ClinMed International Library

The ClinMed International Library is a repository and an open access publisher for medical research that covers a wide range of areas in Clinical Medicine. ClinMed serves as a global platform for medical practitioners and research scholars to foster their learning and professional acumen through an extensive portfolio of research articles and publications that can be accessed without any restrictions.

Dedicated to clinical medical research, we now publish over 70 quality peer-reviewed journals making all the articles freely accessible. The manuscripts submitted to ClinMed will be processed through standard parameters and international peer review systems. This has enabled us to establish new milestones in the global research arena in terms of cogency and integrity, and to disseminate highly credible and accredited research content for researchers, scholars, and practitioners across the globe.

We ensure that all researchers and authors publishing their papers with us retain copyrights, licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License that permits the unrestricted use and re-use of the content with proper citation.



  Last Updated: April 12, 2021

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All articles are fully peer reviewed, free to access and can be downloaded from our ClinMed archive.

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 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3243.1510091

Development and Feasibility Testing of a Mobile-Phone Application for Exercise in Non-Specific Long-Term Low-Back Pain

Mbada CE, Akintoye TM, Ademoyegun AB, Dada OO, Ayanniyi O, Odole AC, Gambo IP, Johnson OE, Olatoye FS, Adejumobi AS, Fatoye C, Makinde MO and Fatoye F

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 11, 2021

There is still lack of rigorous evaluation and evidence for Low-Back Pain (LBP) apps. The objectives of this study were to develop and evaluate the feasibility of a mobile phone-based app of Mechanical Diagnosis and Therapy (MDT) extension exercise; and to examine the correlation between app rating parameters and pain characteristics of patients with non-specific LBP. A LBP Self-care Mobile-phone App (LBP-SMA) of MDT plus back hygiene was developed following standard iteration and prototyping pr...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-3658/1510191

Towards 90-90-90 Target: COVID-19 and HIV Response in Africa

Yusuff Adebayo Adebisi, Adrian Rabe, Aniekan Ekpenyong, Melody Okereke, Ouma Atieno Sarah, Oladunni Abimbola Amos, Alumuku Iordepuun Micheal, Amusile Olayemi, Damilola Quazeem Olaoye, Bamisaiye Adeola, Abdulhafeez Ayodele Mustapha and Don Eliseo Lucero- Prisno III

Article Type: Commentary | First Published: February 11, 2021

As cases of the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) continue to rise, so are the concerns of the effects this pandemic could have on people living with HIV. In response to the pandemic, measures have been put in place by African governments to limit the spread of the virus. We examine the impact of these measures on ensuring progress towards the HIV advocacy of “90-90-90” by 2020, i.e., 90% of all people living with HIV will know their status, 90% of people diagnosed will receive sustained ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5858/1510106

Ischemic CVA as a Complication of COVID-19: A Case Report

Njideka Udochi, MD, MPH, FAAFP, AAHIVS Hazel Jones Parker, DNP, CRNP, AAHIVS and Melonie Owusu, BSN, RN

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 30, 2021

COVID-19 is typically a respiratory or lung infection however the SARS-CoV-2 virus has been found to cause blood clots leading to stroke. The World Stroke Organization reported a 5% risk for an ischemic stroke in the setting of COVID-19. Stroke can occur regardless of age, symptoms, or comorbidities. However, patients with COVID-19 who had strokes were likely to be older, hypertensive with elevated D-dimer levels, cardiac troponin I, N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP), and inte...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2469-5750/1510095

Nodular Hidradenoma: A Forgotten Tumor of the Scalp

Shruthi Madhavi Govindarajulu

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 05, 2021

Hidradenoma or Eccrine acrospiromas are rare benign tumours that arise from the eccrine sweat gland. Eccrine acrospiromas are nonencapsulated, well-circumscribed, multilobular dermal nodules that may involve the epidermis and extend into the subcutaneous fat. A 30-year-old male patient presented with an asymptomatic progressive swelling on the scalp of 6 months duration. Cutaneous examination: A solitary, non-tender, firm to hard, mobile swelling over the scalp. Dermoscopic examination: Revealed...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3286.1510064

