Research Reports in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery is an open access, peer reviewed journal that covers multidisciplinary aspects of diagnosis and treatment of patients with diseases or injuries affecting the face, neck, mouth, and jaws. The journal gathers all the high end research, review, cases and other type of articles.
All submitted articles undergo double peer review process and are selectively accepted upon approval of an Editor. Published articles are immediately made available for the readers to read and download without any restriction barriers under the terms of Creative Common Attribution License. Journal scope includes but not limit to blepharoplasty, cleft palate, cosmetic facial surgery, craniofacial surgery, cranio-maxillofacial trauma, dental implant, facial reconstruction, head and neck reconstruction, lip reconstruction, mandibular nerve surgery, neck liposuction, oro facial pain, orofacial surgery braces, orthogenetic surgery, osseo integration, plastic and reconstructive surgery, rhytidectomy, scalp surgery, upper jaw surgery, etc.
Articles Search by Keyword | Journal title | Author name | DOI
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710073
Aheli Pal, MDS, Pushkar Gadre, MDS and Rajshekhar Halli, MDS, MFDS RCPS
Article Type: Surgical Technique | First Published: 2023/05/14
Orbital floor reconstruction in total maxillectomy cases is a challenging task. Enophthalmos, ptosis, diplopia, dystopia, and contour deformity may result if there is failure of adequate support by the reconstructive measures. Many options of orbital floor reconstruction are available with their inherent complications and no single option may provide the required results in terms of function and esthetics....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710072
H. Dexter Barber, DDS, Gina Agostini-Walesch, PhD, Jacob Williamson, RN, BSN, Matthew Oxford, MS, Michael Brandon Nix, MD and Kelton Ericson, DMD, MD
Article Type: Research Survey | First Published: 2023/04/28
A survey was conducted of practicing oral and maxillofacial surgeons with double degrees, a Doctor of Dental Surgery or Doctor of Dental Medicine, (DDS/DMD) and Doctor of Medicine or Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (MD/DO). These responding dual degree, oral and maxillofacial surgeons were all current members of the American College of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (ACOMS). ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710071
Mohamed Elseyoufi, BDS, MBBS, MSc-OMS, FRACDS, Ayman Hasan Alrabiaa, BDS and Peter Tsakiris, BDS, MSc, FCD, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: 2023/04/28
Decompression followed by enucleation of Keratocystic odontogenic tumour (KCOT) is a recommended conserva-tive approach for large KCOT to prevent injury to the surrounding vital structures, pathological fracture of the mandible and radical resection surgery. On the other hand, this approach necessitates multiple surgical procedures and prolonged follow-up which depends on the patient's compliance and may increase the risk of infection....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710070
Abdullah Qahtan and Eslah Mohammed, BDS
Article Type: Systemic Review | First Published: 2023/04/26
Reconstruction of defects after resection of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) becomes an insurmountable thing that aims to improve the life quality of patients. Recently, reconstruction procedure not only aims to restore function and bulk of tongue, but also to restore the sensation modalities that increase efficacy of the neo-tongue....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710069
Adegbenga Olusegun Johnson, Sunday Olusegun Ajike, Taiwo Ezekiel Adebayo, Athanasius Chukwudi Obiadazie, Rabiu Isah Mohammed, Ochuko Orakpoghenor and Peace Inioluwa Alonge
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: 2023/04/19
Cleft lip and palate are common congenital anomalies, and surgical outcome of cleft repair is difficult to evaluate due to the complex shape of the nose. In this study, some anthropometric parameters of repaired unilateral cleft lip were compared with those of non-cleft lip children by direct assessment with a view to establish the significance of these parameters in evaluating extent of cleft lip repairs. ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710068
Carlos Santiago Ruggeri, Julian Simkin, Santiago Marinelli and Lautaro Acosta
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 19, 2023
Oro-antral fistulas (OAF) produce infections in the maxillary sinus due to contamination with bacteria from the oral cavity, saliva and or food debris....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710067
Julian Simkin, Santiago Marinelli and Carlos Santiago Ruggeri
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 17, 2023
Odontogenic cysts and tumors located in the upper jaw are infrequent and when they grow up can cause bone destruction. The histologies of odontogenic cysts and tumors are diverse and the treatment is surgical. Different surgical approaches have been described to be able to perform complete exeresis of these lesions, based mainly on obtaining adequate exposure....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710066
Injamamul Niloy and Changmin Richard Yim
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: September 30, 2022
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) internal derangement and subsequent degenerative joint disease is characterized as a progressive mechanical disorder with a majority of the initial treatment modalities aimed at managing symptoms and preventing further progression. Arthrocentesis is a minimally invasive and effective first-line surgical treatment option for patients with early stages of TMJ internal derangement who have failed nonsurgical and pharmacological treatment....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710064
H. Dexter Barber
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 20, 2022
