International Journal of Radiology and Imaging Technology is an open access, peer reviewed journal focused on radiation physics, diagnostic and therapeutic radiology. The main objective of the journal is to promote research and publications globally. The Journal provides a podium for healthcare professionals to contribute their findings and help raise awareness among readers in various aspects of radiation and therapeutic radiology. We aim to publish highest quality clinical content via open access platform providing the readers free, immediate and unlimited access.

International Journal of Radiology and Imaging Technology is an open journal that publishes on Breast Imaging, Cardiovascular Imaging, Chest Radiology, Computed Tomography, Diagnostic Imaging, Gastrointestinal Imaging, Genitourinary, Radiology, Head & Neck, Imaging Sciences, Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Musculoskeletal Radiology, Neuroimaging and Head & Neck, Neuro-Radiology, Nuclear Medicine, Pediatric Imaging, Positron Emission Tomography, Radiation Oncology, Ultrasound, X-ray Radiography, etc. Original Article, Reviews, Mini Reviews, Short Communications, Case Reports, Clinical Image, Perspectives/Opinions, Letters, Short Note and Commentaries are accepted for publication. All articles published in the journal are subject to a rigorous peer review process. It encourages authors to publish their experimental and theoretical results in detail to disseminate the updated research findings.

Journal Information

Title: International Journal of Radiology and Imaging Technology

ISSN: 2572-3235

Editor-in-chief: Zhenfeng Zhang

NLM title abbreviation: Int J Radiol Imaging Technol

ICV: 88.88

ISO abbreviation: Int J Radiol Imaging Technol

Other titles: IJRIT

Category: Radiology/Imaging Techniques

DOI: 10.23937/2572-3235

Peer review: Double blind

Review speed: 3 weeks

Fast-track review: 10 days

Publication format (s): Electronic and print

Publication policy: Open Access; COPE guide

Publication type(s): Periodicals

Publisher: ClinMed International Library

Country of publication: USA

Language: English

Contact email:

Articles Search by   Keyword   |   Journal title   |   Author name   |   DOI


 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510119

Complete Manuscript Title: Podcasts in Interventional Radiology: Where do we Currently Stand?

Satya M N K Maripi and Konala Sunaina Reddy

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: 2024/01/26

The medium of podcasting has seen a monumental amount of growth within the past decade; this has also been in the case in the medical field. The podcast is for many a valuable tool for a range of individuals ranging from students, academics and even at an institutional level....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510118

Magnetic Resonance Imaging Signal Intensity in the Characterization of Odontogenic Lesions: A Systematic Review

Luciana Munhoz, DDS, MS, Shunsuke Okada, DDS, PhD, Miki Hisatomi, DDS, PhD, Mariko Fujita, DDS, PhD, Yudai Shimizu, DDS, Yoshinobu Yanagi, DDS, Emiko Saito Arita, DDS, PhD and Jun-Ich Asaumi, DDS, MDSc

Article Type: Systematic Review | First Published: 2024/01/20

Databases were searched for original research studies up to August 2023. The following keywords were used: "magnetic resonance imaging" combined with "maxillofacial pathology," "oral pathology," "odontogenic tumors," "dental tissue neoplasms," and "odontogenic cysts," as well as the histologic denomination of benign odontogenic lesions according to the World Health Organization classification. No language restrictions were applied....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510117

Breast Accessory Tissue: Essential Insights into Clinical Presentation and Radiological Features on Mammography and Ultrasound

Rafaralahivoavy Tojo Rémi, Rakotonirina Mahefa, Rajaonarison Nyony, Sala Elisa, Akbaraly Cinzia, Ranoharison Dina Hasina and Ahmad Ahmad

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: 2023/12/17

Accessory breast tissue is considered a normal variant, rather than an abnormality. It can be asymptomatic and mostly presents as an axillary mass. Mammography and ultrasound are identical to those of the normal glandular parenchyma, and all breast pathologies can be found in accessory breast tissue....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510116

Spontaneous Resolution of Congenital Pulmonary Airway Malformation (CPAM) Type 1 in an 8-Month-Old Female from Ethiopia: A Rare Case Report

Mohammed Adem Mekonnen, MD, Abdudin Heru Mohammed, MD, Zenebe Daniel Getachew, MD, Zeru Seyoum Wondimagegn, MD, Atsede Birhanu Worku, MD, Eleni Getahun Kebede, MD, Hashim Meketa Nigatie, MD and Muluken Yifru Gebresilassie

Article Type: Rare Case Report | First Published: 2023/10/13

Congenital pulmonary airway malformation (CPAM) is an infrequent lung developmental anomaly categorized as part of the broader group of congenital thoracic malformations. Alongside bronchogenic cysts and pulmonary sequestration, CPAM is one of the most prevalent congenital lung anomalies. The malformation arises from abnormalities during embryonic development, leading to atypical bronchial morphogenesis and the development of cystic lesions within the lung tissue ....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510115

Comparison of Brain MRI Findings between Patients with Alzheimer's Disease and Non-Dementia Psychiatric Disorders in the Elderly

Xinyu Ji, Yong Lian, Guanglai Dong, Xiaoqian Ding and Xin Liu

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: 2023/09/16

Dementia is a common progressive degenerative disease of the central nervous system in the elderly population, with approximately 60% of cases being Alzheimer's disease (AD) [1]. Patients primarily present with memory impairment, accompanied by cognitive and executive dysfunction such as disuse, aphasia, and agnosia, severely affecting their daily lives. ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510114

Salivary Gland Tumor in Parapharynx Space, Radiologic Evaluation by the Way of Two Cases and Literature Reviewed

F. Medrano, Y.T. Palma, R. Matus, C. Quezada, R. Padilla and G. Carmona

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: 2023/08/26

The neoplasms of the Parpharyngeal Space (PPS) are rare 0.5%-1% of all head and neck tumors [1]. The PPS is an inverted cone-shaped region that extends from the skull base to the hyoid bone. A complex structure called the tensor-vascular-styloid fascia, divides the PPS into the prestyloid and poststyloid compartments. The PPS can be involved by four different types of neoplastic lesions: Primary tumors (benign or malignant), metastatic lymph nodes, lymph node involvement by lymphoproliferative d...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510113

CT Guided Gasserion Ganglion Block - Precise Saviour

Sandeep Botcha, Devara Anil Kashi Vishnuvardhan, K. Ramamurthy and P. Vijayalakshmi

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: 2023/08/20

The present case report discussed the management of a 62-year-old female patient with medically refractory trigeminal neuralgia with percutaneous CT-guided gasserion ganglion block (CT-GGB). Using Hartel anterior approach, we successfully performed CT-GGB with precise positioning of 22G LP needle tip in the medial aspect of foramen ovale at the base of the skull as was witnessed clinically by the patient as sharp pain along the affected areas of the face, confirmed by serial CT screening until i...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510112

Accuracy of Chest Computed Tomography (CT) for Detection of COVID-19 in Suspicious Patients

Kholoud Hamdy El-Shourbagy, Mona Nasef, Lina Hablas and Lamees Ghith

Article Type: True Research | First Published: 2023/08/12

There were neither specific therapeutic drugs for treatment COVID-2019 nor effective permanent vaccines. Therefore, it is essential to detect early the disease and immediately isolate the infected person from the healthy population. In severe cases with high fever and cough, chest computed tomography (CT) can lead to rapid diagnosis, and to early control of potential transmission. This is usually needed in patients with suspected disease, for the hospitals or communities lacking nucleic acid tes...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510111

Two Needles and Ten Minutes to Get the Patient Back on Her Feet and Allow Her to Sit at Will

Devara Anil Kashi Vishnuvardhan, Sandeep Botcha, K. Venkata Suman, K. Venkateswarlu and P. Vijayalakshmi

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: 2023/08/11

A 46-year female with long-standing disabling low backache with pain radiating to the right lower limb, pain at tail bone not allowing her to sit, sleep and stand for the last 3 months with acute exacerbation since 3 days were diagnosed as degenerative lumbar disc disease with right L5/S1 radiculopathy and coccydynia not responding to medical management and treated with minimally invasive procedures - CT guided ganglion impar block. CT showed a right lumbar nerve root block at L5/S1 level, leadi...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510110

Multi-Parametric Whole Body MRI before and after Bone Marrow Transplantation in Patients with Multiple Myeloma

Samer Nasser Kamel Basilious, Hanaa Abd El-Kader Mohamed Hamed Khalaf, Walid Mohamed Abd El-Hamid Hetta and Shaimaa El-Metwally El-Diasty, MD

Article Type: Clinical Research | First Published: 2023/07/29

Myeloma is the most common primary malignancy affecting the skeletal system. Most of the patients are presented and diagnosed late at the disease process, so early detection is very beneficial for patient management and choice of treatment. Multiparametric MRI with the added value of diffusion weighted images together with PETCT had been beneficial for early patient diagnosis, choice of treatment and follow up management after treatment. ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510109

Imaging Features of Breast Cancer in Young Female Patients: A North Indian Oncology Institutional Experience

Swasti Pathak, Neha Singh and Gaurav Raj

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: 2023/07/27

Although uncommon, breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer related deaths in young women. There are limited studies on the imaging characteristics of malignant breast lesions in women under the age of 45 years. This study highlights the imaging characteristics of malignant breast lesions in young symptomatic patients coming for diagnostic mammography....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510108