Effect of Antiretrovirals on Renal Function of HIV/AIDS Patients at Two Hospitals in Yaounde, Cameroon

Mann Elate Lea Mbassi Yves, Wambe Gilles Verland and Paana Alima Marguerite Cebrael

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 11, 2021

Antiretroviral therapies (ART) have been reported to have renal toxicity. However, there is a lack of data on the toxicity of ART in sub-Saharan countries, especially in Cameroon. More studies on their contribution to renal dysfunction in natives from this region are required. HIV/AIDS patients undergoing eleven different first-line ART at two hospitals in Yaoundé, Cameroon, were selected in this study. Retrospective and prospective data of serum urea and creatinine were collected, and the esti...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510118

Breastfeeding Initiation among Women with Chronic Hypertension

Leandro Cordero, MD, Michael R Stenger, MD, Mark B Landon, MD and Craig A Nankervis, MD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 30, 2021

Chronic hypertension (CHTN) affects 1-1.5% of all pregnant women and approximately one third require antihypertensive medications (meds) before pregnancy or during the first 20 weeks of gestation. To determine breastfeeding (BF) initiation rates of women with CHTN and their association with pregestational body mass index (BMI kg/m2). Retrospective study of 111 women with CHTN requiring meds and 206 with CHTN not requiring medication (without meds) who delivered at ≥ 34 weeks of gestation. Inte...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2474-1353/1510117

A Qualitative Study to Understand Cervical Cancer Awareness and Prevention among African Immigrant Women (AIW) in Iowa City, Iowa

Toluwani Elizabeth Adekunle, Maysa Ahmed and Rima Afifi

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 30, 2021

This study aimed at assessing cervical cancer awareness and prevention among 21-65 year-old African immigrant women (AIW) in Iowa City, Iowa. Specifically, we queried about barriers and facilitators to the uptake of Papanicolaou screening, women’s knowledge of the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV), and acceptance of the HPV vaccine for their children. This was a qualitative study that included a total of 39 AIW. Twelve women were interviewed and 27 women participated in two FGDs. The FGDs included S...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-4045.1510058

Laparoscopic Right Donor Nephrectomy with Complete Left Sided Inferior Vena Cava: Rare Case Report

Prashant Kumar, Sachin Joseph and Kiran S Nair

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 30, 2021

Vascular anomalies is associated with increased complexity and complication during live donor nephrectomy. We hereby report a right transperitoneal laparoscopic nephrectomy done in donor with complete left sided IVC (LIVC). Preoperative evaluation by CT Angiography clearly demonstrated venous anomaly. In view of long right renal vein, right laparoscopic donor nephrectomy was performed. Length was sufficient for anastomosis in recipient. Recipient’s serum creatinine was 1.2 mg/dl on 5th postope...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3397/1410125

Mucocele of the Appendix: Case Report & Review of Literature

Abiyere OH, Adewara O, Akute OO and Babatunde O

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: February 17, 2021

Appendiceal Mucocele is a rare disease. Sometimes, it is discovered accidentally and sometimes mimic acute appendicitis. Correct diagnosis before surgery is very crucial for the selection of adequate surgical treatment to avoid Intraoperative and Postoperative complication. Ultrasonography and particularly, computed Tomography should be used extensively for this purpose. If mucocele of the appendix is treated incorrectly Pseudomyxoma peritonei which is characterized by malignant process may deve...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2378-3397/1410124

Extraordinary Pattern with Brain Metastasis of Ovarian Cancer with Five Cases: Survival Impact of Cranial Metastesectomy. Do or Not To Do?

Emre Bilgin, MD and Berna Bozkurt Duman

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: February 12, 2021

Ovarian malignancies primarily disseminate through the peritoneal cavity and are only superficially invasive. They rarely metastasise through the haematogenous route, but that occurs in the presence of heavy peritoneal disease. Colon and brain metastasis are rare entity and both of them in one patient is in our first case with slightly elevated Ca125 level. Four cases had single and the other had multiple cranial metastasis with no evidence of the disease in the other part of the body. The brain...

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