Low level light therapy (LLLT), or photobiomodulation therapy (PBMT) uses focused light to stimulate cellular metabolism, which can decrease pain as well as accelerate the healing process. Photobiomodulation therapy is defined as a form of light therapy that utilizes non-iodizing light sources, including lasers, light emitting diodes, and/or broadband light, in the visible (400-700 nm) and near infrared (700-1100 nm) electromagnetic spectrum....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710062
Akash Sivam, Yi Long Roy Ong, Ankit Garg and Paul Sillifant
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 16, 2022
Ameloblastoma is a rare progressively growing epithelial odontogenic neoplasm. Although benign, it can expand and invade surrounding structures, and to reoccur if not adequately removed. Current treatment is wide local excision with reconstruction. Traditional reconstructive options included autologous tissues, however, with the advent of virtual surgical planning and custom prosthesis surgeons can provide an increasingly precise functional and aesthetically pleasing reconstruction. The case pre...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710057
Salvador Valladares-Pérez, Osvaldo Gahona-Gutiérrez, Pablo Romero and Juan Pablo Vargas- Buratovic
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 30, 2021
Osteoradionecrosis treatment is challenging for clinicians. Throughout history, the study of osteoradionecrosis and its pathophysiological understanding has given the guidelines for managing this pathology. Currently, osteoradionecrosis is understood as a radiation-induced fibro-degenerative process, so its management focuses on reducing the molecular mediators involved during the process. We present the case of a 61-year-old male patient with multiple comorbidities and medical history of the fl...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710061
Hilda Moris Vidal, Nicolás Reyne Silva, Diego Bustamante Correa and Felipe Astorga Mori
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 04, 2021
17-year-old female patient who attended the Maxillofacial Surgery unit at “Hospital del Carmen”, Santiago de Chile. Due to increased facial volumen on the right side, persistence of tooth 5.3 and clinical abscence of tooth 1.3. Complementary studies: Orthopantomography and cone beam tomography were performed. The histopathological report of the excisional biopsy showed an adenomatoid odontogenic tumor, associated with tooth 1.3 in the maxillary region. The adenomatoid odontogenic tumor is a ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710060
Francisco Yévenes, Gastón Salas, Jorge Lolas, Emilio Moreno and Pedro Solé
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 13, 2021
Both vertical and horizontal maxillo-mandibular discrepancies lead to poor positioning of the tissues, causing alterations in functionality and aesthetics, which today are corrected with increasingly specific procedures. Mentoplasty allows modifying the anatomy of the chin in the 3 senses of space. There are cases in which a receding Mentoplasty or Genioplasty cannot be performed, either due to very prominent chins, which cannot be raised to the chin because there are no vertical alterations cau...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710059
Ahmed Hassan Kamil Mustafa, MSC, FFDRCSI
Article Type: Mini Review | First Published: October 08, 2021
Lymphangioma is a benign, congenital hamartomatous malformation of the lymphatic system, it is more common in the head and neck region. Oral lymphangiomas are rare but if it occurs, the tongue is the most commonly affected site, rarely on other sites such as the palate, gingiva, and alveolar ridge of the mandible. This study aims to throw light on lymphangioma of the tongue regarding pathogenesis, clinical signs and symptoms, and the different treatment modalities. Although lymphangioma is benig...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710058
Luis Gabriel Ladino, DDS and Diego Rosselli, MD, EdM, MSc
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 06, 2021
A healthy, 23-year-old, nonsmoking, partially edentulous woman was referred to prosthodontist private practice in Bogota, Colombia, with the complaint of malocclusion, and an unattractive smile resulting from absence of some teeth. She had received fixed orthodontic treatment. She never used prostheses and refused using removable partial denture. Clinical, intraoral, and radiographic examinations were performed, and diagnostic casts were made. Intraoral status revealed absence of all lateral inc...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710056
AAOMS Stage 2 and Some Stage 3 Medication-Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws (MRONJ) Can Be Managed Successfully and Predictably in OMFS Private Practice with Surgical Intervention and Long-term Intravenous Antibiotics
Hung Le, DDS, MD and M Anthony Pogrel, DDS, MD, FACS, FRCS
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: August 16, 2021
Despite published guidelines, the management of medication-related osteonecrosis of the jaws (MRONJ) remains controversial. Most cases that are resistant to straight forward conservative management are usually referred to an academic teaching center or hospitalbased practice. This article will attempt to show that these cases can be managed successfully in private practice on an outpatient basis. The patients referred to a private practice oral and maxillofacial surgeon with stage 2 and stage 3 ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710055
Roberto Ortiz and Vanessa Espinoza
Article Type: Literature Review | First Published: August 12, 2021
Odontogenic infections are frequently seen in the dental practice, being dental caries its main etiology; therefore, dentists should be familiarized with its presentation and management as it can spread rapidly and have serious consequences. The purpose of this article is to provide essential knowledge on the pathogenesis, diagnosis, possible complications and treatment of odontogenic infections. Odontogenic infection (OI) is defined as those infections that originate from pulpal or periodontal ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710054
