ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.

  Last Updated: October 26, 2021

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All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410360

A Case Report on Primary Neuroendocrine Cancer of Vagina

Kumari Puja, Ashok Kumar Arya, Arun Yadav and Durgesh

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 31, 2021

Neuroendocrine tumors of the gynaecologic tract are rare, and pose a significant clinical challenge because of the tumor heterogeneity and lack of standardized guidelines for treatment. Primary neuroendocrine tumor of vagina is extremely rare and only 26 cases have been reported so far in literature. Most, but not all, neuroendocrine tumors of the gynaecologic tract have an aggressive clinical course and clinically share similarities with small cell lung cancer. Cumulative data supports a multi-...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410359

The Heart Shape-Sign in Bilateral Medial Medullary Infarction; Complicated with Quadriparesis and Respiratory Failure

Liaquat Ali, Numan Amir, Naveed Akhtar, Osama Elalamy, Mohammed Alhatou, Gholam Adeli and Ambreen Iqrar

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 31, 2021

20% of ischemic strokes involve posterior circulation. The most common causes of posterior circulation large artery ischemia are atherosclerosis, embolism, and dissection. The most common location of atherosclerotic occlusive disease within the posterior circulation is the proximal portion of the vertebral artery in the neck within the first inches. Basilar artery occlusive disease most often presents as ischemia in the pons. Occlusion of the rostral portion of the basilar artery can cause ische...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410358

A Case of COVID-19 Infection Associated with Severe Cold Agglutinin Autoimmune Haemolytic Anaemia

Prabhashini Kumarihamy, Sujeewa Gunaratne, Ashani Ratnayake, Hiranya Abeysinghe, Sahan Perera, Vishaka Rajapaksha and Navoda Wickramasinghe

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 31, 2021

COVID-19 is known to cause systemic disease with multiple organ dysfunctions. COVID-19 associated immune-mediated phenomena such as autoimmune haemolytic anaemia has been identified previously with rare incidence. However, the association between COVID-19 infection and autoimmune haemolytic anaemia is not fully evaluated. Here, we present a case of a previously well patient who developed severe cold agglutinin hemolytic anemia during the course of COVID-19 infection. Although there were no throm...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410357

Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Mimicking Bilateral Wilms Tumour: A Radiologic Review

Adebola-Yusuf AO, Adefalujo AP, Oyelese AT, Ilori OJ, Ajiboye OF, Oyegunle AO and Emmanuel EE

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 31, 2021

Acute leukemia, the commonest cancer in children, accounts for approximately 30% of all childhood malignancies approximately 75% of which are Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) affects children of any age, commoner in ages 1-4 years, boys more than girls. The kidneys are sites of extra medullary leukemic involvement usually seen late in the course of the disease. ALL with renal involvement may mimic Wilms’s tumor due to overlap of their clinical and radiological findings. These include malaise...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3656/1410356

Case Report: A Rare Case of Biatrial Thrombus in the Absence of Interatrial Shunt

Paul Elias, MD, Jonatan D Nunez Berton, MD, Marian T Calfa, MD and Azar Radfar, MD, PhD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 31, 2021

In this rare case we describe a 56-year-old woman who presented with an acute pulmonary embolism (PE) complicated by right heart strain indicating the need for catheter-directed mechanical thrombectomy. Pre-operative two dimensional (2D) transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) showed no evidence of intracardiac thrombi. Subsequently, post-operative 2D TTE indicated large biatrial thrombi with no evidence of PFO, or other intracardiac shunt. Here, we describe this rare and unique presentation and disc...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-4630/1410122

Spinal Anesthesia: Much More Than Single Shot of Hyperbaric Bupivacaine

Luiz Eduardo Imbelloni, MD, PhD, Marildo A Gouveia, MD, Nathália Maluf Ghorayeb, MD, and Sylvio Valença de Lemos Neto, MD, PhD, MBA

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: August 11, 2021

There is significant and renewed attentiveness in the use of regional anesthesia techniques for many common surgeries. The vast majority of anesthesiologists world wide use the routinely the hyperbaric solution of bupivacaine for almost all types of surgery. However, they ignore that spinal anesthesia has more to offer. A different kind of technique for a different kind of patients. The understanding of spinal anesthesia in relation to sensory and motor blocks with hyperbaric and isobaric soluti...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5777/1510091

Olecranon Fractures - Review of Treatment and Complications

Henrique Sousa, Ricardo Oliveira, Moisés Ventura, Renato Ramos, Rita Grazina and Andreia Ferreira

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 25, 2021

Olecranon fractures are common upper extremity fractures usually subject to surgical fixation. Several options exist for olecranon fracture treatment, tension band, plating, intramedullary nail and fragment excision with triceps advancement are the most used but no technique is suitable for the management of all olecranon fractures and each one is associated with more or less prevalence of the most common complications, namely loss of motion, nonunion, malunion, infection, wound dehiscence, inst...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-3907/1710052