Renal Pedicle Injury: A Case Report

Wafaa Bzeih, MD, Sajida Fawaz Hammoudi, MD, Jana Sleiman, MD and Oussama Rihan, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: 2023/05/28

Around 10% of abdominal trauma injuries are accounted for renal injuries [1]. And amongst renal injuries, renal pedicle injuries are extremely rare. Renal pedicle injury is defined by the American Association for the Surgery of Trauma (AAST) as grade V renal injury in which the kidney is either shattered, has avulsion of renal hilum or laceration of the main renal artery or veincausing devascularization, or is devascularized with active bleeding....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510107

Multiple Sclerosis Brain: Beyond Hyperintense Images

Bárbara Aymeé Hernández Hernández, MD, PhD

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: 2023/05/25

Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is defined as a chronic, inflammatory demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. It has a multifactorial origin and it is characterized by disabling inflammatory attacks in the central nervous system. It affects any functional system (visual, motor, sensory, coordination, language and sphincter control) and it is considered as more disabling not traumatic disease of young population in the world....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510106

Radon Gas Potential Hazards Awareness among Undergraduate Students and Staff of a College of Health Sciences in South-East, Nigeria

Victor Kelechi Nwodo, Innocent Chinweike Ezenma, Geofery Luntsi, Mathew Garba Abubakar, Maryrose Chiche Nwodo, Chiegwu Hyacenth Uche, Ezeigwe Chijioke Ogomegbuam E and Charles Ugochukwu Nwodo

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: 2023/05/18

Radon is a noble radioactive gas that is considered one of the most significant indoor air pollutants associated with lung carcinoma when there is exponential dose inhalation and arithmetically depends on the concentration and duration of exposure. There is a paucity of documented research on knowledge and awareness of radon gas and associated potential radiological hazards among students and staff of the College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka, Nigeria. ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510105

Anatomical Changes of Brain of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Patients: Viewed from MRI

Bárbara Aymeé Hernández Hernández, MD, PhD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: 2023/04/22

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease, which signs of motor neuron dysfunction in one or more anatomic regions. New image processing methods have showed degeneration on grey and white matter of different cortical and subcortical brain structures....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510104

Outcome of Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) Technique on Vascular Cognitive Impairment (VCI): Meta-Analysis

Rabarijaona Tony Manjato Ratiaray and Haibo Xu

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: March 25, 2023

The significant justification for why vascular cognitive impairment (VCI) happens is because of cerebrovascular disease. If not recognized early, this will prompt vascular dementia. To have the option to analyze VCI the assessment procedure ought to be foremost, in order to assist with effective treatment strategy to forestall extra vascular harm....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510103

Axial Dose Profile in Head CT Scan Using a 140 kV X-Ray Beam

Arnaldo Prata Mourão and Fernanda Stephanie Santos

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 26, 2023

Computed Tomography (CT) has been widely used in radiological imaging diagnosis, but it generates higher doses in patients. The growing demand for tomography exams has generated concern in the scientific community in increasing the population dose generated by this technique. For this reason, it is important to know the dose distribution with a view to optimizing acquisition protocols. In this work, a standard head CT phantom made of PMMA with 16 cm in diameter was used coupled to cylindrical pl...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510102

Pulmonary Embolism and COVID-19: A Diagnostic Dilemma – A German Single Centre Experience

M Alami, D Janati-Idrissi, T Lohmann, B Osswald, G Plehn and K Luedtke

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 07, 2023

The high predisposition to pulmonary embolism (PE) in CoViD-19-patients increases with its seriousness, even under anticoagulation. Because neither clinical nor laboratory parameters seem to be specific in this case, the CTPA stays the gold standard for further diagnostic, with the risk however of overuse. Our study investigates the incidence of PE in CoViD-19-patients, who underwent aCTPA, and to assess the link of several clinical and laboratory parameters with its occurrence....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510101

A Case Report of Idiopathic Retroperitoneal Fibrosis Causing Bilateral Ureteral Obstruction and Pancreatic Tail Destruction

H. Maatoug, S. Khouja, I. Ammar and A. Ben Fatma

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 07, 2023

A 72-year-old woman with a history of acute renal failure treated with a bilateral double-J stent, presented with subacute bilateral lumbar pain, mild fever, and weight loss. Physical examination was normal, except for bilateral lumbar sensibility. Laboratory tests were normal an abdominal CT scan has been performed....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510100

Axial Dose Profile in Head CT Scan Using a 140 kV X-Ray Beam

Arnaldo Prata Mourão and Fernanda Stephanie Santos

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 24, 2022

Computed Tomography (CT) has been widely used in radiological imaging diagnosis, but it generates higher doses in patients. The growing demand for tomography exams has generated concern in the scientific community in increasing the population dose generated by this technique. For this reason, it is important to know the dose distribution with a view to optimizing acquisition protocols. In this work, a standard head CT phantom made of PMMA with 16 cm in diameter was used coupled to cylindrical pl...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510099

Dose Evaluation of Head CT Scans Using Phantom for Optimization Protocols

Fernanda Stephanie Santos and Arnaldo Prata Mourão

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 24, 2022

Computed Tomography (CT) scans promote a higher dose deposition than conventional radiology exams. These tests contribute significantly to the increase in the patient and collective dose, being a public health concern worldwide. There is a great need to improve protocols to seek lower doses while maintaining the diagnostic image quality....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510097

Radiation Protection Efforts in Restricting Exposure to Scattered Radiation Based on Room Analysis

Dian Kusuma Wardhani, Rurie Ratna Shantiningsih and Rellyca Sola Gracea

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 23, 2022

The purpose of this narrative review is to describe effective efforts in radiation protection to limit scattered radiation exposure in terms of room analysis and to find out the difference in the effect of retaining wall thickness in limiting the scatter radiation dose. Scattered radiation is part of radiation that deviates from the radiation source....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510095

The Use of Radiation Attenuating Gloves Reduces Exposure to Scatter Radiation but not Direct Radiation

Jas Virk, MD, Muhammad Nadeem, MBBS and Charles Chung MD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 23, 2022

Diagnostic and interventional procedures are commonly performed under fluoroscopic guidance. The use of radiation attenuating gloves to reduce direct and scatter radiation to the hands of clinicians has been controversial. The purpose of this study was to determine whether the use of radiation attenuating gloves reduce direct and/or scatter radiation dose to the hands of the operator....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510094

Percutaneous Management of Inadvertent Subclavian Artery Central Line Insertion Using Angioseal Vascular Closure Device

Abdulaziz Almat'hami, MD, Abdulwahed Alruhaimi, MD, Ali Rajeh, MD, Hatim Alobaidi, MD, Sultan Alammari, MD, Hassan Alshehri MD, Othman Alshehri, MD, Nayef Alqahtani, MD, Ahmed Al Mutairi, Faisal Alahmari, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 07, 2022

This is a 90-years-old lady known diabetic and hypertensive, who presented to emergency room with signs and symptoms of septic shock on top of pneumonia and urinary tract infection. The primary assessment mandates a central venous access for rapid Intravenous hydration and antibiotics treatment....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510093

Bone Mineral Density Loss Triggered by Unhealthy Dietary Habits During Growth is Promptly Detected by MS-QCT

Marcelo Joaquin Gubert, Hector Fabian Monforte, Patricia Monica Mandalunis and Carlota Alicia Gamba

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 18, 2022

Determine if MS-QCT BMD loss triggered by an unhealthy high fat diet (HFD) intake established in infancy is related to bone growth in length, mediated by endochondral ossification....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510092

Predicting Age Groups using Brain Imaging Quality Data

Kadir Uludag, MS

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 18, 2022

Brain imaging quality of data is important to confirm their liability of brain imaging studies. Previous literature confirmed that some confounding factors such as movement, age, and gender may impact brain imaging quality. Automatic quality control (QC) applications may not be able to properly calculate their reliability due to confounding factors....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510091

Multi Imaging Modality in Diagnosis of Unusual Giant Hydronephrosis of the Non Functioning Lower Moiety in A Partial Duplex Kidney with Distal Ureteric Stricture

TawfeeqI Sangey, MD, Zahra D Khan, MD and Lujaina S Hassanali, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 18, 2022

Duplex collecting system of the kidney is a common congenital anomaly of the urinary tract. It is usually asymptomatic clinically with normal renal function. In rare instances, it may complicate with giant hydronephrosis....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510090

Localized Anterior Arthrofibrosis of the Knee that Occurs after Meniscal Surgery

Ben Fatma Abderraouf, Souissi Marouen, Jemli Ameni, Ikbel Ammar and Jerbi Saida

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: May 18, 2022

A 45-year-old man with a history of an operation on the meniscus of the left knee, consulted for loss of full range of motion, tenderness along the joint line and discomfort while walking regarding the left knee. MRI showed poorly limited soft tissue nodule in the intercodylar notch near the tibial insertion of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) (Figure 1) and extended to hoffa’s fat bundle. This lesion showed predominantly heterogeneous signal intensity on T2-weighted and proton-density ima...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510089

Is There a Relationship between Serum D-Dimer Levels and Thorax CT Severity Score in Patients with COVID-19?: A Retrospective Analysis

Belma Cevik, MD and Kayıhan Akın, MD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 15, 2022