Gagik Hakobyan, DMSc, PhD, Lazar Yessayan, DMSc, PhD, Gagik Khachatryan, Vilen Seyranyan, Davit Mathevosyan, PhD and Tunyan Gegham
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 05, 2021
The 87 patients with alveolar osteitis were selected for the study (from 2017 to 2020). Clinical and radiological methods were used to evaluation socket. To conduct a comparative analysis of the treatments results, two groups were formed: Group I is represented by 44 patients with alveolar osteitis received complex treatment with the inclusion of hyaluronic acid (HA) and magnetic-laser therapy. The II group is represented by 43 patients, with alveolar osteitis received treatment without the incl...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710053
Nicolás Yáñez, Maximiliano Bravo and Francisco Javier Pinedo
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 05, 2021
A 47-years-old female patient was referred to our unit due to an incidental radiographic finding of a mixed radiolucent-radiopaque lesion in the right mandible ramus. Complementary blood tests, an updated panoramic radiography and a cone beam computed tomography were performed. The incisional biopsy’s histopathological report described a craniofacial monostotic fibrous dysplasia of the mandible. The fibrous dysplasia is a low prevalence fibroosseous lesion that can affect one or more bones, ca...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710052
Sarah Arafat, M.Sc, Mona Abdel Aziz, M.Sc, Heba A Shawky, PhD and Ahmed M Salloum, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 29, 2021
A 14-years-old girl was admitted to the emergency department of Alexandria university hospital, suffering from facial cellulitis, closing her left eye, without fluctuation trismus, dysphagia and fever for 2 days. It was assumed by the physicians who examined her that the cause of facial cellulitis is ophthalmic infection, and was given antibiotic therapy and eye-drops for 3 days with no improvement (Figure 1). Then, the patient was referred for maxillofacial consultation. By taking history, ther...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710051
Ahmed AH El-Feky
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 23, 2021
A clinical study was conducted on sixteen patients, suffering from partially edentulous areas at the maxillary posterior region. Sixteen patients with 18 implants were divided randomly into two equal groups 8 patients with 9 implants in each group. Study group, patients were subjected to trans alveolar sinus lift and Oxidized cellulose (SurgicelSNoW)® Absorbable Hemostat, Ethicon Inc., USA) graft were applied and immediate implant placement. Control group, patients were subjected to trans alveo...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710050
Vanessa Espinoza, DDS and Roberto Ortiz, DDS
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 23, 2021
The Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tumor presents in low frequency. It is originated from epithelial rests, specifically from the dental lamina, and shows similar characteristics to a wide variety of pathologies. Is a benign non-invasive lesion that can be manage by conservative treatment. Thus, is important to recognize and differentiate it from other pathologies that required more aggressive surgical treatment. The objective of the present article is to report a case of an Adenomatoid Odontogenic Tum...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710049
Thaddeus S Boucree MD, DDS and Eric I Chang, MD, FACS
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 17, 2021
According to the NYU Center for the Study of Asian American Health, the New York City Metropolitan area is home to the largest concentration of South Asians in the United States. The chewing of betel quid related products is common to these immigrants from countries including India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and the Maldives among others. Betel quid and its constituent areca nut are known risk factors for many oral and esophageal cancers. However, the lack of awareness rega...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710048
Francis Gilbert, MD, Matthieu J Guitton, PhD, FRAI and Nathalie Audet, MDCM, FRCSC
Article Type: Case-Control Pedagogical Study | First Published: February 10, 2021
In the last decade, the incidence of Human papilloma virus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal cancer has increased and as high as 70% of all oropharyngeal cancers are caused by HPV. First line health professionals might feel uncomfortable discussing topics related to sexual habits. The objectives of this study are to assess the level of knowledge about HPV-associated oropharyngeal cancer amongst first line health professionals and to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention on communicatio...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710047
Muñoz, Ruben, Golaszewski, Jose and Diaz, Alvaro
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 29, 2021
The aim of this work is to study the use of this technique for extirpation of malignant tumors of the maxillary sinus and application for a variety of facial lesions, craniofacial deformities and trauma sequel. This includes the exposure for adequate tumor resection and the preservation of tissues and they function. This approach was evaluated including the advantages and disadvantages regarding the function, aesthetic outcome and the complications related to the procedure. Eight patients underw...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710046
Hermes Pretel, Daniel Nastri de Luca, Déborah Laurindo Pereira Santos, Luiz Henrique Torres, Renato Torres Augusto Neto, Yuliana Del Pilar Vega Chacón and Raphael Capelli Guerra
Article Type: Short Commentary | First Published: November 30, 2020
Although the discovery of Botulinum Toxin is not recent, its application with functional and aesthetic purpose in the dental environment is considered new, and presents itself as an effective tool in treatments. One of the main highlights has been the assistance to pre-surgical preparations, as a way to improve the effectiveness of treatment, attenuating local muscle forces that may lead to a relapse or the failure of treatment. This topic is widely discussed, and suitable for all types of surge...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710045