Intra-Oral Incision in Facial Cellulitis without Fluctuation: A Case Report

Sarah Arafat, M.Sc, Mona Abdel Aziz, M.Sc, Heba A Shawky, PhD and Ahmed M Salloum, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 29, 2021

A 14-years-old girl was admitted to the emergency department of Alexandria university hospital, suffering from facial cellulitis, closing her left eye, without fluctuation trismus, dysphagia and fever for 2 days. It was assumed by the physicians who examined her that the cause of facial cellulitis is ophthalmic infection, and was given antibiotic therapy and eye-drops for 3 days with no improvement (Figure 1). Then, the patient was referred for maxillofacial consultation. By taking history, ther...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2643-4555/1710016

A Case of Chronic Hypertension with Superimposed Preeclampsia in Hypertensive Emergency

Gitanjali Kumari, Vaishali Taralekar, Aniket Kakade, Jyoti Rathi and Naval Dudum

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 30, 2021

Preeclampsia is defined as BP > 140/90 mmHg on 2 occasions 4-6 hours apart, which occurs in pregnancy after 20th week of period of gestation, which involves multi organ system. Hypertensive emergency is a spectrum of Preeclampsia which is an acute crisis. We present a case, from our clinic, of a pregnant woman who was referred here with Hypertensive emergency, she was a known case of chronic hypertension with superimposed preeclampsia in hypertensive emergency, and was managed effectively with A...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2377-9004/1410208

A Suspected Ovarian Cancer in a Postmenopausal Woman That Turned Out to Be a Broad Ligament Leiomyoma with Extensive Hydropic Degeneration

Thoshya Polepalle, Navindi Hasara Fernandopulle and Jaydip Raut

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 26, 2021

Leiomyomas affect 30% of all women of reproductive age. They can be of uterine or extrauterine origin. Broad ligament leiomyomas are a type of extrauterine leiomyomas, its incidence comprising less than 1%. It can undergo degenerative changes. Extensive hydropic degeneration is a rare occurrence and is commonly reported in association with pregnancy. It is a close mimic of malignancy due to its rapid growth and atypical imaging appearances 3 which can lead to diagnostic challenges. We present a ...


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New Issues


International Journal of Clinical Cardiology

ISSN: 2378-2951 | ICV: 89.24

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews

ISSN: 2377-9004 | ICV: 88.42

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Hypertension and Management

ISSN: 2474-3690 | ICV: 87.69

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 1 | 2021


International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research

ISSN: 2377-3634 | ICV: 87.97

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology

ISSN: 2474-3658 | ICV: 91.55

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 4 | 2021

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Reid Gehring, PT, ScD, Joan Potter-Brunet, PT, DPT, Phillip Sizer, PT, PhD, Kerry Gilbert, PT, ScD and Jean-Michel Brismee, PT, ScD


Spontaneous Proximal Tibiofibular Joint Ganglion Cyst as a Rare Cause of Acute Foot Drop: A Case Report

Nirguna Thalla, MD, MBA, W Daniel White, MD, J Taylor Mansfield, DO, Jason M Souza, MD and Matthew E Miller, MD


Flow Related Aneurysm in Hemangioblastoma and Literature Review of Hemorrhagic Rate and Management Strategy

Choo Heng Tan, FRCS, Felicia HZ Chua, MBBS, MRCS and Peter Y wang, FRACS


Featured Journals

Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports Editor-in-chief: Prof. Wei Wang

International Journal of Surgery Research and Practice Editor-in-chief: Prof. Brian Richard Davis

International Journal of Stem Cell Research & Therapy Editor-in-chief: Prof. Faris Farassati

International Journal of Clinical Cardiology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Breijo-Marquez

Journal of Genetics and Genome Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ming Zhan

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. Leslie Iffy

International Journal of Cancer and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Sulma I Mohammed

International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research Editor-in-chief: Prof. Masayoshi Yamaguchi

International Journal of Anesthetics and Anesthesiology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ike Eriator

International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. J David Prologo

Journal of Rheumatic Diseases and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Bruce M Rothschild

International Archives of Urology and Complications Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ajay Singla

International Journal of Psychology and Psychoanalysis Editor-in-chief: Prof. Joaquim JF Soares

Journal of Obesity and Weight-loss Medication Editor-in-chief: Prof. Timothy Koch

Trauma Cases and Reviews Editor-in-chief: Prof. William Min

Clinical Medical Image Library Editor-in-chief: Prof.

International Journal of Transplantation Research and Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Lydia M Petrovic

Journal of Otolaryngology and Rhinology Editor-in-chief: Prof. John E. Nathan

Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology Editor-in-chief: Prof. Ryuichi Morishita

International Journal of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine Editor-in-chief: Prof. Yasushi Shibata

International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness Editor-in-chief: Prof. Erich Cosmi

International Journal of Brain Disorders and Treatment Editor-in-chief: Prof. Terry Lichtor

International Journal of Clinical Biostatistics and Biometrics Editor-in-chief: Prof. James Michael Hardin