The COVID-19 pandemic began in Wuhan (Hubei, China) in December 2019 and rapidly spread around the World. Because of RT-PCR sensitivity limitations, the radiology literature has focused on detecting the probability of infection of non-contrast CT findings. However the elevated serum D-dimer levels and its relationship with poor outcomes in COVID-19 pneumonia patients have been demonstrated. D-dimer is known as a biomarker of inflammation. Therefore, we considered that serum D-dimer levels may pr...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510088

Influence of Music in Anxiety Reduction in 18F-FDG PET-CT Studies

Alberto Martinez-Lorca and Manuela Martinez-Lorca

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: January 08, 2022

The purpose of this investigation was to find the anxiety levels, physical data and subjective perception and explore the relationship between demographic, clinical and cancer patients’ variables, pre and post-procedure during a positron emission tomography/computed tomography PETCT scan. The sample was distributed in two groups (experimental and control group), 54 subjects in each group, with clinical indication for performing an 18F-2- fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose [18F]FDG-PET/CT scan. The study...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510087

MRI Evaluation of Trochlear Dysplasia as a Cause of Patellar Instability

Hayder Adnan Sadeq, Marwan Jwad Msarah and Rafal Hani Mustafa

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 26, 2021

Trochlear dysplasia is characterized by abnormal trochlear morphology and a shallow groove and is known to be a major risk factor for patellofemoral instability. About 96% of patients with a history of a true patellar dislocation had evidence of trochlear dysplasia. This study included 100 patients, their ages range between 12-60 years. All presented with anterior knee pain and had MRI examination after orthopedic consultation. In this study, trochlear dysplasia is diagnosed in 16 patients among...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510086

Unusual Spontaneous Renal Calyceal Rupture Secondary to Ureteric Stricture - Literature Review and Case Report

Zahra SM Husain, MD, Alaa Ayad, Ahmet Aslan and Husham Bakry

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 13, 2021

Rupture of the urinary collecting system is an unusual condition caused by a variety of causes, with obstructive ureteric calculi being the most common cause. The diagnosis is often delayed due to fact that it is rarely seen in daily practice and patients exhibit non-specific symptomatology at the time of presentation. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography usually confirms the diagnosis when contrast extravasations are seen in the excretory phase. Establishing an early diagnosis is crucial to av...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510085

A Mathematical Approach Evaluation of Dose Area Product (DAP) Using to Patients Undergoing Intravenous Urography Examinations in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Muhdin Abdo and Seife Teferi

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 15, 2021

Patient dose evaluation is one of the quality assurance programs. Dose area product is a product of surface area of patient that exposed to radiation at the skin entrance multiplied by the radiation dose at the surface. This research focused on a dosimetry, DAP, for specific X-rays examination which is known as Intravenous Urography examination. A cross-sectional study was conducted on 145 adult patients age above 16 years examined using IVU in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia at two public and two private...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510084

The Role of Diagnostic Medical Imaging Techniques in the Evaluation of Perianal Fistula: A Review

Adityan R, BSc and Jerald Paul Immanuel

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 15, 2021

The fistula in ano or perianal fistula is one of the common fistulae noted in routine surgical and clinical practice. It has the tendency to reoccur even after surgery, which is due to missed pathological tract or tissue during surgical exploration. An adequate pre-surgical mapping is a necessity for giving an excellent surgical outcome and choosing an appropriate surgical technique for treating various fistulas. So, medical imaging modalities like X-ray fistulography, endoanal ultrasonography, ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510083

Evaluation of the Patterns of Benign Bone Tumors and Tumor-like Lesions: A Retrospective Survey

Tuna Demirbas, MD

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: December 08, 2021

The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate epidemiology, distribution and radiological features of newly diagnosed benign bone tumors and tumor like lesions in our radiology department. Computed tomography (CT) and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) examinations performed between January 2018 and December 2019 in musculoskeletal radiology section were retrospectively re-evaluated by an experienced radiologist according to age, gender, radiological classification and location. There w...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510082

Evaluation of Chest X-Ray Quality Parameters

Dhiego Donizethe Ferreira Gumieri and Israel de Souza Marques

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: December 04, 2021

Proper control of radiographic quality is important to guarantee the method high sensitivity and specificity, important factors for diagnostic complementation. It is the responsibility of the practitioner performing the radiological techniques to ensure that all chest radiographs are provided for minimal rotation, good radiographic exposure and adequate inspiration. This cross-sectional study retrospectively evaluated 456 chest radiographs in the poster anterior and lateral projection performed ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510081

Late Discovery of Pituitary Stalk Interruption

Jerbi Saida, Ben Fatma Abderraouf, Souissi Marouen and Ikbel Ammar

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 26, 2021

A 25-year-old male patient presented with delayed puberty, short stature. Hormonal assays showed anterior pituitary insufficiency. MR imaging showed a small-sized anterior pituitary gland pituitary (height mesaured 3 mm) with interrupted pituitary stalk (Figure 1) and an absent posterior pituitary gland (Figure 2). Pituitary stalk interruption syndrome is a congenital abnormality of the pituitary gland consisting of the triad of thin or interrupted pituitary stalk, small or absent anterior pitui...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510080

A Common Low Back Pain Hiding Tuberculoussacro-Iliitis

Hiba Ben Ayed and S Miladi

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 13, 2021

Isolated tuberculosis of the sacrum is rarely reported in the literature, mostly limited to sporadic cases, with a frequency estimated at for approximately 0.3 to 0.5% of all tuberculosis cases. Its presenting symptoms are non-specific, with a predominance of vague backpain. Herein, we report the case of a 61-year-old healthy female who visited our outpatient unit complaining about a history of low back pain lasting for 2 years. Her symptoms predominated on the right side with no radicular irrad...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510079

A Surrogate for Liver Function: The Usefulness of Liver Enhancement in Hepatobiliary Phase in MRI Liver using Hepatocyte Specific Contrast Agent

Nur Yazmin Yaacob, MD, MMed

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 28, 2021

The objective of this study is to assess the usefulness of contrast enhanced MRI liver using hepatocyte specific contrast agent in the hepatobiliary phase to determine liver function in the form of a model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score and a new model for end-stage liver disease (MELD-Na) score. It is also done to determine the cut off value of relative enhancement for non-liver impairment (NLI) and liver impairment (LI). A total of 112 patients who had MRI liver performed using Gd-EO...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510078

Uterine Artery Embolization for Fibroid: Pre and Post Procedure Size Response According to the Location

Mohammed Hussain Al Metlag, Abeer F Al-Dhawi, Sattam Al Russayes, Ibrahim Alrashidi, Abdulaziz Almathami, Sultan Nasser Al Ammari, Fares Ali Ahmed Garad and Faisal Al Ahmari

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 06, 2021

A retrospective record-based study was conducted at interventional radiology department of prince sultan military medical city in Riyadh city. Medical files of all women above 18 years who underwent uterine artery embolization during the period from January 2015 to January 2020 were reviewed. All included women files were initially assessed for their data including age, puncture site, pre- and post-procedure size and location of the fibroids. Post-procedure size change and complications were ass...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510077

A New CT Perfusion Analysis Algorithm without Deconvolution: FiTT

Hiroshi Iimura and Atsushi Senoo

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: September 30, 2021

We propose a new CT perfusion analysis algorithm without deconvolution: Theoretically calculating the time-enhancement curve (TEC) under various perfusion conditions, finding a theoretical TEC that best fits the observed TEC, and using the theoretical TEC’s perfusion parameters as the estimations for the observation point (FiTT). The FiTT analysis procedure was as follows: First, the TEC of the arterial input function (AIF) was fitted to the gamma distribution function. Next, we defined the re...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510076

Assessment of Chest X-Ray Utilization for the Evaluation of Non-Traumatic Chest Pain in an Academic Emergency Department

Garrett Rucker, Ricci Kalayanamitra, MD and Ravindra Gopaul, MD

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: June 30, 2021

Overutilization of chest X-rays (CXR) is costly, inefficient and results in increased radiation exposure. Several studies have proposed clinical decision rules (CDR) for chest X-ray utilization in non-traumatic chest pain patients presenting to the Emergency Department (ED). However, CDRs are often not one size fits all and may differ based on population variability. The purpose of this study is to 1) Evaluate CXR utilization among ED patients suspected of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) presentin...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510075

Agreement between Arthroscopy and Saline Magnetic Resonance Shoulder Arthrography in Adolescent Patients - Evaluation of Location and Extent of Injury of Labral Tears

Michael Fadell, MD, David Howell, Jill Stein, Marty McGraw, Alexia Gagliardi, Stephanie Pearce and Jay Albright

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: April 08, 2021

To compare potential differences in size and extent of labral tears on magnetic resonance arthrography of the shoulder performed with saline to shoulder to arthroscopy as the gold standard in adolescent patients with tears of the glenoid labrum. Pre-operative saline magnetic resonance arthrograms of the glenoid labrum were assessed by two radiologists for location and extent of the labral tear based on the clock-face method of visualization. The radiology findings were compared to the surgeon’...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510074

The Most Accurate Ultrasonographic Finding for Diagnosis of Lower-Extremity Arterial Disease in Patients with Critical Limb Ischemia

Tanapong Panpikoon, Jiemjit Tapaneeyakorn, Tharintorn Treesit and Chinnarat Bua-ngam

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 13, 2021

To search for the most accurate duplex ultrasound finding for diagnosis of arterial stenosis and occlusion in patients with critical limb ischemia. Combining the findings from B-mode with color and spectral PW Doppler ultrasound showed the higher accuracy than using one finding, with increased sensitivity and negative predictive value. Combined > 50% decrease in diameter seen on B-mode ultrasound with PSV ratio ≥ twofold, relative to the proximal segment, showed the highest accuracy for diagno...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510073