Gagik Hakobyan, DMSc, PhD, Grigor Khachatryan, MD, PhD, Levon Khachatryan, MD, PhD and Armen Hovhannisyan, MD, PhD
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 09, 2020
To evaluate of the effectiveness of rehabilitation in patients following mandibulectomy and free fibula flap reconstruction with further endosteal implants. The patient cohort consisted of 27 patients years (14 males and 13 females) with lower jaw defects due to resection for tumors, were reconstructed with fibula-free flaps in a 6-year period (2015-2020). All patients underwent a thorough clinical laboratory, radiological examination according to a generally accepted scheme. Patients were evalu...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710044
Ioannis Astreidis, Ioanna Kalaitsidou, Styliani Papaemmanouil, Konstantinos Vachtsevanos and Konstantinos Antoniadis
Article Type: Case Report - Review | First Published: October 05, 2020
The aim of this paper is to draw up-to-date conclusions regarding small cell neuroendocrine carcinoma (SCC) of the parotid gland reviewing the largest case series from the literature and presenting them in a chronicle type manner. In addition, the first Greek case of SCC of the parotid gland with a favorable outcome is being reported. A case occurred in a 76-year-old male patient is presented here. A partial parotidectomy and a selective neck dissection were performed. Post-operatively he underw...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710043
Ashutosh Kumar Singh, Safal Dhungel and Manish Yadav
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 17, 2020
Facial infiltrating lipomatosis (FIL) is a rare and underreported clinical entity. Presence since birth and hemifacial swelling and asymmetry is always present along with dentoskeletal hypertrophy. Clinical management varies from conservative liposuction at an early age to aggressive subtotal resection in adulthood. A 21-year-old female patient, operated 3 times before for unilateral facial swelling presented with massive diffuse swelling on the right side of the face. Contrast CT showed infiltr...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710042
Vilma Umanzor, Mayra Pineda, Hugo Romero and Luis Gabriel Ladino
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 13, 2020
The evidence of implant-supported restoration on patients in physical development stages is scarce and controversial. The loss of permanent teeth in children and adolescents, usually caused by trauma or agenesis, can have a negative impact on aesthetics, function, and even social acceptance. The patient presented the need for replacement of both maxillary incisors due to increased mobility and recurrent infection. Cephalometric analysis, hand, and wrist radiographs were analyzed to identify the ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710041
Amanda F Araujo and Lucas M Castro-Silva
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 21, 2020
In order to regenerate bone and soft tissue, multiples types of treatment were developed including the use of bone grafting, membranes and growth factor/cytokines/host modulating agent. Leukocyte-platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) is a second-generation platelet concentrate that forms a natural fibrin matrix with immune regulation node and inflammation retrocontrol proprieties, which can be useful in healing of apical defects. In the present case, bovine bone substitute graft was associated with L-PRF...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710040
Badr M I Abdulrauf, MD, FRCSC
Article Type: Surgical Techniques | First Published: August 10, 2020
Cleft lip associated Nasal deformity is a challenging area, a topic of controversies, theories and a diversity of techniques. The aesthetic outcome have historically been below expectation to barely acceptable. Cleft lip associated Nasal deformity is a challenging area, a topic of controversies, theories and a diversity of techniques. The aesthetic outcome have historically been below expectation to barely acceptable....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710039
Rajeevan Sritharan, BDS (Bris), MFDS RCSEd, Zainab Sarwar Shaikh, BDS (Lond), MFDS RCS (Glasgow) and Steven John Liggins, BDS, MBBCh, FRCS (OMFS), FDSRCS (Ed), BSc
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 10, 2020
Ectopic wisdom teeth are a rare occurrence. Furthermore, it is highly unusual to see lower wisdom teeth in the ascending ramus of the mandible. This case report is about a 41-yearold male patient with right sided facial swelling. Presenting initially as suspected right sided parotitis, the source of the infection was quickly identified as an ectopic wisdom tooth located in the ramus of the mandible. This report describes the associated investigations, management (pre-, peri- and post-) and appro...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710038
Cristopher Mayer Olivares, Francisco Pampin L, Claudio Huentequeo M and Francisco Pinedo H
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 03, 2020
Osteomas are benign neoplasms that produce well-differentiated mature bone tissue. There are three clinical varieties: Central, peripheral, and extra-skeletal osteoma. In the craniofacial region, cases have been reported in different bones, with its location in the mandible being less prevalent, especially at the condylar level. Generally, they present in isolation, however, when their presentation is multiple, they can be associated with Gardner´s Syndrome. The presence of symptoms is rare, an...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710037
Cameron YS Lee, DMD, MD, PHD, MPH and Kristin L Lee, DDS
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 17, 2020
