community college students off the path to diet related diseases such as type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, some cancers and changing their lifestyle choices so they become generally more healthy requires that we understand how they eat, their levels of physical activity, as we...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510013
Mary A Matteliano and Debra Street
Article Type: Research article | First Published: October 14, 2015
This study explores how frontline healthcare providers describe and understand the delivery of culturally competent care to underserved groups in three neighborhood primary health care practices. Data from fifty intensive interviews and observations at three field sites in a multi-year study are analyzed using grounded theory techniques. Findings show that providers used a range of deliberate strategies-from establishing provider/patient concordance, to finessing language issues, practicing cult...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510012
Shane Lavin and William Hennrikus
Article Type: Original Research | First Published: October 13, 2015
Currently, The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that serial clinical examinations using the Ortolani and Barlow Technique be performed of the hips of all infants at birth and at well baby examinations until the child is of walking age-about 1 year of life. In addition, the AAP recommends hip imaging with ultrasound (U.S.) at six weeks of life for female infants born in the breech position despite a normal physical examination for hip instability. Lastly, the AAP recommends optiona...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510011
Kristina A. Roloff, Gohar Stepanyan, Guillermo Valenzuela
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 19, 2015
A single center, retrospective study was performed over an eighteen month period (January 2012 - June 2013) at a county hospital in San Bernardino, California. Methamphetamine use was defined as self-reported use or a positive urine drug screen (UDS) at admission for delivery. Preeclampsia was defined using the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) Task Force definition. 1 The incidence of preeclampsia among methamphetamine users was compared to non-users using inferential s...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510010
Daniel M. Avery, Karen Burgess, John T. McDonald, Susanna T. Raley, Catherine A. Skinner, Kristine R. Graettinger, Kelly Shoemake, Melanie T. Tucker and Jason M. Parton
Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: September 06, 2015
Neonatal outcomes of infants delivered by family physicians practicing obstetrics and obstetricians/gynecologists have been studied for years. Most of the studies comparing deliveries of family physicians and OB/GYNs have been limited to low risk pregnancies. Family physicians practicing obstetrics are often the only obstetrics providers in rural, underserved areas. They need to be able to practice independently and manage more than just low risk pregnancies....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510009
Diego Garcia-Huidobro and Tai Mendenhall
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 31, 2015
Even though life expectancy has increased in industrialized countries, chronic diseases and mental illnesses are continuous health challenges. Thus, new strategies to further improve health must be implemented. Because family contexts are where health behaviors are usually learned, developed, maintained and changed, targeting family systems (rather than individual patients) is an option to further improving the health status of individuals, families, and communities. This article will review pos...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510008
Ilina Ristevska, Rosaria S. Armata, Christina D'Ambrosio, Melissa Furtado, Leena Anand and Martin A. Katzman
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 23, 2015
Xerostomia, commonly referred to as dry mouth syndrome, is a result of reduced or absent salivary flow producing mucosal dryness. It can subsequently cause oral discomforts and alterations in taste, cracked and peeling lips, dry nasal passages, and a painful tongue. Its symptoms make tasks such as swallowing, speaking and sleeping difficult and painful, as well as increasing the risk of gum disease and tooth loss through increased formation of plaque and dental caries....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510007
Article Type: Perspective | First Published: August 01, 2015
Changes in living patterns typically result in changes in disease structures within a society. The 'epidemiological transition', which describes the shift from infectious to chronic diseases for example, is common as countries shift from agrarian to industrial lifestyles. Population levels of obesity for example change as societies become more developed, with equivalent BMIs pre development apparently less dangerous than during or after development, as shown recently in China. Health practices t...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510006
Alain Quinet, Sarah Shelmerdine, Patrick Van Dessel and Jean-Pierre Unger
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 23, 2015
Purpose: Mental health and psychosomatic problems are both widespread and disabling in low and middle-income countries (LMIC). There is a clear need for strategies to strengthen first line services for their treatment. Family ('systemic') therapy has been shown to be effective in this setting but there is a dearth of research investigating its use. Methods: A family therapist, psychiatrist by training was interviewed by a public health doctor specialized in health services organization, to deriv...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510005
Article Type: Orginal Research | First Published: June 06, 2015
The starting point of this contribution is the fact that budgets imposed by health policy makers induce rationing, causing inefficiencies in the market for medical services. In addition, inefficiencies spill over into the market for health insurance. In a second step, rationing itself is explained as the outcome of supply and demand for regulation. It is shown that the mere existence of health insurance creates a demand for rationing that increases over time....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510004
Cory Wilczynski and Lily Agrawal
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 21, 2015
Testosterone replacement therapy is currently contraindicated in men with a history of prostate cancer. Despite this, new data is emerging in multiple retrospective studies and case reports of testosterone replacement therapy use after treatment for prostate cancer with results that call into question the contraindication. The goal of this paper is to review the association between androgens and the prostate gland physiology and pathology, and analyze the data available concerning the issue of t...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510003
Torrance Stephens, Adewale Troutman, Larry Johnson and Tommy Taylor
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 11, 2015
This study summarizes the findings of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention REACH 2010 intervention's impact on reducing risk for cardiovascular disease among racial and ethnic groups living in the Atlanta Empowerment Zone (AEZ). In Fiscal Year 1999, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) funded several health efforts to develop primary prevention programs for the reduction and elimination of racial and ethnic disparities in health targeting cardiovascular disease....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510002
Nikki Keene Woods and Amy Chesser
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 02, 2015
Purpose: Maternal/infant health outcome disparities continue to exist within the United States despite years of research and intervention. The need for collaborative community-based efforts was identified as an important strategy to improve birth outcomes. Objective: Evaluate the impact of a group prenatal education curriculum at increasing maternal health knowledge and decreasing negative maternal/infant health outcomes....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5793/1510001
Article Type: Editorial | First Published: May 02, 2015
Family medicine is expression of societal needs in terms of health and welfare standards. From newborn to elderly, all single members of the family are primary subjects for health strategies. Family physicians, practitioners, researchers in the field of healthcare, medicine and general practice are directly involved in first line to ensure adequate sanitary standards and promote preventive measures....
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