Long-Term Survival (27.7 Years) Following IV Antineoplaston Therapy (ANP) in a 36-Year-Old Female with a Progressive Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG)

Stanislaw R Burzynski, MD, PhD, Tomasz Janicki, Gregory S Burzynski and Samuel Beenken

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 18, 2021

Long-term survival in Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma (DIPG) is very rare. The purpose of this report is to detail the early (1988) use of IV Antineoplaston therapy (ANP {A-10 + AS2-1}) and its efficacy in DIPG while presenting the 27.7-year survival of a 36-year-old patient treated with ANP for progressive DIPG. The patient presented in this manuscript was enrolled in BT-3, a Phase II protocol utilizing IV Antineoplastons A10 and AS2-1 (ANP). Tumor response was measured by bi-monthly MRIs of t...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510072

X-Ray Film Reject Analysis in Radiology Departments of Port Sudan Hospitals

Fathi Awad, Fathalrahman Al Naem, Afrah Gemea, Nehad Wedaa, Zeinab Mohammed and Samah Tag Elser

Article Type: Original Paper | First Published: January 21, 2021

Patients normally go through repeated X-ray imaging procedures following the initial imaging exams are rejected because of poor image quality. Repeated images of radiological examinations increase the risk of radiation exposure of the patients, wastes medical resource, and reduce the quality of services of radiology department. Patients normally go through repeated X-ray imaging procedures following the initial imaging exams are rejected because of poor image quality. Repeated images of radiolog...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510071

Dose Profile Study in Head CT Scans Using a Male Anthropomorphic Phantom

Álvaro Mauricio Ladino Gómez, Priscila do Carmo Santana and Arnaldo Prata Mourão

Article Type: Academic Research | First Published: November 27, 2020

Computed Tomography (CT) is an efficient and non-invasive method to obtain data about internal structures of the human body. CT scans contribute with the highest absorbed doses in population due X-ray beam attenuation and it has raised concern in radiosensitive tissues. Techniques for the optimization of CT scanning protocols in diagnostic services have been developing with the objective of decreasing the absorbed dose in patient, aiming image quality within acceptable parameters for diagnosis b...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510070

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Symptomatic Swimmer’s Shoulder

Jake T Stahnke, DO, Mari Schenk, MD and Kipling P Sharpe, MD

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: November 16, 2020

Eleven detailed magnetic resonance imaging scans of symptomatic shoulders of swimmers who had arthroscopically demonstrated labral dysplasia were obtained between 2011 and 2014. One experienced musculoskeletal radiologist and one orthopedic surgeon interpreted each scan, specifically focusing on the anteroinferior labrum (from 3 to 6 o’clock). Nine of the eleven images (axial cuts) showed a more rounded/blunted appearance with undefined features at the anterior inferior labrum. Nine of nine im...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510069

Left Sided Inferior Vena Cava in a Patient Diagnosed with Renal Cell Carcinoma

Charalampos Fragkoulis, Ioannis Glykas, Dimitrios Moschotzopoulos, Aggeliki Leventi, Georgios Papadopoulos, Georgios Stathouros and Konstantinos Ntoumas

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 13, 2020

Inferior vena cava (IVC) is a major abdominal vein responsible for the transportation of deoxygenated blood from the lower extremities and the abdomen through diaphragm to the superior vena cava and eventually to the right atrium. IVC is located to the right of the midline and is an important anatomic structure in cases of operations involving the right kidney. In this paper we present a rare case of left sided IVC in a patient diagnosed with renal cell cancer who underwent open left partial nep...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510068

Case Study: A 24-Year-Old Female Got Co-Infection with New Corona Virus Pneumonia and Influenza A Virus

Xin Dong, Xiuyun Liu, MD, Xingjia Xie, Longfei Liu, Jun Wang, Peng Xie, Ming Zhang and Guangbin Jiang

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 19, 2020

2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a type β corona virus that causes severe acute respiratory syndrome. It is highly infectious and has spread widely around the world. Due to the fact that COVID-19 shares similar characteristics with influenza A, it is difficult to differentiate COVID-19 from other respiratory viruses at an early stage. In this study, we report a case of a 24-year-old female patient who got co-infection with COVID-19 and influenza A H1N1 in China. The case suggests th...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510067

Incidental Extra-Colonic Findings in CT Colonography at Riyadh Region

Muhannad Alanazi and Nasir Ahmed Ali

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 30, 2020

Computed tomography colonography (CTC) is a new radiologic technique for examination of the colorectum. The search for, analysis and interpretation of extra-colonic findings (ECFs) are a matter of permanent debate and review, given the arguments for and against them. To assess the prevalence and type of extracolonic findings (ECFs) in a screening population undergoing computed tomography colonography (CTC) in Riyadh region. This retrospective study was conducted in Riyadh region. To achieve the ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510066

Expiratory CT: What is Good Enough?

Mary Salvatore, MD, MBA, Lea Azour, MD, Mary O'Connor, KM Capaccione, MD, PhD and David Mendelson, MD

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: September 24, 2020

To determine the difference in craniocaudal dimension of an inspiratory CT scan minus an expiratory CT scan that constitutes an average expiratory effort to potentially exclude air trapping. This study obtained approval from the Institutional Review Board. The craniocaudal dimensions of inspiratory and expiratory chest CT scans of 83 patients were examined by an experienced radiologist (MS with 20 years of experience). The difference between the two measurements, called the Slice Level Differenc...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510065

Dicom Image Anonymization and Transfer to Create a Diagnostic Radiology Teaching File

Brent Burbridge, MD, FRCPC

Article Type: Brief Report | First Published: September 18, 2020

The creation of a digital, Diagnostic Radiology, teaching file system is reliant upon a process for selecting, anonymizing, and exporting Digital Image and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) images from a clinical Picture, Archive, and Communication System (PACS) to the teaching file. A local version of the Medical Imaging Resource Center - Teaching File System (TFS) from the Radiology Society of North America (RSNA) was deployed to create teaching files. Philips, Intellispace PACS, was the sour...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510064

Evaluation of Solid Focal Liver Lesions by Shear Wave Sonoelastography with FNAC Correlation

Ashu Singla, Vishwanath TT, MD, DNB, Sudha Kiran Das, DMRD, MD, Nagaraj Murthy, MD, Vikram Patil, DNB, Anupama C, DNB and Vinay Raj, MD

Article Type: Original Research Article | First Published: July 11, 2020

50 patients who were diagnosed to have solid focal liver lesions on sonography during the period August 2017 to September 2019 at JSS Medical College and Hospital, Mysuru underwent Shear Wave Sonoelastography [SWE], following which patient underwent ultrasound guided FNAC for histological evaluation. Benign vs. malignant hepatic lesions could be differentiated using a cut off value of 25 kPa. The overall sensitivity & specificity of SWE was found to be 66% and 30% respectively as a standalone te...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510063

Prognosis Factors in Children with ADEM: Clinical, Biological, and Radiological Features

Soufiane Arktout, MD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 03, 2020

The factors influencing the prognosis of children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis ADEM) are still poorly known and understood, especially for the occurrence of sequelae after the acute episode. The factors influencing the prognosis of children with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis ADEM) are still poorly known and understood, especially for the occurrence of sequelae after the acute episode....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510062

Prevalence of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Injury and other Ligament Injuries among the Saudi Community in Jeddah City, Saudi Arabia

Salah Eldeen Dafalla, Yumna Abdulmalek Bokhari, Rowaid Sohail Yazbik, Assmaa Shaker Ali, Khamrunissa Hussain Sheikh and Abdullah Riyad Ali Alnaggar

Article Type: Cross Sectional Study | First Published: April 17, 2020

The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial collateral ligament (MCL) and lateral collateral ligament (LCL) are types of cruciate ligaments. ACL is the most common injured ligament and it is important for stabilization of the knee. It is commonly injured especially in sports as a consequence, knee function and participation in physical activities will be limited. Our objective is to provide descriptive epidemiological data; study the prevalence as well as prov...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510061

The Radiology Research Situation in the Philippines: Identifying the Barriers and Limitations for Future Directions

Joanna Marie D Choa, MD and Mariaem M Andres, MD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: February 14, 2020

This descriptive-cross sectional study was conducted under the approval of an institutional review board with informed consent of the participants. The study involved a nationwide scope of radiology residents and employed the use of a validated 34-item printed questionnaire with informed consent form. Respondents were asked to grade their level of agreement with the statements using a Likert Scale. A space for free-text comments and/or opinions was provided at the end of the survey. Appropriate ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510060

Effect of RF Fields during Pulse on Rotational Diffusion: Influence on Spectral Density

Dennis J Sorce

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: January 13, 2020

The effect of the applied RF field in an NMR experiment on the magnitude of the Spectral Density for a Dipolar Relaxation Mechanism is demonstrated theoretically. The effect is shown with Sin Cos Pulse as a concrete example. The order of magnitude of the magnetic moment where these effects will be significant for typical Rf amplitude values is derived. The effect may be of utility in providing an alternate method of control for MRI Tissue Contrast applications with further development. In contem...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510059