The Stafne bone cavity (SBC) is classically described as an asymptomatic unilateral depression or concavity localized on the medial surface of the posterior mandible between the inferior alveolar canal and inferior border. The authors present a rare case report of the Stafne bone cavity (SBC) in the bilateral ramus of the mandible that has not been previously reported in the English medical and dental literature. The bilateral anatomic location proved to be a diagnostic challenge using plain fil...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710036
Nicolás Solano, Paulina Gutiérrez, Dalmiro Ortega and Salomon Ramos
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 09, 2020
Depending on the time that has elapsed since extraction, the placement of one or more implants in the maxilla or mandible will be determined directly by the clinical and radiographic characteristics of the implant bed. In the case of multirooted teeth, placing an implant immediately after extraction is more complex due to the anatomical sites involved. In the literature, there are very few studies reporting the use of 3D printed surgical guides for the placement of immediate post-extraction sing...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710035
Nikolaos Kolomvos, Georgios Giannoulis and Nikolaos Papadogeorgakis
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 06, 2020
Blindness is a complication of midfacial trauma and the cause of it may be retrobulbar or intraorbital hematoma, which could be responsible for a direct or indirect damage to the optic nerve, traumatic loss or rupture of the orbital globe. In the international literature, the reported incidence of blindness subsequent to craniofacial injuries, particularly in orbito-frontal, orbito-naso-ethmoidal, zygomatico- orbital and Le Fort II and III fractures ranges from 1-5%....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710034
Solano Nicolás, DDS, Sarmiento Luis DDS, Linares Manuel DDS and Rivera Ejusmar DDS
Article Type: Note | First Published: April 27, 2020
Treatment of cystic lesions includes multiple options, ranging from resection, decompression or marsupialization to enucleation. Different techniques for enucleation have been reported for head and neck cysts. This paper describes Shira ´s technique, using alginate as a filling material inside the cystic cavity, allowing demarcating the limits of the cystic lesions, maintaining their integrity. The use of alginate is recommended for the enucleation of cervicofacial cysts at the time of surgical...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710033
Nicolás Solano, Angel Ortega, Paulina Gutiérrez, Dalmiro Ortega, Arianny Peraza and Elvia Rios
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 17, 2020
Different surgical approaches have been described for the treatment of maxillary atrophic alveolar ridges, such as the placement of short, angled implants or elevation of the Schneiderian membrane, highlighting within the latter the transcrestal approach, whose main associated concern is the risk of iatrogenic perforation of the sinus membrane due to limited access and indirect view of the procedure. In the literature, there are few studies reporting the use of 3D printed surgical guides for tra...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710032
Golaszewski Jose, DDS, MS, Muñoz Ruben DDS, MS, Barazarte Dionelys, DDS, Maldonado Andrea, DDS, Pulgar Bricelys, DDS and Perez Jesus, DDS
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: February 26, 2020
The aim of this study was to analyze the etiology, clinical presentation management and treatment modalities by the protocol of management of severe odontogenic infections in patients undergoing to the emergency of Dr Angel Larralde Universitary Hospital in Valencia-Venezuela during 15-y period. This retrospective study was done from January 2001 to December 2016 and included 1124 patients with a mean age of 30.23 yrs. Data collection included age, gender, site of infection days of hospitalizati...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710031
Nikolaos Kolomvos, Agamemnon Chliaoutakis and Nikolaos Papadogeorgakis
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 12, 2020
The term ankylosis of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is derived from the Greek word meaning stiffening of a joint due to disease process and referred to describe a permanent movement disfunction of the mandible caused by the fusion of joint surfaces by bone, fibrous or mixed tissue, bilateral or unilateral. When the cause of the ankylosis is extra-articular is referred to as pseudoankylosis or false ankylosis, while when caused by intra-articular problems referred to as true ankylosis....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710030
Dharmika Tailor, James Alexander Potter and Phillip Ameerally
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 30, 2020
Perineural invasion (PNI) refers to the infiltration of tumour cells into the perineural space of a nerve. It is predominately associated with cutaneous squamous cell carcinomas (cSCC). While PNI has a low level of incidence, it significantly affects the prognosis leading to a poorer outcome. We report a rare case of extensive PNI from a scalp cSCC in a Caucasian gentleman. The supraorbital, supratrochlear and optic nerves were involved requiring an orbital exenteration as part of the surgical m...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710029
Juan Alberto O'Ryan Silva, DDS, Alfredo Noguera Pantoja, DDS, MFS, and Pedro Sole Ventura, DDS, MFS
Article Type: Review article | First Published: January 10, 2020
Facial aesthetics has a meaningful relationship with the capacity of people to form interpersonal relationships, which can lead to cases of harassment when there are severe facial disharmonies. For a long time, orthognathic surgery has been indicated in patients whose growth has ended in order to achieve more stable and predictable results over time. However, there are cases where psychosocial stress due to dentofacial deformities makes necessary to intervene patients at a younger age. This revi...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710028
Michael Erlichman, DDS, Pooja Gangwani, DDS, MPH and Sneha Shah, DMD