Wunderlich Syndrome: A Rare Syndrome Caused by a Polyarteritis Nodosa

Leandro Tristao Abi-Ramia de Moraes, Monica Arnaldi and Sergio Furlan

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 30, 2019

Wünderlich syndrome (WS) is a rare condition, in which spontaneous nontraumatic renal hemorrhage occurs into the subcapsular and perirenal spaces and was described for the first time by Bonet in 1700. The etiology of the entity is very diverse, including benign or malign neoplasms, vascular diseases, infectious and inflammatory kidney diseases, and could be combined with some diseases. Clinically the syndrome is characterized by the classic Lenk's triad. We describe a case of WS in a 37-years-o...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510057

Characterization of the Olfactory Pathway by Anisotropic Diffusion Using Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Imaging in a Pediatric Population

Hector Ramirez-Flores, Eduardo Barragan-Perez, Pilar Dies-Suarez, Diana Platas-Neri, Julio Garcia and Silvia Hidalgo-Tobon

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: December 09, 2019

One of the techniques of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance is Diffusion Tensor Imaging, which measures the speed of diffusion of extracellular water molecules found in tissues. Diffusion tensor imaging allows virtual dissections of functional white matter tracts in the human brain in vivo using regions of interest (ROI). The intrinsic trajectories of the olfactory pathway that can be identified using the diffusion- weighted magnetic resonance technique provide an important anatomical reference for the ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510056

Correlation of Pathologic and Radiologic Complete Response in the Axilla after Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy for Breast Cancer

Jessica C Gooch, MD, Timothy Borjas, MD, Jennifer Chun, MPH, Elianna Kaplowitz, MPH, Amber Guth, MD, Deborah Axelrod, MD, Richard Shapiro, MD, Linda Moy, MD and Freya Schnabel, MD

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: November 08, 2019

Accurate assessment of locoregional response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is important for surgical planning, particularly in regard to management of the axilla. We evaluated the correlation between radiologic complete response (rCR) in the axilla on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and the likelihood of pathologic complete response (pCR) at the time of breast cancer surgery following NAC. Our institutional database was queried for patients who underwent NAC from 2010-2016 and had a preand ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510055

Study on the Variations of Image Density Index of MDCT for Healthy Lungs

Won-Bin Cha, Sok-Chan Yun, Chan-Ung Ri and Chol-Ho Chang

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: October 21, 2019

We selected several image density indices to establish CAD for prediction of biopsy in lung diseases. Our results suggested that significant difference was not observed in the image density indices between bilateral lungs at each slice level. Our own designed image indices may be reliable parameters in the establishment of CAD system and pathologic diagnosis for lung disease. There has been a rapid progress in the modality of CT since it was developed by Mr. Hounsfield. The earlier CT had been u...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510054

Radiation Dose Reduction Comparing Dual Axis Rotational Coronary Angiography against Conventional Coronary Angiography in a Population with 100% Suspected Coronary Artery Disease: A Randomized Trial

Jorge Szarfer

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 16, 2019

We sought to compare the radiation dose, contrast volume, and procedure time between dual-axis rotational coronary angiography (DARCA) and conventional coronary angiography (CCA) techniques in a setting characterized by a prevalence of 100% suspected coronary artery disease. All-comers, prospective, randomized, open-label trial. Cine acquisition dose-area product (DAP), cumulative Air Kerma (AK), effective dose (E), fluoroscopic time, contrast volume, AK, cine acquisition DAP (CADAP), fluorosco...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510053

Injuries Caused by Safety Belt Following a Traffic Accident

Juan-Jose Delgado-Moraleda, MD, Pablo Nogues-Melendez, MD, Luisa Londono-Villa, MD, Jose Melo-Villamarin, MD, Anca Oprisan Anca, MD and Diana Veiga-Canuto, MD

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 28, 2019

Wearing seat belt makes driving safer. Nevertheless, it can cause particular lesions. In this case report, we present a woman suffering the characteristic safety belt lesions on bowel, spine and aorta. A 40-year-old woman is brought to the Emergency Room after a high-speed traffic accident. At the time of rescue, the patient was wearing a seatbelt. On examination, she presented tachycardia, hypotension and abdominal rigidity. A CT angiography of the abdominal aorta is requested for suspected aor...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510052

An Atypical Case: Bilateral Radiation Necrosis

Ali Murat Koc, Hulya Cetin Tuncez, Ozgur Esen and Zehra Hilal Adibelli

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: August 28, 2019

Temporal lobe necrosis (TLN) is often seen in nasopharyngeal carcinoma secondary to less frequent other extracranial malignancies. Radiotherapy is one of the most frequently used methods in the treatment of nasopharyngeal carcinoma. This method can have many side effects. One of the side effects associated with high-dose radiotherapy is cerebral necrosis. Cerebral radiation is the sum of the dose of radiotherapy given as the most important risk factor for necrosis. It is often seen within the fi...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510051

Diagnostic Efficiency and Reproducibility of Hysterosalpingography

Shimaa Abdalla Ahmed and Hesham Abo Taleb

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 10, 2019

200 infertile females underwent hysterosalpingography, hysteroscopy and/or laparoscopy as part of an infertility work up. HSG examinations were retrospectively reviewed by three radiologists, we compared inter-observer variability, differences between the two results of reading the same examination after three months were compared to calculate intra-observer variability. HSG is more accurate in tubal evaluation than the uterine cavity assessment. HSG interpretation is somewhat subjective, althou...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510050

Dosimetry and Protocol Optimization of Computed Tomography Scans using Adult Chest Phantoms

Arnaldo Prata Mourao, Wadia Namen Aburjaile, Phd and Fernanda Stephanie Santos

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 22, 2019

Computed Tomography (CT) has become an important tool for diagnosing cancer and to obtain additional information on different clinical issues. The radiation dose values in computed tomography depend on the scan acquisition protocol. Today, it is a very fast, painless and noninvasive test that can be performed high quality images. Therefore, it is indispensable to improve protocols, seeking smaller doses, without impairing the diagnostic quality of the image. The doses received are related with r...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510049

Organ Dose Evaluation for Head CT Scans using a Female Anthropomorphic Phantom

Fernanda Stephanie Santos, Priscila do Carmo Santana and Arnaldo Prata Mourao

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: June 21, 2019

Computed Tomography (CT) has become an important tool for diagnosing cancer and to obtain additional information on different clinical issues. Today, it is a very fast, painless and noninvasive test that can be performed high quality images. However, CT scans usually require a higher radiation exposure than a conventional radiography examination. Head CT scans are used for diagnosis of traumatic head injuries, infections and other diseases with instability. Based on this information, three head ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510048

Nephroenteric Fistula after Lithotripsy-A Rare Complication

D Campos Correia, MD, Ricardo M Antunes and P Ferreira

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 12, 2019

Nephroenteric fistulas are rare and generally occur as a result of chronic inflammation, ischemia or necrosis. Nephrectomy and primary closure of the fistulous tract currently represent the mainstay of treatment for non-functioning kidneys but kidney preservation should be attempted in cases of traumatic fistulae. The authors report a case of a 69-year-old female with an infected subcapsular renal haematoma and a fistulous tract to the duodenum following ureteroscopic laser lithotripsy of a righ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510047

Intracranial Meningeal Hemangiopericytomas: Articles Review and Case Report

Jianliang Chen, Hengxing You, Yuanqiang Zhong, Xiaowen Lian and Zehong Wu

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 12, 2019

Intracranial meningeal hemangiopericytomas (HPCs) represent a rare and aggressive intracranial neoplasm located along the dural sinuses, tend to recur and metastasize, and account for less than 1% of intracranial tumours and approximately 2~4% of all meningeal tumors. We discuss herein the dynamic of HPCs and review the literatures from its clinical symptoms, imaging features, histopathological features, differential diagnosis and treatment and prognosis, and present a case of a 35-year-old male...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510046

Is there a Histopathologic Correlation of Prostatic PI-RADS Score 3 Lesions in Transition Zone in MRI with the Dynamic Contrast Curve Type? A Retrospective Single-Center Study

Sigmund Stuppner and Antonio Ruiu

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 17, 2019

Prostate cancer is the most frequent cancer type in males, but only about 20-30% of prostatic cancer originate in the TZ. The diagnosis is based on the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening in males over 40 years and transrectal or transperineal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy. Prostate multiparametric MRI is indicated in patients with increasing PSA values (over 2, 5-3 ng/ml) and negative prostate biopsies and in patients with suspected trans-rectal palpation results....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510045

Applications and Limitations of Magnetic Resonance Defecography in Evaluation of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction Disorders

Megha Kumra MBBS, Sushil G Kachewar MD, DNB, PH.D and Dilip L Lakhkar MD, DMRD

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 06, 2019

Functional disorders of the pelvic floor are common healthcare problems owing to increased incidence of obesity, pelvic surgeries, childbirth, heavy physical exertion etc. In the past, fluoroscopic defecography was used in their diagnosis, but it had its limitations like radiation exposure. Endoanal sonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) were also used to assess the pelvic pathologies but they could not assess the pelvic floor function. Magnetic Resonance Defecography (MRD) is a new mod...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510044

DIBH-VMAT for Consolidation RT in Mediastinal B-NHL can Significantly Reduce Doses to OAR Report of Two Cases

Antje Fahrig, PD, Th Koch, Ch Heine, MSc, M Lenhart and L Fischer von Weikersthal