Article Type: Case Series | First Published: November 07, 2019
Bisphosphonate medications are widely prescribed for the treatment of osteoporosis and cancer metastases to bone. However, these medications are among a list of agents which are implicated in medication related osteonecrosis of the jaw (MRONJ). A variety of non-surgical and surgical approaches are indicated in the treatment of this condition, depending on disease severity. This case series demonstrates the success of the mylohyoid flap in combination with platelet rich fibrin (PRF) in achieving ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710027
Manfred Nilius, MD, DDS, MSc, Günter Lauer, MD, DMD, PhD and Matthias C Schulz, DMD, PhD
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 28, 2019
Rehabilitation of angle class III deformity concomitant with oligodontia with great functional, esthetic and social impairment for the patient needs a combined orthodontic-surgical treatment. To achieve secure, quick and stable dental and facial rehabilitation, backward planning with cone-beam CT navigation best supports the multidisciplinary approach. Here we show longtime stability of more than 5 years after thoroughly planning, bimaxillary osteotomy with an implant guided transpalatal distrac...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710026
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: October 05, 2019
According to the report from Department of Health and Human Services, dental caries is the most common chronic condition in childhood. But the prevalence of tooth decay is high in the adult population as well. Ultimately, untreated non-restorable decayed teeth require oral surgery. Additionally, surgical removal of impacted third molars (wisdom teeth) is a routinely performed procedure on a younger patient population. Approximately, 5 million people undergo extraction of third molars annually in...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710025
George Master, DMD, Eric Wood, DDS, Travis Scholer, DDS, Doug Beals, DMD, MS, Robert Carpenter, DMD and H Dexter Barber, DDS
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 20, 2019
Successful implant osseointegration is dependent primarily upon adequate bone quantity and quality at the desired implant site. But often times the implant candidate, after proper clinical examination and evaluation of the patient’s diagnostic information, lacks adequate bone quantity or volume for implant placement. Often times, the patients has adequate height of bone but lacks bone width. The ability to predictably generate horizontal bone or bone width in preparation for dental implants, o...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710024
Nguyen Hong Loi, MD, PhD, Tran Xuan Phu, MD, Hoang Le Trong Chau, MD and Nguyen Huu Son, MD
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 29, 2019
The management of soft tissue injury after complex facial trаumа poses unique chаllenges to the plаstic surgeon, given the speciаlized nаture of fаciаl tissue аnd the аesthetic importаnce of the fаce. We report 8 cаses with wide-spreаd soft-tissue defects due to complex fаciаl trаumа who presented аt Odonto-stomаtology center - Hue centrаl hospitаl during the yeаr 2018. Of these cаses were surgicаlly mаnаged by fixаtion аnd fаciаl reconstruction аt Odonto-stomаto...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710023
Mohamed Darwish Elsayed
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 26, 2019
Osseointegration or osteointegration refers to a direct bone-to-metal interface without interposition of non-bone tissue. This concept has been described by Branemark, as consisting of a highly-differentiated tissue making "a direct structural and functional connection between ordered, living bone and the surface of a load-carrying implant. Through his initial observations on osseointegration, Branemark showed that titanium implants could become permanently incorporated within bone that is, the ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710022
Andre Vitor Alves Araujo, Lorenzzo De Angeli Cesconetto, Antonio Dionizio De Albuquerque Neto, Daniel De Assuncao Cerqueira, Rodrigo Calado Nunes E Souza and Almiro J Machado Junior
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 20, 2019
Myositis Ossificans is characterized by the heterotopic formation of bone inside a muscle, tendons and ligaments. This pathology is traditionally classified into two groups: Myositis Ossificans Progressiva and Myositis Ossificans Traumatica. The pathogenesis of Myositis Ossificans Traumatica is still not well established. Because it is uncommon in the maxillofacial region, there are no consolidated treatment protocols. The purpose of this study is to present a case of a patient who evolved with ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710021
Meng-Zhao Deng, Daniel F Leotta, Greg J Huang, Zhi-He Zhao and Zi-Jun Liu
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 09, 2019
The role of the tongue in the pathophysiology of anterior open bite (AOB) is poorly understood. This study characterized tongue morphology and functional motion, craniofacial skeletal pattern and upper airway space, and speech function in East African children with and without AOB. Ten 9-12 year-old children of East African descent were recruited, five with AOB and five as control. Cone-beam CT scans, ultrasound imaging of the tongue during chewing and swallowing, and inter-labial pressure and l...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710020
Vitor Jose Fonseca, Renata Silveira Sagnori, Gabriel Albuquerque Guillen, Marcio de Moraes and Alexander Tadeu Sverzut
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 14, 2019
The face is in a position exposed to trauma, which often leads to soft tissue rupture, favoring the penetration and retention of foreign bodies. The present paper is a case report which aims to clarify some pitfalls in the evaluation of traumatic wounds. A 28-year-old female who was a victim of an automobile accident, presenting lacerations in the face already sutured during our evaluation, with suspicion of bone fractures. Computed tomography evaluation showed comminuted fractures in the anteri...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710019