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 27, 2019

Consolidative radiotherapy after immuno-chemotherapy in localized bulky diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients significantly improves both, overall and progression-free survival and treatment is in principle curative. Therefore protection of organs at risk is highly relevant. Two 53-years and 18-years old patients with bulky mediastinal DLBCL were planned with and without deep inspiration breath-hold (DIBH) and volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT). DIBH reduced the doses to the heart ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510043

Adreniform Shape of Nonadenom Surrenal Lesion: Lymphoma

Ferhat Cuce

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 20, 2019

A 37-year-old male patient with a complaint of malaise applied to the internal medicine. The abdominal CT revealed an huge nonadenom adrenal mass lesion with 51 × 43 × 64 mm size. The significant finding was adreniform shape of gland was maintained in the lesion. The adrenal lymphoma should be considered in patients with adreniform shape of nonadenom adrenal lesion on CT. The MRI enables differentiation of adrenal adenomas from other adrenal malignancies, but specific diagnosis might not be ac...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510042

Long Segment Aplasia of the Great Saphenous Vein Associated with Short Saphenous Vein Connection: A Case Report

Mohammed Alagha and Mariam Mattar

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: December 22, 2018

Localised hypoplasia or aplasia of the great saphenous vein (GSV) is not uncommon, with reports primarily describing limited area of hypoplasia/aplasia around the knee. Long segment of hypoplasia/aplasia extending along the thigh and distally to lower calf is rare. We report a case of an 81-year-old lady with long segment of the GSV aplasia depicted 3 cm distal to sapheno-femoral junction (SFJ), down to 5 cm above the right ankle with direct communication with the short saphenous vein (SSV)....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510041

Contemporary Management of Meningiomas with Radiosurgery

Selcuk Demiral, Ferrat Dincoglan, Omer Sager, Bora Uysal, Hakan Gamsiz, Fatih Ozcan, Bahar Dirican and Murat Beyzadeoglu

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: November 21, 2018

Meningiomas are the most common intracranial benign tumors. While an indolent natural history is typical for benign meningiomas, a wide spectrum of symptoms may occur depending on lesion location and proximity to critical neurovascular structures. A multidisciplinary approach may be warranted for optimal management of meningiomas. In the scarcity of prospective, randomized controlled studies to dictate treatment algorithms, decision making for treatment is based primarily on mostly retrospective...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510040

Tensor Voting Based Vascular Bifurcation Detection in CT Images of Lung

Ruifang Sun, Jingli Shi and Xuan Yang

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: November 08, 2018

The accurate detection of vascular bifurcations is not helpful for pulmonary vascular disease diagnosis, but vital in (Computed Tomography) CT image analysis and processing of lung. We propose a tensor voting based method for vascular bifurcation detection in CT image of lung, which a vessel enhancement method is firstly proceeding to initially extract vessel structure, on which we perform ball voting with the pixels. Then counting the number of votes of each pixel and calculating the local maxi...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510039

Use of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Elastography to Discrimination Benign and Malignant Masses for Bladder

Onur DEDE, Memik TEKE, Mansur Daggulli and Necmettin Penbegul

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 27, 2018

This study was aimed that the evaluation of tissue elasticity for determination of the characterization of bladder masses. The prospective study was performed between May and September 2014. This study included 39 patients who presented with microscopic or gross hematuria and had primary bladder mass and according to ultrasound or computed tomography results. ARFI elastography was performed by one experienced radiologist then, the shear wave velocity was measured. Two measurements were performed...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510038

The Role of the Diffusion Tensor Imaging and the MR Tractography in the Evaluation of the Ischemic Cerebral Strokes

Ahmed H Farahat, Mervat E Lgohary and Hany Hafez

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 12, 2018

Cerebral stroke is a worldwide concern, it's classified as the most second cause of death in 2008. In this year 5.7 million deaths and about nine million patients had cerebral strokes events with resultant variable degrees of disabilities. The primary goal in stroke management is to reach an early accurate diagnosis for the patients, which will affect the choice of the treatment lines among the newly developed programs and the end stage recovery. The DTI & DTT are MRI techniques used for the 3D ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510037

More Than Meets the Eye: Inattentional Blindness

Ann-Christin Sannes, Aleksander Chaibi and Peter W McCarthy

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 06, 2018

The phenomenon of inattentional blindness has been discussed for years, in relation to everyday life and clinical practice. Inattentional blindness refers to the common failure to notice plainly visible items when attention is otherwise preoccupied. The purpose of this study was to assess any potential difference in inattentional blindness between chiropractic students on assessing plain film radiograph, and any difference compared to expert radiologist....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510036

Mycotic Aneurysm: A Diagnostic and Therapeutic Challenge

Joao Cruz, Lameiras R, Figueiredo F, Costa J, Lourenço R and Ramalho M

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: June 06, 2018

Mycotic or infected aneurysms (MA) are rare, accounting for only 1-3% of all arterial aneurysms, and usually affect major arteries. Visceral MA are the least frequent and most commonly involve the superior mesenteric artery. MA are associated with a high morbidity and mortality, estimated in 19% within 6 months of diagnosis despite surgical or endovascular intervention....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510035

Do Pelvic Fractures in Elderly Occur without Trauma or Skeletal Disease?

David Collin and Jan H Gothlin

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: June 06, 2018

A study cohort of 418 patients examined by pelvic MRI for non-trauma reasons without osteoporosis or systemic disease was collected and independently reviewed by two musculoskeletal radiologists. There were 173 males with mean age of 67 years (range 50-92) and 245 females with mean age 66 (range 50-90). Overall mean age was 67 years (range 50-92). The patients were grouped according to age and gender. 170 patients were in the age interval 70-92. ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510034

Assessing Short Term Change in Carpal Bone Age Assessments by Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry

Jingmei Wang, Sun Yun and Tom V Sanchez

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 23, 2018

Bone age assessments are generally done using radiography of the hand and wrist to compare the child's maturity to known standards. While a valuable study, a traditional bone age study is not very reflective of short term change. DXA is proposed as able to more precisely reflect both absolute assessments and short-term changes in maturation. The current study compares radiographic with Norland bone age assessments to compare studies and sensitivity to change in boys and girls....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510033

MR Imaging Features of Basal Cell Adenoma of the Parotid Gland: Differentiation from Pleomorphic Adenoma and Warthin Tumor

Ming-Wei Xie, Zi-Liang Cheng, Hai-Yan Wang, Guang-Zi Shi, Hui-Jun Hu, Zhi-Long Yi, Wan-Shao Lin and Zhuo Wu

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: May 04, 2018

Basal cell Adenoma (BCA) is an uncommon, benign epithelial tumor of the parotid gland, accounting for approximately 1%-3% of all parotid gland benign tumors. Pleomorphic adenoma (PA) and Warthin tumor (WT) are the other two most popular benign parotid gland tumors. BCA is the third most common benign parotid tumors, following WT and PA....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510032

Acquired Lower Extremity Arteriovenous Malformation: A Rare Case in an Adult with End-Stage Alcoholic Liver Cirrhosis

Patrick J Chiarolanzio, Cristy N French, Nicole C Williams and Stephanie A Bernard

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 18, 2018

A 53-year-old male with end-stage alcoholic liver cirrhosis and portal hypertension presented with hepatic encephalopathy as well as painful ambulation due to a mass on the medial aspect of his knee. The mass was first noted several months prior, concomitant with his presentation of decompensated liver failure. As a part of the pre-transplant work-up, multimodality imaging evaluation of the medial knee mass was completed and revealed a high-flow vascularized soft tissue lesion....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510031

Primary Intra-Articular Synovial Sarcoma of the Knee: A Report of Two Cases and Review of the Literature

Justin E Hellwinkel, Ryan P Farmer, Austin Heare, Joshua Smith, Nathan Donaldson, Michael Faddell and Travis Heare

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 24, 2018

Synovial sarcoma is a misleading term initially coined in reference to its pathological appearance that mimics synovium in its early stage of development. In reality, Synovial Sarcoma (SS) is a rare malignant neoplasm, which accounts for only 2.5 - 10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. Peak incidence of SS occurs in the third decade of life, and 30% of cases occur in children and adolescents younger than 20 years of age. Although synovial sarcoma is more common in adults, it remains the second most c...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510030

The Key Role of Multislice Computed Tomography for Direct Aortic Trans-catheter Aortic Valve Implantation

Giuseppe Bruschi, Fesc Paola Colombo, Bruno Merlanti, Diana Artioli, Stefano Nava, Francesco Soriano, Oriana Belli, Francesco Musca, Luca Botta, Giuseppe Tata, Ettore Colombo, Fabrizio Oliva and Claudio F Russo

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 30, 2017

Retrograde femoral implantation is considered the less invasive approach for TAVI, however TAVI patients are also often affected by severe iliac-femoral arteriopathy, rendering the trans-femoral approach either unemployable or are deemed to carry a high risk of vascular injury....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510029

Axillary Castleman's Disease: A Rare Case Report

Marco Andolfi, Riccardo Girotto, Nicolò Schicchi, Gaia Goteri and Majed Refai

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 25, 2017

Castleman's Disease (CD) is a rare benign lymphoproliferative disorder of uncertain origin which most commonly involves the mediastinum but rarely affects the axilla. We report a case of voluminous axillary unicentral CD, detected due to palpation of a painless mass in the left axilla in a healthy 32-year-old woman....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510028

A Rare Case of IPMN Arising from Heterotopic Pancreatic Tissue and Gastroenteric Congenital Anomalies

Michaela Cellina, Marcello Alessandro Orsi, Chiara Floridi, Giulia Van Der Byl and Giancarlo Oliva