Jameel Desai and Coelette Smit
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 20, 2018
Challenges in mandibular bony defect reconstruction still exist. The use of compacted autogenous particulate corticocancellous bone, together with a human humerus allograft presents an exciting opportunity to simplify the reconstruction of such defects. This is especially the case when the surgery may be done in one stage via an intra-oral approach. We present a case where all of the above have been incorporated for the reconstruction of the mandible....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710018
Jameel Desai and Coelette Smit
Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: December 20, 2018
Reconstructing mandibular defects after trauma or ablative surgery is reliably done with compressed autogenous cortical and cancellous particulate bone. We present the use of a demineralised allogenic humerus shaft as a conduit for the autogenous particulate bone. This technique simplifies surgery, is less morbid for the patient, the graft also resembles the remaining native mandible and reduces overall treatment cost for such patients....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710017
Vrushali Abhyankar, David Wong and Jules Mascarenhas
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 08, 2018
Surgical coverage of mandibular lingual recession is not a routinely implemented treatment procedure because of its lack of esthetic significance, which is one of the most common indications for recession coverage. A gold standard for recession coverage, the sub epithelial connective graft is used in conjunction with a novel modification of the tunneling technique to treat the lingual recession on mandibular anterior teeth....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710016
Sushrut Vaidya, Srivalli Natarajan, Usha Asnani, Nitesh D Patkar and Adil Gandevivala
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 30, 2018
Cystic lesions of the minor salivary glands are very common. These lesions are referred to clinically and collectively as mucoceles and can be of either the extravasation or the retention type. Intraoral retention phenomenon is quite common but the presence of retention cyst extraorally mimicking as midcheek mass is rare. These lesions often arise from the salivary glands, but can also originate from the muscles, buccal fat pad, or other structures. We report a case of 40-year-old female present...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710015
Atef A Fouda
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 23, 2018
Thirty-six female adult Wistar albino rats divided into three groups according to the number of corticosteroid injection, each group has two subgroups according to the time of scarification either after one week or two weeks after the last injection. The most affected structure of the temporomandibular joint is condylar head and temporal bone, followed by hyaline cartilage and the fibrous layer. The articular disc and retro-discal tissue are the last structure to be affected with intra-articula...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710014
Mohamed I Mourad, Layla M Saleh, Rehab A Ahmed, Laila E Amin, Mona Denewar and Mahitab El-gamily
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 19, 2018
Bone giant-cell granuloma (GCG) is a rare non-neoplastic lesion. Hypoxia induces drug resistance in clinical tumors. The concept between drug resistance and apoptosis has been well defined but the relationship between reduced oxygen species and apoptosis is not a one-way story. Therefore, this study is an attempt to investigate the anti-apoptotic role of Bcl2 gene and Bcl2 protein in the hypoxia induced chemo-resistance of aggressive GCG. Forty cases of buffered formalin-fixed, paraffin embedded...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710013
Nihat Lacin, Mustafa Yalcin, Bayram Fatih Efeoglu, Bozan Serhat Izol and Aynur Tunel
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 19, 2018
Lymphangiomas are benign hamartomatous tumors which are characterized by abnormal proliferation of lymphatic vessels. They are lymphatic malformations which are localized to head and neck region. They are rare located in the oral cavity. Tounge, lips, buccal mucosa, soft palate and floor of the mouth are affected in the oral cavity. However buccal mucosa is infrequent in litarature. In this report report, a rare case of lymphangioma of the left buccal mucosa of retromlar area in a 30-year-old fe...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710012
Anusha A Hennedige, Dimitrios Doumpiotis and Syed Ahad
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 12, 2018
Ameloblastomas are benign, locally invasive, polymorphic neoplasms that consist of proliferating odontogenic epithelium (usually of a follicular or plexiform pattern) lying in a fibrous stroma. They are known to have a high recurrence rate and are sometimes managed aggressively with radical surgery which usually involves wide resections and free flap reconstruction. Here we present a case report illustrating that certain variants of ameloblastomas have less likelihood of recurrence hence conserv...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710011
Khaled Gamal Dahy, Katsu Takahashi, Honoka Kiso, Kensaku Aihara, Kazuo Chin and Kazuhisa Bessho
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 17, 2018
Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders are under-diagnosed in pediatric patients, and infantile TMJ luxation is a very rare condition. Luxation early in life can cause skletofacial problems, such as retrognathia, if it is left untreated for a long time. It is well known that severe retrognathia is one of the most common causes of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). The authors report a case of infantile TMJ luxation with secondary retrognathia associated with SDB, in which intraoral vertico-sagit...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710010