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 12, 2017

We report a rare case of double Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm with multiple foci of adenocarcinoma originating from duodenal and gastric heterotopic pancreatic tissue, associated with gastric duplication and intestinal malrotation....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510027

Molecular Magnetic Resonance and Ultra Sound Imaging of Tumor Angiogenesis

Marie Poirier-Quinot, Ingrid Leguerney, Ludovic De Rochefort, Stéphanie Pitre-Champagnat, Xavier Violas, Sandra Robin, Rose-Marie Dubuisson, Jean-Christophe Ginefri, Philippe Robert, Luc Darrasse and Nathalie Lassau

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: October 11, 2017

Seeking out and identifying imaging biomarkers for early cancer diagnosis and the evaluation of patient response to therapy requires an improvement in the specificity of imaging techniques. This study explores in vivo neo-angiogenesis assessment using molecular mechanisms through target molecular Magnetic Resonance (MR) and Ultrasound (US)....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510026

Ultrasound Can Accurately Diagnose Fibroadenomas in Women Less Than 35 Years

Mustafa Khanbhai, Rita Borgen and Richard Dobrashian

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: September 01, 2017

Best practice guidelines suggest that patients < 25 years with ultrasound diagnosis of fibroadenoma, biopsy can be avoided if certain radiological criteria are satisfied. There is a cohort of patients < 35 years with ultrasound features suggestive of fibroadenoma who are being exposed to unnecessary biopsies....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510025

Radiation-Induced Maxillary Osteosarcoma and Synchronous Oropharyngeal Squamous Cell Cancer: A Rare Case Report

Lale Pasaoglu, Dinara Mamedova, Ugur Toprak and Gul Hatipoglu

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 21, 2017

Radiotherapy is a treatment option for nasopharyngeal cancer. However, ionizing radiation may lead to development of secondary malignancies. In this case report, we will present a case of radiation-induced osteosarcoma of the maxilla and synchronous oropharyngeal squamous cell cancer following treatment of nasopharyngeal cancer. History, latency period, physical examinations, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and biopsy results are provided....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235/1510024

Aggressive Angiomyxoma: Two Case Reports and Review of the Literature

Min Cao, Ying Gao, Xiaoying Wang and Xuedong Yang

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: April 17, 2017

Aggressive Angiomyxoma (AA) is a kind of rare, low grade myofibroblastic neoplasm with high risk of local recurrence mainly for the character of locally aggressive and misdiagnosis as other soft tissue mass in the pelvis. The "laminated or swirled sign" of swirled strands of low-signal intensities in T2WI is the diagnostic sign for the layered configuration of AA....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510023

Does Improved Technology in SPECT Myocardial Perfusion Imaging Reduce Downstream Costs? An Observational Study

Nicholas D Patchett, Sumeet Pawar, Aaron Sverdlov and Edward J Miller

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: February 25, 2017

Advances in myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI), including CT attenuation correction (CTAC) and advanced image reconstruction algorithms, result in improved image quality, thus reducing equivocal or false positive results. This theoretically decreases the need for downstream testing; however, there is limited access to these technologies due to their costs and the magnitude of benefit remains unclear. ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510022

Comparison of Arterial Spin Labeling and Dynamic Susceptibility Contrast-Enhanced MR Perfusion in Differentiating Tumor Recurrence from Treatment-Related Changes

Robert J Bert, William Colantoni III, Douglas E Ney, Denise M Damek, Bette K Kleinschmidt-DeMasters and Manuel Thomas Borges

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: February 24, 2017

MR dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced perfusion (DSC) has demonstrated utility in the evaluation of follow-up malignant CNS neoplasms. Preliminary studies suggest Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) perfusion may be equivalent for this purpose. Using a retroprospective, blinded test design, we compared interpretations of ASL and DSC in tumor follow-up....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510021

Inferior Mesenteric Arteriovenous Malformation Presenting as Ischemic Colitis After an Acute Episode of Campylobacter Jejuni Colitis

Roy Hajjar, Patrick Gilbert, Marie-France Giroux, Frank Schwenter and Herawaty Sebajang

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 12, 2017

An arteriovenous malformation (AVM) of the inferior mesenteric artery is a rare entity that could be associated with ischemia. We present the case of a 54-year-old male with ischemic colitis after an acute episode of Campylobacter jejuni colitis. A computed tomography (CT) angiography confirmed the presence of an AVM in the inferior mesenteric vascular region, probably causing the ischemia through a steal phenomenon. ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510020

The Utility and Inter-Reader Agreement in the Evaluation of Pediatric Liver Masses with Hepatobiliary Contrast Enhanced MRI

Hansel J Otero, Asef B Khwaja, Maria A Bedoya, Nancy Chauvin, Kassa Darge and Sudha A Anupindi

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: January 09, 2017

22 patients with liver lesions evaluated on Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI were selected. Two reviewers assigned a diagnosis and stratified the hepatobiliary images as: 1) High utility; 2) Potential utility; or 3) No utility. 95% of assigned diagnoses were correct with almost-perfect agreement (κ = 0.92). Hepatobiliary images were deemed useful by at least one reviewer in 82% cases with moderate agreement (k = 0.48)....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510019

Transarterial Chemoembolization (TACE) as A Palliative Treatment Option for Liver Metastases from Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

Tatjana Gruber-Rouh, Nagy N N Naguib, Martin Beeres, Benjamin Kaltenbach, Thomas J Vogl and Nour-Eldin A Nour-Eldin

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: November 26, 2016

Objective: The study aimed at evaluating the local tumor control, survival data and prognostic factors following treatment with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) in the palliative therapy of patients with liver metastases from non-small-lung-cancer (NSCLC). Material and methods: The study was retrospectively performed following approval of the ethical committee. 56 patients (mean age, 53.4 years) with liver metastases of NSCLC (Stage IV) undergone repeated TACE. Overall, 214 TACE procedures...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510018

Extranodal Rosai-Dorfman Disease of the Pediatric Female External Genitalia: A Case Report

Adebunmi O Adeyiga and Anjum N Bandarkar

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 24, 2016

Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD), also referred to as sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy (SHML), is a rareproliferative disorder of phagocytic histiocytes of unknown etiology. Systemic RDD most typically presents as painless cervical lymphadenopathy with constitutional symptoms. Extranodal involvement by RDD has been reported in nearly half of all cases, including skin, head/neck and upper respiratory tract....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510017

A Retrospective Comparison of Pre-Operative Computed Tomographic Angiography (CTA) Performed at 100 versus 120 kVp Tube Energies and Surgical Findings at Laparoscopic Donor Nephrectomy

Pardeep Mittal, Courtney C Moreno, Jianhai Li, Kenneth Newell, William E Torres and William Small

Article Type: Retrospective Review | First Published: July 19, 2016

Introduction: A retrospective review of patients who underwent preoperative Computed Tomographic Angiography (CTA) prior to living laparoscopic renal donation was performed. Image quality and accuracy were compared at 120 and 100 kVp tube energies with respect to quantitative image parameters and prediction of surgical findings. Material and methods: A total of 193 patients were reviewed, all of whom underwent laparoscopic donor nephrectomy with preceding CTA evaluation over a 5.5 year period......

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510016

Radiation Protection in X-Ray Computed Tomography: Literature Review

Khalid G Alsafi

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: July 18, 2016

The aim of this study was to evaluate radiation protection techniques in computed tomography (CT) scanning, address concerns on the increased population exposure during CT procedures, and provide a review on dose management and optimization procedures. Radiation protection in CT requires regular dose surveys and optimization of CT exposure parameters, establishing and/or implementing diagnostic references (DRLs), implementation of a comprehensive quality assurance program, reference dose levels,...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510015

Low Dose CT of the Brain in the Follow-up of Intracranial Hemorrhage

Stella Blasel, Luisa Huck, Juergen Konczalla, Stephanie Lescher, Hanns Ackermann, Joachim Berkefeld and Marlies Wagner

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: July 16, 2016

Objectives: Adult patients with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) are often young but receive serial cranial computer tomography (CCT). To lower their cumulative radiation dose risks, we evaluated applicability of low dose cranial CT (LD-CCT) in the follow-up of ICH patients compared to an initial standard dose cranial CT (SD-CCT). Methods: 53 ICH patients underwent initial SD-CCT (350 mAs/120 kV) and follow-up LD-CCT (either 220 or 240 mAs/120 kV). Iterative reconstruction used for both dose levels...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510014

Rectifying Radon's Record: An Open Challenge to the EPA

Jeffry A Siegel, Charles W Pennington, Bill Sacks and James S Welsh

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: May 28, 2016

The American Lung Association has recently led a national workgroup to develop The National Radon Action Plan: A Strategy for Saving Lives. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is the lead governmental organization projected to implement this plan. The stated intent of the plan is to address the 'radon problem' in the United States, with the aim of saving 3,200 lives by the year 2020 through preventing at least a portion of the lung cancer mortality that is assumed to arise from inhali...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510013

Adaptive Radiotherapy for Limited Stage Small Cell Lung Cancer

Lindsay Rowe, Andra Krauze, John Hanson and Don Yee

Article Type: Research Article | First Published: April 13, 2016

The addition of thoracic RT to chemotherapy for limited stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) patients provides improved local control and overall survival. Despite the improved outcomes provided by thoracic RT, LS-SCLC has a high local recurrence rate and low survival after contemporary treatments. Local control rates remain 47% at 2-years, and 5-year overall survival remains 5-10%....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510012

Establishing Radiopharmaceutical Standards at a Nuclear Medicine Unit in Malta

Leonie Pace Vincenti, Anthony Samuel and Francis Zarb

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: April 02, 2016

To establish radiopharmaceutical standards in a Nuclear Medicine Department in terms of radiochemical purity. Radionuclide standards were assessed in terms of radionuclide and chemical purity as well as pH as part of a quality control (QC) programme. An accurate and complete literature search was conducted identifying the needs, specific tests and resources required for the QC programme....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510011

Aberrant Internal Carotid Artery in the Temporal Bone: A Case Report

Mehtap Cavusoglu, Semra Duran, Eda Elverici and Arzu Ozsoy

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: March 31, 2016

An aberrant internal carotid artery (ICA) in the middle ear is a rare and potentially serious vascular anomaly. Symptoms and signs of aberrant internal carotid artery are often non-specific, therefore radiographic investigation with the combination of CT scan and MRA is required for the diagnosis. It is also essential to inform physicians to avoid disastrous consequences....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510010

On Long Term Effects of Low Power Laser Therapy on Bone Repair: A Demonstrative Study by Synchrotron Radiation-based Phase-Contrast Microtomography

Adrian Manescu, Roxana Oancea, Carmen Todea, Laura Cristina Rusu, Serena Mazzoni, Meda Lavinia Negrutiu, Cosmin Sinescu and Alessandra Giuliani

Article Type: Original Research | First Published: March 30, 2016

Laser effects on fracture healing are still controversial and require further quantitative 3D measures of newly formed bone microstructural parameters. We performed a demonstrative investigation, by synchrotron radiation-based phase-contrast microtomography (SR-phc-microCT), on bone regeneration process in rats submitted to femoral osteotomy and treated with low power laser therapy (LPLT)....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510009

Alternative Mathematical Form for Determining the Effectiveness of High-LET Radiations at Lower Doses Region

Abubaker Ali Yousif Alghoul and Muhamad Samudi Yasir

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: March 30, 2016

The Effectiveness of lower doses of high-LET radiations is not accurately determined by using energy-based physical parameters such as absorbed dose and radio-sensitivity parameters. Therefore, an attempt has been carried out in this research to propose alternative parameter that capable to quantify the effectiveness of these high LET radiations at lower doses regions. The linear energy transfer and mean free path for linear primary ionization are employed as distinct parameters to achieve this ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510008

Bowel Obstruction from Benign Adnexal Mass in an Elderly Patient

Assenza M, Rossi D, De Gruttola I, Scala A, Falaschi F and Modini C

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: January 25, 2016

Bowel obstruction resulting from ovarian masses is a serious complication of these diseases. This may be caused by bulky masses filling the pelvis and the abdomen, and should be carefully worked out by pre-operative imaging because of their non-specific clinical signs that may be confused with those due to other conditions such as: volvulus, cancer or adhesions....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510007

Neuroblastoma: Radiological Diagnosis of a Case with Pulmonary Metastases

Yessoufou Bakary, Kouame N, Manewa S, Gaimou Ble P, Agoda A-K and N'Goan Domoua AM

Article Type: Review Article | First Published: December 23, 2015

Neuroblastoma is one of the most common malignant tumors in children. Its abdominal location is the most met (70%) giving an aspect of abdominal-pelvic mass. It raises a problem of differential diagnosis with wilms tumor with which it does not have the same treatment or the same prognosis. Hence the importance of a positive diagnosis and an accurate staging and monitoring of appropriate treatment for which medical imaging plays a major role. It is represented by plain film of the abdomen, ultras...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510006

Assessment of Cervical Cancer Using Blood Oxygen-Level Dependent and Diffusion Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Jessica B Robbins, Emily F Dunn, Kristin A Bradley, James J Brittin, Alejandro Munoz Del Rio and Elizabeth A Sadowski

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: December 2, 2015

Cervical cancer is the most common gynecological malignancy in the world, with more than 500,000 cases diagnosed per year. There is a marked disparity in disease incidence and mortality between developed and underdeveloped regions of the world with nearly seventy percent of cases occurring in underdeveloped regions. The annual incidence of cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa is 35/100,000 women with an annual mortality rate of 23/100,000 as compared to an annual incidence of 6.6/100,000 women ...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510005

Emergency Embolization of a Rupture of the Left Colic Aneurysm

Domenico Lagana, Maria Petulla, Ierardi Anna, Gianpaolo Carrafiello and Oscar Tamburrini

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: November 25, 2015

This is a case report of an emergency embolization of a left colic aneurysm performed on a 72 year-old woman. The abdominal CTA scan showed a large retroperitoneal hematoma and an aneurysm of a branch of the inferior mesenteric artery. A selective angiography of the inferior mesenteric artery confirmed an aneurysm of the left colic artery. An endovascular ligation was performed with platinum microcoils. The 3-month follow-up confirmed the complete exclusion of the aneurysmatic vessel....

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510004

Visualization of Vascular Anastomosis as Responsible Sites of Hemoptysis by Three-Dimensional Angiography for the Guidance of Endovascular Treatment

Kembu Nakamoto, Hiroshi Hashiyada, Toshiyuki Fujii, Motohiro Takeshige, Kazuya Yoshida and Kaido Ooishi

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: October 22, 2015

The major site of bronchial hemorrhage in inflammatory hemoptysis is vessel anastomoses (VA) between pulmonary and systemic arteries. Three-dimensional computed tomographic angiography (3D-CT angio) was applied to depict VA for accurate access in endovascular treatment (EVT) for two patients with bronchiectasis. Fusion of the images of pulmonary and systemic 3D-CT angio visualized VA of potential hemorrhagic bronchi. VA depiction allowed successful EVT for hemoptysis with exclusion of non- respo...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510003

A Case of Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis after Radiofrequency Ablation of an Early Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Pierleone Lucatelli, Beatrice Sacconi, Emanuele Arcangelo d'Adamo, Carlo Catalano and Mario Bezzi

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: September 14, 2015

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is frequently used to treat small hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), with similar outcome to surgery. The procedure is relatively safe, with low morbidity and mortality rates. The most common major complications are both intra-hepatic (bleeding, abscess and biliary injury) and extra-hepatic (peritoneal bleeding, gastrointestinal perforation, pleural effusion). We report a successfully managed case of spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) after RFA of a left liver lob...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510002

Incidental Non-Cardiovascular, Non-Pulmonary Findings Identified in a Low-Dose CT Lung Cancer Screening Population: Prevalence and Clinical Implications

Michal Klysik, David Lynch, Nicholas Stence and Kavita Garg

Article Type: Original Article | First Published: August 30, 2015

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death worldwide. Recently, the National Lung Screening Trial (NLST) demonstrated that, relative to chest x-ray, a 20% decrease in mortality was observed for high risk subjects screened with low dose chest CT. Chest CT unavoidably images non-cardiovascular, non-pulmonary organs such as thyroid, adrenals, liver, kidneys and other structures in the upper abdomen. Moreover, when utilizing a low dose screening-chest CT protocol, the images are often noisy an...

 Open Access DOI:10.23937/2572-3235.1510001

Unilateral Renal Cystic Disease: A Case Report of A Rare Disease and Review of Literature

Rushani T Samarakoon and Thamara Rajapakse

Article Type: Case Report | First Published: July 28, 2015

Unilateral renal cystic disease (URCD) is a rare entity with few reported cases. This condition is often misdiagnosed for other cystic renal diseases like autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease, cystic dysplastic kidney disease and cystic nephroma. Nevertheless, this is a benign entity with a potential for good prognosis. Imaging features, supported by background clinical and biochemical findings, diagnosis of URCD is possible. A case of URCD is reported here, having diagnosed on imaging f...


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ClinMed Journals Index Copernicus Values

Clinical Medical Image Library: 93.51

International Journal of Critical Care and Emergency Medicine: 92.83

International Journal of Sports and Exercise Medicine: 91.84

International Journal of Womens Health and Wellness: 91.79

Journal of Musculoskeletal Disorders and Treatment: 91.73

Journal of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology: 91.55

Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology: 91.55

Clinical Medical Reviews and Case Reports: 91.40

International Archives of Nursing and Health Care: 90.87

International Journal of Ophthalmology and Clinical Research: 90.80

International Archives of Urology and Complications: 90.73

Journal of Clinical Nephrology and Renal Care: 90.33

Journal of Family Medicine and Disease Prevention: 89.99

Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology and Treatment: 89.54

Journal of Dermatology Research and Therapy: 89.34

International Journal of Clinical Cardiology: 89.24

International Journal of Radiology and Imaging Technology: 88.88

Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews: 88.42

International Journal of Blood Research and Disorders: 88.22

International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research: 87.97

New Issues


International Journal of Clinical Cardiology

ISSN: 2378-2951 | ICV: 89.24

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Obstetrics and Gynaecology Cases - Reviews

ISSN: 2377-9004 | ICV: 88.42

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Hypertension and Management

ISSN: 2474-3690 | ICV: 87.69

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 1 | 2021


International Journal of Diabetes and Clinical Research

ISSN: 2377-3634 | ICV: 87.97

VOLUME 8 | ISSUE 2 | 2021


Journal of Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology

ISSN: 2474-3658 | ICV: 91.55

VOLUME 7 | ISSUE 4 | 2021