Merino Domingo F, Martin Medina P, Lopez Fernandez P, Zafra Vallejo V, Salvador Alvarez E, Gutierrez Diaz R, Sanchez Aniceto G and Ramos A
Article Type: RESEARCH ARTICLE | First Published: September 07, 2018
Tumors of salivary glands constitute 3% of neoplasms of the body. Clinical signs and symptoms usually occur in tumors at advance stages. Dynamic-contrast-enhanced and diffusion-weighted MR sequences have been described as useful diagnostic tools in other locations. Our goal is to evaluate the utility of these techniques for parotid tumors. We retrospectively reviewed the Parotid tumors operated by our department whit Dynamic-contrast-enhanced and diffusion-weighted MR sequences between 2012 and ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710009
Nagwan A Elsayed, Marwah Anas El-Wegoud, Omniya M Abdel Aziz, Ashraf F Nabhan and Emad S Helmy
Article Type: Review Article | First Published: August 27, 2018
Myofascial Pain Dysfunction (MPD) is a regional muscular pain characterized by the presence of trigger points (TrPs), which are painful points cause referred pain when stimulated. There are many treatment modalities for MPD. However, no treatment has proved its superiority over the others yet. To figure out what is the most effective treatment in relieving pain in patients with myofascial pain dysfunction (MPD) among local anesthesia, botox and trigger point dry needling....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710008
Md Kalim Ansari, Shaikh Amjad, Sharique Alam and Tabishur Rahman
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 27, 2018
In the contemporary surgical scenario, there is no consensus amongst practitioners regarding management of Odontogenic infection in Hemophilia patients and proper treatment is not administered often in fear of bleeding. We report successful management of a case of Severe Hemophilia A with buccal space infection based on protocol designed by Ansari MK, et al.  for managing space infection in Hemophilia patient....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710007
Jorge Lolas Millard, Emilio Moreno Apablaza, Rodrigo Fariña Sirandoni, Alfonso Vergara Carmona and Daniel Pino Diaz
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 23, 2018
There are two categories or generations of autologous platelets concentrate (APC). The first generation or gels rich in growth factors (GFs) are obtained using anticoagulants and require subsequent platelet activation through the addition of thrombin or calcium chloride. In this group is the platelet-rich plasma (PRP)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710006
Mauricio Barreda Hale, Daniel Pino, Emilio Moreno, Tomas Donoso and Claudio Huentequeo
Article Type: Case Report and Literature Review | First Published: July 21, 2018
Metastases in oral cavity possesses a low frequency. They represent approximately 1% of malignant process in mouth, being the mandible the most prevalent and in an even smaller number it affects the temporomandibular joint. We present a 72-year-old male gender patient, who asks for temporomandibular pain initially interpreted as a temporomandibular disorder; after radiographic control an osteolytic lesion is identified in the right mandibular condyle for which is derived to the Maxillofacial Sur...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710005
Mark Contini, Jurjen Schortinghuis, Thomas F Putters and Arjan Vissink
Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 02, 2018
The objective of this study was to assess whether patient instructions for the post-operative period are best remembered when given well before, just before or after surgical removal of a third molar. Also, the effect of preoperative anxiety on memory and pain was evaluated. A total of 105 patients were included. Baseline anxiety levels were assessed by a questionnaire. Next, patients were assigned to one of three groups in which the instructions for the postoperative period were given verbally ...
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710004
Jalal Hamama, Lahcen Khalfi, Kamal Fiqhi and Karim EL Khatib
Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 23, 2018
Odontogenic myxoma (OM) is a benign, locally invasive and aggressive, non-metastasizing neoplasm of the jaw bones. This article presents a rare case of odontogenic myxoma occurring in the maxilla of a 42-year-old female patient with review of the literature emphasizing a huge controversy regarding the surgical management....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710003
Guarnieri Renzo, Stefano Ippoliti, Stefanelli Luigi, De Angelis Francesca, Di Carlo Stefano and Pompa Giorgio
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 09, 2017
The aim of the present study was to clinically and histologically evaluate outcomes of alveolar ridge preservation technique using a collagen membrane associated to bovine-derived bone (MB), and a collagen membrane associated to porcine-derived bone (MP)....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710002
Leandro dos Santos Bicallho, Camila Magalhães Cardador, Devid Ribeiro Zille, João Paulo Figueiró Longo and Rander Pereira Avelar
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 31, 2017
Orthognathic surgery is defined as a surgery process that aims to correct congenital or acquired jaws deformities. This surgical process consists essentially of a series of osteotomies to reposition all the displaced parts of the jaw to achieve an ideal static and dynamical dental occlusion and facial symmetry....
Open Access DOI:10.23937/iaoms-2017/1710001
Kerlison Paulino de Oliveira , Valmir Braga de Aquino Mendonca, Romulo Dias de Oliveira and Marco Aurelio Medeiros da Silva
Article Type: Research Article | First Published: July 29, 2017
To obtain a functional and stable occlusion, it is important to have an adequate transverse maxillary dimension. It is estimated that 8 to 18% of patients seeking an orthodontic assessment present alterations to that dimension associated to multiple etiological factors....
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